Tag Archives: #farmers

‘Need To Push Agricultural Related Infrastructure In Rural Parts Of The India”

Despite of Indian backbone and huge possibilities and potential sector Agriculture treated as a sick industry in India, why this so ironic to call Sick even it involved about sixty percent of the people gives about twenty percent of the GDP still marked as a symbol of low status in India, it was eighteen hundred and fifty seven when Indian peasantry aroused against the Britishers ignited the the great revolt of independence which was supported by peasants on large scale Indian peasants gives their man money and spirit to rise against the Britishers. and this urge britishers to impose tax collection systems they invented Zamidari system Ryotwari system collected tax according to their wish and britishers broke the backbone of indian agriculture breaking peasants and putting them under harsh conditions. and up-to the 1947 Indian Agriculture was at the weakest point and Britishers policies and systems create a mindset of sickness towards agriculture. But instead of all the miserable conditions Agriculture connects man to land in rural India agriculture is treated as a tradition as a social practice and means to life. Today if we need Economy on stable basis if economy have to be strengthened that strength can be induced by agriculture. India had twelve months of the sunshine water and we are capable of growing crops full twelve months otherwise united states they can not grow crops three month in a year Several parts of Europe can not grow six months in a year. but In India we can grow crops full year and almost we can do triple the production. we need only Some good practices , monitoring and infrastructural changes.

Is Indian land capable of sustaining it ?

Indian land without any question is capable of sustaining it. it was under ‘Lal Bahadur Sastri’ tenure when India nearly had a Famine Every Indian waiting for another bag of wheat from United states and a famous headline of those times India living ship to mouth but Lal Bahadur Sastri brought up a package of Seeds and gave ten to twenty percent to farmers and India became self sufficient in Food grain production.

Hence, Indian Rural Agriculture needs Infrastructural development which can contribute to prosper Living standards and have might to increase per capita income.

Initial needs : farmers need quality seeds , procurement market of seeds good machines for seeding.

At the time of cultivation :

farmers needs proper facility of fertilizers, good pesticides, good insecticides and practices with modified machines.

Irrigation Facilities:

Irrigation is one of the important factor for growing Crops for which farmers needs good canals tube-wells electricity for deriving them or farmers can approach to solar energy used pumps etc.

Stock Facilities :

After cultivating the crops stock of the material is another challenge in front of farmers. In India in the rural parts of it Farmers does not have proper Storage Facilities. Farmers Need good Stock markets so that they can stay their stock for long time.

Transportation Facilities :

Transportation is the major problem of every rural farmer. Rural parts of the country does not have good means of connectivity Transportation is considered to be the important aspect of Buisness and good connectivity can lead Agricultural products to the new markets where farmers can available with better prices for their agricultural commodities.

Marketing Facilities:

Lack Of local ‘Mandi’ and markets farmers are unable to Sell their Agriculture Commodities on better prices. and this leads benefits to the stakeholders which make it lucrative between the farmers and retailers.

There are various ways which should be regulated for enhancing the Rural Infrastructure like GOI should increase the financial assistance to the farmers through NABAR credit facilities and various cooperatives societies and loan facilities. Contract farming should be encouraged between farmers and company. etc.

Agriculture is the basis of Livelihood, it connects people with the land and have huge potential and Power to transform Indian socio economic vision.

Indian farmers – backbone of economy

Comprising 61.5% of the total population in the country, the Farmers today are, but the least creditable chunk of our economy. Despite providing us with a substantial amount of produce, they are being neglected on many grounds; be it machinery, techniques, money, or knowledge, they have to bear the burden of being backward and incompatible. Although farming is such a primitive and productive jobs to opt for, most of the people face similar kind of problems regarding farming and activities related to it. But the disaster of farmers committing suicides has become a great phenomenon recently; what could be a decisive reason? Why its been so drastic in recent times?

Farmers and the legacy-

Agriculture or so to say, farming has been opted by a large number of people since it was introduced or, invented. The history of agriculture in India dates back to Indus Valley Civilization and even before that. It became one of the substantial activities that could sustain a huge amount of people. The upsurge in the activity as this resulted in the discovery of new techniques, machienaries, and even the crops which gave a boost to their own consumption, as well as the trade and commercial regulatories.

The colonialization, in the 18th century, was the period that saw a dramatic increase in the number of farmers in the country, under the force of the East India Company, that turned out a large amount of people engaged in other sectors to too seek for the agricultural work. Leaving almost 65% of India contributing to farming, the country came up with its own revolutionary ideas and schemes, such as the Green Revolution, which turned out to be a fancy for the country. But the irony is, still the farmers have stuck with the old and bygone techniques of agriculture that doesn’t provide any kind of fruitfulness to them. And contribute only a less figure to the economy.

Agriculture and differences –

With the Green Revolution adding more to the production of crops in the 19th century, there were still many differences in India itself, in terms of production and output.

While it states such as, Punjab, UP, Haryana, Tamil Nadu and Kerala saw an upsurge in the agricultural pattern. With the farmers and the government officials focusing on farm productivity and knowledge transfer, India’s total food grain production soared. Such rapid growth in farm productivity anabled India to become self-sufficient by 1970s. It also empowered the smallholder farmers to seek further means to increase food staples produced per hectare. On the other hand, areas with shortage of water and nutritious soil were left behind and it took many years to bring them up to the mark of other states with high production.

Due to such huge diversity between the states producing crops,India accounts only, on average, for about 16% of GDP and 10% of export earnings.

Problems and initiatives –

low agricultural growth is a concern for policymakers as some two-thirds of India’s people depend on rural employment for a living. Current agricultural practices are neither economically nor environmentally sustainable and India’s yield for many agricultural commodities is low. Poorly maintained irrigation system and almost universal lack of good extension services are among factors responsible. Farmers’ access to markets is hampered by poor roads, rudimentary market infrastructure and excessive regulation.
– World Bank

  • Climate change
  • Marketing
  • Infrastructure
  • Farmers suicides
  • Productivity

The above listed points are some of the good reasons why the agricultural sector faces huge loss and is unfortunately unable to develop as per the will.

The government has done a great deed in the past for the improved condition of farmers and farming, andis alsos currently practicing so. It has launched many a such schemes to benefit the farmer and improvise their method of farming.

As per a saying in hindi –

Jai Javan Jai Kisan, ye dono h desh ki shaan

If the “Shaan” if the country is always under immense pressure and is supplied with voulantry salary, the sustainability of millions of people in the country would be largely affected, and it would not be able to enlarge its economy and only would be counted in the developing one.