Tag Archives: Education

Big Leap of India in Research Publication

India is one of the
fastest growing research hubs
in the world. But not all of that
research matters. And that
may be a matter of concern,
according to the QS which
took a deep look at what is be-
ing published, by who and
how much.
Between 2017 and 2022, In-
dia’s research output grew by
about 54%, according to re-
search insights database SciV-
al. This is more than double
the global average and far
greater than that of its more
academically established
western counterparts. The
global average for research
growth is at 22% between 2017
and 2022.
India’s research output
was the fourth highest world
wide (1.3 million academic pa-
pers between 2017 and 2022), be-
hind world leader China (4.5
million), the US (4.4 million)
and the UK (1.4 million). At its
current growth rate, India is
poised to surpass the UK for re-search volume in the near future. In all, India produced 1.3
million academic papers in the has scientific output that is
more than triple India’s size
2017-2022 period, generating 8.9
China has a scientific output
that is more than triple of Indian’s size and generates five times as many citations
million citations. But look clos-
er and there is another reality
at play. “When it comes to im-
pact of the research produced,
in citation count, India falls be-
hind, placing ninth in the world
for citations generated be-
tween 2017 and 2022, indicating that effort and funding would
be best directed towards high
quality, relevant research and
ensuring this research is dis-
seminated among the scholarly
community,” said QS research
director Ben Sowter.
China, on the other hand,
Times View: It is good
news that India is publishing
such a high number of
academic papers. However, the
goal should be improving the
country’s rank in the number of
citations, which is the real
indicator of the merit of an
academic paper.
and generates five times as
many citations. India’s most
prolific field of research is en-
gineering and technology
(52.6% of total research out-
put), in which its primary fo-
cus is evenly split between pet-
puter sciences, followed by an
roleum engineering and com-
almost equal proportion of re-
(36%) and life sciences and
search in natural sciences
medicine (35%). India pro-
duces 19% of its research out-
put along with international
collaborators, which is in
keeping with the global aver-
age of 21% and aligned with
that of its closest competitors.
India’s 11 public and private
Institutes of Eminence have
produced more than 1,50,000
academic papers, generated
1.4 million citations and re-
corded an average research
growth rate of 35% since 2017.


Types of Classes Offered at Summer School

The idea behind summer school is to provide students with a variety of learning and research options over the summer. The summer holiday, which typically lasts for three weeks to three months, serves as both a school break between school years and a break during the academic year. The length of the summer break varies depending on the nation. Instead of wasting valuable time, students can use this time to learn more about their discipline and to further their knowledge of it. In this manner, a student can excel in their field of study and gain greater understanding of it. This piece will go into detail about the different classes offered at summer school and the advantages of enrolling in a summer school.

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What Kinds of Classes Are Offered in Summer School Programs?

In summer schools, three kinds of classes are typically offered. However, some summer schools only offer one or two kinds, while others offer all three course choices. The three kinds of classes that are offered in Summer School programs will be thoroughly covered in this section. 

Physical summer school classes

Physical classes are in-person classes that take place in a classroom or lecture hall on campus and involve direct interactions between the teacher and the students. Every summer study participant in this category is required to attend lectures only on campus. Some universities even allow summer students who enroll to remain in their residence halls for the duration of the program. Students who reside in and outside of the city where the summer school is located also have the option to take this kind of class. There are many advantages for physical summer school students. One of them is the improvement and growth of social skills, which come about as a result of direct communication between students and even their teachers. A physical summer school class also benefits the student by fostering relationships between the instructor and the pupils, enhancing focus and the ability to remain on task in class, and improving motivation and involvement in the learning process.

Virtual summer school classes 

A few summer schools offer online courses. A virtual class is a teaching and learning environment that takes place online in which teachers and students present the course materials, engage and interact with one another, and work in groups. Virtual classes are conducted using video conferencing tools like Zoom, Google Classroom, etc. For summer students who live far from their summer school location, this form of class works best. It can also be an ideal option for international students. A summer school student who enrolls in a virtual class stands to benefit from doing so. The development of digital abilities is one way this happens. Every online course is delivered through a digital channel. Summer students’ digital abilities are developed as they work on their academic tasks on a daily basis using the latest technology, building their confidence in the use of digital devices as a result. An online course offers summer students additional advantages like greater inclusiveness, easy accessibility, and improved learning progress.

Hybrid summer school classes

Another type of class that is offered at a summer school is the hybrid class. A hybrid class is made up of both physical classes and online classes. Only those activities that cannot be achieved maximally in an online class are reserved for a physical class. Additionally, the amount of time required for virtual classes may be higher than for physical classes. Anyone who enrolls in hybrid summer school courses receives premium benefits. More flexible work schedules, higher retention rates, cost-effective learning, better learning support, reduced tension and anxiety, higher participation, improved communication skills, and broad accessibility are just a few advantages of hybrid summer school classes. They also offer some advantages over traditional summer AP classes. These advantages are justified by the reality that the benefits of a physical class and those of a virtual class are combined.

What Advantages Do Summer Schools Offer?

Summer school offers significant advantages to its participants. This section will examine a few of them. Let’s explore them now.

Learning in a rigorous and active environment 

Attending summer school gives you the opportunity to learn in a rigorous and active environment. A rigorous learning environment is one in which each student is expected to learn at a high academic level. Because of this, the students receive all the assistance they need to study at a high academic level and are closely watched to make sure they do so. An active learning environment encourages students to interact with the course material through discussions, problem-solving, case studies, role-playing, and other techniques in order to participate in worthwhile activities and critically evaluate new information. 

Due to the short learning period of summer school, this form of learning environment is necessary. As a consequence, classes are condensed, and fewer learning hours are needed. The instructors design very concentrated and comprehensive study plans for the students to meet their objectives.

Improvement of grades 

The ability to better your grades is another advantage of enrolling in a summer school program. The subjects you will study during this time will prepare you for any challenges you might encounter in your subsequent scholastic endeavors. Additionally, it improves your subject-matter expertise. You will acquire some useful skills that will aid you as you pursue higher education. You will also learn how to complete your academic tasks under time constraints. Other benefits of attending a summer school program include improving one’s resume, learning new skills, meeting fellow students from other schools, and fostering independence, creativity, and curiosity.


You must prepare in advance for any classes you intend to take for your summer school in order to fully profit from them. Making sure the summer school you want to attend is relevant to your field of study should be part of your planning process. You can discover this info by doing extensive study on the summer school you want to sign up for. 

Online MBA Curriculum is Recognized as Superior and Valuable 

Students have access to a variety of perks via online MBA programs, which has contributed to the rise in popularity of these programs in recent years. The following are some of the motivations for the availability of online MBA programs:

One of the most significant advantages of enrolling in an online MBA program is the increased flexibility it affords students. Students are allowed to work at their own pace to complete courses and assignments, provided that they hand in their work by the appropriate due date. Students are able to maintain a healthy balance between their academic pursuits and other obligations, such as their jobs or their families.


The fact that students in online MBA programs do not need to travel to campus or move makes online MBA programs potentially more convenient than conventional on-campus programs. This may be of particular use to those who reside in regions that do not offer MBA programs or who have other obligations that make it impossible for them to attend class in person.


Because online MBA schools often have lower tuition prices and do not require students to pay for housing and board, it is possible that online MBA programs are more economical than conventional MBA programs.

Students have access to a greater selection of programs since institutions all over the globe now offer online master’s of business administration (MBA) programs. This allows students to choose a program that is tailored specifically to meet their individual requirements and objectives.

Technology advancements in the field of online education 

Students now have an easier time enrolling in online MBA programs as a result of technology advancements in the field of online education. This encompasses the use of online platforms, video conferencing, and other technologies that allow students to engage with their instructors and classmates and finish their schoolwork online. Examples include the usage of Google Classroom, Blackboard Collaborate, and Moodle.

Online MBA programs are often developed to be responsive to the requirements of the business world. This indicates that they may be more focused on current industry trends as well as the abilities that are in high demand in the workplace.

The ability to get a degree online has seen significant growth in popularity over the last few years. This is due to the fact that students who may not be able to attend a regular college or university may benefit from the flexibility and convenience that online degrees provide. 

In general, it is reasonable to state that online degrees may be just as genuine and prestigious as conventional degrees so long as they are received from qualified universities. This is the case even if the degree is earned from a non-accredited college. The process of evaluating educational institutions, such as colleges and universities, to determine whether or not they are up to the required levels of excellence and difficulty is what is known as accreditation. 

Check For Accreditation

Accreditation is awarded only after an institution has been subjected to a stringent evaluation procedure and shown to fulfill certain criteria. This ensures that graduates of accredited institutions get degrees that are widely regarded as being of a superior quality.

Accreditation may take on a number of distinct forms, and schools, like Xavier University, and universities have the opportunity to get all of them. The regional accreditation that is awarded by one of the six regional accrediting bodies in the United States is one of the types of accreditation that is considered to have the highest level of credibility. 

Both the United States Department of Education and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation have acknowledged these organizations as being trustworthy sources of information on the quality of education offered by various universities. When a college or university is recognized as having achieved regional accreditation, it indicates that it has been subjected to a rigorous evaluation procedure and has been deemed to fulfill certain quality and rigor requirements.

National accreditation

There is also something called national accreditation, which is awarded by organizations that are known as national accrediting agencies. Regional accreditation is often more commonly acknowledged than national accreditation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accreditation) is, despite the fact that national certification might be an indication of quality. This is due to the fact that national accrediting organizations often apply various requirements to a variety of institutions, such as trade schools and vocational schools, and concentrate their attention on these specific kinds of schools.

It is essential to take into consideration the reputation of the educational establishment that is providing the online degree, in addition to the accreditation requirements. It’s possible that certain online schools and universities aren’t as well-known or renowned as others in the academic world, despite the fact that they provide online courses and can be accessed from anywhere at any time. Before enrolling in a degree program that is offered online, it is a good idea to conduct some research and find out what other people have to say about the school and the programs that it offers.

In general, degrees achieved via online study may be just as genuine and acceptable as degrees received through more conventional means, provided that the online degrees are obtained from authorized schools that have a strong standing in the community. It is important to make sure that the school you are thinking about attending is accredited and has a good reputation. 

Parents Can Find a Good O-Level Maths Tutor for Their Child

In Singapore, the maths syllabus taught in schools is linked in detail throughout all its levels. For instance, topics taught in JC are just extensions of some basic concepts from O-level or secondary mathematics. Speaking of links, O-level maths basic concepts like speed and differentiation, probability, and percentage are also used and applied to the sciences such as physics and chemistry. But in the long run, maths is a compulsory subject in JC and university, so mastery of O-level maths is vital to building a strong maths foundation for the future. For this, parents can find a quality O level maths tutor to help students overcome learning difficulties and failing grades, the transition from basic to advanced topics, or strengthen the maths foundation.

What parents can expect from an O-level maths tutor

For the first few tutoring sessions, the teaching sessions and maths practices will be targeted towards learning the student’s learning pace and weaknesses and finding ways to help overcome these deficiencies.

As the sessions go on, the maths tutor slowly increases the student’s confidence to understand maths problems given from the classroom lessons and to effectively answer any maths problems. These sessions are reinforced by access to the tutor’s accumulated practice test and exam papers and other learning resources.

Qualified and experienced maths tutors have simple and concise ways to explain any maths concepts and applications, especially when real-world scenarios are involved. As the one-to-one teaching sessions progress, the teaching becomes more personalised based on the student’s learning needs and speed. All this occurs in the comfort and safety of the home, in full view of parents or guardians. As the tutoring progresses, parents will see marked improvements in their children’s maths test scores and grades.

How much is the rate for O Level maths tuition?

The rates for tuition lessons for secondary level maths will greatly depend on the qualifications of the tutor recommended by the agency or selected by the parents, whether a part-time or full-time tutor is preferred, and the location of the home. In Singapore, maths tutoring rates can range from $40 – $95 per hour. Again this is based on the type of tutor parents will select. But normally, once the rates are quoted, there are no additional agency fees.

Parents will get peace of mind with O-level maths tuition

Your children may consider other options for their schooling and future. Some may opt for the Integrated Programme (IP) track. Most will go to the O-level system and JC path, but others may decide not to proceed to JC. But whatever school/career path your children decide on, they still need to take up O-level maths at the secondary level. Everything depends on this continuity that will affect their long-term decision or performance.

Take for example a student who decides not to proceed to JC, so there is no need for any maths continuity. But what if the student suddenly changes his/her mind a month or two just before the scheduled O Level examinations? Whether a student is good at maths or struggling with the subject, this sudden lack of continuity may affect their studies and confidence in taking the exams.

Whatever scenario a student is facing with O-level maths, parents will find the best solution when they get a good O-level maths tutor. O-level maths tuition can provide that continuity and help that any child needs because of the dedicated one-to-one private maths tutor. A highly qualified and experienced tutor, whether part-time or NIE certified and trained, will know the student’s weaknesses, capabilities, and pace, and thus, adjust accordingly. The tutor is more than capable of bringing out the best in any student because of personalised attention.

Number 1 private home tuition in Singapore

As parents, if you have heard stories about tutors pulling out students from slumping failing grades and the student eventually passing with flying colours, then just take a look at our strong track record in improvement rates at FamilyTutor. Where else can you find a home tuition agency with a 98% happiness score from parents and students? When it comes to searching for an O-level maths tutor, you can depend on FamilyTutor because we carefully hand-pick and rigorously interview our tutors who are all outstandingly qualified and experienced. We highly protect all our clients against substandard tutors. Call us today! 

Paper Writer Service: Get Better Grades with Less Hassle 

It is not a secret that students are often stressed about grades. The pressure to succeed can be overwhelming, especially if you are struggling to keep up with the workload. If you are looking for ways to get good grades with less hassle, hiring a professional paper writer service may be the answer.

There are a number of reasons why you might want to hire a professional paper writer. Perhaps you are struggling to find the time to write your own papers. Maybe you are not confident in your writing skills and fear that you will not be able to produce a high-quality paper. Alternatively, you may simply be too busy to write your own papers. 

I recommend you read Essaypro reviews on the web if you want to know more about this. You can find Essaypro reviews left by other students on Trustpilot. 

A professional paper writer will be able to produce a high-quality paper in a fraction of the time it would take you to write it yourself. They will also be able to edit and proofread your paper to ensure that it is free from errors and plagiarism. They will use a checker and a typer. This means that you can submit your paper with confidence, knowing that it is of the highest standards.

Another advantage of hiring the best essay writing service is that they will be able to help you with the research process. They will be able to find relevant sources of information and compile them into a coherent paper. This can save you a lot of time and effort. That’s easy. Just buy a paper or pay for cheap essay help. And they will assist you in the blink of an eye. 

Amazing Benefits of Essay Writing Services

There are many benefits of professional essay writing services. Perhaps the most obvious benefit is that you will receive a well-written essay. The essay will be free of grammatical errors, and it will flow well. It will be well-organized and well-researched. In addition, the essay will be tailored to your specific instructions.

Another benefit of expert essay writing sites is that you can save time. If you are a busy student or working professional, you may not have the time to write an essay on your own. Hiring a professional essay writer can free up your time so that you can focus on other important tasks.

In addition, a pro essay writing service like Thevillafp.org can help you improve your writing skills. If you hire the best paper writing service, you can receive feedback on your essay. This feedback can help you learn from your mistakes and improve your writing skills.

EssayPro Review Is It the Cheapest Service? 

If you are a student, you have probably come across EssayPro while looking for an online essay writing service. This is one of the most popular essay writing websites on the internet, and it is not hard to find essay writing service online. 

With a large team of professional writers, a user-friendly website, and reasonable prices, it is a great choice for students who need help with their essays. 

I have also used Thevillafp.org myself, and I can attest to the fact that it is a great legit, and top rated service with amazing customer support. The writers are all very professional, and they were able to help me with my essays in a very short amount of time. 

I would definitely recommend Thevillafp.org to any student who needs help with their dissertation, custom essay, or another assignment.

Five Tips to Save Money While on a College Budget

The process of figuring out how to save money while attending college is a prudent decision to make. There are a few things students can do to improve their financial health and limit the amount of debt they acquire while pursuing their education without having to cut out the use of a professional essay writing service. While the thought of amassing a significant amount of debt is enough to deter many people from ever attending college, it is not impossible to do so.

Here are some recommendations for cutting costs throughout a person’s time as a student.

1. Use Student Discounts

One of the most significant advantages of being a student is a student ID card. This card not only entitles students to discounts at a wide variety of retail outlets, restaurants, and cultural organizations, but it may also offer them significant savings on technology-related items. If students know how to maximize the use of their discounts, they may save a substantial amount of money.

2. Take On Side Jobs

Taking up one or two additional jobs in addition to education is a great way to save money while in college. Even though students will probably be reading textbooks most of the time, they can probably afford to work an additional 15-20 hours per week to supplement their income and help pay for a custom essay writing service.

Here are some ideas for students to try.

Clients from all around the world employ virtual assistants online to help them manage their daily lives. Primarily, this is responding to emails, making travel arrangements, and setting up schedules—all tasks that may be performed around a student’s schedule.

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Another money-making opportunity involves doing what you do for your classes anyway. Students who weren’t exceptionally attentive during lectures at the semester’s conclusion find themselves needing lecture notes. By selling lecture notes to them directly or through an educational platform, students have the chance to earn a little money.

3. Share Living Space

Living in a shared home or apartment, as opposed to living alone while attending college, is among the most effective ways to cut costs and save money. Students may save a large amount of money each month by paying a portion of the rent with a group of people rather than paying it all by themselves. Additionally, they will be able to divide the costs of any shared furnishings and the energy bills, resulting in a monthly savings of even more money each month.

4. Restore Possessions Rather than Replace

Taking care of things they currently own is an excellent way for students to cut costs and save money. Put a little more work into restoring things so students can keep using them for a longer period of time rather than tossing them out as soon as they show any evidence of wear and tear. Because of this, students won’t needlessly spend money on new products when the ones they already have are perfectly good and still functional.

5. Follow a Minimalist Lifestyle

When it comes to lowering educational expenses and increasing overall savings, less is more. In addition to this, adopting a minimalist mentality might work wonders for a student’s financial situation. To give it a simpler explanation, living a minimalist lifestyle implies having fewer possessions overall.

Students with a minimalist mindset don’t get sucked into the traps of a materialistic culture that attempts to convince them that they need to own more belongings to be happy. Instead, they only purchase the really necessary items, and they don’t buy anything else.

It is far more likely that students will spend less money if they shop with more focus since they will become aware of the fact that many of the goods they thought they “needed” are not actually necessary in any way.

Need of self-discipline

Today’s generation, the generation of 21st century has got so much independence from their parents that they have forget that there must be discipline along with their independence. Over years the things and parenting patterns have changed so much that today’s parents are forgetting that there is a word called no which should be used according to the demand. There should be a line between discipline and independence but this generation is forgetting this. They didn’t know good habits built discipline and discipline built strong people who rule on their own.

We are saying there should be discipline in one’s life but why? Why should we have to be disciplined?

So i have answer for this question also. Here are few points that makes you better understand that why should you have to be disciplined.

• It makes you better understand to manage your time.

• A disciplined person is always respected by the society.

• As discipline makes you active in every activity. It creates a positive and confident personality for you.

• Discipline tells you value of responsibility and makes you a responsible person.

• You create your own boundaries and achieve what so ever you want.

Let us all leave comforted life and live a disciplined life to achieve what we want. And as it is said ” Discipline is bridge between goals and accomplishment ”

Teaching Main Idea to Elementary Students

At first, this concept of “main idea” can be tricky for young students, but after you teach it to them, they will be able to identify the main idea easily. Here are some ways to help with teaching main idea to students and help them better understand this concept. 

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What is The Main Idea? 

The main idea is basically what the passage or story is all about. Students get confused sometimes because the story might also talk about something else with great detail, but may not be the main idea or focus of the overall story. These are called “supporting details.” In order to distinguish some story details from the main idea, the entire story should be read, and not just bits and parts of the story. Supporting details will be smaller details that will support a more broad idea. Remember that the main idea is broad and general, and the supporting details are more complex and detailed. 


Break the story down and talk about each paragraph after it has been read. Sometimes students have very short attention spans, and so summarizing each paragraph and helping them understand what they just read is the most helpful. Reading comprehension is what should be established before the concept of main idea is introduced. 

Practice is key!

The more often students practice finding the main idea, the quicker and easier finding the main idea will become. Students need practice so that as the context and stories become more complex, the easier it will become for them to understand. Their reading comprehension will also improve as well.

Make it fun

If you assign the same assignment over and over, students will become annoyed or frustrated that they keep having to do the same thing over and over. Try switching it up without them realizing. Instead of using the words “main idea” try using a different language. To also help them practice, let the focus of the assignment be something different, like asking questions about the store. For example “What did Charlie find when he opened his candy bar?” and then in going over the answers, simply ask the students, “what do you think the main idea of the entire story was?” Focusing on the main idea, does not have to be the main focus every single time you have the students read, but help them to try and understand and find what the main idea is each time.

Finding Clues

If your students are not understanding what the main idea of the story is, help them to find clues in the store. Have them look at titles, key words, and first and last sentences. Also opening and closing paragraphs should be focused on. Try looking at the photos if there are any. Key words will be words that are bolded in the reading, or they could be headings and titles. All of these will help to hint at the main idea, but they do not always. Oftentimes the title will help you figure out what the main topic of the story will be. This is your first step to help you determine the main idea.


A good starting activity to do with the students would be to have them just use these clues and to take some guesses before starting to read. Have them look at the cover, look at the pictures, look at the titles and chapter headings and make their guesses. What do you think the main idea could be just by observing before you even begin reading? This will help get their brain in the right mindset and will help them to be looking for more information about what the focus of the story will be about.

Maya Angelou

Maya Angelou was an American poet, memoirist, and civil rights, activist. Maya Angelou, the original name was Marguerite Annie Johnson and she was born on April 4, 1928, in St. Louis, Missouri. Although born in St. Louis, Angelou spent much of her childhood in the care of her paternal grandmother in rural Stamps, Arkansas. When she was not yet eight years old, she was raped by her mother’s boyfriend and told of it, after which he was murdered; the traumatic sequence of events left her almost completely mute for several years. This early life is the focus of her first autobiographical work, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1969) which gained critical acclaim and a National Book Award nomination. Subsequent volumes of autobiography include Gather Together in My Name (1974), Singin’ and Swingin’ and Gettin’ Merry Like Christmas (1976), The Heart of a Woman (1981), All God’s Children Need Traveling Shoes (1986), A Song Flung Up to Heaven (2002), and Mom & Me & Mom (2013).

In the 1950s, Angelou found encouragement for her literary talents at the Harlem Writers’ Guild. About the same time, Angelou landed a featured role in a State Department-sponsored production of George Gershwin’s folk opera Porgy and Bess; with this troupe, she toured 22 countries in Europe and Africa. She also studied dance with Martha Graham and Pearl Primus. In 1961 she performed in Jean Genet’s play The Blacks. That same year she was persuaded by a South African dissident to whom she was briefly married to move to Cairo, where she worked for the Arab Observer. She later moved to Ghana and worked on The African Review.

Angelou returned to California in 1966 and wrote Black, Blues, Black (aired 1968), a 10-part television series about the role of African culture in American life. She was the first black woman director in Hollywood, and she wrote, produced, directed, and starred in productions for stage, film, and television. As the writer of the movie drama Georgia, Georgia (1972), she became one of the first African American women to have a screenplay produced as a feature film. She also acted in such movies as Poetic Justice (1993) and How to Make an American Quilt (1995) and appeared in several television productions, including the miniseries Roots (1977). Angelou received a Tony Award nomination for her performance in Look Away (1973), even though the play closed on Broadway after only one performance. In 1998 she made her directorial debut with Down in the Delta (1998). The documentary Maya Angelou and Still I Rise (2016) depicts her life through interviews with Angelou and her intimates and admirers.

Angelou’s poetry, collected in such volumes as Just Give Me a Cool Drink of Water ’fore I Diiie (1971), And Still, I Rise (1978), Now Sheba Sings the Song (1987), and I Shall Not Be Moved (1990), drew heavily on her personal history but employed the points of view of various personae. She also wrote a book of meditations, Wouldn’t Take Nothing for My Journey Now (1993), and children’s books that include My Painted House, My Friendly Chicken and Me (1994), Life Doesn’t Frighten Me (1998), and the Maya’s World series, which was published in 2004–05 and featured stories of children from various parts of the world. Angelou dispensed anecdote-laden advice to women in Letter to My Daughter (2008); her only biological child was male.

Angelou died on May 28, 2014, when she was 86, in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, where she had served as Reynolds Professor of American Studies at Wake Forest University since 1982.

Who is William Butler Yeats?

William Butler Yeats was an Irish poet, dramatist, prose writer, and one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature. He was a driving force behind the Irish Literary Revival and became a pillar of the Irish literary establishment who helped to found the Abbey Theatre, and in his later years served two terms as a Senator of the Irish Free State. William Butler Yeats was born on June 13, 1865, in Dublin, Ireland. He was the oldest of four children of John Butler Yeats, a portrait artist. He was educated in London but returned to Ireland in 1880 and soon afterward embarked on a literary career. In 1890, Yeats began writing plays, and as a strong adherent of the Irish National Movement, he did much to assist in the creation of national theatre. In 1923 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature.

His poetry

Yeats was acutely conscious of the spiritual barrenness of his age, and his whole artistic career is best seen as an attempt, at first to escape from the sordid materialism which he found on every hand, and later to formulate a new positive ideal that would supply his spiritual needs. His narrative poem The Wanderings of Oisin (1889), which first established his reputation, Poems (1895), The Wind Among the Reeds (1889), and The Shadowy Waters (1900); and it was in these early days that he wrote many of the lyrics. Probably the best known of them is The Lake Isle of Innisfree (1893). The increasing realism of this period is seen in The Green Helmet and Other Poems (1910) and Responsibilities (1914), which strike a more personal note. The peak of his achievements is reached in The Tower (1928) and The Winding Stair and Other Poems (1933), in which he handles philosophical themes with a compact precision of style and a great mastery of rhythm and language.

His Drama

William Butler Yeats was also a prolific playwright, with no less than twenty-four dramas, two adaptations from Sophocles, and several unpublished juvenile efforts to his credit. The virtues of his plays are in their poetry. For him, his themes were always of primary importance, and there is a close parallel between the subjects of his lyrics and those of his plays. His characters, too, were drawn from Irish legend and from among those simple types to be found in so many of his poems. His plays include Countess Cathleen (1892), The Land of Heart’s Desire (1894), The Shadowy Waters (1900), Cathleen ni Houlihan (1902), On Baile’s Strand (1904), The king’s Threshold (1904), The Hour-glass (1904), Deirdre (1907), The Resurrection (1913), At the Hawk’s Well (1917), The Only Jealousy of Emer (1919) Calvary (1921), and The Cat and The Moon (1926).

His Death

Yeats died in January 1939 while abroad. Final arrangements for his burial in Ireland could not be made, so he was buried at Roquebrune, France. The intention of having his body buried in Sligo was thwarted when World War II began in the autumn of 1939. In 1948 his body was finally taken back to Sligo and buried in a little Protestant churchyard at Drumcliffe.