Category Archives: Education

Peaceful Glass of Water

Water memory is a term associated with the ability of water to quickly grasp vibrations of our thoughts. Dr, Masaru Emoto from Japan conducted an experiment by labeling different glasses of water from the same source with different expressions.

Labels ranged from negative expressions like ‘you fool’   to positive expressions like ‘thank you’. Final result was based on observing the crystals of each glass of water after freezing it.

The same glass of water when exposed to different thoughts produced different crystal formations. Beautiful crystals were formed when water was exposed to a range of positive words, music and even pictures.. It could surely be the most interesting thing you would see today.

The conditions for all glasses of water were the same except the thought that was sent to each one.

Human body of an adult is 60% water. Every thought as a result affects the whole body, and every cell of the body.

From here great logic can be seen in saying prayer before eating. As is our intention while eating so will be the effect on the body. Every time before consuming a glass of water a pure powerful thought can recharge it at a deeper level.

In the end, it would be interesting to do this experiment on self to see the results. It might have worked for Dr.Emto but will it work for us ?

A seven days experiment would be perfect for deciding this. Create the thought ‘I am peace’ at least 5 times before drinking a glass of water and fill yourself with divine vibrations. 



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Today as I was running out of time so I thought to just post quotes.

“We cannot cure the world of sorrows, but we can choose to live in joy.”
Joseph Campbell

“The soul’s joy lies in doing.”
Percy Bysshe Shelley

“If you carry joy in your heart, you can heal any moment.”
—Carlos Santana

“Let your joy be in your journey—not in some distant goal.”
Tim Cook

“The joy that isn’t shared dies young.”

Anne Sexton

Plagiarism Checking for thesis

IJR provides authentic, 100% accurate and original Plagiarism Check report. We only use highly reliable, authentic, and paid tools for plagiarism check which is acceptable in all academic institutions and university across the globe.

How We Check Plagiarism

Once we receive your file one of our team members will contact you about plagiarism value/similarity index in your document after checking your file for plagiarism in our authentic tool. You will get your plagiarism report within 24hr of after the payment. 

Note:: Sometimes on larger files with more than 50-70 pages the delivery time may increase as per the size of the file and please note that the delivery is only possible within working hours. Also to check plagiarism a certain format will be used in your document which might increase the number of pages in your file.

What is plagiarism? 

How to check plagiarism? 

The most common offense under the Academic Code of Conduct is plagiarism, which defines as “Using someone else’s work in their own work without the proper consent, acknowledgment, or without a proper citation”.

Free platforms are unreliable as they provide reports that are not accepted by many universities. It is suggested to get your plagiarism checked by authentic software only.

Contact us through

sports for kids in india

Sports play a key role in our health. It helps us to sharpen our brain , grow in height, and to be fit. sports also play a key role in getting maturity in our behavior. It enhances the mood to bet cool. All the Psychologists and other persons to play sports at least for an hour. And they also say that it helps to build up self-confidence. Sports also helps in building up social skills which plays a key role for the survival in this society.

In India, sports are given with higher priority. But the bad part is, only half of the children in this country are getting an opportunity to play sports for an hour. Due to the pressure in their academics, they are losing their precious time for getting physically and mentally fit. They are not being a valuable childhood. With this, kids may be In danger. Because, sports enhance social skills, situation management that make them tackle every situation. But due to these types of academics, kids may be in a situation where they can’t tackle the situation in their life.

So by considering this, the government also passed an order that students should be given time to play sports in their curriculum. But some of the school authorities have kept it aside. So we have to educate them and the parents of those kids about the importance of sports. So that at least some of their parents will encourage them to play sports.


Its an important call for all the parents to let their child to play any sport and to ask the school authority for providing a games period in their curriculum.

search engine optimization in india


SEO stands for SEARCH ENGINE OPTIMISATION, which is the practice of increasing the quantity and quality of traffic to your website

To understand the true meaning of SEO, let’s break that definition down and look at the types of SEO:-

1)QUALITY OF TRAFFIC:- You can attract all the visitors in the world, but if they’re coming to your site because Google tells them you’re a resource for Apple computers when really you’re a farmer selling apples, that is not quality traffic. Instead you want to attract visitors who are genuinely interested in products that you offer.

2)QUANTITY OF TRAFFIC:- Once you have the right people clicking through from those search engine results pages (SERPs), more traffic is better.

3)ORGANIC RESULTS:- Ads make up a significant portion of many SERPs. Organic traffic is any traffic that you don’t have to pay for.

What is SEO market in india:-

The earliest examples of online connectivity were demonstrated with the introduction of Michael Aldrich online shopping system. In the following years, the Thomson Holidays UK was launched, then came the IndiaMART B2B in 1996. It was ultimately in 2007 that the launch of Flipkart, an e-commerce marketing website changed the structure of marketing in India. What followed was a rise in the number of people picking up mobile phones, online shopping, at-home delivery, and internet marketing as a means to popularize the brands. And over the years the Digital Marketing Industry has prospered into bringing a large percent of business online with its promising ability to create a global network and flourish even the small businesses internationally.

According to the International Journal of Advanced Research Foundation, India is undergoing a golden period of digital marketing growth ever since 2013 and the trend continues till 2020 at least. On average an Indian spends about 4-5 hours a day scrolling through social media, emails, and browsers. The growing market of gadgets like smartphones, laptops, tablets, etc has only increased the pace of usage and penetrated the market to make it reach to a wider set of audience. The content on the internet influences the lives of people big time. Display of ideas through images, videos, texts, etc has a sound foundation into the minds of the people which translates into their living. Digital marketing is very much about influencing the audience online with mediums of content to increase a brand’s impact over the audience. The amount of time spent by the people on the internet empowers digital marketers to create impactful strategies to influence consumer behavior. The right strategy converts the audience into sales.


From 69 million online shoppers in 2016 and more than 100 million in 2017, India has seen a stark rise in the internet population. Ever since the launch of Digital India in 2015 as an initiative to improve online infrastructure and digital empowerment, there has been mushrooming of a complete market of start-ups, services and more than connect people globally! It has resulted in a rise of active internet users, mobile connections, social media traffic and more.

How Do DIGITAL MARKETING was emerged in INDIA:-

Digital marketing has become a genre of business. With more number of businesses opting to create a brand image online and reach out to the audience globally, the technicalities around the internet are also increasing. Websites, blogs, marketing campaigns, SEO strategies, etc have penetrated deep into the metrics of the technicality that influences one’s presence on the internet. As a result, it takes some well-equipped experts to create a social standing for a brand. Over the past decade, the digital marketing agencies and professionals with deep insight into the field have emerged to cater to the needs. With sound skills, imaginative minds and par excellence knowledge of what shall work for a business online – these experts are the flag bearers of digital marketing.

Role of experts in DIGITAL MARKETING:-

Digital marketing is a big umbrella under which the technical, as well as non-technical skills to create a wave of popularity over the internet, is covered. The industry has created a variety of job roles for individuals to seek employment and display their talents. It takes experts from the field of web designing, web development, social media consultants, brand consultants, content writers, graphic designer, artists, etc to come together and collectively work towards creating a visual representation of ideas that is easy to plant into the minds of the audience. As the industry grows, the demand for creative experts in the field is rising too generating more employment in India and making India a hub for IT activities.

What do DIGITAL MARKETING holds in future?

The return on investment for businesses through digital platforms has exceeded than that from real life platforms. Companies are today shifting towards a more digitally empowered set-up to make the most of the golden period of digital marketing that India is witnessing. About 70-80% of the population is dedicated to making purchases online, and e-commerce websites like Flipkart, Amazon, Myntra, etc are making waves with their influence over the market. And all of it in a country that still has about 2/3rd of the population with no access to the internet or smartphones. As the access to the internet over a larger population rises, India is to witness a revolution in terms of digitalization that will soon make India as one of the top markets in the world with the highest numbers of internet users. Online podcasts, web stories, entertainment, sports, business, social awareness and career in India gets more dependent on digital platforms for generating revenue, sharing information and country’s progress, Digital Marketing is becoming a promising industry with rapid career growth, increasing influences, and widespread activities.

Verdict:-SEO market is developing day by day in india. Partnerships and exports are increasing in this sector. As a result, Entrepreneurs are getting profited and giving a scope of Employment


Eve teasing refers to public sexual harassment of women by men. It ranges from sexually suggestive remarks, brushing in public places and catcalls, to groping. Some people suggest women to not attract men by wearing conservative cloths. Sexual harassment involves nonverbal, verbal, physical, or visual sexual attention, intimidation, or coercion that is unwelcome and unwanted and often has a negative impact on the psychosocial health of the victim. Eve teasing is a common form of sexual harassment.


This issue is depicted in television soaps like Savdhaan India and Crime Patrol. Indian cinema has been depicting eve teasing because of which its rate has increased. They show eve teasing as a part of flirtatious beginnings of a courtship, along with the usual accompaniment of song and dance routines, which invariably results in the heroine submitting to the hero’s advances towards the end of the song. Young men tend to emulate the example depicted so flawlessly on screen. In some movies it has been shown that when a girl is teased in this way, the hero will come and beat the guy up.


  • Passing vulgar comments
  • Touching
  • Pushing
  • Shoving
  • Vulgar stare
  • Winking
  • A sly whistle
  • An opportune clap
  • Collision
  • Despicable gestures


  • Natural attraction to each other
  • Lack of religious education
  • Unmindful about religions
  • Unfair dress
  • Open sky culture
  • Alcoholism and drug addiction
  • Unemployment
  • Lack of social bondage
  • Absence of family educations
  • Computer, mobile etc.
  • Political patronize
  • Cultural aggression
  • Obscene cinema, drama and song
  • Absence of law
  • Environment


  • Suicide
  • Mental disease
  • Family trouble
  • Blocking education
  • Killing and oppression
  • Child marriage


  • Keep alert
  • Raise the alarm
  • Strong body language
  • Do not assume traditional clothing will keep you safe
  • Do not pay too much attention to strangers
  • Family education
  • Both the victim of this social evil and offender need to be counseled
  • Victims must come forward and register a complaint
  • Giving stringent punishment to the offender
  • Implementation of Regulations


Mission-To strive towards enabling women to achieve equality and equal participation in all spheres of life by securing her due rights and entitlements through suitable policy formulation, legislative measures, effective enforcement of laws, implementation of schemes/policies and devising strategies for solution of specific problems/situations arising out of discrimination and atrocities against women.

Vision-The Indian Woman, secure in her home and outside, fully empowered to access all her rights and entitlements, with opportunity to contribute equally in all walks of life.


  • Section 294: liable to punishment
  • Section 354: imprisonment for a term of 1-5 years
  • Section 354 A: imprisonment for a term of up to 3 years
  • Section 354 D: fine and imprisonment for a term of three years
  • Section 509: imprisonment for a period up to three years


The picture of dorian gray

“How sad it is! I shall grow old, and horrible, and dreadful. But this picture will remain always young….If it were only the other way!”

-Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray

A narcissist can be described as someone who has an excessive interest in themselves. While self love is important, narcissists take it too far. They think of themselves as superior in every way whatsoever. Their admiration and obsession with themselves can challenge extremities, sometimes even lead to their ruination. In Greek mythology, Narcissus, a hunter, was cursed to fall in love with himself. He admired himself in the river waters each day, until his despair about the fact that his own reflection couldn’t come to life and love him killed him , leaving behind nothing but a narcissus flower. The word itself is derived from his name. A similar theme is addressed by Oscar Wilde in his Gothic novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray.

Dorian Gray was Wilde’s first, and only published novel.It was new and compelling, providing us a peek into what goes on in a human soul, even though its initial release was quite controversial.Set in Victorian England, it tells the story of Dorian Gray, a man who, after seeing a beautiful portrait of his, falls in love with it, but grows distressed at the idea that the portrait will remain young and beautiful forever as he grows old and ugly. He desires that he himself remains young forever, while his portrait ages. Mysteriously, his wish is fulfilled. The man remains youthful, whilst his painting bears the marks every sin he committed, growing uglier by the day. Eventually, he stabs the painting with the same knife he used to murder his friend, perhaps to absolve himself from his wrongdoings. However, when his servants rush to find the source of a cry, they find Dorian’s corpse, old and withered, with the painting looking as beautiful as the day it was painted.

With appreciable vocabulary and vivid metaphors, Wilde manages to convey the slow corrupting of Dorian’s soul, egged on by his friend Lord Henry Wotton. Wotton’s character was crucial for the plot, as he was the one who poisoned his mind with the idea that beauty is the only thing worth pursuing. Had it not been for him, Dorian wouldn’t have driven Sibyl, his love, to death, nor would he have killed Basil Hallward, the artist who created the painting, and regarded Dorian as his muse. As the story progresses, he found it easier to shut off his conscience, and do what pleases him.

Throughout the book, Wilde keeps up his theme of aestheticism, and subtly manages to convey to the reader the shallow nature of tangible beauty, and how too much focus on it can destroy the soul. He manages to create a world where art meets reality. Wilde’s words present a perfect study of human selfishness and vanity, providing a perfect look into thr human soul. It has gone down in history as a classic work of literature.


I consider myself one of the luckiest people on earth, because I was fortunate enough to have my monther, and I could have my mother’s love and still have to this day. The worst thing that can ever happen to a person is not to experience what it feels to be loved by his/her mother.

A mother’s love can never be expressed with words, it can only be felt and it is the most beautiful feeling on earth. Even though I am growing old but to my mother I will forever be her little girl.

My mother and I have a special bond together. I cannot explain it, but when she is around I feel I have some energy and soul.

Another great thing about my mother is that she is friendly and welcoming. People are always attracted to her positive vibe and jovial nature, same as to me the same nature and jovial personality I got .

She knows my favourite dishes, my mood swings, my needs, she cares for me me and when I am upset she makes me feel comfortable and happy.


In the modern era with the development of science and technology we encounter with large number of sources for “information” while using such information from respective sources, some moral ethics must be taken into consideration; works created by other people is rightfully their intellectual property and if we use that work we are bound to acknowledge that.

The word “plagiarism” is derived from the Latin term “plagiare” This means to kidnap or abduct.[2] Plagiarize is copy another person’s idea, words or works and pretend that they are your own. It is infecting more than simply copying someone else’s work. However internet and subsequent proliferation of information has made the problem more serious. Plagiarism usually discovered by scholars and researchers during the continuance of their research work. Plagiarism is one of the most severe violations of academic writing. It may have serious consequences for a student even expulsion from college/ University.

The Internet’s popularity has continued to grow since it first emerged; shocking the world with it’s never before seen technological capacities. It allowed for the communication of ideas and provided people with a wealth of information only a click away. More widely used now than ever before, the Internet supplies users with easy access to various kinds of information. With the unlimited availability of information on the web today, plagiarism has become a growing problem. The abundance of information available makes it easier and increases the temptation to steal other’s ideas. Plagiarism, which is taking credit for someone else’s ideas, is sometimes committed intentionally and other times accidentally. Often, copyrights are violated. In order to prevent this crime form being committed it is necessary that society is educated about copyright law and understands how to properly cite source material. Today, large number of people uses the Internet as a reference source as it contains a plethora of information, and documents found on the web can be of great use when doing research. However, if ideas, concepts, or words are taken from another author’s work, they must be properly cited. If they are not properly cited this is plagiarism, which is considered to be unethical act by society; it also violates copyright law, and thus is punishable by law. Often people do not realize that even if they are only paraphrasing or summarizing someone else’s work, idea, or concept and not directly quoting it they are still plagiarizing. Borrowing another person’s idea is permissible if credit is given to whom it is due. However, stealing someone else’s work or idea and acting as if it were your own is not. Thus, it is pertinent that proper citation is always used. If one fails to use proper citation, one is guilty of plagiarism, and may face legal charges for copyright violations.

Plagiarism is not always committed intentionally, but the people who purposely attempt to deceive others by stealing someone else’s ideas should take into account the seriousness of their actions and the consequences they may face if caught. For those people who are guilty of plagiarism, but did so unintentionally and were simply unaware of what they were doing should also take into consideration their actions to try to prevent this act from occurring again in the future. With a ready availability of information on the Internet, it is extremely easy to take someone else’s idea without using proper citation and giving credit to the owner, thus it is necessary that everyone be extremely cautious when borrowing an idea and use proper citation to avoid any disputes over copyrights. With the ever increasing rise of Internet usage, the Web has become a means of communication and sharing ideas. Its popularity has continued to grow since its first emergence and today it is uncommon for a household to be without some sort of Internet service. It is used by people of all ages, children, adults, and seniors, for entertainment, and as a reference tool. The Internet supplies users with easy access to various kinds of information. With the wealth of information available on the web today, plagiarism becomes an even bigger problem. Let us have a view on available forms of plagiarism.

Forms of Plagiarism:
Types of plagiarism
1. Copy and Paste Plagiarism
Any time you lift a sentence or significant phrase intact from a source, you must use quotation marks and reference the source.

2. Word Switch Plagiarism

If you take a sentence from a source and change around a few words, it is still plagiarism. If you want to quote a sentence, then you need to put it in quotation marks and cite the author and article. But quoting Source articles should only be done if what the quote says is particularly useful in the point you are trying to make in what you are writing. In many cases, a quotation would not really be useful. The person who plagiarizes is sometimes just too lazy to synthesize the ideas expressed in the Source article.

3. Metaphor Plagiarism

Metaphors are used either to make an idea clearer or give the reader an analogy that touches the senses or emotions better than a plain description of the object or process. Metaphors, then, are an important part of an author’s creative style. If you cannot come up with your own metaphor to illustrate an important idea, then use the metaphor in the Source Article, but give the author credit for it.

4. Idea Plagiarism
If the author of the source article expresses a creative idea or suggests a solution to a problem, the idea or solution must be clearly attributed to the author. A WORD ABOUT “COMMON KNOWLEDGE” Students seem to have a hard time distinguishing author’s ideas and/or solutions from common knowledge, or public domain information. Common knowledge or public domain is any idea or solution which people in the field accept as general knowledge. For example, what a black hole is and how it is defined is general knowledge. You do not need to reference a general description of a black hole. The escape velocity of earth is also general knowledge and needs no reference. The distance to the center of the Galaxy is also general knowledge. However, a new idea about how to look for black holes or a new solution to a physics problem needs to be attributed to the authors. If you don’t know what is accepted as public domain in a particular field, ASK.

5. Reasoning Style/Organization Plagiarism
When you follow a Source Article sentence-by-sentence or paragraph-by-paragraph, it is plagiarism, even though none of your sentences are exactly like those in the Source article or even in the same order. What you are copying in this case is the author’s reasoning style.

Plagiarist can be differentiated on the basis of the degree to which the copying has been done. Following are some of the identified categories of plagiarism…
1. Patch – work Plagiarism:-
Copying different people’s words and work and presenting them as your own.

2. Global Plagiarism:-
Taking or copying a whole piece of a particular work of another person.

3. Incremental Plagiarism:-
It involves quoting or paraphrasing one’s statement without awarding credit to the originator. It has to do with quotation or paraphrase.

4. The Ghost Writer:-
Plagiarist turns in another’s work, word for word, as his or her own. This can be called verbatim copy of another person’s work.

5. The Photocopy:-
The plagiarist copies significant portions of texts straight from a single source, without doing any alteration.

6. The Potluck Paper:-
Where one tries to disguise plagiarism by copying from several different sources, altering a few sentences and paragraphs here and there to make them fit together while retaining most of the original phrasing.

7. The Self Plagiarism:-
Where the plagiarist borrows generously from his or her previous work. This is common phenomenon among the writers that they publish the same material through different mediums without referencing it correctly. Moreover self plagiarism or recycling of an old work in a new guise is also a theft since the author leads the book-buyer to think that there is a new book of his on the market. The author is misleading his/her readers. Self plagiarism is fraud if not outright theft.

It is axiomatic that in present scenario plagiarism has become very quite a common phenomenon. But there are cases where even though the author has never read on article or the piece, but commits plagiarism inadvertently. One may choose to write on the same topic as the other but the odds are that he may even convey the same ideas and express them similarly in his paper also. If this does happens it is highly unlikely that one will be accused of plagiarism. But one has to be definitely careful of accidental plagiarism where one could have read a piece and forgotten that he had actually read it somewhere. This is because if one’s ideas turn out to have been influenced by a source that you read but failed to cite for any reason, you could be guilty of plagiarism.

Why do people Plagiarize?

Present era is the era of science and technology where the intellectual of the person had marched a long way and attained a highest, and it is much disgraceful for the reverent writer of modern era that they become victim of plagiarism. Does it mean that our generation is so much unable to transmit and produce something of their own without looting the cherished intellectual property of others?

Firstly, the main reason behind plagiarism is to achieve and propping of one’s ego. There are number of writers, scholars, who even do not aware about what they have written in their prestigious article. It is pertinent to mention here that there are so many more researchers who are incapable of producing good work and they claim to have written themselves many articles and columns in their journals, magazines.

Secondly, laziness and fecklessness of writer, authors is next important factor of plagiarism. There are the few writers who have innate desire to innovate new ideas. Many of the writers believe in cut copy and paste.

Thirdly, Ignorance, Most of the writers are unaware that their simply copy paste will amount to commission of crime. They are committing it ignorantly.

After academic arena another area of concerned is journalism industry where plagiarism flourishes. Journalism main currency is public trust if a journalist indulges in plagiarism it undermines its very basis the trust. If a journalist is accused of plagiarism they are stripped off from their job and consequences have to be faced by news organization.

Famous cases of plagiarism:-
One of the famous cases of plagiarism that involves the well known historian and biographer of us Presidents Dwight Deisenhofer and Richard Nixon, Stephen Edward Ambrose.1 in 2002 Ambrose was found to have plagiarized several passages in his book, “The wild blue” Fred Barnes in “the weekly standard” reported that Ambrose had taken passages from “wings of morning”. The story of the last American bomber shot down over Germany in World War II by Thomas Childers (a history professor at the University of Pennsylvania) Ambrose and his publisher release an apology as a result.

Recently there was dispute between B.R films and Hollywood studio 20th century Fox. B.R films were accused of plagiarism by 20th century fox. However , the case has been settled out of court for an undisclosed amount .it has also been alleged that the Indian production house’s upcoming film “Banda yen bandanas hay” was a copy of Oscar winning “my cousin vinyl” but the matter did not go to the court of law. There are lots of cases of plagiarism all most in all spheres that are going on all around the world.

Plagiarism is intellectual property theft[3]:-
Bill gates in his article intellectual property theft mention plagiarism as intellectual property theft. With the multitude of possibilities of the Internet and the computer, the concept of safeguarding IP reaches far past text and essays. Today the computer is used to commit crimes of IP theft including those of images, music, sound, software, and many others. Theft of IP with the use of computers/the Internet can be broken into three main categories: 1. stealing with the web; 2. stealing within the web; 3. stealing from the web.

1. Stealing with the Web
As stated above the Internet makes available a wealth of resources to an extremely large population of people. With this wealth of information comes a wealth of opportunity to create illegal acts of theft of IP. Today many people have been able to use the web in order to gain access to material without payment to the originator. Sites such as Napster (recently shut down) and Kazaa allow people to access, download and “share” music, literature and images without payment to the artists responsible. Sites such as these utilize the “community” aspect of the web in order to connect users with each other in order to share such pieces of IP freely. Such sites use “shareware” in order to pass along IP unregulated. For more information on shareware please visit the site by the Association.

Recently such sites have come under fire from both artists and politicians for what they consider theft of IP even though many of these sites maintain that they cannot control the actions of the users of the sites and that the software/site has legal ramifications. Court actions and legal issues of Napster can be accessed at the “Find Law” web site.

Recently, Congress has switched their aim not only at the creators of these sites but the users as well. Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee has even suggested that the computers of users who continue to commit theft of copyright materials via web should be destroyed. (USA Today, 6/03)

In addition to theft of literature and music, the Internet has also been a hot spot for illegal downloads of copyrighted software again without payment. Some sites even make available to people free copies of copyrighted computer games, graphics software and movies. Websites such as Pirated Warez has lists of software and movies users can download with the touch of a button. Sites such as these deny the makers of such copyrighted material the payment owed to them as stated by law.

2. Stealing within the Web
Stealing within the web includes the publication of plagiarized material on the web from other web sites or other outside sources. Just as students can plagiarize material found on the web, so can the authors of websites plagiarize within the content of the site. Most common offenses of such nature are those sites that publish copyrighted text/literature either as their own or without proper consent or notification.

Sometimes parts of text are published, but in many cases the literature is published in its entirety without rights given to the author. Such is the case of the following site. A seemingly harmless site focusing on the book The Rainbow Fish by Marcus Pfister, none the less the author of the site has published the book in full length without making note of the original Author’s copyright or even name; it can be viewed at Fish2UK.

Another commonly seen act of stealing within the web is the theft of visual imagery. With the invention of clipart came the misconception that any image published on the web is considered public domain or fair use. Such is the case with the site listed below which openly states that images used within the site have been illegally copied. This is a common practice of beginner webpage designers. Unless specifically noted as public domain or fair use all images published on the web are copyrighted and therefore illegal to reproduce without consent.[4]

3. Stealing from the Web

This last category of IP theft is the one that is of utmost importance for educators and the one that will be focused upon throughout this paper. This new technology has lead to something called “cyber-plagiarism” which is the process by which students either copy ideas found on the web without giving proper attribution or the process of which students download research papers from the web, In whole or in part, and submit as their own. (University of Alberta, 2002)

In recent times plagiarism has been seen in high-profile charges of plagiarism against scholars such as Pulitzer Prize winner Doris Kearns Goodwin and Stephen Ambrose. Even with this rise into the scrutiny of plagiarism we cannot assume that plagiarism is on the rise; however, it may lead to certain assumptions. (Sanford, 2002) The use of the web to plagiarize IP within student work is more prevalent today than ever before. In the past teachers have always had to worry about students outright plagiarizing text and or paraphrasing with the intent to deceive, most often in essays or reports. Today students are not only able to copy down paragraphs or lines from the libraries numerous books, now students can simply download entire term papers with the click of a mouse.

Prevention of Plagiarism
In order to prevent plagiarism from occurring people must be cautious and careful when borrowing someone else’s ideas and make sure to use proper citation. For those who are intentionally guilty of plagiarism they are advised to take into account the seriousness of their actions and think about the possible consequences. To avoid plagiarism you should start documenting the sources as early as you start doing your researching your draft mark the ideas that are your own and those which are drawn from other sources. Underline; italicize someone else’s words in your notes. As you are paraphrasing, try not to peep into the primary source, write form memory. Then you will check and correct the possible inaccuracies. Start paraphrasing with acknowledging the author: According to…..,. If you want to keep a particular phrase, do not fail to use quotation marks with it. For preventing plagiarism the steps must be taken at two levels. First at student’s level, it is the duty and moral obligation of the student writing that he does not copy from other sources. For this the first step will be to consult the instructor for guidelines and clarifications about the topic. Next comes the planning of do this have to be taken at two levels. One is the student himself who is the paper which goes a long way towards preventing plagiarism. A proper outline helps in drawing a line between one’s own ideas and others’ ideas. Also helpful is then proper taking of notes which helps in prevention of any misquotations and wrong citations. The UNBC Learning Skills Centre has laid down a ten step guideline of preventing plagiarism by a student. Its basic highlights include, along with those given above that, the student should try writing a short version of his paper in thirty minutes to have his own ideas clear in his mind. When copying from any source, the author should clearly and simultaneously make a list of the bibliography. The major responsibility is that of the institutions for it is on them to lay down the policies and rules for the students and others. Talking of the institution’s role in preventing plagiarism, it is of great importance that the institution, which can either be a college, university or even a funding agency, needs to lay down the rules to be followed by all. These should include means of preventing plagiarism. Such rules should be explained in a clear manner to all the students’ writing papers, dissertations, etc. It is the responsibility of the institution to educate the students about plagiarism. The students should be taught the correct and accepted way of citing sources and benefits thereof. Next, and lastly, all institutions should lay down penalties for this crime which shall dissuade anybody from committing such acts.

Copyright Infringement vs. Plagiarism
While many people think that copyright infringement and plagiarism is more or less the same thing that is not the case. In a sense, there is some connection between plagiarism and copyright infringement in many situations, but the use of the two terms interchangeably is not correct. Here is some information on how the two are related, as well as how they differ.

Copyright infringement is the unauthorized use of the creation of another individual. Just about any type of created art form could be included in this category. Such items as articles, stories, books, songs, movie clips, and photographs are all examples of creative works that are copyrighted. Unauthorized use takes place when someone chooses to utilize these copyrighted creations without obtaining permission from the owner. In situations where authorization would involve providing compensation to the owner, the failure to do so would also fall under the heading of copyright infringement.

Plagiarism shares some elements with copyright infringement. Both situations can involve the unauthorized use of intellectual property. However, it is possible to plagiarize without infringing on a copyright. For example, if a student preparing a report chooses to use a quote from a source and does not properly cite the original source, he or she is essentially claiming the quote to be his or her own words. This amounts to stealing the words of another person. While the quote may be from a work in the public domain and is not subject to any claims of compensation, plagiarism has still taken place. Federal laws in many countries protect the interests of citizens who hold copyrights. When those copyrighted works are used without permission, the owner has legal recourse to collect damages as well as receive a share of any revenue generated from the unauthorized use. In some countries, it is possible for the punishment to include a prison sentence if copyright infringement is proven in a court of law.

By contrast, plagiarism is usually more a matter of ethics than of law. The failure to provide a proper citation for a direct quote will not necessarily carry any type of legal punishment. However, engaging in plagiarism often leads to censure by academic institutions and employers. For example, a writer who presents the work of another writer as his or her own and is caught in the act of plagiarism is likely to be dismissed from the workplace. Freelance writers, who plagiarize often find that word gets around and it becomes extremely difficult to secure assignments. While the chances of going to jail for plagiarism are somewhat limited, the negative impact can have repercussions that will last for years.

Conclusion & suggestions:-
Stealing is a crime although it is easy to identify when someone is stealing money or tangible items, stealing words, illustrations, tables, figures, thoughts or ideas can be harder to recognize. This type of stealing is called “Plagiarism”, and it is happening more frequently these days.

In above study the researcher tried to trace out most of the common types of plagiarism, which are popular among students, researchers, and writers. The some of the reasons of plagiarism are laziness, fecklessness, and ignorance. But there are the cases when plagiarism is committed inadvertently .one may choose to write on the same topic as the other odds are that he may even convey the same ideas and express them similarly in his paper also if this does happened it is highly unlikely that one will be accused of plagiarism.

A Thrilling Account of World war one (1914-1918)

-By Shivam Pathak

On a Sunday morning of 28 June 1914, a young Bosnian Serb Yugoslav Nationalist, Gavrilo Princip, assassinated the Austro-Hungarian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo. The assassination of the future king struck the whole Austro- Hungarian Empire very severely. After a befitting funeral of Archduke the Austro-Hungarian
Empire issued an ultimatum to Serbia on 23rd July for which Serbia was given 48 hours to abide. The ultimatum demanded a quick suppression of all publications which incite hatred and contempt against the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. But Serbia’s reply failed to satisfy Austria’s appetency of a suitable reply.

Thereupon, two moved a war footing. But soon after the war enlarged from a bilateral issue to one involving most of Europe, and gave birth to the First World War in history. In world war First all powerful European countries were divided into two camps one was the Triple Entente (later known as Allied powers as other countries joined the alliance gradually) that includes France, UK, and Russia and the other was Triple Alliance (later known as central powers after Italy left the alliance and other countries joined ) that includes Germany, Austro- Hungarian Empire, and Italy, which remained neutral in 1914. But later Italy left Germany and Austro -Hungarian Empire alone and joined the Triple Entente due to a strained relationship with the former. In war the Germany was making successful advances towards west in France by invading Belgium in between, but on its eastern part the former was facing a grim battle against Russia.

As the time went by the situation was becoming more sophisticated as Germans had doubled down their efforts to invade France and Russia. But in April 1917 the USA military forces entered the war as an associate power rather than an official ally of Allied powers. The arrival of USA on the war canvas marked a significant halt of Germany’s efforts to become a super power in the world. Gradually, Germany and its allies had come to an end of their spirit and resources. And finally on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, an Armistice was signed between the allies and Germany in 1918. In simple terms an armistice is generally an agreement to stop an ongoing fighting in order to create a breathing space in which a peace treaty can be negotiated, but the armistice of 1918 went a lot further.

The 1918 Armistice terms include not only evacuating all Germany’s conquests in France and Belgium, but also permitting the allied armies to occupy Germany west of the Rhine. The armistice also states that Germany had to give away its 30,000
machineguns, 5,000 cannons, 17,000 planes and all their u-boats. For an ambitious country like Germany, whose only objective was to become a supreme power, the armistice was a shame. But, at the end Germany signed the armistice and loses all its capacity to wage war in future (at least for two decades). Ultimately First World War was over, but Germany’s desire to avenge its enemies was started to build up even more fiercely. So it won’t be wrong to say that the ending of First World War sowed the seeds of an even more appalling conflict just two decades later. At last I want to state a line from a thought provoking book- “A Short History of the world” in which the writer, H.G. Wells, wrote in chapter 65 (page no. 425) that-‘The more interesting question is not why the Great War of 1914 was begun, but why the Great War was not anticipated and prevented”. Hope through this statement of the writer you could surmise the incompetency of that time so-called world leaders.