India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Among all the known civilizations in India, Indus Valley civilization(2600 BC- 1900 BC)is the oldest one.
It produced several cities marked by great uniformity within and between sites, including Harappa, Lothal, and the UNESCO World Heritage site Mohenjo–Daro.
After this civilization, many empires have established in India among which architectures of the Maurya Empire and Gupta Empire show magnificent beauties.
The rock pillar of Ashoka shows a variety of influences in its details.
The Buddhist culture was one of the dominating cultures in India. Buddhist monasteries and stupas were built all over India before it eventually spread to other countries.
Ajanta, Elephanta, and Ellora are architectures of respectively Buddhist, Hindu, and mixed including Jain cultural beauties.
In south India Pallavas and Cholas, buildings are also amazing examples of some of the Flamboyant beauties of India.
some of the Architectural Wonders of India are-
The Taj Mahal
TAJ Mahal, the symbol of love was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1653 AD in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz.
It is a combination of Hindu and Indo-Islamic architecture. The white marble was bought in from Makrana in Rajasthan and was transported by elephants.
This one of the seven wonders of the world comprises of a square plinth having a central structure topped by a huge dome and surrounded by four minarets at each corner.
This white marble beauty’s exterior changes colors from a pinkish hue in the dawn to a dull gold at noon and finally, all enduring sparkling white under the moonlight.
The Ellore Caves
Ellora caves are listed by UNESCO as a world heritage site located in Maharastra. It is a combination of Buddism, Jainism, and brahmins cultures.
Ellora served as a group of monasteries (vihara) and temples (chaityas); some of the caves include sleeping cells that were carved for itinerant monks.
The caves consist of series of 34 rock-cut temples. Kailasa temple, Hindu Caves, Buddist Caves, Vishwakarma Caves are some of the caves of the Ellora. Among which Kailasa temple is the largest rock-cut structure anywhere.
The elegance of Dravidian Sikhara, which is a flat-roofed mandapa positioned over sixteen pillars, the gigantic Ravana figure reflecting the strength of this villainous legend as the sculpture here shows him lifting Mt Kailasha is an epitome of the ancient Indian art.
It was built in the 9th century by the king Chanda. Chand Baori consists of 3500 steps called Baori or Bawdi, which leads down to the water of the well.
It is about 64 feet deep and India’s largest and deepest stepwell with 13 floors.
The exquisite geometry of the stepwell attracts tourists from all over the world.
Sun temple KONARK
Dedicated to Hindu God Sun, Sun temple KONARK was built in 13th century CE at Konark about 35 kilometers from Puri on the coastline of Orissa, India.
Temple complex has the appearance of a 100-foot (30 m) high chariot with immense wheels and horses, all carved from stone.
Lying on the coast of Bay of Bengal, it is considered one of the best examples of Dravidian Architecture. Also known as the Black Pagoda, it is considered as one of the grandest temples in India. Built-in the 13th century, it has a form of a giant chariot with twelve intricately crafted wheels led by seven horses. A true marvel that shows the advanced craftsmanship as well as love and devotion of that era for art.
The Sanchi Stupa
It was built in the 3rd century BC on the order of Emperor Ashoka to spread Buddhist Philosophy.
A stupa is generally a hemispherical dome structure containing relics of Lord Buddha. In this particular stupa, Lord Buddha has been symbolically represented by footprints, thrones, wheels, etc. and all of them are exquisitely ornamented.
The rock-cut carving of Mahabalipuram depicts the scenes of the great epic Mahabharat.
The temple is most famous for its depictions of the chariots of the warriors of the Mahabharata, called Rathas all of which are in a specifically designated form, some rising to as high as two or three stories. There is another remarkable sculpture that adorns the temple walls which is called the Descent of the Ganges. Depicting the time when Lord Shiva made the River Ganga descend from the heavens to the earth, it uses the natural relief of the rock to emphasize the river and has carvings of various Gods and Goddesses beholding the wonder with their open eyes. The intricacy and ingenuity of the carvings are an example of the skill of the craftsman who constructed these temples way back in the 7th Century!
Khajuraho temples were built between 950 AD to 1050 AD by the Chandela dynasty. These are a group of Hindu and Jain temple in Chhatarpur district Madhya Pradesh.
These are a group of 85 temples. Falling into ruins, wars, and natural hazards, only 22 out of these remain today and are spread over a stunning area of 6sq.km.
The temple complex has three distinct types of carvings, the cult icons, the Apsaras (beautiful maidens), and demigods that are supposed to guard the temple. An example of the finest craftsmanship and precision all of the figurines appear in perfect human symmetry, is it a wonder then that it is said that to see all the stages of human life and its activities, one has but to visit these temples and observe the carvings!