All posts by Dushyant Kumar

I am an enthusiastic content reader and writer inclined to the learning and fostering skills and key things to fortify the journey of learning and earning. I personally loved technical writing and content writing because it gave me an opportunity to express my inner voice and perception and knowledge what i explored over the time by doing various things.

“Dynamics Of Population In India”

Look around everywhere you will encounter a large number of masses in the malls, in public meetings, football matches, transportation, tourist places, or nowadays enlocked under the lockdown, every day we are adding over 220000 people to this planet approximately 150 people every minute that equals over 80 million more people every year. The population is growing at a breathtaking pace globally in this scenario India’s population is a significant contributor estimate about 1.3 billion changes yearly with a rate of 0.99% where world population clocks for 7.8 billion and accounts for second-largest in the world.

Population Size: According to the 2011 census India has 1.24 billion population and accounts for 2nd most populated country it contributes 17 percent to the global population a significant percentage contribution and alarming. and this huge number of population covers about 2.4 percent world area. During the period from 1901 to 1951, the rate of growth of the population is 1.33 percent per Annum. But after the Britishers when they leave India population of Independent India grew at a rate of 2.2 percent from 1961 to 1981. but the growth rate of population in India over a Century caused by the Annual Birth Rate and Death Rate of Migration. Over the period India Had witness different trends of the growing population.

Phase 1 : Period from (1901 to 1921 )

During this period the growth rate was very slow, because of the poor health services and poor medical facilities and illiteracy were the factors that contributed to the slower growth rate of the population. Illiteracy and Poor medical Facilities caused a high birth rate and death rate. even from 1911 to 1921 the growth rate was negative due to an influenza epidemic.

Phase 2 : (1921 to 1951)

During this phase India witness a steady growth rate of population. Medical facilities, health facilities and sanitization improves which contributes to steady growth rate of population. Transportation, communication systems were improved which provide connectivity to the various facilities which provides steady growth rate to population.

Phase 3: (1951 to 1981 )

This period had significant surge in population growth rate, this phase is known as phase of ‘population explosion’. Annual growth rate accounts for 2.2 percent. Due to high medical care and various other facilities this phase witness rapid fall in mortality rate but high fertility rate.

Phase 4 : ( Post 1981 till present )

This phase also witness the high growth rate, mean age was increased this period witness high growth with definite signs of slowing down. According to 1st march 2001, stood at 1027015247 comprising of 531277078 males and 495738169 females. and religious census of 2001 accounts 81 % Hindus and 13.5 % Muslims.

Composition : The distribution within a group of people of specific individual attributes such as sex , age , Marital status, etc. is known as composition of Population.

On the basis of religion : All religions accounts for 100% estimated 121 crores in which Hindu accounts for 79.80 % about 96.62 crores, Muslims accounts for 14.23 % which is about 17.22 crores and others which accounts 6% about 7 crores.

Rural-Urban Composition : Rural and urban distribution accounts for 68.84 % and 31.16% respectively. Level of Urbanization increased from 27.81% in 2001 census to 31.16% in 2011 census. The proportion of rural population decreased from 72.19 % to 68.84 %.

Gender Wise : Sex composition accounts for fewer females in comparison to males. According to 2011 census sex ratio of India is 108.176, i.e., 108.176 males per 100 females in 2020.it means that India has 924 females per 1000 males. India accounts for 48.04 % female population compare to 51.96% male Population.

“Constitutional Law And Social Changes”

The constitution is not just a compiled set of rules and regulations it is what drives country. Indian Constitution is called ‘Transformative in nature’ as it has the competence to transform the socio-economic face of the country. In India, we encounter many different religions and traditions and all these religions have their respective written Holy documents in which people of respective beliefs believe and follow them in their conduct, but this accounts for a particular group all the people do not believe in single Religious system or any religious practices. Religion neither taught to keep differences but all religions have differentiated groups of people, no single religion in India has common beliefs followed separate principles of religion. But above all the Religions, every opinion and recognition there Is a document there is a written holy text which does not talk about the differentiated beliefs which promise common legal procedures and conduct for all and a document of belief for every citizen Of India that is the “The Constitution Of India” which promises social, economic, and political justice to every single citizen of India.

What is it that made Indian Constitution ‘Transformative in nature which can bring social changes with the time ?’

The preamble of Our constitution guarantees social, economic and political justice states “We the people of India having solemnly resolved to the constitution of India into a Sovereign socialist secular democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens JUSTICE social, economic, and Political; LIBERTY of thought, expressions, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring dignity of the individual and unity and integrity of the nation. We have directive principles state policies rights provisions and amendments, etc. formulated by far-sighted people that are the basis of social change. The traditional Indian Religious system categorizes the people according to caste and ranks and works were allotted according to ranks but FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS (14 to 31) provides every single citizen fundamental rights, rights to dignity rights to lead the life independent of any social religious foundation providing him dignity equality and much more. Our constitution offers Directive Principle of state policy (Article 36 to 51), these are the 15 principles provided to the federal school governing the state of India which promises social justice economic welfare and state should minimize inequalities in income and eliminate inequality of status, provided with the state shall direct policies towards securing adequate means of livelihood for all citizens men and women equally.

In Sphere Of Law : State shall secure that operation of legal system promote justice on the basis of equal opportunities (Article 39A, 44, 50).

In Economic Sphere : The State shall within limit of economic capacity (Article 41, 47)

Rights Of Workers: Provisions for securing condition of work and their wages law (Article 43 , 43A).

In sphere of agriculture: The state shall Endeavour to develop the agri based industry along with modern scientific lines.

Constitution of Federal state of India promises Equality dignity and opportunities with fair regulations including all the spheres which result in social changes mindset changing where people exhorted to adopt equality among themselves in every aspect of their life leaving backward minded thinking leaving the narrow gate of thoughts motivated by social malpractices or traditional conservative and superstitious Beliefs and adopting a wide vision of equality, and dignity. Triple Talaq which was the suffering of many Muslim women abolished is a remarkable transformation bring by our constitution. Case Of Ayodhya Ram Mandir Temple Consoled After many years because of our constitution has might transform the social face of the country. Homosexuality is permitted within the country abolishing #377 Article Of Constitution Is a mark Of Transformative Nature Of Indian Constitution.

” Indian Constitution Is Transformative In Nature” A an Agent To Social Change.

Crowd: The Voice Of Cricket Match

Just Imagine a match without passionate fervent enthusiastic crowds who electrifies the atmosphere and produce sensation on every single ball delivered by baller tackled by batsman and collected by fielder. without crowd cricket match is like a ‘speaker without voice’ a ‘TV without signals’ and a ‘pizza without cheese’ . it is an obnoxious feeling even thinking about organising a cricket match without crowd. Crowd create the beats on every single ball. Not only ballers and batsman of opponent teams fought with each other but it is also crowd which fought with emotions hopes and contributes equally well as a batsman and a baller.

“The G” ground of Melbourne Australia known as MCG, or Cricket ground of lords known as ‘Home of cricket’ or whether it is Eden Gardens Kolkata or Wanderers Stadium Johannesburg, etc. all these grounds are a mark of Cricket where emotions and aspirations of crowd gather to support their nations their Heroes and produced triumph sensation in the field. A lot of fans and every cricket lover walk miles within the country or abroad to support to encourage their heroes and make the spirit of cricket live and unbeatable. May it is the scorching heat of summer or rainy season nothing stop crowd to gather for a cricket match and shows the great presence of fighting spirits supporting spirits. Clapping produce a thundering phenomenon when the baller starts to run up the crowd creates a rhythm of claps with his rhythm of run-up. All the facilities all the arrangements and beauty of ground is colorless without crowd sought noises chanting of star names over the electrifying atmosphere in the ground increase the beats of every single player. what makes the contest nail-biting? without any doubt, players are keys to making the contest thrilling with their efforts and skills and endeavor and fighting with the aim of never give up. every edition of the game produces some thrilling and terrific moments which stuns every single cricket lover witnessing contest live or on broadcasting channels sitting in their homes or anywhere else, the crowd also contributes significantly in synthesizing such key moments. it’s their enthusiasm and active participation which making beats high creating a phenomenon in which all the ground players produce magic played glorious innings took wickets to catch some stunning catches. this 2019 world cup we witness the same scenes of electrifying and thrilling stuff when England chasing down levels the score it was just an overthrow by martin Guptill which struck to the bat of stokes and gives extra runs and match got tied. World of cricket every cricket lover and fans all around the world witnessed one of the biggest contest worlds was on the verge of getting its new champion, but something dramatic was happening we have finals without result teams have to show their endeavor in super over to achieve the title of world champions. every single pulse witnessing the contest in ‘Home of Cricket’ at the Lord’s got stagnant beats were the high situation of worry and anxiety was at its high and crowd gots stunned cheers when first-time England lifts the world cup, no doubt it was the determination of all the players their fervent and arduous mindset not to loose which honored them the title of world champion but the crowd was also an inevitable part of this win who leaves their homes travel miles to enrolled in the spirit of their nation to stood for them to support their heroes. “Crowd is an inevitable part of Cricket” without the crowd Cricket match is like “A speaker without Voice”.

“Indian Prime Ministers and Their Significant Works”

It was 15th of august 1947 when India got its first independent prime minister ‘jawaharlal nehru’ and India awake to its freedom and liberty towards new journey of hope with the aspirations of crores of Indians who were dominated by various invading forces. We had covered 73 years of independent journey flourishing democracy the ‘praja rule’ covered the journy of biggest democratic country in the world, overcome many challenges but yet to overcome many challenges and hurdles. over the 73 years of independence india had witness tenures of many prime ministers who had laid foundation of Development and prosperous India their policies far sighted thinking and works provides New mile stones.

Jawaharlal Nehru(1947- 1964) : He was the the first prime minister of Independent India Appointed by Lord Mountbatten and at the stroke of midnight hour took oath in the name of constitution of india to became the first prime minister and remained in office for 16 years and 286 days.

Significant Works : Jawaharlal nehru was regarded as the founder of modern india. modernisation was his national policy with seven goals National unity, parliamentary democracy, industrialization, socialism, development, of the scientific temper, and non-alignment. He advocate import substitution industrialization and mixed economy where government controlled public sector.He adopted soviet economic model. He formulated some significant social policies in which he emphasizes on education established management schools, all indian school of medical science, indian institute of technologies, national institute of technologies built thousands of schools, etc. He wrote article 44 of the indian constitution which states “The state shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India”. and apart from it there are many agricultural social defence and nuclear language and foreign policies which he adopt for the better tommorow for the better India.

Lal Bahadur Shastri(1964 -1966) : He was appointed as the second prime minister of democratic state of India preceded by Gulzari Lal Nanda. He remained in office for 1 year 216 days. A picture of simplicity and serenity.

Significant works: He was known for ‘Green revolution’ in india, it was under his tenure when agriculture was transformed into industrial system due to adoption of modern methods and technologies use of modern techniques were encouraged High yielding variety (HYV ) seeds were promoted use of tractors , irrigation facilities fertilizers insecticides pesticides were promoted . and this trnasformed agriculture to a new standard and agriculture becames the rigid basis for economy contributes significantly he encouraged green revolution to enhance the rural income and economy. during 1965 india import wheat from united states and there was an ongoing war between india and pakistan US threatens india to cut supply of wheat if India did not stop the war but he did not bent down before US and on AIR India he gave a famous Slogan ‘jai jawan jai kishan’. He was also known for ‘White Revolution’ which had revolutionized the production and supply of milk. He formulated the National Diary Development Board, support the campaign lead by Amul.

We had witness the rule of many other prime ministers in this journey of 73 years but they both laid the Foundation of Development reforms and visions for Future of India. they created base to build new pillars of hopes and building of aspirations in which lies the confidence of 1.3 billion people of India.

child labour: A Question Of Livelihood

have you ever seen a little boy serving tea on a tea stall in scruffy clothes with glittering eyes with common words “Chae Lenge Aap”, or making a puncture in a cycle store rubbing the spot of puncture with a piece of a particular paper, no doubt he is a child does he like emerging bubbles in a bucket of water when he dipped tube with a spot of puncture or is it fun for him to add another cup of milk consecutively for preparing tea? as I can remember my childhood I had spent a lot of days playing in scorching heat but it is far different from working under scorching heat under a contractor. there are many pathetic scenes that are agitating creates a feeling of disconcerting, discountenance, and shook every Soul which have some piece of Humanity. If this troubles you compelled you to think about you are clear about the picture of ‘child labor’.

But child labour can be portrayed in many aspects or there are many definitions articulated with the concept of child labour. According to sociology one who must be in ‘Education’ but working is categorized as ‘Child Labour’. according to the general definition person below 14 years of age. and according to UN definition Children below 18 years of age. But the reality is articulated with compulsion, Helplessness creates situations which bounds children with labouring.

Causes which Creates compulsions or helplessness that Force a child not to hold a pen but a tea kettle:

Poverty: it is the basic problem which compelled a child to engage in child labour for earning bread to feed their bellies.

Underemployment of parents: there is a direct effect experienced by children of employment in which their parents are involved. it is found in study children who enrolled themselves in child labor have parents whose employment is undermined. even it is very hard for their parents to arrange the meal for themselves this helplessness encourages innocents young and soft hands to hold a bag of wheat or any material on their vests.

Illiteracy: Illiteracy is the important factor contributes to the emergence of child labor, because of illiteracy people remained unaware of necessary education, social activities, health, family planning, etc. which lead them to irresponsible decisions without knowing ill effects of child labor they engage their children in child labor and prevents them to take right decisions.

unhappy homes, lacking social security, large families, orphan protection failures, preferences for child labor, etc. contributes to child labor.

But how long will it be Prevelent in our society ? how long children who must serves basic education drag weights and hold tea kettles ?

The best solution for child labor is public awareness public should participate directly to heal the matter of child labor why we should wait for filing applications and response for the system it always took months years and we have nothing in terms of result whenever on any spot if child labor is associated or encouraged we must collectively discourage it. NGOs must come forward to support and monitoring. there must be the enactment of policy for child labor, there must be CREDA (center for rural education and development associations). Banning child labor is not enough parents must be punished, media must come with series on child labor for awareness there must be a public campaign not in mobs holding banners for a single day popping slogans, there must be an internal campaign which is intuitive in nature which encourages people by heart against child labor. Child labor is a sensitive issue we must collectively forward to abolish child labor.

“Problems Of Rural Labour, Bondage And Migration”

Rural labour are the workers in villages or rural parts of the country, remote part of the country who does not have any source of income other than selling their labours to earn money or piece of bread. they do not possess land or capital and do not have any kind of control over land and capital. They are solely dependent on daily wages which they gross through working physically engaging full day in the tough physical work. they works in agricultural or non-agriculture occupations in return for wages in cash or kind.

Rural Labour suffers with lot of miseries and have huge number of problems:

Security of tenure: There is a huge trouble faced by rural labour when there is come a question related to security of their tenures.

Wages: concern of wages as what they receive in their hands at the end of the day is much more less then what they put through out the day. Incomes of this workforce is significantly low, and within this there is discrimination and equal remuneration problem which comes forward as women are paid significantly low in comparison to man. there is a huge pay gap which Indian rural workforce witnesses. Women of rural parts of the India performs significantly more including working for wages and completing all household chores.

Bonded Labours: Labour which remain in bondage for specific period for debt incurred are called bonded Laboures. They mostly discharge their lives completing all the duties asked to perform by debt giver. These form of labour spent their lives in terms of bondage. There are several factors which contribute to bondage, national commission on rural labour spelled out factors responsible for it 1) Economic Factors 2) Social factors 3) Religious factors 4) etc.

Economic Factors : Economic factor is an emblematic factor responsible for emergence of bondage labour like Extreme poverty, inability of people to find the work, Inadequate annexation of land and capital by superior families. Natural Calamities like draught , flood etc. which creates a lot of economic instability for the poor people contributes to bondage labour emergence. Inflation and rising price of basic commodities which are consumed on daily basis.

Social Factors : In india social ceremonies are burden for an economical unstable household or for those who are dependent on daily wages. people or a particular class who are dependent on daily wages it is very hard for them to married their children because of economic instability as marriage ceremony carried a lot of expenses with it so these social ceremonies creates a lot of debts on these domain of people and this lead them to engage in bondage labour. apart from this factors such as caste based discrimination, lack of concrete social welfare scheme, unequal education system etc.

Religious factors: dividation of Varna system in vedic period, it is considered that religious authorities supresses them and enforced them to serve people of high caste. Religious factors are also responsible for bondage labour class emergence. etc.

Hence in the hope of better opportunities better wages and security people of this migrate with hopes and aspirations of better work better payment. and this brings migration people leaves rural parts , remote parts where they undergone serious exploitation by superiors and head their journeys for a better ‘TOMMOROW’ which never comes ! how long it will happen people will exploited according to their caste class and culture? how long it will take to end bondage labour ? Are we get so faltered that we can not answer these questions. if there is an answer for it what it will be !

“Existence Of Racial Barriers Are Repugnant To Ideal Human Society”

Racism is a prejudice, discrimination or antagonism directed against a person or people on the basis of their membership of a particular racial or ethnic group, typically one that is a minority or marginalized. or racism is the belief that different races possess distinct characteristics abilities or qualities especially so as to distinguish them as inferior or superior to one another. Preconceived thought about superiority or inferiority on the bases of Inheredity, biological factors like Color of the skin economic status, social status , political status etc. always gives birth to the Feeling of alienation the ‘RACISM’ we had witness a lot of practices which still are alive like racism in United states, Untouchability in india , Apartheid in Africa etc.

This inferiority towards a particular group or class on the basis of standard status biological factors etc. produce some racial barriers in the society like ‘Political Barrier’, ‘Economic Barrier’, ‘Social and Cultural Barriers’

Political Barriers:

Over the centuries in united states of America nation had struggled to abolish the most repugnant forms of exclusion and dominance, it neglected to uproot entrenched structural racism. Even after the one fifty years of slavery Blacks in United states faces discrimination in electoral process inability to participate in the fair election process and instead of fair choice to choose in the democratic process transformed into a lack of political power the power to choose the the candidate which establish the public policy priorities. Colored people or victims of Racism did not enjoy protection of equal rights their welfare and their interest. It may had happened the colored or victims of Racism had provided Constitutional morality or laws which provides access them to enjoy equal rights with dignity but on the social parameters when comes the question of social or political acceptance these laws seems to be negligible like written articles without any implementation.

Economic Barriers:

The superiority of majority groups discriminates with minority or particular class people which leads to unsymmetrical allocation of resources and access to allocation of resources used by people. Many organisations institutes does not entertain their openings and chances for all they put barriers for particular class in terms of buisness startups etc. therefore chances for Racial people are very remote which kept them away from their economic growth and lack of enhancement in their living standards.

Social and Cultural Barriers:

every country celebrates its cultural events and activities with equal and enthusiastic participation of all people irrespective of class, category, and status. But we came to encounter with some cases which shows racial people faces cultural discrimination they are prohibited to participate in convivial gatherings Seperate clubs and societies are framed and racial people faces clear discrimination in every aspect of the life and with it the most worst form of discrimination that is social discrimination, which makes them alienated from other classes they are not allowed to engage with whites even sitting with whites seems a sin. They are adopted citizens of a country as per the legality of constitutional provisions and constitutional rights but its very unfortunate they are not accepted morally and socially people have a common behaviour of disliking towards them. and this perception had penetrated so deep into the societies which seems very difficult to eradicate.

And such barriers and unacceptance sometimes leads to conflicts and violence which draw margins between people unequal access of resources and deprivation of job opportunities leads to poverty and one of the important concern it can distorted mental health because people develops inferiority complex which affects the Psychology.. Overall Racism is Very harmful and a clash factor which had drawn mankind on the margins of class and category a shame and a Stigma on The face of an Ideal Society And therefore Repugnant.

‘Need To Push Agricultural Related Infrastructure In Rural Parts Of The India”

Despite of Indian backbone and huge possibilities and potential sector Agriculture treated as a sick industry in India, why this so ironic to call Sick even it involved about sixty percent of the people gives about twenty percent of the GDP still marked as a symbol of low status in India, it was eighteen hundred and fifty seven when Indian peasantry aroused against the Britishers ignited the the great revolt of independence which was supported by peasants on large scale Indian peasants gives their man money and spirit to rise against the Britishers. and this urge britishers to impose tax collection systems they invented Zamidari system Ryotwari system collected tax according to their wish and britishers broke the backbone of indian agriculture breaking peasants and putting them under harsh conditions. and up-to the 1947 Indian Agriculture was at the weakest point and Britishers policies and systems create a mindset of sickness towards agriculture. But instead of all the miserable conditions Agriculture connects man to land in rural India agriculture is treated as a tradition as a social practice and means to life. Today if we need Economy on stable basis if economy have to be strengthened that strength can be induced by agriculture. India had twelve months of the sunshine water and we are capable of growing crops full twelve months otherwise united states they can not grow crops three month in a year Several parts of Europe can not grow six months in a year. but In India we can grow crops full year and almost we can do triple the production. we need only Some good practices , monitoring and infrastructural changes.

Is Indian land capable of sustaining it ?

Indian land without any question is capable of sustaining it. it was under ‘Lal Bahadur Sastri’ tenure when India nearly had a Famine Every Indian waiting for another bag of wheat from United states and a famous headline of those times India living ship to mouth but Lal Bahadur Sastri brought up a package of Seeds and gave ten to twenty percent to farmers and India became self sufficient in Food grain production.

Hence, Indian Rural Agriculture needs Infrastructural development which can contribute to prosper Living standards and have might to increase per capita income.

Initial needs : farmers need quality seeds , procurement market of seeds good machines for seeding.

At the time of cultivation :

farmers needs proper facility of fertilizers, good pesticides, good insecticides and practices with modified machines.

Irrigation Facilities:

Irrigation is one of the important factor for growing Crops for which farmers needs good canals tube-wells electricity for deriving them or farmers can approach to solar energy used pumps etc.

Stock Facilities :

After cultivating the crops stock of the material is another challenge in front of farmers. In India in the rural parts of it Farmers does not have proper Storage Facilities. Farmers Need good Stock markets so that they can stay their stock for long time.

Transportation Facilities :

Transportation is the major problem of every rural farmer. Rural parts of the country does not have good means of connectivity Transportation is considered to be the important aspect of Buisness and good connectivity can lead Agricultural products to the new markets where farmers can available with better prices for their agricultural commodities.

Marketing Facilities:

Lack Of local ‘Mandi’ and markets farmers are unable to Sell their Agriculture Commodities on better prices. and this leads benefits to the stakeholders which make it lucrative between the farmers and retailers.

There are various ways which should be regulated for enhancing the Rural Infrastructure like GOI should increase the financial assistance to the farmers through NABAR credit facilities and various cooperatives societies and loan facilities. Contract farming should be encouraged between farmers and company. etc.

Agriculture is the basis of Livelihood, it connects people with the land and have huge potential and Power to transform Indian socio economic vision.

“Emergence Of Middle Class In India”

Middle class is the emerging class in India which shares about 300 to 350 million of the total population. The class emerged as an application of social policy and new economic system and industrial world. eighteenth century Industrial Revolution brings about large scale productions and invention of new technologies which had changed the course of production across the globe and framed new ways to economies. In India middle class emerged because of the policies trends new systems involving land issues , legal policies , introduction of education system of western culture , theory of modern capitalism , enterprises, improved interactions and commercial changes etc. How to Define Middle classes ?

According to economic principles it is defined as : if more than one third of the income left with a family after paying food and shelter such families came under considerations of middle class families. According to B.B Mishra it is defined as seventy five percent to one twenty five percent of median salary, such salary categories also come under the Defination of middle class.

Evolution of Middle Class in India :

In INDIA middle class idea is not new it was categorized under colonial rule this term was used for newly emergent groups of people in urban centers flourished mainly under the colonial period British policies And systems were the basis of rise of Middle class in India mainly the tax collections, advent of their education system , cultural, intellectual , and artistic movements or Indian Renaissance , modern perspective of education, and Freedom movements and all this background was prepared by religious and social reformers, scholars, literary giants, journalists, patriots, orators, scientists and technical giants freedom fighters all these laid foundation for the Indian Renaissance and hence towards a class that is middle class.

Cause of rise of Middle class in India:

ECONOMIC: For Emergence of middle class In India economic perspective is Commercialization and Industrialization.

POLITICAL: One of the important factor which contribute to rise of Indian Middle Class is ‘Democracy’ Equal participation in decision making equal enjoyment of Choice and Power and Universal adult franchise.

B.B Sharma in his book on The Middle class in India Concluded very sharply And clearly that Foundation of Indian Middle class was laid during the reign of Britishers , under colonial period Indian class came under transformation and head its way to Middle class which serves as a link between people and new rulers.

Sanjay Joshi View: He made a clear depiction about emergence of middle class, articulate the defination of power of middle class was from its propagation of modern ways of life and Heterogeneity was an attribute the rise of middle class in India.

Values Related to family, marriage, and women status among Middle Class :

Today World is confronted with modernity and we are living in the era of Modern world but even today marriage is considered as an important traditional social institution choices available with individual specifically, Women are very few as, marriage and motherhood taken to ultimate goal. even today marriage is still seem as a way of life through which an individual entered adulthood in both upper and upper middle class in both of urban india who outwardly appears to be modern.

“Sustainable Development A dream Or A Reality”

Increasing population over the years had posed some serious concerns over the years particularly for the Subcontinent increasing population growth in India is challenging how such a large number of bellies will be fed how nation will furnish even the basic necessary fundamental things which are required like education electricity power drinking water cheap clothes transportations and shelters etc. because number of resources are bounded resources are not abundant they are limited but consumers over the decades are proliferating may be the energy sources like coal, petroleum , etc. as we Analyse the situation it puts a serious question about future existence or survival of this population ?

technology no doubt is mark of excellence it had made human life more comfortable and provides breathtaking pace to the evolution of human civilization provides ways to march the life with better and efficient ways. it was technology who escapes mankind from caves urge them to built shelters it was technology of transforming metal piece into weapons which are used as tools for hunting and other purposes mankind learned to use different techniques of combining the different sentences to point out something meaningful and metaphorical which provides mankind the ultimate power to communicate and therefore to merge in a large groups that is what we known for. In modern world mankind used the space technology to escape from the earth orbit to lend on the surface of exploration mankind escapes to keep its footsteps on unknown celestial body , mankind learned to fly Aeroplanes, mankind created the significant industrial revolution which provides many ways to feed the nations on low input of resources getting maximum output this is the most significant revolution which had changed the course of growth perspective globally, categorization of nations gets started on the basis of growth nations with new identity based on development came into picture like developed, Developing or under developing. Nations with status of under developing tends to shift under status of developing and developing nations tends to be developed.

Today, we aspire to be developed somehow we need a tag of developed nation. But this will costs us degradation of ecology for better economy committing deforestation, liberating toxic and hazardous gases in environment and chemicals in rivers and canals making this globe heated adding extra temperature every year climate is changing showing irregular patterns glaciers are melting increasing sea levels a lot of species got extinct and more are on the verge of extinction. this is little bit acerbic to hear but reality recline in it the better technology we are adopting the more degradation to ecology we are doing. and this leads us to an emblematic question which arouse before us Can we think of sustainable development with emerging and growing trends of populations ? What is more important for us Ecology or Economy or somehow can’t we manage a marriage between the ecology and economy ? can we cost our environment and ecology for better development ?

As population increases it brings many demands hopes and aspirations with it therefore consumption in every aspect will increase for the sake of satisfying the needs new technologies more resources will utilized which deplete the natural resources directly or indirectly bringing sufferings to ecology and this quintessence development is nothing but concrete development alienating the mankind from nature. And today we are performing is far beyond the concept of ‘sustainable development’ that means meets the needs of present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. ‘Sustainability lies in the concept of marriage between ‘economy and ecology’, without depleting the natural resources beyond a certain limit caring about forthcoming generations. but modern economic growth perspectives and trends to be developed somehow and increasing population placed the concept of “Sustainable development” under a serious challenge and marks a big question mark is it a dream ? ent