Category Archives: Research Paper

How to Choose a Great Admission Essay Topic

This article includes the best pieces of advice on how to choose a good topic for your admission essay. You will learn the basic rules of writing such types of essays as well.

How-To-Write-A-College-Admission--Essay

How to Choose a Great Admission Essay Topic

Writing an essay, especially an admission one, may seem a hard task for those who have never done this before. You may hesitate a lot before you start your writing due to your lack of knowledge of what to include in your essay. So, picking up the topic of your essay is the first and probably the most difficult thing to do. Today we will convince you that your essay’s topic has great influence on the content of your admission essay and therefore it should be chosen responsibly.

Whether you are entering a college or a university, you will certainly have to teach yourself writing an admission essay as it is the half of a road to successful admission. Should admission essays include special terminology or some metaphors? Should you fully introduce your personality in the text? Or should it be just your thoughts on some topic? It is difficult to decide, but we will help you with that.

The most important pieces of advice to pick up a topic:

  • First and foremost, do not panic. Let your consciousness believe you know what to write about. The best way to write a good admission essay is to start doing it at least a week before the deadline. You should have enough time to clear your thoughts.
  • Do a brainstorm and write all your ideas on paper, even those which seem inconvenient or stupid to you.
  • Think about the case that proves your authenticity and shows your good traits. Every human being is unique, so coming up with such a case should be easy.
  • Ask yourself “So what?”. Understanding the use of the story you are writing about is necessary.
  • Include the things you are proud of. Usually, talking about the things that praise your personality is one of the easiest tasks. But do not exaggerate, it will be obvious if you are too arrogant.

The Main Requirement for an Admission Essay

The requirements vary from college to college, from university to university. But some things remain the same for all the essays. For an admission essay, it is normal to write approximately 500 words. The subject should be personal and demonstrate your skills or life circumstances. Therefore, try to describe them well to become a more desirable candidate.

You should not write an art composition because the style of an admission essay is very formal. But your creativity should not be limited as it is a precious thing the admission board will appreciate. Remember that not every person is able to tell a great story in 500 words. It is your chance to prove your pithiness in writing. Start with a detailed text and exclude some unnecessary things step by step.

Standing out is crucial

 Have you ever played any musical instrument? Or perhaps you did some sport (or do it now). Well, it is great, but almost everybody did the same. A part-time job is common among kids as well. Do not tell such trivial things as it may not be interesting to the readers. Make them remember your personality by telling some of your special characteristics. Do not forget to engage the reader with a hook the same way you do it in simple essays. But starting with a question will not be the best way for an admission essay.

You may also describe your interests and passions going back to your childhood. This way the admission officers tend to trust you more and they see what kind of a person you are now, under which circumstances you have formed yourself as a person. Maybe, there is something from the childhood influencing you these days? Feel free to describe that.

And do not try to seem an absolutely ideal person, there is no such person on the Earth. And the admission essay is not about that. It has more to do with reflecting on your life and your experiences. It is the best way to conclude who you are now and what your plans are for developing yourself in the future.

Stand Up and Do It

Now, the hardest part of the job is finished as the topic of your essay is chosen. Do your best and write a breathtaking story so that the admission officers will not hesitate to accept you. Good luck with your admission essay! And remember that everyone has some fascinating stories to tell.

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BANK FRAUD – TYPES AND PREVENTION

CHANCHAL SHARMA

M.COM, NET (COMMERCE)

SAPNA YADAV

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR

MONIKA RANI

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN COMMERCE

INTRODUCTION : – Banks are considered as necessary equipment for the Indian economy. This particular sector has been tremendously growing in the recent years after the nationalisation of banks in 1969 and the loberalisation of economy in 1991. Due to the nature of their daily activities of dealing with money, even after having such a supervised and well regulated system it is very tempting for those who are either associated the system or outside to find faults in the system and to make personal gains by fraud.These frauds, unlike ordinary crimes, the amount misappropriated in these crimes runs into lakhs and crores of rupees. Bank fraud is a federal crime in many countries, defined as planning to obtain property or money from any federally insured financial institution . It is something considered a white collar crime.BANK FRAUDS PHISHING

To understand the concept of Bank Fraud, we need to understand the concept of fraud and the various types of frauds and the ways to detect the same and the prevention of the same.

WHAT IS FRAUD : – Generally, A dishonest act or behaviour through which one person gains or tries to gain advantage over another which results in the loss victim, directly or indirectly is called fraud.

Under the IPC, fraud has not been defined directly under any particular section, but it provides for punishments for various acts which leads to commission of fraud. However the section is dealing with cheating, forgery, counterfeiting,misappropriation and breach of trust cover the same adequatly.

as outcome of fraud exceeds the losses due any other crime put together. With the rising bank business, cheating in the bank additionally expanding and the fraudsters are turning out to be increasingly complex and shrewd.

The four most important elements for constituting fraud are : – the active involvement of the staff, failure to follow the instructions and guidelinesof the bank by the staff, collusion between businessman,executives and politicians to bend the rules and regulations and any external factors.

LEGAL REGIME TO CONTROL BANK FRAUDS : –

  • The Indian penal code,1860
  • Criminal procedure code,1973
  • The Negotiable Instruments Act,1881
  • The Reserve Bank of India Act,1934
  • SARFAESI Act,2002
  • The Banking Regulation Act,1949

IMPACT OF FRAUD IN INDIA : – Many recent fraud incidents reported are related to fix deposites,loan disbursments, and credit and debit card frauds and ATM based frauds.All these frauds show that not only they undermine the profits, reliability of services and operating efficiencies but also have an impact on the society and the oragnisation itself.

This rise in the NPA is a serious threat to the Indian Banking industry as the sturdiness of a countrys banking and financial sectors deetermines the qualities of the product and services. it is also a direct indication of the living standards and well being of people.

Frauds has also hampered the growth of this establishment/industry. it is a huge killer for the business sector and underlying factor to all human endeavours. it is also increase the corruption level of the country.

CLASSIFICATION OF FRAUD AND PERVENTION:

To maintain uniformity in fraud reporting, frauds have been classified on the basis of types and provisions of the Indian Penal Code, and the and the reporting guildelines for the same has been prescribed by RBI The Reserve Bank of India classifies Bank frauds in the following catgories: –

  1. Misappropriation and criminal breach of trust.
  2. Negligence and cash shortages.
  3. cheating and forgery.
  4. Any other types of fraud not coming under the specific heads as above.
  5. Irregularities in foreign exchange transations.

MECHANICS OF BANK FRAUDS

DEPOSIT ACCOUNT FRAUDS:

The following types of frauds are generally commited;

  1. value inflation of cheques deposited
  2. changing the nature of the cheques(crossed to bearer)
  3. operating a dormant account fraudulently

Prevention Measures:

  1. carefully and systematic examination procedures of cheques and other trasactions.
  2. seperation of book keeping and cash handling operations.

PURCHADED BILL FRAUDS:

These are generally expensive and can take the following forms: –

  1. Discount on stolen or fake Railways Recipts and motor recipts along with other necessary bills.
  2. fake/forged bills for valueless goods are discounted.

Prevention Measures:

  1. Strict examination before discounting the bills.
  2. Establishing a better connection between the purchaser and the seller in the caes of dispatch of proceeds.
  3. Examining the recipts properly and strictly by conferming from the connected authorities.

HYPOTHICATION FRAUDS:

Cash advances,against pledged goods as securities are fertile field for frauds.

  1. Inflation of stock statements.
  2. Some of the stocked goods in the large quantity may have been less value.
  3. hypothicating some goods in the favour of different banks.

Prevention Measure:

  1. Only marketable goods to be acceptd as security
  2. Strict examination of the banks representatives and borrowers credential
  3. proper evaluation of stocks
  4. Verification of statements of stocks.

LOAN FRAUDS:

The following types of fraud are generally commited: –

  1. Two diferent person taking loans on the same item or product
  2. Borrowing is denied when the particular person is alleged of non payment
  3. Loan taken from one purpose but used for a different purpose i.e loan taken for agriculture but used for personal purposes.

Prevention Measures:

  1. Proper verification of documents and the purpose for taking the loan
  2. Incase of a substantial amount of loan taken, it should be checked by the competent authority

COMPUTER RELATED FRAUDS:

To provide efficient and fast service, most of the branches of the bank except the ones in the rural and remote areas have been computerized.

Not many frauds related to computers have yet been reported so far as computerization in the Indian banks is of recent origin. There is a need to anaysisthe nature of such crimes so that appropriate preventive measures may be devised.

CHEQUE FRAUDS:

This constitutes the biggest volume of bank frauds. This crime is done in the following forms:

  1. Cheques are stolen, filled and signed spuriosly and encashed.
  2. The signed cheques are stloen and are encashed with alterations, if needed
  3. Cheques issued by organistions for employees are duplicated.

Prevention Measures:

  1. The instruments must contain a proper date
  2. Checking cheque kitting
  3. The amount should be checked that it should be written in both numerical and words.

DISHONOUR OF CHEQUES:

Dishonour of cheque or cheque bounces are very serious problems and it is becoming even bigger. To cope with this issue which was affecting the smooth business tracsactions, the Government of India has introduced the Negotiable Instruments Act,1881 which provides for provisions to deal with cases of cheque bounce under section 138 to 142.

The Superme court of India in a landmark judgement has also provided with new guidelines to deal with cheque bounce cases.

CONCLUSION:

These frauds are a creation of the experienced criminals, frantic customers or someone associated with the banking system or a bunco bankster or their collusion. Most of time with a strict vigilance and examination of various documents, their work can easily be detected.

These frauds are now becoming more and more frequent and can be considered as one of the main reasons for damaging the economy of the country and with such high profile frauds happening all over the country, it has become necessary to put a check to these activites and if possible to create a more stringent legislation to deal with these issues.

“Sticking to the rules and eternal vigilance is the basic prevention measure.”

Tips on making a Successful Career switch

A lot of millennials are known for hopping jobs in their quest for job fulfilment. Their idea of a dream job frequently changes and they aren’t really shying away from taking that important decision of switching their career. If you too are sailing the same boat, then there are a few things you can keep in mind to successfully switch your career:change your career

Prepare yourself mentally: Career change is also like any other important life change where a career move should start with a self reflection. Ask yourself what is the first thing that you want from your job, what can’t you negotiate on, and which factors you can compromise upon? Ask yourself if it is ok to take advice from your mentor or peers. You are likely to get a positive response from this in-depth analysis and be ready to face the truth.

Assess your dream career/job: In order to avoid any disappointments in the future, talk to those who work in your favourite job. Follow them on social media, try to interact with them and ask them their opinion about your choice. Since they are already working in that field, they will be able to give you a real picture of what the new job holds for you. This can also help you with your job hunting process.

Assess your skills: If you are going for a career change, make sure you carry some transferable skills with you. You don’t necessary have to go back to skill to learn skills to make that career switch. Transferable skills such as project management, communication, collaboration, etc. are something that you can carry and use in your next job as well.

Give it a try: Before you take that final call, give it a try and assess yourself properly. You could take a few weeks off and work in your new job as an intern just to get the hang of things. This will help you understand the positives and the pitfalls of the new career and you will not be thrown away by any surprises later on.

Making a successful career switch is all about taking that final call and staying committed to it. There are plenty of jobs in Pune for you to target if you are in the nearby area. Explore everything you can before making that final call.

 

A Tale of Rebellion: Purple Hibiscus by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

Dr. Sonika Sethi

Assistant Professor of English

S D College, Ambala Cantt

Haryana-134001

sonrok@yahoo.com

#94169-54546

 

Book Review

 

BOOK DETAILS:

Title: Purple Hibiscus

Author: Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

Publisher: Harper Perennial

Year: 2003

Place: UK

Pages: 307

Price: 8.99£

ISBN: 978-0-00-727235-8

Genre: Fiction

 

The unprecedented maturity in handling the theme of Tradition versus Modernity in her debut novel makes Adichie a novelist par excellence. Purple Hibiscus not only depicts the strife between modernity and tradition but also dares to take up the conflict that clogged the minds of thousands of Nigerians in the times of newly acquired Independence. Transition is never an easy process and Adichie has aptly demonstrated the fact through her characters belonging to three generations. The story in a way reminds the reader of Achebe’s Things Fall Apart which is an excruciating tale of the members of a society who once stood together like a rock to preserve their culture but fall apart under the influence of powerful external force that targets the younger generation. The struggle between old beliefs and new religion is apparent in Purple Hibiscus. The characters of Papa Nnukwu, Papa Eugene, Jaja, Father Amadi and their views collectively highlight the mental anguish of the people of Nigeria standing at the crossroads of cultural, political, economic, social and religious anarchy. The newly independent country might have attained freedom from its colonial masters however, the newly appointed self-styled rulers are either inexperienced or incapable to handle the transition of the country. They are corrupt, power-hungry with dictatorial tendencies. Nepotism and corruption in public affairs rule the roost. Papa Nnukwu stays rooted in his religion and traditions and refuses to surrender to the new religion, Christianity whereas his son Papa Eugene with his half-baked ideas and total devotedness to his English education and the new Faith has not only adopted Christianity but also implements violent measures with his wife and children to ensure that they stay true to the path of the new religion and forget the old ways and culture of the ancestors. On the other hand there are characters like Aunty Ifeoma, Jaja, Father Amadi who believe in the middle path and a slow transition from the old to the new. They are not ashamed to follow the ancestral ways while simultaneously embracing the new religion, education and culture.

The beauty of the entire delineation lies in the element that this unending strife has been presented to the reader through the innocent, unassuming, unprejudiced and young eyes of a fifteen year old girl Kambili whose feelings are torn between pleasing her dominating father and pursuing her own dreams and desires. She longs for an appreciative glance or a word of acknowledgement from her domineering father who wants his children to be firm adherents of the new Faith and the epitome of excellence in all their pursuits. A small, unintentional and involuntary action like staying for a while longer than the sanctioned time with their grandfather does not go without punishment or physical torture in one way or another. Yet Kambili loves her father and longs for his appreciation. Her affection towards Father Amadi, a native Christian priest awakens the sleeping serpent of her carnal desires but she is helpless at the hands of destiny which tears the two apart. Overall, Purple Hibiscus is an extraordinary novel with lively descriptions of the lifestyle, food, ceremonies and festivals of the Igbo and exposes the reader to an endearing and simplistic world of the Nigerian tribes. The beauty of Adichie’s fiction and narrative resound in the homogenous amalgamation of the Nigerian state trying to cope up with the cultural chiasm that divides the Modern and the Traditional. The use of purple hibiscus, a rare and hybrid variety of the flower, as a metaphor, clearly sends across the message as they represent the people of Nigeria who have been converted into hybrids in their own land. They are worried about losing their traditional values and hence the need to preserve the flower yet the writer is hopeful that it will endure the test of time and will be able to establish its roots once the environment becomes congenial. The novel is about troubled times but it ends on an optimistic note with the purple hibiscus blooming in the garden, having adapted itself to the new and changed circumstances.

 

7 Great Ways To Improve Your English Pronunciation

Learning a new language can prove to be quite a task, especially when it comes to the pronunciation side of things. It may lead to frustration and helplessness and might make you feel like you’re learning to speak again. However, we strongly feel that to learn new things it is equally crucial to unlearn some essentials. Although, some of the best IELTS English Colleges might be able to help you with learning the basics of the knowledge, you can also master it all by your own.150-common-mistakes-english-300x300

7 Best Ways To Improve Your English Pronunciation Are:

  1. Learn to Listen

The very first thing that you need to do in order to speak fluently is to learn to listen. Allocating all your brain recourses to observe how the language is really spoken might work wonders for you in your process. Observe a native English Speaker and see hear how they pronounce some words that would rather be tricky for you. Since it is their native language, you can learn a great deal by just being around them. This will help you notice the difference between words like slip and sleep or dip and deep which have entirely different meanings.

  1. Record and Time

This is one exercise that even the best IELTS English College recommends. However, this may bear better results if you are somewhere midway in your learning process. Record a native English Speaker and time the time they take to read an entire passage. Now you should have a reference to compare to. Try to achieve this timing by recording yourself again and again until you observe a change in fluency. You could alternatively take help of various tools available online.

  1. Study the Movement

One of the easiest ways that has been reported to work is imitation. When you closely observe a native English speaker we are naturally inclined towards the movements of their lips when pronouncing a word. It is advised that you try imitating that until you get the pronunciation right. If you are still facing trouble with that you can alternatively try keeping a finger in front of your lips. The movement of your mouth will be more apparent for you to notice now thus helping you to pronounce words better.

  1. Practice With A Friend

One of advantages that best IELTS English Colleges have is the availability of partners who can help each other through the course. Making pronunciation learning even simpler is having an expert native speaker around who can guide you along your way. However, if you have a friend who natively speaks English, you could have the same benefits at home. This is hands down even better than learning with a mirror. The abovementioned skills only do a little to improve your pronunciation; the biggest change can come only when you try to have a conversation in the language more often.

  1. Divide it into chunks

Few words can always be tricky. Take ‘Maintenance’ for instance. For someone who is lagging far behind in the learning process, it can be a nightmare to pronounce the word. It is wiser to break bigger words into chunks and try pronouncing them altogether once you get the sub parts right. Breaking the word ‘Maintenance’ into three parts – ‘Main’, ‘Ten’ and ‘Ance’ might be easier for a few people and with the same approach even larger words can be learnt in a breeze.

 

  1. Speak Slowly

According to the best IELTS English College, most students are impatient to take things slow. Naturally, they make even more mistakes which leads to frustration. However tempting it may be, try not to speed things up to increase your fluency unless you have mastered pronunciation. Take things slow and focus on getting the words right. This will prove beneficial in the long run and leave you with clearer pronunciation.

 

  1. Watch a Series

When all things fail and having a native English Speaker friend is also not an option then here is something that we have seen working tremendously well. Take up a TV Series and start watching it with subtitles. Soon you will be deeply involved in the characters and the curiosity factor will keep you hooked. Try turning off the subtitles frequently in between to make sense of the plot without subtitles. It may be time consuming but definitely the best way to grasp pronunciation.

These abovementioned methods have been known to work tremendously well when learning a new language. These methods can be tried at home by yourself which means you no longer need to look for the best IELTS English College around you. However, learning a language can be quite a task on its own and one really needs to be patient to learn the different aspects of it. Taking things slow will help you master the language like a native speaker.

Author Bio

Stephen Charles is a renowned blogger, passionate to share amazing and helpful information with people on multiple niches. He loves to share his experiences with healthcare, news, technology, and sports enthusiasts from around the world.

Call for Papers February 2018

International Journal of Research (IJR)


Since 2012, The International Journal of Research (IJR) is one of the leading Online Only international journal for presenting novel and fundamental advances in the fields of Computing, Engineering, Information Technology and Sciences. International Journal of Research (IJR) is approved by National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). International Journal of Research (IJR) is a Monthly, Open Access, Peer Reviewed and Fully Refereed international journal with minimal processing charge. We broadly cover research work on next generation cutting edge technologies and effective marketing strategies. Writing a research paper is a skill and call for papersInternational Journal of Research (IJR) have the team of Scientists and Academicians who are dedicated to help, learn and improve that skill by providing a guidance for writing high quality research papers. In depth evaluation of each research paper is a prime focus of every member of International Journal of Research (IJR) Reviewer Panel ensuring the novelty in each research manuscript being published.

Call for Papers


International Journal of Research (IJR) calls Scholars, Engineers, Academicians, Scientists, Industrial professionals and Researchers from all over the world to submit their unpublished original work for inclusion in our upcoming issue. All submissions will be reviewed and evaluated based on originality, technical research, and relevance to journal contributions. International Journal of Research (IJR) highly welcomes theoretical, technical, research, as well as empirical papers from all areas of research in the area of technology innovation and emerging trends. All the accepted articles will be published in the upcoming issue of the journal with Online ISSN number and latest Impact Factor received by SJIF, Morocco and ResearchGate

Submission Deadlines


Volume / Issue / Month Volume 5 Issue 4, February 2018
Initial Submission Window Starts now and ends by 25th of Month.
Submit Online editor@edupediapublications.com
Submit Offline edupediapublications@gmail.com
Contact No. +91-9557022047

Frequency: 12 Issues Per Year

Areas Covered: Multidisciplinary

Type of Articles: Research Paper, Survey Paper, Informative Article, Case Studies, Review Papers, Comparative Studies, Dissertation Chapters, Research Proposals or Synopsis, M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis

Accepted Language: English

A guide to professional essay writing service | Academic Writing

Essays are known to everyone. Each student has written number of essays which formed a part of their regular school or college curriculum. Essay writing is the well-known type of academic writing which a student is supposed to work upon at school level and even in college.

Apart from essays, articles, research papers, thesis, dissertations, art work, 3 D models, paintings, songs and music too can form a part of academic project. A student involved in technical studies is required to undertake study which involves research, analytical reasoning and rational decision making whereas a person studying literature will be more concerned about articles and essays. A music or arts student will be doing something creative which may or may not include writing stuff.

content writing

Considering the diverse need of course, different form of projects are assigned which are collectively called coursework. Students are evaluated and given grades based on their performance in the work assigned. Major submissions have a considerably high weightage and significantly influence your overall grades. Some students enjoy working and takes it as challenge which it becomes difficult for some to submit the project on assigned date.

Students take different approach to getting the work done. This includes doing the work themselves, taking help of friends, seniors or professional who work on paid basis. Decision depends on the need and varies from person to person. Taking help of paid service saves you time and provide you quality work, these services include essay writing service, dissertation & thesis service, research and survey services.

Wiring services can be of great help especially when you face time limitations, some unavoidable situation which keeps you occupied, quality concerns, lack or loss of interest in the assigned topic etc. Though taking paid help is not advisable and look down by many but it can be of great help for some. It is considered better to engage in such service then losing out on your entire semester for some unavoidable result. Another situation include limitation on part of data collection or a very vast topic which cannot be covered easily or by a single person alone but yet needs to be worked upon.

content writing services
Image Credit to: Tayloright

If you plan to take such help then few things must be kept in mind which includes

  • Price/ Cost involved – Prices charged by various services differs and the differences can be large. So checking the prices is essential so that the charges are not exceptionally high.
  • On time performance of service engaged – Getting your work done on time is the most important factor. If you miss the deadline than your assignment becomes useless or you lose significant marks on your submission. Thus checking the reliability of the service is necessary.
  • Reviews from previous users – Clients and previous users are the best judge in all cases. No matter how much a service claims and brags about them, previous users and customers will give you a real picture.
  • Quality and samples – Feel free to ask for sample writing so that you are confident that you will get the desired quality. This is of utmost importance when you are taking help to get high quality content.
  • Educational qualification and experience of writers – You should have an idea about who will be working on your project and the educational qualification. You cannot expect an undergraduate student working on Ph.D. thesis. Level of research required and understanding of topic varies accordingly.

If you are certain that you need professional help then do work out on the above points so that you get your work done at nominal cost and get your work done on time. Taking an informed decision is always necessary and advisable. The true and actual need of taking help of paid service can only be identified by you!

Ubud, The Ultimate Tourist Destination

Ubud is undoubtedly the cultural capital of Indonesia. Many tourists come to this place to see the traditional dance and drama of Balinese culture. It is also home to the Balinese royal family and has various museums that display the rich culture and heritage of the region. Let us see some of the top attractions of this place.

Ubud, The Ultimate Tourist Destination

Agung Jagatnatha Temple of Ubud

The temple is dedicated to Sanghyang Widi Wasa and happens to be the biggest temple of the region. The Temple Management organizes two festivals every month based on the lunar cycle. You can visit the place during full moon day and get to enjoy special ceremony. In the same way, you can also consider visiting the temple on the new moon day and take part in the traditional rituals. The unique part of the temple is the Shrine that is designed in the form of a Lotus Throne. This is also commonly known as Padmasana according to local culture. It consists of Empty Throne made of white coral material. It has amazing stone carvings and other inscriptions that describe various stories of Hindu gods.

Mountain villages of Bali

The amazing hamlets host different communities that have their own culture and dialect. They are also known locally as Bali Aga Villages. The region is famous for music and arts of the primitive culture. If you want to visit this place, make sure that you follow the instructions of the local people completely. Outsiders are not allowed to stay in the place after evening hours as the local people strictly follow the traditions even to this day. The best time to visit this place is during the months of June and July when the three day festival of Udaba Sambah is held in Tenganan village. The unique cultural aspect of this village is that it prohibits polygamy and divorce.

Health Resorts

Bali is one of the premier locations for health and wellness holidays and is home to some of the best retreats in the world. Bali Weight Loss deserves a special mention as it has received world renowned recognition and is said to have even beeb attended by Michelle Obama.

Bird Park of Bali

The amazing Bird Sanctuary is home to more than 250 species of birds from Indonesia and other regions of the world. It is also rich in flora and has more than 2000 topical plants. Bird lovers come to this place to catch a glimpse of various birds including Barred Eagle Owl, Wreathed Hornbill, Jawa Hawk and the Bali Starling. The unique aspect of this Sanctuary is that the birds are comfortable with tourists walking around the place and you can enjoy your time during the vacation. The best time to visit this place is during the early morning hours when the birds are most active.

Elephant Park of Bali

This is the best place to visit in Bali if you love adventure sports. You can indulge in white water rafting and trek and cycle through the amazing jungles of Bali. You can also enjoy the amazing ride on the Sumatran elephants to get the complete view of the surrounding villages. Tourists often come to this place to enjoy the beautiful view of paddy fields along the Melangit River. In the background, you can also get to have a glimpse of the Blue Sea at the Nusa Penida Island.

Kite Festival of Bali

July is the best place to visit the Padang Galak Beach of Sanur to watch the annual Kite Festival of Bali. You will be surprised to see many international teams coming to this place to compete with local teams. Participants from as many as 11 different countries take part in the event to compete in different categories. Points are given for the successful launch of the kite and the duration of flight. Along with that, the grace with which the kite is handled is also considered while announcing the winners.

Stone sculptures of Batubulan market

This is the best place to visit to get amazing stone sculptures of the region. You can get any variety ranging from contemporary to traditional in different sizes at this place. The unique feature of this market is that the craftsman can custom design the sculptures according to your choice. You will have complete flexibility with regards to choosing the size and material of the sculpture. However, the region is traditionally famous for soft volcanic rock sculptures. Earlier, they were used as ornaments for various temples and even the palaces of the region had many decorative items made of this material.

Badung Market of Bali

This is the largest Market of Bali and is open throughout the day. You can get to buy the best articles that signify the arts and crafts of this region. It has 4 levels with each one dedicated to selling different varieties of products. You can get to buy fresh produce on the ground floor and the upper levels are dedicated to different textiles and handicrafts. You can also catch a glimpse of the Badung River that is situated next to the market. Make sure that you bargain to get the best deals in this place.

These are some of the top attractions of the region. You can get in touch with the leading travel agencies of the region to get suitable transport and accommodation facility during your vacation. The local people of the region are very friendly and you need not worry about anything during your holidays. However, it is a good idea to maintain appropriate dressing sense considering the traditional mindset of the local people.

SCHOOL CLIMATE—THE POSSIBLE REASON FOR EDUCATIONAL STRESS OF AIDED SCHOOL STUDENTS OF KERALA

JENY RAPHEAL

school climate

             The National School Climate Center (NSCC) (1996) defines school climate as the quality and character of school life. School climate constitutes patterns of students’, parents ‘and school personnel’s experience of school life and reflects norms, goals, values, interpersonal relationships, teaching and learning practices, and organizational structures. Schools differ in their climate and this climate has definite role in determining the well-being and happiness of students. When we notice considerable difference in the educational stress levels of students studying in government, aided and public schools there is enough reason to trace for its causes in the school climate of those schools.

     A survey was made in two Aided, two Government and two Private schools of Thrissur district in Kerala state. 261 higher secondary school students participated in the survey.

Aided Aleemul islam higher Secondary school, 43
Chaldean Syrian Higher secondary School, 56
Private Nirmalamatha Central School CBSE, 41
Sandeepany Vidhya Niketan ICSE, 21
Government Anchery Govt Higher Secondary School, 48
Government Model Boy’s School, 52

            Contrary to the usual norm prevailing among parents and teachers, private school students exhibited comparatively lower levels of stress than their counterparts in Aided and Government Schools. Aided school students had highest level of stress.

            The survey which conducted during September-October 2017 probed five dimensions of educational stress namely   pressure from study, workload factor, worry about grades, self-expectation and despondency. The standardized tool used for the study was a five point Likert scale developed by a group of educational researchers presided by Jiandong Sun in 2011. Before the survey it was translated into Malayalam and all statistical procedures for asserting validity and reliability were duly performed.

The mean value of stress level was “above average” for the entire sample of students participated in the study. Graphical representation of school wise comparison are given below

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Why this difference?

             School climate or culture will have a serious role in the educational stress of adolescents. Research findings back this perspective. At the same time socio-economic status of parents is another major factor affecting the educational stress of students. For example, there are studies showing academic anxiety is significantly low among students whose parents have higher educational qualification. Also academic stress and examination anxiety of students usually exhibit an inverse relationship with educational and income levels of their parents. Findings of researches going on in many parts of India keep on reiterating this claim.

Socio-economic status of parents is more or less same

             In Kerala, private schools are where students from high socio economic status flock. In search of better avenues for excellence both in life and education the creamy layer of society opt for CBSE or ICSE syllabus for their wards. At the same time, lately, there is a trend for this group to shift into Kerala syllabus thanks to the differences in the criteria with which the grades scored by students following two syllabuses—Kerala and Central— are estimated at the time of admission for various courses for higher studies. Due to this, affluent parents too are willing to send their wards to aided schools provided; these schools maintain a reputation for their pass percentage. For this reason, one may consider that the socio economic back ground of students studying in aided and private schools are more or less same.

            So there is enough reason to assume that increased stress levels noticed in the students of aided educational institutions is not exclusively due to socio-economic status and related individual differences. It might be due to some peculiarities constituting the very culture or clime of those schools.

School climate can be the reason

 

            School climate has the potential to permeate into overall well-being of the students. For a student, school climate enters into his psychological makeup through teacher-student interactions, peer interactions, class room experiences, parent-teacher communications etc. All these interactions will be laden with the ethos for which school stands for. Educational vision/mission of the institution determines the very texture of all experiences students meet within the school. So difference in educational stress can be a difference in the educational attitude schools foster.

            An in-depth enquiry into the matter will uncover the facts. Educational ministry of Kerala which is hell-bent on raising the standard of educational institutions cannot avoid this angle of exploration. Educational stress among students can jeopardize any well crafted educational policy.

            In all the five indicators of educational stress, aided school scored highest which included pressure from study and worry of grades. The competition among schools to secure 100% pass in board exams and teachers pressurizing the students to meet this end is one of the salient features of working culture of teaching professionals of schools of Kerala. So whenever dealing with student educational stress the role of school climate in it must be probed into.

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