Category Archives: Science and Technology

world’s largest vaccine manufacturer invests usd 100 million to develop potential Covid-19 vaccine

According to a company official of , the world’s largest producer of vaccines, the Serum Institute of India , is planning to invest USD 100 million on a potential vaccine for COVID-19,  being developed at Oxford University. The organization established in Pune, has collaborated with AstraZeneca, a British bio-pharmaceutical corporation mammoth, to ensure a stable supply to India and other low- and middle-income countries of the AZD1222 vaccines.

“Our manufacturing facility is ready and we plan to start production in two months. We are spending more than USD 100 million for this facility. Till the trials are completed successfully for safety and efficacy, vaccines will not be distributed either in India or anywhere else in the world,” Adar Poonawalla, Chief Executive Officer, Serum Institute of India (SII), said.

With high hopes the company is planning to mass produce up to a million units, and is planning to stockpile the same at personal risk. According to the company when it comes to determine how many units India is likely to get in the first phase, they commented that it might be too early too comment. “However, if the vaccine trials succeed, India will gain access to the doses as it will also be the requirement of the Government of India. And we are certain that everybody will respect if the substantial volumes go to India,” he added.

According to their website, Serum Institute of India was founded in 1966 by Dr. Cyrus Poonawalla with the aim of manufacturing life-saving immuno-biologicals, which were in shortage in the country and imported at high prices. Thereafter, several life-saving biologicals were manufactured at prices affordable, and now is the world’s largest vaccine manufacturer by number of doses produced and sold globally (more than 1.5 billion doses) which includes Polio vaccine as well as Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Hib, BCG, r-Hepatitis B, Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccines. It is estimated that about 65% of the children in the world receive at least one vaccine manufactured by Serum Institute. Vaccines manufactured by the Serum Institute are accredited by the World Health Organization, Geneva and are being used in around 170 countries across the globe in their national immunization programs, saving millions of lives throughout the world.

Serum Institute of India is ranked as India’s No. 1 biotechnology company, manufacturing highly specialized life saving biologicals like vaccines using cutting edge genetic and cell based technologies, antisera and other medical specialties.

Serum Institute of India also has plans and is working on developing a vaccine with USA based firm Codagenix, Poonawalla recently said that at present, the firm is undergoing pre-clinical trials (animal trial phase) and hope to progress to the human trial phase by September/October.

“The aim is to make the vaccine over the next 1.5-2 years to help combat the novel corona-virus. With the combined efforts of our partner Codagenix, we are optimistic that we will be able to provide a viable and effective vaccine for mass use,” Adar Poonawalla, Chief Executive Officer, Serum Institute of India (SII), said.

SII along with Oxford and Codagenix is also working with an Austria-based firm, Themis and two other promising candidates to develop an effective and affordable vaccine for COVID-19.At least half a dozen attempts to build a coronavirus vaccine are underway worldwide but the ones in Oxford are considered one of the most assuring and promising ones.   A vaccine will be a much needed intervention that can bring the loss of lives caused by the infections, to a complete halt.



Like an endless loop of strings, E-learning opens up multiple avenues for the students to choose from the comfort of their homes. Through E-Learning students in India can do varied courses offered by Harvard University ranging from a programming course such as CS50’s Introduction to Game Development to a social sciences course such as American Government: Constitutional Foundations.
Universities and their invaluable courses continents away can be accessed easily without the unnecessary hassle of the physical presence in the classroom.

E-Learning has brought varied courses around the globe in the comfort of one’s own house. E-learning has been successful in bridging the quality of education that one can access in the developing nations. It is a more economical and appeasing form of education in world crises such as the raging Covid-19 pandemic. It has ensured the unhindered transfer of knowledge when one is unable to be physically present in classrooms.  Schools and colleges have taken up E-Learning to ensure social distancing is not an issue they have to deal with so they can solely focus on the quality of education imparted to the students.

Despite its many perks, E-Learning also has its fair share of drawbacks. It is often difficult to cater to and overlook the progress of the students online which would have been a far easier prospect in the in-classroom mode of education. There are different challenges such as poor internet connectivity in the remote places and often the underprivileged do not have access to proper electronic devices. Some struggle with technology and thus are often unable to have a seamless E-Learning experience.

Though it is not without its fair share of challenges, E-Learning has been successful in the re-moulding the education system for the better. It is undoubtedly the mode of education for the future. It has been successful in providing affordable education to people in the different corners of the Earth. It has enabled some institutes to do without the physical infrastructure and additional costs that come along with maintaining physical classrooms.

There are several applications like Zoom, TeamLink, Google Meet, Duo etc which are being used by teachers and institutes to impart lessons to the students. The dangers of video lessons can be seen in the multiple instances of hacking and misuse of these applications. Data are stolen by hackers of the users of the application who misuse the data to their own fruition. The applications should be secured from hackers for seamless usage and to ensure that the users can operate it without any fear of their account being hacked.

E-Learning may, however, lead to a loss of jobs for a majority of people who used to assist in the seamless functioning of the brick and mortar classrooms. Publishing houses may suffer as learning moves online resulting in a sharp decline of hard copy textbooks. Publishing houses too shall have to adapt and move their publications online. Small publishing houses may fade away with time. The implementation of the proper 5G network would ensure an immersive learning experience. Physical libraries are slowly becoming defunct with even libraries uploading their content online. Information is available to Scholars very easily. Research has become easier than before. Some people have found it hard to cope up with the technological advancements while some have become unemployed with technology replacing manual labour. However, technology has changed the world for the better and made our lives easier. We should embrace technology as an inseparable part of our lives.

Want to increase Blog traffic|SEO

Over 2 million articles are published on the internet every day. So how to efficiently elevate the amount of traffic to your website? After reading these articles all your queries will resolve.

The first way you can share with your friends and family through whatsapp and Facebook. But hardly you can get 500 -600 visitors.

Then comes the second approach when you advertise your website and it is an expensive way. Small Startups and individual can’t work on this.

Then comes the role of SEO(Search Engine Optimization). Many YouTubers and startups are using this technique to boost the amount of traffic to their website without even spending a single penny. The question then arises. What is Search Engine Optimization?

When you search on google or any other search engine, you get a list of website matching with your search. Now a question arises, How google create the list? Every search engines use its own algorithm to create a list for a given query. Then there comes the role of SEO. So how can we optimize search engine so that our Website get secure high rank in search engine? In simple words, whenever someone searches about a particular keyword so that all the traffic come to your website.

SEO is a technique to rank up your website with a relevant keyword or phrase to increase the visitors on your site. The better optimize your site is more frequently your website show up in the Search Engine Result Page, means more traffic.

Companies pay professionals to optimize their website. So that they can rank up site their site in search engine.

White hat SEO VS Black hat SEO

White hat SEO follows use only ethical tactics to rank and follows search engines guidelines. It simply means they can’t manipulate their algorithm to optimize their site.

Black hat SEO violates search engine guidelines and manipulate their algorithm to rank up their sites.

So google updates it’s regularly so that they can close the loopholes that black hat SEO exploits.

Keyword research

Make a list of relevant keywords that people might have searched. Simply you can use keyword tools for research. It’s not hard to find a relevant keyword.

These are some free keyword search tools:

1.Google search Console

2.Google Trends

3.Answers to public

4.Keyword shitter

5.keywords Everywhere

You can access all these tools it doesn’t cost you a dime, but none of them offers all-in-one functionality. Get to know about the tools and use them accordingly so you can get better results.

On-Page SEO

On-page SEO is a practice to make your web page or content optimize for search engine and users.

Buying a suitable domain name, optimizing your title tags to target optimal keywords is some common On-page SEO practices to make your website SEO.

While to rank up your site you also need to create good quality content. You have to make sure that the title or URL of the article should be user friendly. Make sure Every page on site has a simple and readable URL.

Adding internals links can also increase the chance of high ranking of your site .

Off-Page SEO

Off-page SEO refers to an activity taken outside of your website to raise your ranking the SERP.

Building backlinks is at the essence of off-page SEO. It’s simply is getting another website (relevant to your own websites) to link your website.

You can do this by contacting influencers (reputable and trustworthy) and ask them to link your website.

By creating good content so others themselves link your website without even contacting.

These are some safest ways to get backlinks.

You can even purchase an expired domain name. Expired domain names are those which have a suitable ranking, backlinks but the person forget to renew the domain name.

In last avoid using PBN like practices since google can find it and most likely ban your site to appear on search.

Please let me know your thoughts in the comment below and have a wonderful day.

Electric vehicles (ev’s) of future

The growing dependency of mankind on Diesel/petrol vehicles has proven to be fugacious as it is expected that the oil reserves will be vanished by 2050. But the manufacturer’s have built an alternative in the form of ELECTRIC VEHICLES.The electric effect is now in full force, with established brands committing to offering a wide range of electric cars in future. Today there are wide segments of Ev’s in the market ranging from an SUV to SPORTS CAR.
Let’s have a look over the upcoming EVs in 2020.

  1. AUDI Q4 e-Tron:
    The Audi Q4 e-Tron was unveiled at the 2019 Geneva motor show and will going on sale in late 2020 with a price tag of £40,000. The e-Tron SUV will be 4.6 meters long and will pack the following features,
  • Battery size: 82Kwh
  • Electric motors: 225Kw total (front and rear)
  • Range: about 280 miles (450Km)
  • 0-62mph: 6.3sec
  • Top speed: 112mph

The 82Kwh batteries add quite a weight to the SUV and it weighs at 510Kg. Audi is claiming 80% charge in just 30 minutes provided sufficient high-speed charging points. The fun fact is that the carpets of the Audi e-Tron are made from recycled plastic. It so packs lot’s of other features like the latest Audi touchscreen, heads up display, 22-inch alloy wheels and smart navigation system. With this the Audi pledged that it would have 12 fully electric cars by 2025.

2. FORD Mustang Mach-E:

The Ford Mustang Mach-E was unveiled in late 2019 and is the ford’s first electric car. Though it looks somewhat like Jaguar i-pace, its rivals are upcoming Tesla Model Y and VW ID. The Mustang will be available in two options that are Mustang Mach-E and Mustang Mach-E GT. It is obvious that Mach-E GT comes with better specs than the Mustang-E. The specs are as follows,

  • Mustang Mach-E: 76Kwh lithium-ion battery
  • 370-miles Range
  • 332bhp
  • 417lb ft of torque
  • Mustang Mach-E GT: 99Kwh lithium-ion battery
  • 430 miles Range
  • 459bhp
  • 612lb ft of torque

It is a relatively lightweight EV too with single motor, smaller battery model weights 1993Kg rising to 2281Kg for twin motor. The car is priced at £40,270 and is set to be launched in late 2020 in the UK, USA, GERMANY, NORWAY, FRANCE and Switzerland.

    The most popular Mini Hatchback around the globe is Mini Cooper. The experimentation on Mini Ev was done by BMW way back in 2008 but is now set to be launched in 2020. It will be first launched in the USA and UK. The Ev will be having a range of up to 145 miles. It will be packed with 32.5kWh battery which will take about 35 minutes to get charged up to 80% provided high-speed charging point. With the domestic charger, it will take about 12 hours to get fully charged. The other specs are,
  • 0-60 miles: 7.3sec
  • Top speed: 93mph
  • Weight: 1365Kg
  • 181bhp @ 7000rpm

The car was set to be launched by march but due to coronavirus pandemic, the launch has been delayed. It was estimated that the car will be priced at £24,400.


Nissan Arya will be the second Ev from Nissan after Nissan Leaf. Nissan Arya will be a 4.6mtr long SUV and will get somewhat common with Mercedes EQC and Audi e-Tron. The Arya will be a handsome looking car with striking graphical face including boomerang LEDs. The interior specs are not known till now but the assumptions of specs are,

  • Battery: 63Kwh
  • Range: 290 miles
  • Top speed: 98mph

The pricing is also not mentioned yet but the launch will In late 2020 or early 2021.

5. LEXUS UX 300e:

The Lexus first Ev is all set to be launched in 2020 in china first and then globally. On paper, the car seems to work pretty well but the actual test will be on roads. The Lexus packs these specs,

  • Battery: 52Kwh
  • Range: 270Km
  • 0-62mph: 7.5sec
  • Top speed: 100mph

The charging time for batteries is 57 min for 0-80% and 10 hrs for a full charge from normal house socket. The car will be priced at £37,000.


The most known brand in the world of EVs is Tesla and Elon Musk is all set to provide rocket-powered performance in new Tesla Roadster 2020. Elon Musk claimed that the Roadster would use ‘SpaceX cold gas thruster system’. If the claim proves to be true then the acceleration will be at thelimit of human endurance. The rumoured specs are,

  • Top speed: 250mph
  • 0-60mph: 1.9sec
  • 0-100mph: 4.2sec
  • Torque: 7300lb ft

The specs look outstanding but the main part of any EV is the battery backup and Tesla has gone to its limit. This car will have whooping 200Kwh of battery which will provide the juice and Tesla claims a range of 500+ miles. But this all comes with a hefty price tag and the estimated price is about $200,000.


What is cryptocurrency?

A cryptocurrency (or crypto currency) is a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange wherein individual coin ownership records are stored in a digital ledger or computerized database using strong cryptography to secure transaction record entries, to control the creation of additional digital coin records, and to verify the transfer of coin ownership. It typically does not exist in physical form (like paper money) and is typically not issued by a central authority. Some cryptocurrencies use decentralized control as opposed to centralized digital currency and central banking systems. When a cryptocurrency is minted or created prior to issuance or held on a centralized exchange, it is generally considered centralized. When implemented with decentralized control, each cryptocurrency works through distributed ledger technology, typically a blockchain that serves as a public financial transaction database.

Bitcoin, first released as open-source software in 2009, is the first decentralized cryptocurrency.Since the release of bitcoin, over 6,000 altcoin (alternative variants of bitcoin, or other cryptocurrencies) have been created.


Bitcoin is a digital currency created in January 2009 following the housing market crash. It follows the ideas set out in a whitepaper by the mysterious and pseudonymous Satoshi Nakamoto. The identity of the person or persons who created the technology is still a mystery. Bitcoin offers the promise of lower transaction fees than traditional online payment mechanisms and is operated by a decentralized authority, unlike government-issued currencies.

There are no physical bitcoins, only balances kept on a public ledger than everyone has transparent access to, that – along with all Bitcoin transactions – is verified by a massive amount of computing power. Bitcoins are not issued or backed by any banks or governments, nor are individual bitcoins valuable as a commodity. Despite it not being legal tender, Bitcoin charts high on popularity, and has triggered the launch of hundreds of other virtual currencies collectively referred to as Altcoins.


If this technology is so complex, why call it “blockchain?” At its most basic level, blockchain is literally just a chain of blocks, but not in the traditional sense of those words. When we say the words “block” and “chain” in this context, we are actually talking about digital information (the “block”) stored in a public database (the “chain”).

“Blocks” on the blockchain are made up of digital pieces of information. Specifically, they have three parts:

  1. Blocks store information about transactions like the date, time, and dollar amount of your most recent purchase from Amazon. (NOTE: This Amazon example is for illustrative purchases; Amazon retail does not work on a blockchain principle as of this writing)
  2. Blocks store information about who is participating in transactions. A block for your splurge purchase from Amazon would record your name along with, Inc. (AMZN). Instead of using your actual name, your purchase is recorded without any identifying information using a unique “digital signature,” sort of like a username.
  3. Blocks store information that distinguishes them from other blocks. Much like you and I have names to distinguish us from one another, each block stores a unique code called a “hash” that allows us to tell it apart from every other block. Hashes are cryptographic codes created by special algorithms. Let’s say you made your splurge purchase on Amazon, but while it’s in transit, you decide you just can’t resist and need a second one. Even though the details of your new transaction would look nearly identical to your earlier purchase, we can still tell the blocks apart because of their unique codes.

While the block in the example above is being used to store a single purchase from Amazon, the reality is a little different. A single block on the Bitcoin blockchain can actually store up to 1 MB of data. Depending on the size of the transactions, that means a single block can house a few thousand transactions under one roof.


A hash algorithm turns an arbitrarily-large amount of data into a fixed-length hash. The same hash will always result from the same data, but modifying the data by even one bit will completely change the hash. Like all computer data, hashes are large numbers, and are usually written as hexadecimal.

Bitcoin uses the SHA-256 hash algorithm to generate verifiably “random” numbers in a way that requires a predictable amount of CPU effort. Generating a SHA-256 hash with a value less than the current target solves a block and wins you some coin

Distributed ledger:

A distributed ledger is a database that is consensually shared and synchronized across multiple sites, institutions, or geographies, accessible by multiple people. It allows transactions to have public “witnesses”. The participant at each node of the network can access the recordings shared across that network and can own an identical copy of it. Any changes or additions made to the ledger are reflected and copied to all participants in a matter of seconds or minutes.

A distributed ledger stands in contrast to a centralized ledger, which is the type of ledger that most companies use. A centralized ledger is more prone to cyber attacks and fraud, as it has a single point of failure.

Underlying distributed ledgers is the same technology that is used by blockchain, which is the technology that is used by bitcoin. Blockchain is a type of distributed ledger used by bitcoin


Cryptocurrency mining, or cryptomining, is a process in which transactions for various forms of cryptocurrency are verified and added to the blockchain digital ledger. Also known as cryptocoin mining, altcoin mining, or Bitcoin mining (for the most popular form of cryptocurrency, Bitcoin), cryptocurrency mining has increased both as a topic and activity as cryptocurrency usage itself has grown exponentially in the last few years.

Each time a cryptocurrency transaction is made, a cryptocurrency miner is responsible for ensuring the authenticity of information and updating the blockchain with the transaction. The mining process itself involves competing with other cryptominers to solve complicated mathematical problems with cryptographic hash functions that are associated with a block containing the transaction data.

The first cryptocurrency miner to crack the code is rewarded by being able to authorize the transaction, and in return for the service provided, cryptominers earn small amounts of cryptocurrency of their own. In order to be competitive with other cryptominers, though, a cryptocurrency miner needs a computer with specialized hardware.

Market Capitalization:

Within the blockchain industry, the term market capitalization (or market cap) refers to a metric that measures the relative size of a cryptocurrency. It is calculated by multiplying the current market price of a particular coin or token with the total number of coins in circulation.

Market Cap = Current Price x Circulating Supply

For example, if each unit of a cryptocurrency is being traded at $10.00, and the circulating supply is equal to 50,000,000 coins, the market capitalization for this cryptocurrency would be $500,000,000.

While the market cap may offer some insights about the size and performance of a company or cryptocurrency project, it is important to note that it is not the same as money inflow. So, it does not represent how much money is in the market. This is a common misconception because the calculation of market cap is directly dependent on price, but in fact, a relatively small variation in price may affect the market cap significantly.

Considering the previous example, a few millions of dollars could potentially pump the cryptocurrency price from $10.00 to $15.00, which would cause the market cap to increase from $500,000,000 to $750,000,000. However, this doesn’t mean there was an inflow of $250,000,000 in the market. Actually, the amount of money needed to cause such an increase in price is dependent on volume and liquidity, which are distinct but related concepts. While volume relates to the number of assets exchanged within a certain period, liquidity is basically the degree to which the asset can be quickly bought or sold without causing too much impact on the price. 

Simply put, a high-volume and liquid market cannot be easily manipulated because there are many orders in the order book and possibly a big volume of orders within the different ranges of price. This would result in a less volatile market, meaning that a whale would need a lot of money to significantly manipulate the price.  In contrast, a thin order book of a low-volume market could be easily over passed with a relatively small amount of money, causing a significant impact on both the price and market cap.

Boomers spreading fake news

We have all received WhatsApp messages in our family groups that are usually forwarded by the older members of our family claiming that coronavirus is caused by eating non vegetarian foods or banging utensils generates positive energy that destroys coronavirus and other such absurd things. Of course these are examples of fake news and are recognized as such, easily by a millennial or Gen z but not so by our parents, uncles, aunts or the boomer generation.

Study: Older Republicans Likelier To Spread Fake News On Facebook 01/11/2019
Older people more likely to spread fake news

The dynamics between age and misinformation are being studied by various researchers in the field of communication. In fact several studies have found that adults over the age of 65 are more likely to fall for fake news than younger adults. Studies in Princeton and NYU found that older people do spread fake news, but they were not the source. Them being late adopters of technology and new to internet and social media might be one of the reasons that they are gullible and believe anything they see on the internet.

Researches should further attempt to find out as to why boomers fall to fake news and look for solutions to curb the spread of misinformation. It’s time that Facebook, Whastapp, Twitter and other social media platforms should carry out their own research and take effective measures. Meanwhile, it is up to us to make sure that older adults are not sharing fake news. We should provide them with sources through which they can fact check what they have shared. We should teach them how to identify and flag a fake message.

Our older generation helped us make sense of the real world and now it is up to us to guide them through the virtual world.

Artificial Intelligence in Legal Process Outsourcing

Will AI be the next big disruption in the Legal Scenario amidst COVID 19 crisis?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a simulation of human intelligence programmed in computers to mimic human thinking and actions. Whereas, Legal Process Outsourcing (LPO) is process in which legal firms, publishing or corporate houses hire an onshore or offshore legal firm or a legal service provider company for their in-house legal works which are voluminous, reiterating, taxing and routine.

AI is the new buzzword which is slowly permeating the Indian Legal System. It is expected to have a significant impact by solving the major problem of “access to justice” in the system by mitigating the problem of inability to secure legal representation by vast majority of individuals and businesses. It will reduce costs and time involved in high-volume low-value work resulting in cheaper services.

Traditional law firm model is no longer aligned with customer expectation, hence, demand for law firm services are flat while that of legal services is still increasing. Lately, the legal industry has started to recognize the fact that technology shall be preferred over labour arbitrage. Legal expertise clubbed with process management and technology is essential for effective delivery of legal services. AI will enable firms providing LPO services to make best of everything by incorporating latest technology. It can be used in reviewing and standardizing documents, due diligence, transactional practices, cross-border contract drafting, judgement prediction, risk assessment etc. It will help in improving quality, efficiency, accuracy and cost of work by streamlining its workforce, saving money spent on providing salaries to such workforce and spending it on AI tools. It will save time spent on mundane, routine work so that lawyer’s role is limited to core functions that are beyond the scope of AI.

Legal Professionals believe that AI will replace their jobs resulting in large scale unemployment, however, it will only alter the way services are delivered by them, redefine tasks and functions as well as business models defining them. It is to be noted that it will only compress the case disposition time helping them improve client access and quality of legal solutions provided in optimum time. As rightly said by Michio Kaku, a noted theoretical physicist and futurist,

“The job market of the future will consist of those jobs that robots cannot perform.”

Michio Kaku, American theoritical physicist, futurist and popularizer of science.

Despite numerous advantages, AI is uncommon in the Indian Legal Industry as compared to other sectors and countries because it requires a comprehensive legal database which is in the nasent stages in the Indian Judicial Scenario. Another drawback is the integration of continuously developing information and digitalization of infotmation (i.e. feeding them into the system ) which is a time intensive process. Not only this, AI models have also failed to explain the outcomes predicted by it.

Every new technological idea has its pros and cons along with a section of people retaliating its implementation. What needs to be considered is whether a few disadvantages, some of which are difficult but not impossible to overcome in the current Indian Legal System, are sufficient to compromise with the greater benefits that AI has to offer in mitigating the key problem of “access to justice” in the Indian Legal Scenario.

The Chinese Invasion

The Covid-19 virus, the Ladakh standoff and the Indian Prime Minister’s stress on self-reliance have led to multiple calls for the boycotting of Chinese products and the Asian country in its entirety. With the government announcing a 20 lakh crore package and Sonam Wangchuk detailing the various reasons to boycott Chinese products, the call for self-reliance has only gotten stronger.

The Make in India campaign has so far been unsuccessful in fulfilling the vision that the BJP led Indian government had set out to accomplish. However, it was a step in the right direction as the much-needed impetus for the Indian economy. Yet a total boycott of a country and it’s products is not feasible for a country like India and will take time. The superior quality Chinese products at affordable pricing are what led to the invasion of Chinese products in almost all countries including India. The “Atmanirbhar Campaign” will act as a catalyst to the dwindling “Make in India Campaign” that has underperformed.

However, a total like to like replacement of the Chinese hardware and software will take a lot of time. The current Indian hardware and software fail to match up to the Chinese standards. Yet the Indian industries will fail to develop and mould itself quickly unless there is a surge in demand and a dire need to do so. Thus the exclusion of Chinese products is a necessity for the Indian industries to develop which in turn will lead to a creation of jobs that will serve the economy and aid in much faster growth.

Indian citizens have been quick to attack Chinese products and softwares from its creation of the, “Remove China Apps” app that removes Chinese applications installed in your phone. TikTok, a Chinese app that has 467 million Indian users has contributed substantially to the revenue generated by the Chinese application. Initially, Indian netizens had first attacked the Chinese application over a feud between a TikToker and a Youtuber which led to the app being downgraded to a 1.3 rating from its initial 4.9 ratings. However, Google was quick to remove all the recent one-star ratings from the application. With Google pulling down the recent 1-star ratings, Indians have started uninstalling TikTok along with other Chinese applications like UC Browser, CamScanner etc over the Ladakh feud and with Sonam Wangchuk leading the campaign to remove Chinese apps within a week and Chinese hardware in a year. India imports goods worth more than 50 billion dollars from China in contrast to a miserly 2.5 billion dollars in exports to China.

If India proceeds with putting a halt to the Chinese invasion in its market, India would suffer from a paucity with regard to capital goods, machinery, electricals, chemicals to go along with intermediate and consumer goods. India’s heavy reliance on China makes it difficult to put an end to imports cold turkey. India should focus on a gradual decline in imports while developing a sustainable infrastructure for the production of goods in their own country. A sound infrastructure and production in India will give a major boost that India is in desperate need of. India can then finally be independent and their over-reliance on FDI can diminish.

What is a VPN, and why you need it?

VPN stands for Virtual Private Network. It is a network that enables you to establish an authentic connection with another system utilizing the internet. People use VPN to get access to those websites that are restricted based on regions. It gives you privacy in browsing in case you are operating on a public internet connection.Internet-Protocol-Virtual-Private-Networks1

VPN networks have become widely famous for all convenient reasons; however, the original purpose of creating a VPN network was to build connections for business-related work securely on the internet. VPN was designed for the convenience of people who access a business network by sitting at their homes.VPNs allow you to use the local area network and even those sites that are banned as per censorship safely and securely by transferring all your networking traffic to the leading internet network.

 In simpler terms, VPN helps to connect your device (PC, Mobile, smartphone) to another device (called the server), which has an internet connection. It enables you to access all the content which you usually cannot do by disguising your identity. You can also search for the list of recommended VPN providers here. Let us look at the top 4 reasons for why you must have a VPN network which is discussed below:

1.      It helps in keeping your identity secure in public

You must have become tempted at getting access to free Wifi while going out for a coffee or if you have checked in to a hotel. However, there are specific problems associated with using public Wifi. First is that your data is unencrypted. Anyone can access that. Secondly, with the help of the router, any malware can enter your device. Thirdly, it can be a trap for phishing where you must have come across a fake internet connection.  

But if you have installed have come a VPN, then you can overcome all the problems mentioned above. In short, it allows you to access the internet freely in a secure way.

2.      It helps in saving money while shopping online

Have you ever come across different prices for the same commodity while shopping online using various online shopping sites? Well, you must have experienced this for so many products such as shoes, cars, or any other merchandise. The prices may vary as per countries also.

Not surprisingly, it must be very irritating for a potential customer. Hence, one can switch to VPN servers for every chance until one come across the lowest price for an item. It can be a difficult task for some people but then if it saving you some amount of money, perhaps it’s worth the effort.

3.      It enhances the gaming speed while playing online

Generally, the rate of the internet while playing games online using Internet Service Provider becomes slow due to choking of gaming data. But you can tackle this issue using a VPN by disguising the truth that you are playing online games.

However, you have to be sure that the VPN service which you are utilizing is present in a remote area and can handle the internet load. Or else, you may get into problems related to speed issues and bandwidth of the internet.

4.      It enables you to perform research on sensitive topics without any intrusion

There are various types of studies going on, but some of them are considered to be “sensitive.” It can be streaming online censored movies or video clips or any other content which can catch people’s attention.

Also, if you are doing online business and want to have a fair idea about the activities of your rivals, then you can use VPN to keep all your events private, which will prevent your competitors from identifying you.

Therefore, a VPN helps to protect you from being under observation. We always recommend you to select a server that is present at a safe and distant location.


These are merely some of the benefits that you can avail of using the VPN network, but the list doesn’t end here. There are a plethora of advantages such as secure voice chat online, proper encryption of your data, saving money while booking flights, and many more. So, if you are worried about getting tracked online, then you must think of opting for a VPN as soon as possible.

International Journal of Research (IJR)

International Journal of Research (IJR) serves as a forum for academics, policy makers and health care managers and professionals to communicate and discuss issues from the perspective of health economics and policy. This journal publishes rigorous empirical, analytical, and methodological research using advanced economic and policy analysis techniques applied to compelling topics in health research.376.jpg

Send papers for publication in International Journal of Research (IJR)

How to Submit Papers


Scope of Publication

The topics related to this journal include but are not limited to:

•Medical Economics
•Behavioral Economics
•Mental Health Economics
•Asymmetric Information
•Barriers To Entry
•Healthcare Markets
•Health Administration
•Health Policy Analysis
•Philosophy Of Healthcare
•Health Care Reform
•Health Crisis
•Health Insurance
•Health Promotion
•Health Law
•Public Health Law
•Quaternary Prevention
•Two-Tier Health Care
•Universal Health Care
•Unnecessary Health Care
•Vaccination Policy