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Stem Cell Research: Definition, Types, and Potential Uses

Stem Cell Research

There have been many advances in the medical and scientific worlds that have advanced human knowledge in various areas. The discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming back in 1928 gave the world its first true antibiotic. DNA profiling has changed the way that forensic science is used in criminal investigation, and the introduction of vaccines has saved countless lives.

Vaccines, of course, are in the news constantly now with the various versions being administered to millions to try to halt the spread of Covid and end the pandemic. There is one other incredible advance that is changing the medical world, and that is the use of stem cells.

It has been 10 years since Ernest McCullock passed away but his legacy lives on. It was McCulloch and James Till who first recognized and separated a stem cell. This discovery improved some medical procedures such as bone marrow transplants immediately. The possibilities for stem cell use in the medical world are still being investigated, as they may be so far-reaching.

What are stem cells?

The definition of cell differentiation is described as the process where a young cell forms its own characteristics and features and matures into a cell with a specialized purpose. The cells in the human body are mostly made up of differentiated cells. They have matured and have their purpose in the body and will serve one specific area.

For example, Mesothelial cells’ purpose is to provide a lining to the body’s organs and serous cavities. Keratinocytes are the main cells in the skin and protect against UV radiation, water loss, and viral or fungal infections. Stem cells are different from these differentiated cells.

Stem cells can be classed as being blank or undifferentiated. They are distinct from differentiated cells, which have only one specific purpose in the body, as blank stem cells can mature and carry out many functions and roles.

Stem cells can divide and multiply indefinitely and they will either produce more stem cells or become a differentiated cell such as Keratinocyte.

Are there different types of stem cells?

Medicines can cure disease but only doctors can cure patients, or so the saying goes. Stem cells can help cure many medical problems, but only certain stem cells can cure certain problems. There are a number of different stem cells and they each have different uses:

  • Totipotent or Omnipotent Stem Cells
  • Pluripotent
  • Multipotent
  • Oligopotent
  • Unipotent

The most powerful of all of these is the totipotent, or omnipotent stem cell. A totipotent cell is the most powerful as it can bring about life. Ie it can form a fully functioning living creature. A human fertilized egg is an example of a totipotent cell. Everyone starts out as just one cell, a zygote, and this then divides into two cells, which divide again, and again. After some time, the cells will begin to differentiate and take on their specific purposes.

Pluripotent stem cells are harvested from 3 to 5-day old embryos. Although the embryo is fertilized in a lab and not the human body, it is these stem cells that have caused some of the controversy surrounding the research.

What uses do stem cells have?

There have been many breakthroughs in stem cell research including recently, progress with enteric nervous system disorders. They can be used in many ways as stem cells can develop into whatever cell is needed.

Stem cells could be used for the following purposes:

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Tissue regeneration
  • Brain disease
  • Blood diseases
  • Cell deficiency therapy

Tissue regeneration is possible with the use of induced pluripotent cells and some other types, and this could lead to huge advances in skin treatments. The biggest organ of a human is the skin and it helps to protect and to create a barrier for the body.

Sometimes wounds cannot heal effectively perhaps due to a severe accident, cancer, or burns. Stem cells could help to regenerate healthy tissue and improve the condition of patients with any number of skin conditions.

Platforms such as Celixir are working with stem cell therapy and hoping to make the next big breakthrough. This may include cell deficiency therapy where it is hoped that soon, laboratories will be able to grow heart cells to fix the damage in patients with heart disease. The same theory could also work for other organs such as the pancreas for diabetes patients.

Summary

Stem cell therapy has no ethical concerns as far as adult cells go but there may be issues elsewhere. For some people, science is a blessing, and to others it is trouble and there is some controversy when it comes to embryonic stem cell research.

However, it could be argued very strongly for the use of stem cell research and therapy after the potential uses are weighed up. Stem cells could potentially be used to treat patients with Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and spinal cord damage. With stem cell research platforms driving ahead there could be another major breakthrough in the science and medical world soon.

Reasons Why You Should Attend College

Getting a college degree is one of the most fundamental steps in a person’s life and it has become a central part of the dream of many nations. Going to college, getting a job, buying a house, and raising a family. This may not be that simple. Nonetheless, it always begins with your college education and essay writing. college

Getting a college degree incorporates opening up opportunities in life in a primary manner. Not only does it prepare you in an intellectual manner but also in a social manner for both your career and adult lifespan. The benefits of a college education incorporate career opportunities such as well-paying and skillful jobs. However, studies reveal that college education also leads to stability and overall happiness. Many people wish they would get to attend college. But, the majority often ask, “Why is college important?” This is because they do not know why and how it would enrich or impact their lives in a positive manner. If you are one of these people, you need not worry about anything. According to CustomEssayOrder, below are some of the advantages of going to college.

An acquisition in your future

One of the benefits of going to college is that it is an investment in your future. A college degree is a guarantee of a fruitful future. Going to college is a primary obligation of time and money. Nevertheless, it is a down payment of success. Getting your degree helps you identify and recognize your objectives in your career and life. Receiving a college degree needs a lot of hard work. Nonetheless, that work prepares you for a perplexing or stimulating and recompensing career. Additionally, it guarantees you a more fruitful life. “If you served in the military, you can even find and enroll in online college for military veterans.”

Better job opportunities

Getting a college degree is an ideal pathway to a better career. When joining college, not everyone knows the career paths they wish to pursue. However, most people know they want to have successful jobs – one that not only pays well but also guarantees them security and satisfaction. This combination of benefits of higher education is the reason why most people invest time and money to go to college.

In most cases, what you study is not that important, but the fact that you get to study something. In addition to becoming an expert in a particular field, attending college helps train you to think in an analytical manner, comprehend difficult subjects, and convey your critical thoughts and ideas about them. Additionally, it instills, vital skills such as self-discipline, ability to finish tasks and organization.

And since college equips you with an array of skills, many graduates do not pursue careers which relate to their fields of study. The benefits of attending college are that it paves the way for unexpected opportunities which are not often available for those who have no engagement with a higher level of education.

Personal progress

One of the other benefits of a college degree is that it helps in your personal development. A college degree is advantageous for various practical reasons which range from your high competitiveness to your likelihood of landing a promotion. However, many people underrate the degree of personal development that they will experience while working through their degrees. College education necessitates you to overcome adversity and it prepares you for the workplace as well as dealing with day-to-day challenges.

Some of the skills you can pick up while in college include organization and time management. These are necessary when navigating through the courses you will take as well as tackling your tasks in a successful manner. Quizzes, homework dates, and tests can be confusing more so when you are handling numerous tasks. But, with good organization skills not only will you manage your responsibilities, but also be able to use these skills after you earn your degree.

Generate more income

Generating more income, for many people, is the driving force behind attending college. Post-secondary degrees are the most typical routes to careers which demand higher skills and offer better pay. Studies reveal that college graduates generate more income throughout their lifetime than students who receive high school education. What you earn depends on your field of work. Some professions pay well than others, for instance, medicine and education. A doctor or nurse earns more money than a teacher or tutor. So, it is crucial that you join college and enjoy the college education benefits which come along with it.

Reimbursements for you and your family

It is without a doubt that making more money is a core benefit of getting your college degree. However, many jobs will need professional, doctoral, bachelor’s or master’s degree to grant you more benefits. For instance, travel, retirement investment, and health care among other perks. Such perks are not on offer for high-school level jobs.

One of the major benefits of a bachelor’s degree is that it promises you employment in the future whose merits are fundamental in that they provide stability to your family, more so in relation to health care.

The merits of college education go beyond generations. Families with college graduates have better economic and social statuses. So, you should not wonder about the positive impacts of college education in your life but instead, consider looking at it as an investment in your family’s future.

Higher feasibility or practicability of high-quality remunerations

When the economy improves, firms and organizations find it hard to attract top talent. This is because companies need to hire more which puts highly-qualified personnel in high demand. In return, these workers are apt to reject working for another company to favor another. Attending college equips you with numerous skills which make you more qualified. It is easy for employers to lure such people with incentives than good pay. These incentives include beneficial packages which incorporate better healthcare options and vacation time among others.

Job safety and satisfaction

A college degree leads to better job safety. Persons who do not have degrees are not valuable to their employers. When push comes to shove, it will be very easy for your employer to replace you with somebody else, more so someone with high school education level. Thus, attending college is essential if you want to secure your future.

Make contacts

It is easy to think of the benefits of a college degree in relation to promotion opportunities and future earnings. However, people do not talk about the benefits of networking as often as they should. Networking plays a significant role in opening up job opportunities. Many people often get jobs on the basis of recommendations from friends. In other cases, a professional network enables you to learn more about upcoming job opportunities before other people. So, it is fundamental you create a professional network while in college. This will help make it easy for you to find a job or get a promotion.

In conclusion, earning a college degree is fundamental in the lifetime of an individual. This is because it opens up many opportunities which can help secure your future. So, you should not wonder how joining college would enrich your life but rather consider enjoying the college benefits which come along with it such as the ones above.

Research Publication: Call for Papers

Research Publication: Call for Papers

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Dear Professors/Teachers/Academicians/Research Scholars,

Edupedia Publications Pvt Ltd is a rapidly growing academic publication in the fields of Sciences and Engineering like Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Computer Science Engineering, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering etc. Engineering Research Publication is a registered organization, services to inculcation professionals, especially researchers around world.
The organization aims at undertaking, co- coordinating and promoting research and development. It provides professional and academic guidance in the fields of basic inculcation, Higher inculcation. Engineering Research Publication mission is to Promote and support, High Quality basic, Scientific Research and development in fields of Engineering Technology and Sciences, Generate Public awareness, provide advice to scholar’s researchers and communicate research outcomes.

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International Journal of Research

ISSN: 23488-68

Impact Factor: 3.541

Email us at editor@edupediapublications.com

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Journal for Studies in Management and Planning

ISSN: 2395-0463

 

Email us at submit2jsmap@gmail.com 

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Kindly inform about Engineering Research Publication to your Friends / Students/ Colleagues / Associates and Fellow Researchers who may utilize this opportunity as a platform for their new research.

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With best regards,

 

Editor

International Journal of Research