Dairy farming is a class of agriculture for long-term production of milk, which is processedfor eventual sale of a fairy product.Dairy production has come a long way since the days of milking by hand. These days, machines are used to help the farmer milk several cows at once.The plant which processes milk and produces milk products are called dairy plant or dairy.
Commercial dairy farms are typically one-species enterprises. Dairy farms typically consist of high producing dairy cows. But some species used in commercial dairy farming include goats,sheeps and camels. In Italy, donkey dairies are also used. The dairy farmers would fill barrels with milk bring it to market on a wagon and sell it for money.
Dairy farming has been part of agriculture for thousands of years.Large scale dairy farming is only viable where either a large amount of milk is required for production of more durable dairy products such as cheese, butter, etc. milk preservation methods: Cool temperature has been the main method.Ice banks were the first type of bulk milk cooler. plate heat exchanger (PHE),This device utilizes a number of specially designed stainless steel plates with small spaces between them.
MILKING MACHINE: It is also known as milking pipeline,This uses a permanent milk-return pipe and a second vacuum pipe that encircles the barn. The milking device shrank in size and weight to the point where it could hang under the cow, held up only by the sucking force on the cow’s udder.The pipelines allowed barn length to keep increasing and expanding.
There is a great deal of variation in the pattern of dairy production worldwide. but, The milking of cows was traditionally a labor-intensive operation and still is in less developed countries.Worldwide, the largest cow milk producer is the United States, the largest cow milk exported in New zealand ,and the largest importer is china. India become largest milk producer and dairy farming in world by sharing 17% of total.
- The products of dairy is
- Butter. Butter and butter blends.
- Cheese. Natural and processed cheese products.
- Cultured Dairy. Yogurt, cottage cheese, sour cream, dips and other cultured dairy foods.
- Frozen Desserts. …
- Ice Cream/Novelties. …
- Milk. …
- Non-Dairy Beverages. …
- Whey, Milk Powder.