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Submission open for Upcoming Issue

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Research Publication: Call for Papers

Research Publication: Call for Papers

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Dear Professors/Teachers/Academicians/Research Scholars,

Edupedia Publications Pvt Ltd is a rapidly growing academic publication in the fields of Sciences and Engineering like Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Computer Science Engineering, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering etc. Engineering Research Publication is a registered organization, services to inculcation professionals, especially researchers around world.
The organization aims at undertaking, co- coordinating and promoting research and development. It provides professional and academic guidance in the fields of basic inculcation, Higher inculcation. Engineering Research Publication mission is to Promote and support, High Quality basic, Scientific Research and development in fields of Engineering Technology and Sciences, Generate Public awareness, provide advice to scholar’s researchers and communicate research outcomes.

____________________________________________________

International Journal of Research

ISSN: 23488-68

Impact Factor: 3.541

Email us at editor@edupediapublications.com

_____________________________________________________

Journal for Studies in Management and Planning

ISSN: 2395-0463

 

Email us at submit2jsmap@gmail.com 

________________________________________________

Kindly inform about Engineering Research Publication to your Friends / Students/ Colleagues / Associates and Fellow Researchers who may utilize this opportunity as a platform for their new research.

Thanking you,

With best regards,

 

Editor

International Journal of Research

A Misreading of the Poem of Maya Angelou’s’ My Arkansas’

1.Veeramani, S. Ph.D.& 2. Mr. M. Chinnadurai

Assistant Professors of English, Arignar Anna Govt. Arts College

Abstract

Literary texts are significantly made up of signifiers from the definition of poststructuralist perspective. The author’s literary product is a dynamic, when a reader is making multiple readings. That is to say that a primary reading is not an end. There are multiple readings are in literature. This kind of multiplicity of reading is safely called ‘misreading’

Keywords

Culture, deconstruction, environmental concern, misreading, nature

Introduction

The well-known African American poet is Maya Angelou. She is a civil activist in Arkansas.  Arkansas is a place in America, where black people live and were discriminated brutally on the racial issues. She is labelled as postcolonial / subaltern writer. Her most famous poem is ‘My Arkansas’. Generally this poem deals with the poet’s reminiscent of her experience of the poet. As it is well known that this poem is a note of autobiographical. Angelou has brought bitterly out the present and the past experience. From the perspective of post structuralism, a theorist can reread this poem in the aspect of multiplicity of meaning. The surface level of the meaning is defaced and the hidden meaning is unearthed. The constant unearthing activity is the primary act of post structuralism.

       Post structuralism has not emerged suddenly. In arts and humanities the theory has been developed from structuralism. Post structuralism has produced a term called ‘deconstruction’. Originally the term deconstruction announced and practised by Jacques Derrida.  Derrida was a French philosopher, born in 1930. In his intellectual account, he has written three significant books. Those are: a) Speech and Phenomena b) Writing and Difference and c) Of Grammatology. Derrida is not to the diametrically opposite meaning in a text. Rather, he is to the unread meaning, which is left in a text by a common reader. The term deconstruction is not a new one. It already existed in the 18th century. Derrida says that a literary text is already dismantled by itself. Therefore, he says that the left over meaning with the play of signifiers is reread.


Misreading- A note:

The term deconstruction is derived from old French word. Derrida himself says that deconstruction is not a new term. It better to quote from Julian Wolfreys’ essay ‘Deconstruction, What Remains Unread’:

‘The first known written appearance of the word in English is in 1882’. As with its French predecessor, it has legal connotations: ’a reform the beginnings of which must be a work of deconstruction’ (wolfreys, 117.)

    Misreading of a literary text is not the reading of a literary text in a wrong manner, but it is a reading in which the other meaning is exhumed from a literary text. There are two kinds of method of reading, which can be functioned analyse a literary text.

A)Intended meaning (author’s / general /surface meaning)

  1. B) Unintended meaning (reader’s reconstruction/misreading/unread meaning/deconstruction)

The intended meaning defines that the surface level of the meaning in a text which the author wants to convey to readers. And it has a sequential logic at giving the meaning.

The unintended meaning defines that a reader deconstructs a literary text / art not from a reader’s own perspective, but to discover the unread he meaning, which is already dismantled by itself. In a linguistic network the play of signifiers are already tended to be deconstructed.


Deconstructive Analysis of the poem ‘My Arkansas’

Maya Angelou’s ‘My Arkansas’ is a well-known African American poem. Some readers and critics say that the poem deals with the theme of autobiography. Through this poem Angelou has depicted that there is a racial discrimination in her country. This poem is an example for that. In a deconstructive reading all the readings are the provisional. Therefore, in the practice of deconstruction, the term aporiais used.

                                    There is a deep brooding

                                    in Arkansas

                                    old crimes like moss pend

                                    from poplar trees

the poet has utilized the metaphorical and figurative language in the above stanza. The poet says that in Arkansas old crimes are prevalent even now. The words ‘old’ ’crimes ‘make sense that the poet is in dilemma between old crimes and the modern crimes, since the old crimes are emphasized figuratively.

Moreover, the author has used the figurative words comparatively that ‘deep’ ‘brooding’‘moss pend’ and ‘poplar trees’, which have the nature of fast growing. Here the figurative words are representing the crimes committed by people in the Arkansas are culture. The words ‘moss’ and ‘poplar’ are representing ‘nature’. The poet seeks for assistance to bring out culture from ‘nature’. This is what a poststructuralist reading calls a concept of binary opposition. That is nature X culture, man X woman as such. In the poem the signifiers reiterate nature for emphasizing culture. The poet explains that nature of fast growing trees like ‘moss’ and ‘poplar’. The above few lines of the poem have the nature of culture

                                    the sullen earth

                                    Is much too

                                    Red for comfort

The above lines are the environmental concern rather than her autobiographical note. The words ‘sullen earth’ and ‘too red’ are in the metaphorical sense. Again the poet seeks for assistance from nature ‘earth’. The words ‘too red’ might have explained that the earth is destroyed by the crimes.  It shows that the earth is being deteriorated into loss of fertility, nature and greenish, because of the man-made violence. It is better termed as anthropocentrism. Therefore, it might to say that the poet has eco-concern

Sunrise seems to hesitate

                                    And in that second

                                    Lose its

                                    incandescent aim, and

                                    dusk no more shadows

than the moon

The above lines are the explanatory of change of whether /climatic condition. The sun is not able to appear and disappear in the proper region /location. The sun loses its brighter light to flash. The line ‘the past is brighter yet’ shows that the line is connected with the ‘old crimes’ like ‘moss pend’. The explanatory note here is the cultural degradation makes more on nature and it has lost ‘values’ and ‘nature’. Again the poet seeks for assistance from natural phenomena like ‘earth, moon’. The poet is so concern about the environmental degradation and is compared with past/old crimes in Arkansas.

Old hates and

                                    Ante-bellum lace, are rent

                                    But not discarded

                                    Today is yet to come

The poet might to say that before the American Civil war the condition was unsatisfactory. This might be a reason that the American civil war could bring peace. The term ‘ante-bellum’ is on par with before the American civil war. Therefore the poet makes importance to the environmental concern rather than her autobiographical note in the poem.

References

Barry, Peter. Beginning Theory:An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory.UK: Manchester University Press, 2010. print.

Wheeler, Kathleen and Indra, C.T. Explaining Deconstruction. Chennai: Macmillan, 1997. print.

Wolfreys, Julian. Introducing Literary Theories:A Guide and Glossary. UK: Edinburgh University Press, 2001. print.

 

Edupedia Publications- Call for Papers

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Dear Professors/Teachers/Academicians/Research Scholars,

Edupedia Publications is a rapidly growing academic publication in the fields of Sciences and Engineering like Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Computer Science Engineering, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering etc. Engineering Research Publication is a registered organization, services to inculcation professionals, especially researchers around world.
The organization aims at undertaking, co- coordinating and promoting research and development. It provides professional and academic guidance in the fields of basic inculcation, Higher inculcation. Engineering Research Publication mission is to Promote and support, High Quality basic, Scientific Research and development in fields of Engineering Technology and Sciences, Generate Public awareness, provide advice to scholar’s researchers and communicate research outcomes.

____________________________________________________

International Journal of Research

ISSN: 2348-6848

Impact Factor: 3.541

Index Copernicus Value=5.1

Submit your Paper

Email us at editor@edupediapublications.com

PERCEPTION OF EMPLOYEES TOWARDS JOB SATISFACTION IN BANKING INDUSTRY: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

* Dr. Sunil Dutt

*Assistant Professor,  Desh Bandhu Gupta Govt. College, Panipat, Haryana

ABSTRACT

According to the Economic Times, the Indian banking sector has plans to recruit 25,000 employees in the coming years. Besides it, the second largest public sector bank has plans of recruiting more than 5000 people.  The Indian banking Industry has become the largest job providers among all sectors in the country with recorded more than 50,000 vacancies being announced in the private and public sector banks.

Employee satisfaction is a significant success factor for long term survival of any organization. Employee satisfactions play a major role on economic development of both country and corporations. In the same way, the success of banking industry depends on the efficient employees. The employees satisfied with their jobs are efficient and perform their duty effectively that leads to overall development of a sector. Therefore, analyzing the level of satisfaction of banks employees is need of the hour as it would enhance the performance of banks. The present study is based on both primary and secondary sources including 100 respondents (employees of banks) of NCR area, Sonipat (Haryana). The present study intends to analyze the perception of employees towards job satisfaction in banking industry.

Key Words: Banking sector, employees, Job satisfaction, Motivation.

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Scopus Journal-Inviting Research

International Journal of Research (IJR)

ISSN: 2348-6848  IF Value: 5.0 (SJIF): 3.541

Scopus Indexed Journal

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Call for Research Paper

Volume – 03 Issue – 10

Deadline for Submission: 21st June 2016.
Manuscript Publication: 1st July 2016 

Dear Researchers,

Congratulations for being the best. It’s our great pleasure to send you a gentle request for your paper.

IJR is the growing vital journal for the development of information science & technology. IJR Provides relies on the review process to publish research article. The journals welcome and encourage articles from both practitioners and academics.

             Authors are invited to submit Research Paper for publication to IJR, We cover all the engineering aspects like Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics And Communication Engineering, Electrical And Electronics Engineering, Computer Science Engineering, Information Technology, Mechanics Engineering, Marine Engineering, Architectural Planning, Medical Sciences, Art, Science and Management,etc.,


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Regards
Editor in Chief

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Dr.R.Ramaabaanu,

Associate Professor of Commerce,

Muthayammal College of  Arts& Science, Rasipuram.

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ABSTRACT

         The impact of information technology is visible in modern marketing, Selling the products and services through  Electronic medium is termed as E-marketing. E-marketing  requires lower amount of investment.It helps not only to the marketers but it helps in many ways for the customers.  The financial services sector  using E-marketing technology for marketing the services and giving better customer satisfaction.

Keywords:

E-marketing,  Insurance, customer satisfaction, technology

Call for Papers for March Issue

We are happy to announce the successful publication of the January Issue of International Journal of Research (IJR) with ISSN 2348-6848 is an international peer reviewed, internationally refereed, online, open-access journal published monthly.

You can come forward to present the findings of the thesis or other research work in the form of a paper and make sure that your original thoughts and views reaches of the global audience. We have provided complete guidelines for the paper content-organization, formatting of the content etc. You can access them from our website.

Send Your Paper as an Attachment to us to

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