How does it feel when you take up the responsibility to carry forward the legacy that generates hardly any income and that makes its way to the UNESCO list of intangible cultural heritage of humanity?
Well, it is difficult to imagine and hard to believe when it happens. The traditional art of utensil making in the small town of punjab, Jandiala Guru has been recognised by UNESCO in the list of intangible cultural heritage of humanity in year 2014. Thatheras community of Jandiala Guru in Punjab has preserved the centuries old metalwork from generation to generation and it is more of a social and cultural identity for them rather than means of livelihood.
History: It is said that Maharaja Ranjit Singh, a sikh ruler during the first half of 19th century encouraged the artisans from various fields to settle around Amritsar. Thatheras might have come to Punjab during that time and after partition, muslim metalworkers of this art went to Pakistan and Hindu and Sikhs remained in India.
Raw materials used: The principal metals used are brass and copper along with certain alloys. The utensils made are known for health benefits as they enhance the absorption of nutrients in the body.
Once there was a shroff. He had a boy named kausik. He was 4 year old, when he heard of jain monks about silence. Monks stated that reacting in each and every thing you see, listen, eat or walk on is unnecessary. A boy stood up and asked the monk what should we do instead? Monk said instead you can stay silent and calm in every situation. But the young boy kausik take this lesson on another way.
From that day he stayed quiet in every situation no matter what it is. The shroff got tensed that what happened to my boy why he stopped speaking. The shroff took his son to doctors, tantriks and every place where he thought he would fix it, but nothing happened. Shroff has believed that due to any accident his son has lost his voice.
One day kausik was sitting under a tree where on top a folk of birds were sitting. The shooter came due to gunshot every bird stopped chirping but one bird murmured and the shooter shoot him. The dead burd fell off the tree and kausik said why did you speak?
These words of kausik were listened by an old friend of shroff. With joy he reached to shroff and said your son can speak i’ve listened him speaking with my ears. The shroff couldn’t believe this. He called his son and asked did you speak? Did you speak? No reply from son’s side. Shroff got frustrated and took his sword out and pointed it towards his friend and said that if you didn’t spoke and my friend has lied to me. I’ll punish him for his lie. No response from kausik’s side again. The shroff got angry and killed his old friend for lying to him. Then again kausik said to that died friend why did you speak? The shroff got amused and scolded to son that he is no more not because he has spoke he is no more because you were silent.
Just like this, silence is a great weapon unnecessary silence can be dangerous!
Today’s generation, the generation of 21st century has got so much independence from their parents that they have forget that there must be discipline along with their independence. Over years the things and parenting patterns have changed so much that today’s parents are forgetting that there is a word called no which should be used according to the demand. There should be a line between discipline and independence but this generation is forgetting this. They didn’t know good habits built discipline and discipline built strong people who rule on their own.
We are saying there should be discipline in one’s life but why? Why should we have to be disciplined?
So i have answer for this question also. Here are few points that makes you better understand that why should you have to be disciplined.
• It makes you better understand to manage your time.
• A disciplined person is always respected by the society.
• As discipline makes you active in every activity. It creates a positive and confident personality for you.
• Discipline tells you value of responsibility and makes you a responsible person.
• You create your own boundaries and achieve what so ever you want.
Let us all leave comforted life and live a disciplined life to achieve what we want. And as it is said ” Discipline is bridge between goals and accomplishment ”
As a school administrator, you are responsible for the education of young minds. But with that comes great responsibility and many challenges. From budget cuts to overcrowded classrooms, you have your work cut out for you. But don’t despair, you are not alone. Many school administrators face the same challenges. Below are some tips on how to deal with the most common challenges of school administration.
School security systems have become an important part of school administration as they help to keep students and staff safe. While these systems can provide a high level of security, they also come with a variety of challenges. One challenge is that administrators must balance the need for security with the need to maintain a positive learning environment. Another challenge is that administrators must constantly update their security systems as new threats emerge. Additionally, administrators must find ways to fund their security systems without sacrificing other areas of the budget. In order for administrators to stay organized in their security efforts, a printed pocket folder.
Printed pocket folders are a great way to keep paperwork organized and easy to find. They can be customized with the school’s logo and colors, making them a visual representation of the school itself. Pocket folders can also be printed with important information about the school, such as contact information, website, and social media accounts. You can also store your security systems manuals in these folders.
Managing a Building and Grounds
One of the biggest challenges is ensuring that the building and grounds are properly maintained. This includes making sure that all of the necessary repairs are made, as well as keeping the grounds clean and free of debris. Another challenge is dealing with budget constraints. School administrators often have to make tough decisions when it comes to allocating funds for things like building repairs or outdoor landscaping. They also need to be mindful of how their decisions may impact the overall quality of education provided by the school.
Another challenge faced by school administrators is creating and enforcing policies related to building usage and grounds maintenance. This can be difficult, especially when there are conflicting interests among different groups on campus. Finally, school administrators must also deal with safety concerns related to the buildings and grounds. This includes ensuring that proper safety protocols are in place and addressing any issues that may arise.
Implementing New Teaching Methods and Technologies
In order to keep up with the changing world and the needs of students, schools must continually implement new teaching methods and technologies. However, this can be a challenge for school administrators. They must weigh the pros and cons of each new method or technology and decide if it is appropriate for their school. They also need to make sure that any changes are implemented in a way that does not disrupt the school’s existing operations.
There are many factors that administrators must consider when deciding whether to adopt a new teaching method or technology. For example, they need to evaluate how well the new method or technology will meet the needs of their students and how it will impact learning outcomes. They also need to consider the cost of adopting the new method or technology and whether there are enough qualified teachers available to use it effectively. In addition, administrators must weigh possible negative consequences such as distractions from other activities or misuse of technology.
A school’s administration is important to the overall success of a school. It provides a guide for administrators on how to handle various situations and manage different areas of a school. The book is helpful in creating a positive and productive learning environment for students.
“If you don’t believe in your own idea, then you won’t get anyone else to believe in it – no matter how hard you try”
Most children of her age play around, discuss their favorite TV shows or are too stressed with their teenage problems. But this girl began a startup at a mere age of 10. Hillary Yip, the youngest CEO in the world, is today a proud founder and owner of MinorMynas, a language learning app.
“People treat me as a kid sometimes I get that. I’m 15, but I prefer being treated as an adult because I’ve had some experiences. I’m still learning, but that doesn’t mean you should count me out as immature.” says Hillary.
MinorMynas is an online educational platform where children across the borders can learn different languages, chat and make friends across countries. The use of live video calls allows children to engage in conversations to learn different languages from each other.
“I wanted to let kids from all over the world learn and exchange their languages — and make it fun, too.”
Hillary Yip was born and brought up in Hongkong. She is a student of Kellett School. When her mother sent her and her brother to summer camp in Taiwan for Chinese improvement after struggling with it for years, she knew she had to create MinorMynas. Her experience in the summer camp was a life changing one. Her idea of creating an online version of the experience led her to participate and win several entrepreneurship awards, including “AIA’s Emerging Entrepreneur Challenge 2016 1st place and Best Business”.
“My vision with MinorMynas is to connect the world through kids, letting us learn together as a community, making the world a better place.” says Yip.
Children in over 60 countries will be able to connect through her educational app so they can expand their knowledge on topics they are passionate about and gain more understanding of other cultures. Hillary believes her product can solve the screen time problem by allowing them to simultaneously learn as well as teach. Additionally, she pointed out that many children were using the app as a way to study things that were beyond study plans and to delve deeper into topics that they were personally passionate about.
Hillary attributes her success to her mentors and her parents who have always been her constant support.
Her success is evident from the fact that she has featured in a number of places like BBC, CCTV, Yitiao, Yeti and the South China Morning Post. She is an extremely popular keynote speaker and has appeared at TEDx stages, as well as events hosted by HSBC and Microsoft. She was also a keynote speaker at the Global Women Forum 2020 in Dubai.
With an eye towards fostering a greater awareness of in-app learning, Hillary Yip plans to work with other providers.
“In our second version, which is in its final stages, we plan to launch parent communities since the exchange between an international group of parents does not exist today,” Hillary says.
We often talk about our national heroes who laid their life for the sake of their motherland. Their immense sacrifice and determination lead us to independence. Today we shall talk about some of the lesser known stories of the tribal communities whose courage and struggle ignited the cause of our freedom struggle.
Except the frontier tribal areas, most of the tribal movements were concentrated in central, west-central and southern India.
Paharias Rebellion (1778):
The Paharias were hill people and resided around the Rajmahal hills in the north-eastern Chota Nagpur Plateau. These folks were remote people and considered the entire territory to be their country. The British expansion on their territory led to a clash between the Paharias and the Britishers. The revolt was leaded by Raja Jagannath. The revolt was carried out as the British had launched a campaign against the Paharaias to kill them.
Chuar Uprising (1766-1816):
Chuar revolt was not a single revolt but a series of rebellions that lasted from 1766 to 1772 and then again from 1795-1816. The Chuars were mostly farmers and hunters and inhabited the West Bengal settlements of Midnapore, Bankura and Manbhum (part of present day Bihar). Though there were many leaders like Jagannath Singh of Ghatsila, Shyam Ganjan of Dhadka, Subla Singh of Kaliapal and Dubraj who stood against the British, the most prominent uprising was under Durjan Singh in the year 1798. He was the zamindar of Raipur but was dispossessed due to the Bengal Regulations. Durjan Singh, with the help of 1500 Chuars, started violent activities in May 1798 to stop the auction of Raipur’s estate. The revolt was crushed by the British. Some other notable Chuar leaders were Madhab Singh, brother of Raja of Barabhum; Raja Mohan Singh, Zamindar of Juriah and Lachman Singh of Dulma.
Kol Mutiny (1831):
Kols were the inhabitants of Chota Nagpur. This included Ranchi, Singhbhum, Hazaribagh, Palamau and western parts of Manbhum. The kols were prodded to take arms with the large scale transfer of lands from their headmen to outsiders like Hindu, Muslim and Sikh farmers and money lenders. These outsiders were oppressive, demanded huge taxes and subjected brutal atrocities on the tribals.. Also, the British judicial and revenue policies badly affected the Kols. This led to an uprising in 1831 leaded by Buddho Bhagat. The rebellion was suppressed by the British but later many tribal movements started in this region.
Kol Mutiny served as an inspiration for coming generations to fight against inequality and injustice.
Santhal Rebellion (1855-56):
Santhals were primarily agricultural people and had settlements in the plains of the Rajmahal Hills. With the backing of the police and others, the money lenders conspired with the zamindars to oppress and rob the peasants of their lands. Sidhu and Kanhu, two brothers led the Santhal uprising and converted it into an anti-British movement. They declared the area between Bhagalpur and Rajmahal as autonomous. The revolt was stamped down by the British in the year 1856.
Ho and Munda uprisings (1820-37) :
The Ho tribals revolted against the occupation of Singhbhum under the leadership of The Raja of Parahat. The revolt lasted till 1827 and soon the tribals were forced to submit. In 1831, along with the Mundas of Chota Nagpur, the Ho tribe again revolted against the newly implemented farming revenue policies and entry of Bengalees into their region. The revolt ended in 1832 but the Ho continued to operate till 1837.
Khond Uprising (1837-56):
The Khonds of the region ranging from Odisha to Srikakulam and Visakhapatnam rose against the British under the leadership of Chakra Bishnoi. He was a young raja and was supported by his people who were joined by the Kalhandi, Ghuamsar and other tribals to fight the atrocities like new taxes, human sacrifices and entry of zamindars into their areas. Soon, Chakra Bishnoi disappeared and the revolt subsided. However, in 1914, another Khond Uprising was seen in the Orissa region with a hope to end the British rule.
There are many different programs that you can use to organize data for your home, school, or business. Excel is one of the programs that many people use to do this, a program that is one of the easier ones to use. Excel allows you to not only to organize your data, but also allows you to calculate the data, and evaluate that data. You can also make charts, tables, and graphs to better show the data and how it affects the company with which you are working.
Ways to Learn
There are many ways to learn to use Excel, so that you can use it to the best of your ability. You can learn it on your own, watch videos on the internet such as this one here, or take classes to learn the program. All these methods are good in their own way but depending on what you are using the program for you might want to learn in a unique way.
One way is to just sit and play with the program, learning as you go. You can learn this way in your own time and learn only what you need to learn for your particular project. This is an effective way to learn if you are using the program for personal reasons. This might be to do your monthly budget or to plan for a trip or other big expense.
By working on your own and learning the program, you can save yourself some money, but this way usually takes longer than other methods. If you need to use Excel for business, this might not be the way to learn the program. However, this is an effective way to learn if you are using it for personal reasons such as making monthly budgets and trip planning.
Another way to learn Excel is to access the internet and learn through videos and websites. Learn more about Excel at this site: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Excel. This method will take a while, and you must decide which website or video to trust to give you the correct information. There are people that really know what they are doing and share their information with others. On the other hand, there are people who pretend to know what they are doing and share what they think they know. You might learn something this way, or you may get everything wrong, taking longer to complete your project.
The Best Way to Learn
Probably the best way to learn how to use Excel is to learn from an excel training course from experts. Learning in this way will ensure that you learn all the tips and tricks to allow you to have the best project possible. Experts can show you step-by-step how to use each aspect of the program. Learning this way will help you to make more professional projects getting better results. It also allows you to receive a certificate showing that you learned from a professional.
Six Good Reasons
There are six good reasons to attend an MS Excel training course so that you can get the best results from the program. You can earn Excel Certification that will set you apart from your colleagues and to show employers that you have the skills needed to do your job. This training can make you more efficient in your job allowing you to do better and be more competent. Learning Excel from a training course will give you more credibility than learning on your own or using videos from the internet. You can be more prepared to work in financial positions with professional training.
It has been around for many years and Excel will probably be around for many years to come. This means that this is a skill that will always be pertinent to the business world and other jobs, as well.
Setting yourself apart from your colleagues is important if you want to move up in the company. By using this program, you can create spreadsheets that will show your employer the finances of the company and allows you to create graphs and charts to track where the money in the company goes. You can create schedules for staff and manage inventory.
You can become more efficient in your job by learning this program. You can learn to format cells in the program based on a certain criterion and apply it to other cells quickly. By using the charts and tables option, you can use the information in the cells to clearly show trends in the market without having to use a separate program to make them.
By learning how to use this program from a reputable company, you will gain credibility with your employer and your colleagues. If you try to do this on your own, you will not get the certificate that shows that you know the program inside out. You can use this certificate to show that you are willing to learn new aspects of your job and are not afraid to try new things.
Having a certificate to show that you have put the time and effort in to truly learn the program. If you have paid attention in the class, you can use your skills to improve in your career.
You can be better prepared to do the financial aspects of the company you work with. You can show the information with graphs, tables, and charts.
Excel has been around since 1985, making it a standard in the computer world. By learning this program instead of another one, you can be assured that you are on top of the business world. Since it has been around for decades, you can rest assured that the things that you learn will be around for many years to come.
There are many ways to learn Excel depending on your needs for the program. If you want to be the best in your business world, it is best that you learn from a professional expert in the field. Excel can help you to get ahead in your employment by giving you ways to show your company how they are doing financially. You can show your employer that you are willing to learn new skills to improve yourself.
We make hue and cry on climate change, pollution and like but are we concerned about our soil? Do you know that 95% of our food comes from the top soil? Our activities have already degraded 52% of our agricultural soils and by 2045 we will have 40% less food for 9.2 billion people. Can you imagine the repercussion?
First let us know what soil is and why it is so important.
Basically, soil is sand combined with organic matter. It is the loose surface material that covers the land and is called the “skin of the earth”. The soil consists of organic material, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that sustain life. Soil contains numerous organisms like bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes, algae, protozoa and nematodes, earthworms, archaeans and so on. These organisms help the plants to grow and survive. It is the abundance of organic content in soil that sustains all other dependent species, including humans.
Soil bacteria are a critical component of biogeochemical cycle. It helps in crop production.
These bacteria have several functions: (1) providing nutrients to crops; (2) stimulating plant growth, for instance by producing plant hormones; (3) inhibiting the activity of plant pathogens; (4) improving soil structure; and (5) microbially accumulating or leaching inorganic nutrients.
Several kinds of bacteria are used in soil for bioremediation of polluted soil, and for mineralization of organic pollutants.
Soil microbes help the plants to intake water and nutrients from soil.
Healthy soil prevents the dangerous cycles of floods and droughts that plague many regions of the world.
How soil degradation affects us?
Soil degradation means the loss of physical, chemical and biological properties of soil.
Organic matter loss, soil fertility decline, erosion, adverse changes in salinity, acidity, or alkalinity, or efflorescence is some causes.
Impacts of soil degradation are devastating – depletion of fertile soil, habitat destruction and biodiversity loss, extinction of species, high level of nutrient runoff into lakes, desertification of land, large scale migration, malnutrition and war.
Factors causing soil degradation:
Physical factors: include change in the natural composition of soil due to factors like rainfall, wind erosion, floods and mass movement. The fertile top portion of the soil gets eroded, thereby degrading the soil quality.
Biological factors: Human and plant activities also reduce the quality of soil. Human activities like poor farming practices degrade the quality of soil. Plant activities include an overgrowth of bacteria and fungi in an area that can negatively affect the soil microbial activity through biochemical reactions, resulting in reduced crop yields and reduced soil productivity capacity.
Chemical factors: Changes in the quality of alkalinity or acidicity of soil also affects its fertility. Chemical factors also include waterlogging. Chemical factors bring irreversible loss to soil nutrients such as deposition of iron or aluminum rich soils.
Man-made factors: Human activities such as deforestation, excessive use of fertilizers, industrial wastes, overgrazing, mining activities, urbanization and poor agricultural practices also leads to land degradation.
What can we do to save our soil?
Reduce deforestation: At the individual level, it is not an easy task. But we can plant trees and make people aware of the importance of planting trees. Individuals all over the world need to respect forest cover and reduce certain human-induced actions that encourage logging. Involvement of government and international organizations is required to reduce, if not stop deforestation.
Land reclamation: it refers to the restoration of lost organic content and minerals of the soil. Although the soil quality degraded is irreversible, still we can replenish the lost organic matter and minerals to some extent. This is called land reclamation. Degraded soil may be restored by adding plant residues or by improving range management. One of the simplest methods is planting trees, crops, vegetation and flowers over the affected soil. Plant roots make the soil stronger.
Prevention of salinization: Activities like reducing irrigation, planting salt tolerant crops like rice, wheat, mustard etc result in high returns because reclamation projects require zero inputs and labor. Preventing salinization of crops beforehand is the beast and an economical step.
Conserving soil by tillage: This includes cultivating in such a manner that the soil quality remains almost to its natural condition. Example – Leave crop residue from previous year on the surface to guard the soil from erosion and avoid poor tillage practices such as deep plowing.
This year, Sadhguru, an Indian yogi and visionary has launched a movement called “Save Soil”. To make people aware of this burning issue, Sadhguru is travelling from India to UK in a 100-day motorcycle journey. He will cover 26 countries spanning 30,000 km.
“Start local, involve your neighbourhood, start a vegetable garden, get your hands in the soil – not in the dirt as is commonly said, as soil is not dirty – it is rich, it is our foundation of a healthy life and a safe environment.”
This is just the beginning. Such initiatives from the government and other institutions will support the ‘’Save Soil” cause and help restore our land its lost fertility.
Dalit – Bahujan politics, which is perceived as having no road map, could learn from Ambedkar’s political experiments
The rapid decline of the Bahujan Samaj party over the years has led some to believe that Dalit politics lacks a suitable road map . Rebuilding the Bahujan movement will be difficult if the political agenda and electoral strategies are not improvised. In such a crisis, the Dalit-Bahujan leadership could learn from B.R. Ambedkar’s political experiments.
Ambedkar’s social movement and political thoughts are heralded for making Indian society sensitive towards the ideas of social justice and democracy. Ambedkar was keen to find a dignified place for the ‘Untouchables ‘ in modern institutions, including legislative bodies . He appealed to the ruling classes to recognise the ‘Untouchables ‘ as a new social and political minority, and demanded special safeguards for them from the state . He thought community based political representation would liberate the ‘Untouchables ‘ from the hegemony of the social elites and help them bring their issues to the mainstream. But Ambedkar was not interested in Framing the Dalits as a political force for the Dalits alone ; he expected them to unify vulnerable caste groups, religious minorities and the deprived working classes and bring about revolutionary political change .
Forming political parties
Ambedkar’s first political party, the independent labour party (ILP) , was committed to the welfare of the working classes . The socially marginalised castes , especially the ‘Untouchables ‘ , formed a significant part of modern industry, especially in Bombay . Ambedkar noticed that parties claiming to represent the interests of the working class did not pay attention to the concerns of ‘ untouchable’ labour . He reprimanded the socialist -communist leadership for betraying the trust of lower caste workers . The ILP , he proposed , would highlight the class -caste relationship and contest coercive “Brahmanism & Capitalism” together.
In 1942, Ambedkar established his second political party , the Scheduled Federation (SCF) , in Bombay . This was when hectic deliberations were taking place between the Congress, the Muslim League and the representatives of religious minorities over India’s constitution. In new constitutions in the world then, different religious communities and groups were granted political safeguards and cultural rights according to their numerical strength and historical location. Ambedkar wanted to establish the Depressed Castes as one of the prime actors in the nation building process . The SCF demanded that the ruling classes cherish the values of socially diverse groups and integrate the different aspirations of marginalised people in their plans for a new India . Further , the SCF meant to promote the interest of the diverse ‘Untouchable ‘ castes on a single national platform. Ambedkar introduced the SCF as a rival of the Congress and a harsh critic of M.K. Gandhi’s leadership. The Congress was depicted as an association of powerful caste groups and rich capitalists .
There have been several efforts to project M.K. Stalin as a prime ministerial candidate
Twenty five years ago, in Tiruvarur, the then Tamil Nadu chief minister and DMK president M. Karunanidhi was asked by a journalist why he was not aspiring for the post of Prime Minister. He replied :” I know my limitations”. The question was raised against the backdrop of a serious bid made by the founder of the Tamil Maanila congress (Moopanar) , G.K. Moopanar, to become prime minister following the resignation of H.D. Deve Gowda as the head of the United Front Regime . Today, concerted efforts are on to project Karunanidhi’ s son and Chief Minister M.k. Stalin as a prime ministerial candidate.
In the last couple of months , many events can be cited as attempts at promoting Mr. Stalin to the National scene. In early February, the chief Minister wrote to leaders of almost three dozen parties across the country, asking them to nominate their representatives to the All India federation of social justice. Later that months, kerala chief minster Pinarayi Vijayan , former Congress president Rahul Gandhi, Rashtriya Janta Dal leader Tejashwi Yadav , and former Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Omar Abdullah came to Chennai to participate in the launch of the first volume of Mr. Stalin’ s autobiography, Ungalil oruvan ( one among you) . A month later , in New Delhi, leaders of various non BJP opposition parties came together during the inauguration of the DMK’s office . Mr. Stalin’s condemnation of Union Home Minister Amit Shah’s observations on the hindi language and his participation at a seminar held last week during the CPI(M)’s party congress in Kannur were also viewed as part of his March towards national politics.
It is rather uncommon for a leader of Tamil Nadu to get national prominence. Other than Moopanar , Congress leader K. Kamaraj and AIADMK leader J. Jayalalithaa were talked about as prime ministerial material. While kamaraj was content playing the role of ‘kingmaker ‘ in 1964 and 1966 , Jayalalithaa, despite her turning the 2014 Lok sabha elections into a lady versus Modi fight , and her party bagging 37 seats out of 39 in Tamil Nadu, did not make it .
In the last three years , Mr Stalin has tasted success twice as a leader of coalition. In the 2019 Lok sabha elections, when he proposed the name of Mr . Gandhi for the post of Prime Minister, the DMK -led front captured 39 constituencies, including one in Puducherry. Two years later , it got a two thirds majority in the Tamil Nadu Assembly. After capturing power in the State, Mr. Stalin has continued to criticize the BJP on a host of issues . In the last 11 months , he has been particularly highlighting the importance of social justice, greater autonomy for the states and the Dravidian model of governance. Perhaps conscious of the criticism that Dravidian majors do not seek industrial investment in the way parties in other states do, Mr. Stalin has shown keenness in attracting investments in a big way . His visit to the UAE is the most recent indication of this. After he became Chief Minister in May 2021 , the state government signed 131 MoUs involving an investment of Rs 69,375 crore . Mr Stalin also announced that the State would hold the next Global Investors ‘ Meet by 2023 end , the previous two editions of which were held during the AIADMK regime . There are signs of his government willing to bite the bullet in economy -related matters , even as Mr. Stalin has been keeping all his political allies together. Though it is too early to talk about the compositions of political form