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Lucknow – The City of Nawab

Introduction

Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh. It is also known as the City of Nawab. It has been listed as the 17th fastest growing city in India and 74th in the world. It is situated on the bank of river Gomti. Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula is known as the Creator of this city. This city is known as the centre of Urdu poetry and courtly diction and reached its zenith during the reign of Wajid Ali Shah who was the expert of music and poetry. Lucknow has always been a multicultural city that flourished as a North Indian Culture and artistic hub. It was the seat of power of Nawabs in the 18th and 19th century. It continues to be an important centre of governance administration, education, commerce, design and tourism etc. It was bounded on the east by Barabanki, on the west by Raibarelli and in the north by Sitapur and Hardoi. Lucknow along with Agra and Varanasi is listed in the UP Heritage Arc, a chain of survey triangulation created by UP govt to boost tourism.

History

Historically, Lucknow was the capital of the Awadh region controlled by the Delhi Sultanate and later the Mughal Empire. It was transferred to the nawabs of Awadh. Lucknow also claims that this is one of the most ancient Hindus states with rich cultural heritage and monuments. Its original name was Lakhimpur or Laxmanpur because it was gifted to Lakshman bother of Lord Rama after their period of exile from the forest. In 1856, The British East India Company abolished local rule and took complete control of the city along with the rest of Awadh and in 1857, transferred it to the British Raj. It got independent in 1947 along with whole India. It got its title City of Nawabs after the reign of the third Nawab when Lucknow became their capital. It was best remembered for extra emergence and redefined culture and lifestyle. Here, you will found a mix of Hindu – Muslim culture which is known as “Ganga-Jamuni Tehzeeb

Climate and Geographical Touch

In Lucknow, you will find humid subtropical climate with cool, dry winters from mid-November to February and dry hot summers with sunshine from March mid – May. Fog is quite common from mid – December to late January. As earlier, it was mention that Lucknow was situated in the bank of river Gomti. The city surrounded by rural town and villages. 

Famous Festival 

Lucknow Festival: This is one of the most popular festivals celebrated in Lucknow during November – December. This festival is celebrated for ten days and it mainly showcases the culture, heritage, arts and cuisines of people of this state. Other common festivals celebrated in Lucknow include – HoliDiwali and Dussehra.

Famous Places for Visit

Lucknow’s buildings show different styles of architecture with the many iconic buildings built during the British and Mughal Era. The UP Tourism Department organizes a “Heritage Walk” for tourists covering the popular monuments. 

Husainabad Clock Tower

Kaiserbagh Palace of Complex

National Botanical Research Institute

State Museum Zoo

Hussainabad Imambara

Shah Najaf Imambara

“Jhumka” – BAREILLY

Bareilly gets its famed jewellery ‘JHUMKA’

Jhumka ‘mila’ Re

BAREILLY : Bareilly city of Uttar Pradesh shot to fame when Asha Bhosle rendered “Jhumka gira re, Bareilly ke bazaar mein” in noted Hindi movie Mera Saaya (1966) , Late bollywood actress Sadhna preformed an attractive dance. In order to commemmorate it, a “Jhumka” of 14 feet high has been erected in Bareilly at Naitonal Highway number 24.

Actress Sadhna performance on song “jhumka gire re” in film Saaya

Bareilly has finally got its much-awaited “jhumka” when Union Minister and local MP Santosh Gangwar unveiled a 14-feet high replica at the zero point on national highway. The jhumka that weighs over 200 kilograms was intalled in the Parsakhera area and is embedded with colourful stones and decorated by the city’s famous ‘zari’ embroidery. The ‘Jhumka’ weighing over 2 quintals and studded with colourful stones has been suspended from a pole. Officials said the project has cost the BDA around Rs 18 lakh — Rs 8 lakh for the jhumka and Rs 10 lakh for the beautification of the landscape surrounding the main structure.

“The location was chosen to ensure that the first thing that catches your attention on entering Bareilly, if you are coming from New Delhi, is this fabled ornament,” said a senior Bareilly Development Authority (BDA) official.The official added that the jhumka gives the city its own distinct identity. BDA, meanwhile, conceived the project of installing a jhumka as an attraction for the tourists visiting the city.

The entire structure is surrounded by a rotary in such a manner that it give its surrounding area a landscape view. The silver-golden coloured ‘jhumka’ made up of multi-coloured stones embedded with ‘minakari’, an art form colouring and ornamenting the surface of metals by fusing over it brilliant colours that are decorated in an intricate design.

Although there is no connection between the city and the piece of jewellery. The city, also, had no speciality in making or selling ‘jhumkas’. But, it just got famous topic due to the song over 54 years.

Inaugurating the jhumka, Union Minister Santosh Gangwar said: “The collaborative effort made by the authority, various organisations and local residents in setting up of the ambitious jhumka in Bareilly is commendable. It looks beautiful and unique. Visitors will finally be able to associate the landmark jhumka in Bareilly with the evergreen song.”

The idea was first thought of 30 years ago, but could not be completed due to lack of funds. However, BDA Vice-President, found an alternative and discussed the idea with several eminent persons. BDA vice-chairperson Divya Mittal said: “The jhumka has been delayed for some unavoidable reasons. The beautiful project is a collaborative effort among Rohilkhand Medical College, Bareilly International University and few other organisations, and local residents, who helped the BDA with funds in giving the shape to the ambitious project that would be considered a landmark.”

The iconic jhumka is set to become the ideal location for tourists and those who love ‘jhumkas’ .So, next time you are on a visit to Bareilly you know the ideal place to get yourself clicked or take a selfie.

GIS Business with ISSN no. 1430-3663

GIS Business with ISSN no. 1430-3663 is UGC Approved journal with J. no. 27917. Indexing and archives of GIS Business journal is at Journal Archives and Website of GIS Business is gisbusiness.org

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