Category Archives: Guest Post

Human wildlife conflicts: A complex problem

How would you react to a wild cheetah in your backyard or an elephant in your garden?

The rapidly growing human population and urbanisation has led to Human wildlife conflict (HWC) to its pinnacle. Human wildlife conflict (HWC) arises when animals cause a direct and reiterate threat to the safety or the livelihood of the people, leading to the persecution of that species.

These conflicts have posed a question that can human and wildlife coexist together? 

However, this is not a new storyline – the human and wildlife have coexisted for millennia but the situation is more frequent and aggressive than before. Becoming a global concern for conservation and development to go hands in hand. The need for development requires a lot of natural resources that put the lives and existence of many wildlife species into danger. 

HWC mostly affects large or carnivores from whom the humans feel threatened. Elephants, bears, big cats, primates, sharks, seals and many more. HWC also severely impacts the livelihoods, lives and security of the people from whom we ask to conserve the wildlife. There are many immense challenges around the HWC because the causes of these are very complex and poorly perceived. A single HWC has many socio-cultural, political and economical factors that need to be considered. From research and studies for a long time it has been clear that every HWC problem is different from the next and cannot be solved by the same methods used beforehand. Thus understanding the root cause of the conflict is much needed to mitigate the effect of such incidents. Efforts to address the situations without fully understanding the deep rooted causes and effects often leads to temporary solutions or worse exacerbate the situation in hand. 

HWC are substantially “human-human” conflicts as the heart of the conflict is between the different stakeholders. Sometimes there are several groups assessing different interests and needs. 

Even in some cases the success in species recovery has led to another HWC. For example where carnivores have recovered and expanded a huge population they pose a threat to villagers nearby and their livestocks. 

The reports by UNEP says that it is impossible to completely eradicate the HWCs but a systematic approach can be devised to minimise the effects of these conflicts. The policymakers have to devise policies that can reduce the conflicts and create an ecosystem of coexistence between people and animals. Such steps needed careful studies on prevention, mitigation, response and rehabiltalation with the apt support of the local communities and tribes. 


Collaboration Strategies Implementation In Organization That Helps Resilient Culture

Collaboration Strategies Implementation In Organization That Helps Resilient Culture


The resilient organizational culture refers to the organization that rebound and prosper after major disruption in the business functioning.

Resilience is generated when an organization is resistant to change, adaptive, elastic, cooperative and sustainable.

There are different aspects of resilient culture; the most required traits of resilient culture are;


Since the disruption created due to COVID, implementation of resilient culture in organizations is essential.

Let’s elaborate on some of the collaborative strategies to develop a resilient culture in organizations.

1.  Launch a Business Continuity Program

The role of a leader in bringing change is undoubtedly most significant. The leader’s behavior, values, and attitude towards employee create an impact on employees’ productivity and acceptability. 

One of the best ways to show affection towards employees and unite them to accept change is developing a continuity program. Teach employees about different past events that the organization resiliently faced.

Link the organizations’ KPI with the value of resilience and acceptance of the change. Arrange program on a bi-monthly basis, as too much enforcement can create a negative impact on employees.

2.  Empower Resilient Champions

Around 83% of the organizations believe that there is a need for developing leaders on a small-scale. These internal and external actors will maintain collaboration and sustain the process of resilience building. But, the selection of these actors is the real challenge for the organization. 

  • Choose one actor from the following department; Risk, technology, legal, supplier management, and internal audit. 
  • Team them up and elaborate the whole journey of resilience and their contribution. 
  • Empower them to motivate other employees of their department.
  • Use them as a communication channel to narrate any new law or change in business functionality.

It is suggested to select a person who has a strong character with the capabilities to influence others. Survival of some natural disaster can be an effective one, as their personal story will motivate employees. 

3.  Use a Communication Program

The creation of resilient culture is dependent upon the acceptance and flexibility of new processes by employees. The acceptance of new processes depends on communication; most employees show confrontation when briefed regarding new working procedures.

Therefore, leaders should use proper communication channel to brief them. This communication channel is divided into two tiers. 

The first tier will inform the external stakeholders about the policies. The second tier, which includes actors, managers, and leaders, will brief internal stakeholders.

4.  Organize Activities for Organization

Make the resilient culture common. Arrange different collaborative activities that can support you in promoting resilience. 

Find a specific date to celebrate resilience, and include that day in the office calendar. Show movies to support resilience, or arrange contests, talks, and visit to different places. 

You can also celebrate the cultural day at the office to support diversity and show acceptance.  

5.  Utilize Technology for Remote Collaboration

Working from a remote location is a new normal. Since the pandemic, the majority of employees prefer working from home

But, collaboration and communication were the biggest problems faced by employees. 


Therefore, the organization must create a communication and collaboration network that facilitates remote working. Store all the official documents in the cloud and give employees access to their respective files and documents. 

Facilitate them with high-speed internet connectivity. Fix the working hours. To motivate them provide free shopping vouchers to buy assignment UK or any other necessary commodity. 

6.  Appreciate Employee’s Performance

According to Dissertation Assistance UK, appreciating employee’s performance is an adequate way of increasing their engagement level; a well engaged and motivated employee will be more absorbent to changes. 

Employees even ignore monetary gains on praise and acknowledgement. 


Therefore, adequate acknowledgement and praising of employees is necessary. Arrange a meeting with the HR department and guide them to note every employee’s extraordinary performance. 

Appreciate them on a bi and tri-monthly basis. It is suggested not to go for extravagant events, call a meeting in an open space and appreciate that individual’s effort. 

Tesco-The Resilient Culture Experts

Tesco is considered to be the champion of resilience due to its diverse activates. The leading grocery store was considered extremist due to the activities they carried out. The organization follows the organizational resilience structure;


Almost four years ago, they celebrated ‘Doomsday Activity’ in which they shut down their head office and ask branches to operate on their own. These types of activities promote resilient culture in their organization. 

Therefore, when the pandemic hit, Tesco continues to work at the same pace. Their employees were trained and have practiced resilience before. This is why; they quickly adopt preventive measures and continue their functioning.

Maintaining social distancing, delivering grocery at the doorstep, working and collaborating remotely were practiced efficiently by the employees. 

Another example of resilience was the new hiring; the organization hired 12,000 pickers, 4000 drivers, and 400 vans. This increases working hours, but employees kept on working with the same dedication. The extreme activities and benefit of the resilient culture of Tesco were evident during the pandemic. 

It is also reflected that organizations that have practiced resilient culture before pandemic were secured from ample loss.

Ending Thoughts

Creating a resilient culture in organizations demands a lot. Due to this, the majority of leaders and organizations exempt from the adaptation of this culture. The leaders are required to collaborate and interact with employees continuously. It is also considered to be the test of leadership. 

It also requires engaged and motivated employees, as, without their contribution, nothing is possible. The example of Tesco reflects that adequate practice and resilient organizational culture can prepare organizations for any situation. 

 I hope the details about implementing the resilient culture using collaborative strategies that I have mentioned above will support you in adopting resilient culture. 

Author’s Bio

Stella Lincoln is currently working as an Assistant Editor at Assignment Assistance, the organization famous for its assignment writing service UK. She had served in several organizations, which increases her professional experience. Her dedication to writing is visible from her blogs. 

Stem Cell Research: Definition, Types, and Potential Uses

Stem Cell Research

There have been many advances in the medical and scientific worlds that have advanced human knowledge in various areas. The discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming back in 1928 gave the world its first true antibiotic. DNA profiling has changed the way that forensic science is used in criminal investigation, and the introduction of vaccines has saved countless lives.

Vaccines, of course, are in the news constantly now with the various versions being administered to millions to try to halt the spread of Covid and end the pandemic. There is one other incredible advance that is changing the medical world, and that is the use of stem cells.

It has been 10 years since Ernest McCullock passed away but his legacy lives on. It was McCulloch and James Till who first recognized and separated a stem cell. This discovery improved some medical procedures such as bone marrow transplants immediately. The possibilities for stem cell use in the medical world are still being investigated, as they may be so far-reaching.

What are stem cells?

The definition of cell differentiation is described as the process where a young cell forms its own characteristics and features and matures into a cell with a specialized purpose. The cells in the human body are mostly made up of differentiated cells. They have matured and have their purpose in the body and will serve one specific area.

For example, Mesothelial cells’ purpose is to provide a lining to the body’s organs and serous cavities. Keratinocytes are the main cells in the skin and protect against UV radiation, water loss, and viral or fungal infections. Stem cells are different from these differentiated cells.

Stem cells can be classed as being blank or undifferentiated. They are distinct from differentiated cells, which have only one specific purpose in the body, as blank stem cells can mature and carry out many functions and roles.

Stem cells can divide and multiply indefinitely and they will either produce more stem cells or become a differentiated cell such as Keratinocyte.

Are there different types of stem cells?

Medicines can cure disease but only doctors can cure patients, or so the saying goes. Stem cells can help cure many medical problems, but only certain stem cells can cure certain problems. There are a number of different stem cells and they each have different uses:

  • Totipotent or Omnipotent Stem Cells
  • Pluripotent
  • Multipotent
  • Oligopotent
  • Unipotent

The most powerful of all of these is the totipotent, or omnipotent stem cell. A totipotent cell is the most powerful as it can bring about life. Ie it can form a fully functioning living creature. A human fertilized egg is an example of a totipotent cell. Everyone starts out as just one cell, a zygote, and this then divides into two cells, which divide again, and again. After some time, the cells will begin to differentiate and take on their specific purposes.

Pluripotent stem cells are harvested from 3 to 5-day old embryos. Although the embryo is fertilized in a lab and not the human body, it is these stem cells that have caused some of the controversy surrounding the research.

What uses do stem cells have?

There have been many breakthroughs in stem cell research including recently, progress with enteric nervous system disorders. They can be used in many ways as stem cells can develop into whatever cell is needed.

Stem cells could be used for the following purposes:

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Tissue regeneration
  • Brain disease
  • Blood diseases
  • Cell deficiency therapy

Tissue regeneration is possible with the use of induced pluripotent cells and some other types, and this could lead to huge advances in skin treatments. The biggest organ of a human is the skin and it helps to protect and to create a barrier for the body.

Sometimes wounds cannot heal effectively perhaps due to a severe accident, cancer, or burns. Stem cells could help to regenerate healthy tissue and improve the condition of patients with any number of skin conditions.

Platforms such as Celixir are working with stem cell therapy and hoping to make the next big breakthrough. This may include cell deficiency therapy where it is hoped that soon, laboratories will be able to grow heart cells to fix the damage in patients with heart disease. The same theory could also work for other organs such as the pancreas for diabetes patients.


Stem cell therapy has no ethical concerns as far as adult cells go but there may be issues elsewhere. For some people, science is a blessing, and to others it is trouble and there is some controversy when it comes to embryonic stem cell research.

However, it could be argued very strongly for the use of stem cell research and therapy after the potential uses are weighed up. Stem cells could potentially be used to treat patients with Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and spinal cord damage. With stem cell research platforms driving ahead there could be another major breakthrough in the science and medical world soon.

Importance of Training and Internship

Internships are a great way to apply the knowledge from the classroom to real-world experience. Learning is one thing, but taking those skills into the workforce and applying them is a great way to explore different career paths and specializations that suit individual interests. Having an internship gives you experience in the career field you want to pursue. Not only does this give individuals an edge over other candidates when applying for jobs, it also prepares them for what to expect in their field and increases confidence in their work. Having an internship benefits you in the working environment, and it also builds your professional network. There is a 1 in 16 chance of securing a job by connecting with people, so networking is critical. Internships provide a great environment to meet professionals in the career field you want to pursue, as well as other interns who have similar interests.

According to a 2016 National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) survey, more than 56 percent of graduating seniors reported taking part in at least one internship. Of those respondents, 56 percent were paid, while 44 percent were unpaid. Seventy-two percent of those unpaid internships were credit-bearing.
Professionalism. Internships can provide students with the soft skills needed in the workplace and in leadership positions. In a LinkedIn Skills Report (2018), 57% of people rated soft skills as being more important than technical skills. Skills, such as communication, leadership, problem-solving, and teamwork can all be learned through an internship and utilized beyond that experience. Depending on your major, you may read about how organizations thrive and function in textbooks, hear from guest speakers who talk about organizational structures, or dive into case studies about workplace culture, but nothing compares to living the actual experience. Internships help students learn all about workplace culture, employee relations, and leadership structure, which should help them onboard in their first professional job with more ease than if they haven’t had professional experience.
Most organizations and jobs that you apply to following graduation want employees to have some sort of professional experience, even for entry-level jobs. In the event that you are a finalist for a position and haven’t had an internship experience but the other finalist has, you may lose out on a job opportunity, so make sure you at least have one internship on your resume before leaving college to give you a leg up on the competition. Not only will you be helping out the organization you intern with, but they’ll help you out too. While professors and teachers will prepare you for the theoretical side of your field and hands-on projects, internships provide opportunities for receiving feedback from someone who works in your desired field on a daily basis. This might seem common sense – you’re interning to learn skills, after all – but don’t forget to purposefully observe others in their job role to learn the ins and outs of different positions. Consider asking your supervisor if you can shadow them for a day, along with other people in your department. Ask to sit in on departmentwide meetings as well. Act like a sponge and soak up all the information you can during your internship – it will benefit you in the long run. While everyone probably wants to walk away from an internship feeling excited and passionate about the experience, there’s a silver-lining to be found if you didn’t enjoy the job: you’ll know what you don’t like. According to an article from, “figuring out what type of job you don’t want while you’re interning can help prevent you from accepting an ill-fitting job when you graduate.”

Photo by Ketut Subiyanto on

What is White Glove Delivery?

If you have ever looked into or needed logistics services in the past you may have come across the terms White Glove Delivery, Final Mile Delivery or Last Mile delivery, if you have then you are likely in a market sector of business that requires a special level of service when it comes to transportation and logistics of highly valuable or highly delicate goods. In this article you should find all of the information you need to explain what these terms mean in terms of service levels.

Call the specialists.

The growth of technology has been truly amazing over the years enabling us to perform duties that at one time would have been seen as nothing short of a miracle, take the medical industry as an example. The machines and equipment of today have enabled the diagnosis and supply medical care to people who may not have had the same chances of living a healthy life, the same can be said for all types of medical care, be it in hospitals, doctors’ surgeries, dental practices, animal care services, the list goes on.

The equipment used is highly expensive and delicate but logistically, how did it get to where it is? That is where services like Rhenus High Tech last mile delivery have ensured machines and valuable experiment have reached where they need to be with no issues along the way. When hearing the terms White Glove Delivery, Final Mile or Last Mile Delivery Services, they all pretty much cover the same level of service and here is what you could expect to receive should you need anything delicate or highly valuable transported or stored.

 The benefits

  • Transporting customer products to or from site on our specialist transportation vehicles
  • Moving the equipment through the customer site using floor protection and specialist handling equipment
  • Unpacking the equipment
  • Positioning the equipment into the final resting place
  • Performing value added services such as system setup and end user training
  • Removing the packaging from site ready for recycling
  • Removal of old equipment to be refurbished or disposed of in accordance with WEEE regulations

Certified logistics

When dealing with specialist equipment you want to be sure that the company you deal with collaborates with you and has the experience and expertise to carry out the task as promised. On the subject of collaboration, this blog on brainstorming collaboration in the workplace is well worth a read. There is also added peace of mind that the team you are dealing with actually care about your needs.

  • Project management procedures
  • The correct questions to ask to understand customer site specifics
  • The bespoke characteristics and capabilities of our specialist transportation vehicles (including FORS transport regulations)
  • The operation of manual handling techniques using specialist handling equipment, floor protection, tilting equipment and stair climbing equipment

Specialist warehouses

Some equipment is highly sensitive and will need checking or looking after in a particular manner, here are some of the features that could expect at the storage facilities. Here is some further information about temporary storage legislation.

  • Short- & long-term storage
  • Pre staging / system configuration area
  • Pre delivery preparation area
  • Equipment repair and test centres
  • X-ray room test facilities
  • Equipment cleaning
  • In-transit merge and consolidation
  • Unpacking and package disposal
  • Parts management including pick, pack and despatch
  • Overhead gantry system
  • Clean room environment
  • Data wiping

Final delivery thoughts?

Hopefully there is enough information here to paint a clearer picture of the terms discussed mean, one thing is for sure, if you want the best of care then you have made the right choice.

Digital Business Translation Solutions

We are certainly living in a digital world and despite the globalisation there is still the issue of languages when doing business with foreign companies, which can really limit you regarding new markets to enter. Fortunately, there are professional business translators who make up a global network of on-demand translation and once you register with this company, you have full access to more than 500 language pairs, with translation in a wide range of formats.

Specialised Industries

Certain industries require on-demand translation, such as:

  • Legal
  • Scientific
  • Technical
  • Finance 
  • Business
  • Marketing
  • Media

The leading provider of specialist business translation is a company called Global Citizens Translation and they can easily be found with a Google search. Once on their website, you can take a look at the many on-demand services they offer, along with the various formats, such as:

  • Video conferencing
  • Subtitles
  • Seminar and webinar translation
  • Face to face business meetings

Language Pairs

There are more than 500 language pairs that are supported by this provider and booking a translation job is very easy using the website. You enter in the details of the languages to translate, along with the format of the translation, a time and date, plus any relevant information that the provider might require. Here are a few great collaboration techniquesthat might be useful at some time in your life.

Translation Services

The services offered include the following:

  • Localised Translation – When you want to advertise your product in a foreign country, it is very important to have accurate translation that is culturally appropriate. Setting up a business in a foreign land involves website translation, brochure printing and other promotional materials, all of which need to be accurately translated.
  • Multi-Lingual Transcription Services – You might need audio or text added to promotional videos, which is something the team can handle with ease. When certain dialects are involved, it is essential to find professional translation that is certified.
  • Desktop Publishing – There are many occasions when you need impact with your visual content and you don’t want to lose anything in the language, which is why you should leave this to the professionals.
  • Proofreading – Once you have prepared a document in another language, it needs to be proofed to ensure there are no errors and if you would like a quote for a proofreading assignment, simply click on the link on the provider’s website.

Impressive Client List

If you are looking for a global business translation service, choose one with an impressive list of well-known names, as this is a good indication of their quality. People like Google and Microsoft, for example, are major players and they only work with efficient contractors and this is like a seal of approval.

Of course, your business might be small, but that’s OK because the global translation service caters for businesses big and small and if you would like a quote for a specific translation service, Google will help you to find the leading provider.


Flutter is a rapidly advancing but relatively new app developmental framework and this makes it hard to find developers who have the required experience and expertise in using the framework. Many companies hire Flutter developers as there is a high demand for this framework that allows cross-platform app development and a feature-rich application with exceptional user experience capabilities. You can build apps from scratch or add to existing ones either for mobile, or web.  As a startup, it is integral to your success that you hire the right flutter developers for the development of mobile applications so in this article we will discuss factors to consider including skills and expertise the flutter developers for hire need to have.

Why to hire Flutter developers?

You need to consider why you want to hire flutter developers and not developers in other app development frameworks. Whether it is to save costs, scalability, or other features, you need to make sure flutter is the preferred option to achieve your business goals. You can also look for Flutter app development company.

Hire Freelancers or A Software Development Company

When you’ve decided how flutter fits into achieving your business goals as a startup, you need to decide where you want your talent pool of developers to come from. You can either hire freelancers, build an in-house team or outsource your software development. As a startup having an in-house team is more difficult so usually, startups choose between freelancers and outsourcing to a software development company. Both choices have their merits and downsides with freelancers being flexible and relatively cheaper, while software development companies tend to produce high-quality expertise and experience with good continued support and maintenance of your project. You outsource to companies within and outside the country with countries like Ukraine, India, and others being preferred options for outsourcing mobile app development.

It is also important to note that if you’re hiring a freelancer, or outsourcing a software development company, it is important to confirm their expertise by checking reviews and previous projects to be sure they have the necessary skills in developing mobile applications. 

Knowledge of programming languages and frameworks

Any flutter developer(s) you hire must be very knowledgeable in the development of native apps in Android and iOS.The framework has been around for less than 5 years so it is difficult to find those experienced for many years but being possessing existing Android development skills, knowledge of MVC architecture, Java or Kotlin, React Native, Xamarin, JavaScript, AngularJS and ReactJS will help adapt to flutter seamlessly. These are industry standard frameworks and fundamental skills which means knowledge and working experience in them is important. A flutter developer must be skilled in cross-platform application development so that you can reach a larger base.

App Design

User experience and user interface design are critical elements of any mobile application development. When hiring Flutter app developers, it is important to choose a team of developers that can make the front-end and back-end operations work seamlessly while following the correct guidelines. They’ll also be able to make maintenance of the application smoother by integrating automation processes for maintenance. The developers must create an app that appeals to the users in appearance while delivering a seamless user experience.


You have to consider the costs of developing the app. Before hiring a developer, you need to know the developer’s cost and how it fits into your budget. However, price should not make you settle for developers with no expertise as it will be a bad investment when your app lacks the quality to bring in a good return on investment. So, understand your budget, the industry average and hire expert developers that will get the job done within your range. 

Post-development Support and Maintenance

This is one of the advantages of hiring a software development company. There are several ways to hire Flutter developers as there are many talented freelancers and companies that provide these developers. services. You will be able to include post-development maintenance of the application in your contract which is important as the developers have more knowledge of your application and what works well with it. Activities such as testing, fixing of bugs, and general support will be available to you after the development and release of the app on different platforms

4 Best Kids Beginner Coding Languages

Like we communicate using different languages worldwide, computers also use languages to communicate with us, thanks to advanced technology. Coding programs allow us to convey instructions to robots and computers to communicate with us effectively. When you want your kid to learn how to code, you should ensure that they start at an early age. This will help them grasp the concepts involved while developing other essential life skills like problem-solving

How do we communicate with computers – the answer is coding!

Computers use coded language to receive, execute and communicate with humans. To understand and help the computers to interface with us, we write instructions that they obey and act upon. These instructions are called programming languages. 

When your kids learn how to use programming language from professional learning platforms like YaizY, they gain a lot of knowledge while sharpening other meaningful human skills. The company also provides STEM, innovation, entrepreneurship and design courses for kids too, so be sure to check their website out!

However, back to coding! Some of the best coding languages that can offer your kid the best programming foundation are:- Scratch, Java, Python, and Lua. But how do you choose which coding language to start off your kid in programming? Every language coding has its operating system, style, and the intended use, so it’s essential to choose wisely to help your child more effectively.

Here are the best coding languages for kids

1. Scratch

Scratch is an excellent foundational program language because it helps kids to understand most programming concepts. These concepts include variables, loops, functions, conditionals, and lists. The concepts provide the kids with an understanding of when and how to create a code for their algorithms.

2. Python

Python has a kid-friendly user interface and a unique, text-based coding language. It is easy to learn because it’s more readable and intuitive. This makes it a perfect tool that is suited for 6-year-olds and above. It’s a seamless resource that follows up more visual, block-based coding programs geared toward pre-reading audiences. Python is so popular because it impacts real skills for the future.

3. Java

Though it comes with a more complex-to-learn interface, it is one of the best foundational programming languages for kids. Once kids have learned how to code using Java, all the other programming languages will be more accessible for them to learn. Java coding system is also reliable since some of the best platforms hosting millions of users worldwide were programmed using Java.

Good examples of these platforms are Gmail, which was created by Google and Twitter, respectively.

4. Lua

Lua is a text-based language that is perfect for introducing kids to text-based coding. It’s easy to learn, use, and embed into applications. Some of the most popular games, like the Angry Birds game, are based on Lua. Additionally, Roblox Studio, which is another favorite kids’ coding platform, uses Lua.


Though there are countless programming languages that you can choose from when you want your kid to learn to program, the above four languages can significantly place your kids on a journey to success in computer programming. They have a kid-friendly interface that makes it easy to learn since they incorporate fun while learning.

The History Of Urban Planning 

Humankind has been on the constant journey of uplifting their standards of living. This species is known to carefully analyze its surroundings and bring about the required changes for maximum betterment.  

For an improved strategy that helps lead lifestyles, it is essential to pay extra attention to crucial aspects. One such significant section is urban planning. It is a process that requires examining and strategizing the proper use of elements like water, land, resources, and so forth.  

In simple terms, it is related to curating an infrastructure that is best suitable for a sustainable lifestyle. In this article, we will learn about urban planning and some of the essential segments of its history. 

What Do You Understand By Urban Planning?  

As mentioned above, urban planning is related to curating a fruitful infrastructure that clearly defines the vital resources available to humankind. Urban planning is both a technical as well as a political process that requires ample amounts of knowledge. 

The history of urban planning stretches to that of human existence. To carry out excellent urban planning, one requires appropriate information regarding engineering and architecture. Moreover, this field also needs adequate audience participation. Thus, it is essential to instill utmost discipline while dealing with urban planning. 

Pre-Classical Era 

The pre-classical era witnessed several cities being laid down according to a strategic plan. Many of these cities tended to develop organically over time. Some of the most prominent cities designed in this period were Harappan, Minoan, and Egyptian civilization. If we talk about the first recorded urban planning description, it goes back to The Epic of Gilgamesh. 

The streets of many cities known to humankind were built and laid out in the forms of rigid right angles and grid patterns. Some archaeological evidence also suggests that many houses were designed to shield from the noise and improve the standard of living. Additionally, most of the homes have their very own water well. This suggested the remains for sanitary purposes. Furthermore, some archaeologists also interpret that these cities had well-organized drainage systems as well as agricultural land. 

Medieval Europe  

The disintegration of the west Roman empire dates back to the 5th century. Since then, the general improvement is noted to have appeared in the 10th and 11 centuries. This time was interpreted as politically stable and economically beneficial. It was then when trade and craft flourished, and monetary benefits were revived in the economy. During this era, hundreds of towns were built. Moreover, many of the pre-existing towns were expanded. Without a doubt, these new towns have played a significant role in maintaining the geographical structures of Europe. 

The Era Of Industrialization 

The late 19th century saw a boost in the industrial sector. This was a result of the rapid population growth, business enterprises, frequent profits, and so forth. Giant cities developed during this era, and a subtle exhibition of luxury as well as poverty was observed. The growing status difference led to the rise of corruption as well as the poor sections of society like the slums, etc., saw a rise.  

The poor standards of living resulted in poverty, and that posed a threat to society. Since then, individuals have started to focus on the betterment of public health. This was followed by the creation of better and strategic plans for water supplies, sewage, and so forth. 

Soon, the first housing reform was enacted in the late century. However, the implementation was slow and steady as the government provided funding after a long gap. With housing improvement, new and erect structures were observed in the economy. These were more stable and improved standard of living. 

Progressive Era 

The progressive era saw the need for urban recreational planning. It was during the early 20th century structures like parks were built. These places were created with the motive of providing relief and peaceful places for relaxation. A little time later, numerous playgrounds started to emerge that facilitated a dedicated area for children as well as adults. Soon the separation of roads was also witnessed. There was a specific section for all the pedestrians as well as the vehicular traffic. This provided more structure as well as rigidity to the society.  

Benefits Of Urban Planning  

Urban planning plays a major role in the social-economic level as a political connection of the society. This type of planning requires the proper utilization of resources in order to extract maximum benefit from them. Below, we have mentioned a few benefits of urban planning, depicting its importance in today’s society. 

1. Connectivity  

Urban planning resulted in better connectivity of towns, cities, neighborhoods, and so forth. This resulted in enhanced land values of the well-connected cities. Furthermore, it also resulted in enhancing people’s safety as well as security. This is so because urban planning facilitated better surveillance and prominent health benefits. 

2. Adaptability  

The proper use of urban planning increased the capacity of buildings as well as neighborhoods and thus led to an adequate use of spaces. This, in turn, increased the adaptability of land resources. Therefore, urban planning resulted in more fruitful use of economic spaces like buildings. It promoted the diverse use of public spaces and encouraged individuals to utilize non-renewable resources for better living standards properly. 

3. User participation  

Improved urban planning boosted the public consultation process. It encouraged individuals to participate in urban design projects and give their opinions through numerous surveys and design workshops. Therefore, planning promoted user participation. This, in turn, boosted a proper fit between users as well as the urban design. The participants were encouraged to come out and give their opinion about the effective use of resources. This boosted the decision-making process and provided a sense of participants to the individuals. 

4. Better standards of living  

Urban planning directly affected the standards of living. Increased use of urban planning emphasized a more realistic approach in society. This led to the enhancement of economic spaces. Therefore, urban planning encouraged more audience participation in cultural as well as community activities. Better standards of living also meant several health benefits along with strategic use of the public space. Furthermore, urban planning also resulted in the enhanced personal safety of individuals. 


Urban planning has played a significant role in the betterment of the standards of living. Additionally, urban planning has been a part of society for a very long time now. 

After carefully examining the various aspects of urban planning, we have briefly summarised the entire information in the above-mentioned article. We have talked about urban planning, its various elements, along some benefits. We trust that this article would be beneficial and provide you with adequate information related to urban planning. 

University of Phoenix Reviews Express How the College Caters to Busy Adults

University of Phoenix Reviews Express How the College Caters to Busy Adults

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University of Phoenix was established in 1976 by economist Dr. John Sperling who saw an opportunity to provide busy, working adults with a flexible and affordable way to enhance their education and excel in their careers. Looking back on 45 years of building stronger talent pipelines through educational advancement, University of Phoenix holds true to its mission in providing education to all who seek it

University of Phoenix is one of the largest for-profit online universities in the United States, and the faculty and staff are focused on student success. Each student is paired with an academic advisor who works to understand their individual educational journey and what they need to succeed in the classroom and beyond. 

Students are offered flexible schedules that work around their current obligations, making it an attractive option for working professionals, parents and those who have more on their plates than simply being a student. 

Recent reviews highlight the University’s mission to provide education to all. Making education a priority has proven effective and given confidence to so many University of Phoenix students and alumni. Some of the reviews and testimonials praising this flexibility and support are highlighted below:

“University of Phoenix has made getting a degree while working full time possible for me. I have been wanting to make a career change but didn’t know how I would fit time to go to class. Online setup is easy to use, and I can log on when I have time!” – Michelle S.

“I have had a wonderful experience so far with University of Phoenix. I have been able to work, take care of my family, and go to school full time with the schedule offered. I am beyond excited to finally get my degree.” – Amanda C. 

“As a single mother, going to University of Phoenix has been remarkably successful thus far. I have been able to balance a career and children while going to school full time. University of Phoenix made it very easy to learn all the tools, and I enjoyed the just starting webinar for tips on how to strengthen time management. Making Dean’s List my first year while in a pandemic and personal responsibilities is a testament of how this University has made it possible to succeed.” – Sarah H.

University of Phoenix offers students one course at a time, setting a manageable pace for learning so students can concentrate on the assignments and curriculum without feeling overloaded between work, family and school. Consistent check-ins with academic advisors help students stay on track. Some reviews highlight the benefits of such structure, like those shared below:

“I was unsure what college courses to take. I talked to my advisor, and he helped me choose a program. The application and getting set up with classes was so easy. I was so nervous to take online courses, but I am so glad I had. The classes are five weeks long and very easy to follow along. The professors are so nice and very clear on expectations.” – Samantha V.

“The courses are paced perfectly, giving students the time to complete assignments, ease of access to information, classes are tailored to provide a degree specific path to success and instructors/facilitators that communicate constructive critiques of work. I am able to login and participate in discussions with others in pursuit of a successful adventure in education. The benefits and changes in experience is providing the skills needed to obtain my goals.” – Daniel T.

“My experience with University of Phoenix is going great and exceeding my expectations. I appreciate the academic advisors keeping up and following through with students. I like this because it’ll help me stay on track with each course to ensure I am able to meet my goal in obtaining my degree. The instructors have been amazing with their weekly feedback and guidance.” – Erene C.

About University of Phoenix

University of Phoenix was founded in 1976 by economist Dr. John Sperling. It is one of the largest for-profit online universities in the country, helping students further their educational journey with flexible and affordable options to obtain a higher degree. The University’s main campus is in Phoenix, Arizona, however, online and on-campus learning options are available across the country. 

University of Phoenix maintains an innovative approach to helping working adults enhance their careers by offering flexible schedules, relevant courses and interactive learning options.  University of Phoenix serves a diverse student population. For more information, visit

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