Lucknow – The City of Nawab


Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh. It is also known as the City of Nawab. It has been listed as the 17th fastest growing city in India and 74th in the world. It is situated on the bank of river Gomti. Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula is known as the Creator of this city. This city is known as the centre of Urdu poetry and courtly diction and reached its zenith during the reign of Wajid Ali Shah who was the expert of music and poetry. Lucknow has always been a multicultural city that flourished as a North Indian Culture and artistic hub. It was the seat of power of Nawabs in the 18th and 19th century. It continues to be an important centre of governance administration, education, commerce, design and tourism etc. It was bounded on the east by Barabanki, on the west by Raibarelli and in the north by Sitapur and Hardoi. Lucknow along with Agra and Varanasi is listed in the UP Heritage Arc, a chain of survey triangulation created by UP govt to boost tourism.


Historically, Lucknow was the capital of the Awadh region controlled by the Delhi Sultanate and later the Mughal Empire. It was transferred to the nawabs of Awadh. Lucknow also claims that this is one of the most ancient Hindus states with rich cultural heritage and monuments. Its original name was Lakhimpur or Laxmanpur because it was gifted to Lakshman bother of Lord Rama after their period of exile from the forest. In 1856, The British East India Company abolished local rule and took complete control of the city along with the rest of Awadh and in 1857, transferred it to the British Raj. It got independent in 1947 along with whole India. It got its title City of Nawabs after the reign of the third Nawab when Lucknow became their capital. It was best remembered for extra emergence and redefined culture and lifestyle. Here, you will found a mix of Hindu – Muslim culture which is known as “Ganga-Jamuni Tehzeeb

Climate and Geographical Touch

In Lucknow, you will find humid subtropical climate with cool, dry winters from mid-November to February and dry hot summers with sunshine from March mid – May. Fog is quite common from mid – December to late January. As earlier, it was mention that Lucknow was situated in the bank of river Gomti. The city surrounded by rural town and villages. 

Famous Festival 

Lucknow Festival: This is one of the most popular festivals celebrated in Lucknow during November – December. This festival is celebrated for ten days and it mainly showcases the culture, heritage, arts and cuisines of people of this state. Other common festivals celebrated in Lucknow include – HoliDiwali and Dussehra.

Famous Places for Visit

Lucknow’s buildings show different styles of architecture with the many iconic buildings built during the British and Mughal Era. The UP Tourism Department organizes a “Heritage Walk” for tourists covering the popular monuments. 

Husainabad Clock Tower

Kaiserbagh Palace of Complex

National Botanical Research Institute

State Museum Zoo

Hussainabad Imambara

Shah Najaf Imambara