Aquaculture , also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish,crustaces,molluscns,plants and other organisms. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater. Marineculture refers to aquaculture practiced in marine environments and in underwater habitats.
Particular kinds of aquaculture include fish,shrimps,oyester farming,mariculture, algaculture, and the cultivation of ornamental fish. Particular methods include aquaponics and intrgrated,multi trophic aqua culture, both of which integrate fish farming and aquatic plant farming.
Plants are widely cultivated in aqua culture.Micro algae, also referred to as phytoplankton,microphytes, or planktonic algae, constitute the majority of cultivated algae. Macroalgae commonly known as seaweeds also have many commercial and industrial uses. The sea weed farming is used for medical purposes as well as industrial.
The most important cultivation of aquaculture is fish farms.It involves raising fish commercially in tanks, fish ponds, or ocean enclosures, usually for food. The most important fish species used in fish farming are, in order, carp, salmon, tilapia, and catfish. Tuna farming and salmon farming culture is most developed and common in fish farms. Crustaces are next to fish farms Freshwater prawn farming shares many characteristics with, including many problems with, marine shrimp farming. Thr most cultivation is tiger shrimp,white shrimp and gigantic prawns.
- The Benefits of aquaculture is
- the increased production of food for human consumption;
- the opening of commercially viable business opportunities;
- the creation of employment, especially in rural areas;
- increased national exports; and.
- the substitution of imports by local production.
The most common negative environmental impacts that have been associated with aquaculture include: waters eutrophication, water quality, alteration or destruction of natural habitats; introduction and transmission of aquatic animal diseases.fish may be closely related due to selective breeding and they live closely together.