All posts by shubhankaragarwal

I am a political science student from Delhi University who has a keen interest in writing.

Social Networking In Schools: Good or Bad!!

There’s no denying that, ever since social networks and social media made way into our lives, everything is different. Beginning with the way we socialize, interact, plan for parties or even how often we go out. We won’t go into a debate regarding the ethical aspects of the way Social Media is influencing our lives. Instead, this article proposes to focus on the numerous ways in which social media is changing the way the education system works.

Starting from elementary school up until university graduation, social media has the role to empower parents, students and teachers to use new ways of sharing information and build a community. Statistics show that 96% of the students that have internet access are using at least one social network. What’s even more extraordinary is that, even though some of the students use the social networks for entertaining and other purposes, there are a lot of them that actually use it to promote a lot of positive and useful activities. From finding a summer internship, promoting a success story about how to win the student-loan battle or collaborate on international projects, everything is made possible.

When it comes to social media, schools tend to adopt different positions. It’s a general consensus that they’re useful when it comes to sharing information or organizing the school tasks. And at the same time, the social networking is blamed for the lack of attention in students during classes. But an increasing trend of adopting social media in school is starting to show. And since students already devote a lot of time for social media and connecting with others outside school hours, why not do it during school as well?

It’s a matter of practicability, really, because it makes perfect sense to use the online universe to communicate with your students since they’re already there most of the time. There’s no need for another case study about the usage of social media in schools. You simply need to walk through the hallways of any school or college to see kids of all ages totally immersed in their smartphones. Browsing their news feed, sharing photos on Instagram or sending Snapchat messages has become a part of their daily routine.

The benefits of social media in the education process doesn’t have to stop at the teacher-student relationship. There are a lot of other benefits that can be extracted from the use of social networking at higher levels as well. For example, principals or administrators can find a new way to integrate social media. Like sharing school news via social networks, holding online meeting with the parents or even starting fundraising for different projects.

And social media can quickly become the only channel of communication since we’re living fast-paced lives, parents are usually busy with work and cannot attend school meetings. But this doesn’t mean they shouldn’t be in touch with events or be able to check on their kids every once in awhile. Just like in every other field, communication is vital and if it can be done easily with the help of social media, why not go for it?

It may not be criteria just yet, but soon enough questions like ‘Does this school have a Facebook page?’ could become just as important as the things that parents are asking right now. Like, how well equipped the library is or what are the optional classes their child can be part of.

The bottom line is that social media is a big part of our day to day life and there’s no point of keeping it away from the education process. School, college and university staff should be encouraged to make use of technology for student and parent communication. This could easily turn into a argumentative essay topic in college. But the benefits are obvious, starting with healthier parent-teacher relationships and all the way to permanently changing the way our children will learn.

Refrences:-

https://www.researchgate.net

How do dirty business tactics work??!!

Since time immemorial, the functioning impetus of every business venture has been to sell a series of services and material commodities for the purposes of attaining several consistent revenue yields – which are subsequently translated into profits with the deduction of all production & delivery expenses (overheads). Modernity, with its systematic consolidation of free market capitalism as the allegedly ‘best’ mode of economic administration and distribution, only sought to entrench this fundamental commercial principle further within the lives of ordinary people – a trend that may be analyzed in full through a Spectrum Packages Internet subscription.

But the post-enlightenment societal reformations (with the bulk of these advances accrued inside the initially Eurocentric western world, and subsequently exported from there to the east) also brought with them their fair share of deplorable business practices – many of which continue to be implemented within official circles to this day.

These include such deplorable practices as:

  • Price monopolization/fixing & dumping (once regularly engaged in by the Chinese),
  • The sale of illicit health substances in the black market (for instantaneous profits),
  • Arms manufacture and civilian ‘gun enfranchisement’ (an issue of particular concern inside the U.S),
  • Account auditing discrepancies (to hide certain revenue streams through the employment of misleading statistics/reports),
  • Outright instances of commercial blackmail (which are oftentimes pursued in elaborate public lawsuits once uncovered).

All businesses aim to grow both vertically (inside their own industrial niches) as well as horizontally (traversing through other product/service domains), in an effort to become the dominant commercial players within their targeted consumer populations.

Based on this consideration, and on account of the difficulty that is oftentimes experienced when trying to expand one’s commercial interests by adhering strictly to legal & standardized norms of procedure, it is not hard to understand why some key organizational officials (including a certain faction of the venerated ‘higher ups’ who operate from behind the curtain) may choose to resort to such inglorious practices from time to time.

In order to catch business officials red-handed in the act of carrying out a dirty business tactic, it first becomes important to understand how they operate. Every industrial setting has its own working dynamics. These can be exploited in a number of ingenious ways by individuals who have no qualms about compromising on their integrity for a quick dollar. It is sometimes argued, in both lay and professional management circles, that all people tend to eventually find an unspoken work-ease balance in their careers. According to this self-adopted working agreement, they only bother to satisfy their everyday working requirements – so everything looks good on paper.

Every business is interested in gaining as large a share of the consumer marketplace as possible. With that said, few are eager to launch a product that definitively cancels the need for making any further purchases. For this reason, many companies manufacture their products with intrinsic hardware ‘glitches’. These willful flaws cause them to become redundant and obsolete after a certain period of time has elapsed. This timeframe, furthermore, usually corresponds with the launch of a newer model of the same product line. Apple’s example is sufficient to illustrate this point in a real-world context. The recent launch of the company’s wildly popular iPhone 11 and X devices was accompanied by widespread reports of the noticeably reduced battery times of older iPhone models.

Similar to the shady tactic discussed above, this strategy sees companies making product manufacturing decisions that make them prone to repairs work after a certain time-period elapses. In addition to introducing noticeable hardware defects in this manner, the same commercial entities attempt to dissuade third-party repairers (through both legal & informal coercive measures) from carrying out remedial work on their malfunctioning products. It need not be said that many companies, including Apple, have been repeatedly found to be involved in this conscious malpractice.

Refrences:-

https://www.boredpanda.com

Do curfews really help adolescents out of trouble!!!

A curfew should, in theory, reduce juvenile crime rates. After all, if a teenager is kept at home, what can go wrong? This has been noticed that teens with no curfew were committing crimes late at night or early morning such as 1 or 2 a.m. Are the parents at home worrying about them or is it they do not give their teens a curfew which could “help” keep them out of trouble? Teens having curfews is a good idea but at the same time, an unreasonable curfew can lead kids to believe their parents do not trust them and they may even try to sneak out of the house. In this case, parents don’t know where their teens are, when they’ll be home, who they are with or if they are in trouble.

Setting a curfew can be good but instead of the curfew being set at exactly 11 pm, it would be better to set a curfew between 10:30 – 11:00 pm especially if the teen is driving. This gives them some lenient time to get home so they do not risk getting a speeding ticket or worse, into an accident. We know that teens sometimes wait until the last minute to leave to go home. Teens may require a little extra time if roads conditions are bad, need to drive others home, or stop for gas so the car is not empty for our parents the next morning, etc. There are many reasons for delays.

Most teens have cell phones today, and if a teen is going to be late, they should call their parents and inform them instead of rushing. This is just common courtesy and shows respect. Even parents call each other or their teen if they are going to be late picking them up or getting home. If a teen does call to say they are running late, the parent should not over react or become too angry or next time your teen might try to rush home and might not ever make it home. How would you feel then?

A curfew develops values within a teen. It instills responsibility and awareness amongst teenagers. If a teenage values the curfew law that means he/she understands the importance of it and its effect on society. The curfew law is enforced to keep teenager’s parents out of court arguing and saving money from the wrongdoing of their child. Studies show that 93% of cities that currently enforce a curfew law believe it is effective. The law also helps out cops because they are less apt to worry about children participating in troublesome late night events in the case that their parents are not strict and do not abide by their own curfew laws. Curfews are heavily effective within cities and states that value them. The law is a progressive sign in society that keeps teenagers out of trouble and is for the betterment of their life.

Over the past decade, juvenile crimes have been on the rise in many regions around the world. These have been attributed to an increase in drug abuse, media influences and negative peer pressure among the youth. As such, laws have been enacted to deter the youth from getting into trouble. In addition, parents have been advised to set curfews in order to restrict their children’s activities during certain hours of the day and night. Arguably, curfews help in the reduction of juvenile crime and victimization. However, opponents of this fact argue that curfews deny teenagers their civil rights.

In as much as curfews may not seem effective in deterring juvenile delinquency, they have played a pivotal role in fostering responsibility, respect for boundaries and effective time management among the youth. They ensure that teenagers understand what is expected of them and the consequences of noncompliance to those expectations.

Similarly, parents have obligations to ensure the safety and health of their children. However, they cannot monitor and supervise their children’s activities every hour of the day. Setting curfews gives parents an opportunity to establish a trusting relationship with their children. As a result, parents are able to know where their children are, with whom and at what time to expect them back home. Despite what the teenagers do with their free time, implementation of curfews lessens their likelihood of getting into trouble. This is because they are afraid of the repercussions associated with breaking the curfew. In the long-run, curfews play a significant role in deterring teenagers from getting into trouble. Simply put; the benefits of curfews as a deterrent mechanism far outweigh the costs.

Curfews make a significant impact on teenagers’ behaviors. They help parents to monitor their children’s activities and minimize the likelihood of teenagers getting into trouble. While some may argue that curfews are ineffective in the prevention of juvenile delinquency, there is supporting evidence that indicate otherwise.

Refrences:-

http://www.scmp.com

Internet Access must be limited to students!!!

Nowadays, we are being surrounded by different enhancement in our environment and daily living. We are already in the 21st century in which all that we need is accessible and easy to use which is why we are being dependent. We already experienced the advancement of technology wherein it helps us to make our daily living easy to deal with. Talking about technology enhancement, let’s have this as our focus: internet access. Internet is very important today because most of the transactions can be found and accessed through internet. It is important in the sense that we can easily get relevant information needed in our works. It is important especially to those students. With its help, it will help them to get things done.

Technology has advanced drastically in schools.  So much, in fact, that students of all grades are able to use laptops in class.  However, with these advancements comes with a price.  Limiting the access to other internet for students has become a necessity for three reasons.  For starters, unlimited internet will allow the student to become unfocused with their studies.  Another reason is to limit students ability to cyber-bully other studnts.  Lastly, we need to limit the internet’s rated R content.  Students cannot succeed in their studies if we don’t take action on their access to the internet.

In the real world, young adults’ attention span has decreased, while their attention to the cyber world has increased due to social media, such as Facebook and Twitter.  These sites are so popular that even Elementary students have an account.  In this predicament, all students are so glued to their accounts, that they message their friend who are either right next to them, or in another class.  When taking tests, they could use messager to cheat or they could use the popular search engine called Google.  Another internet site that greatly grabs peoples’ attention is YouTube.  While in study hall, where students should be studying for upcoming tests, they are watching videos.  If we can limit their access to the internet, or even turning it off during tests, could increase the students’ attention in school and possibly help them achieve better grades.

Bullying has been around for many years with many different forms. Typically bullying is verbal or physical; but now bullies have been known to use the internet in hopes to not get caught.  If we can limit their access to the internet, then they will be less prone to use it in ways to harm others.  Limited access could also minimize cyber trauma, or cyber rumors among students. 

Also, hackers could be stopped, at least at school, from trying their dastardly deed in stealing other student’s account.  With limited internet access, students who get bullied can have some piece of mind while at school. The world wide web offers a lot to anyone in need of searching for something for research purposes.  However, those purposes could be very inappropriate.  It has been known that some students have looked up pornography during class or in the restroom.  Those who are desparate enough to find love, have even joined online dating sites and started chatting with older men/women.  Unlimited access could give the opportunity to access violent, murderous content.  These three examples of rated R internet content are very strong reasons, especially in the eye of a parent, to limit their access.

In our generation today, with the involvement of technology specifically the internet; it should be limited in access to students. It should be and will always be limited especially those prohibited sites which are not suitable for young children or students because it might affect how they interpret our society. Internet access should have limited access to students because there are some contents and sites in the internet which exposed pornography contents wherein it might affect their development especially how they think. It will actually lead them to do negative activities which can cause negativity to the society. They should have only access to relevant information which will help their needs in school.

The Internet needs to be limited for the students if we are to continue with the schools’ reputation as a safe, educational place.  Students’ attention would be more focused on their studies and not worrying about what’s going on in the social media world.  Kids would be less teased/hacked online.  Also, they would be less tempted to look up extremely inappropriate content on the internet.  We can’t say for certain of what the kids will or won’t do outside of school, but at least there is one big place in their lives that won’t tolerate the bad internet behavior.

Refrences:-

Welcome!

How can students add up to the social movement for nature’s safety???

Why should we protect nature? Earth is our home and we have to love it. In earth are things humans needed but they destroy them and never worry about it. “Many animals are in extinction because of earth destruction.” Animals are disappearing since people don’t save nature. “Flora and fauna is destroying because we don’t take care of it.” Flora and fauna hurt because of all the damages we have done to it. “Global warming is happening over and over but no one think about it.” (Protecting the home we lice in) Global warming is occurring all over earth but we don’t care about it. All this is happening because we never worry about our home and its problems. All of us don’t save the beautiful paradise god gave us.

Biodiversity is a problem for scientists and it makes flora and fauna be affected”. All humans makes biodiversity destroy and also make flora and fauna start disappearing. Biodiversity is important to all plants and animals but we destroy so, plants and animals die. We start destroying one thing of nature and everything starts to destroy gradually. We never worry about destroying one little thing of our environment because we never think how things can start disappearing. Biodiversity, it’s needed by flora and fauna but while humans destroy it, flora and fauna also destroys. We don’t realise that we also need biodiversity. We are affecting the food chains.

“Global warming also makes disease spread all over many countries so many people die. It makes increase the intensity of heat waves and cause hurricanes or tornadoes.” Global warming makes diseases spread through out the world and kill many animals. It also affects heat so animals start dying because they don’t adapt to the environment, plants and humans, too. Global warming has many effects in humans and in nature. The diseases and heat make nature destroy little by little and also make some geographic accidents like hurricanes or tornadoes. All the diseases damage all living things and some times all nature. This is one of the biggest reason of climate change.

“It also happens because we waste water.” We also waste water in things we don’t really need and global warming starts advancing. Water is important but we don’t realize the importance and waste it always. People never take care of the things they need and that only nature can give them. All humans need water but everyone ignores that and starts wasting it in silly things. We ignore the things we need for surviving specially water and we don’t realize that ignorance all of us have.

We should protect nature because we destroy our home and other’s home. Earth is our home and we have love it and caring it. If we take care of it, nothing will be damage and many people, animals , and plants could live better . Global warming and extinction will not happen when we worry about earth and take care of it. Flora and fauna will not be destroy and disappear forever. Anything will be contaminated and we will not die soon and suffer any bad disease. We will have the best home ever and will be beautiful. Nature help us a lot in things we need like water and food but by destroying nature all that things will disappear and we could die or starve .

Things we can do to protect the nature:-

  1. Engage in environment saftey movemets.
  2. Spread as much awareness as you can.
  3. Everyone should realise that it is the need of the hour.
  4. Plant trees, don’t waste water and electricity.
  5. Start home composting.
  6. Start small gardens at home.

Refrences:-

https://brainly.in

Alcohol usage should be controlled or not?

Alcohol has been used in human societies at least since the beginning of recorded history, and throughout this time, humans have also been arguing about its merits and demerits. The debate still simmers today, with a lively back-and-forth over whether alcohol is good or bad for you. The consensus is that alcohol is both a tonic and a poison. Although moderate drinking seems to be good for the heart and circulatory system, and probably protects against type 2 diabetes and gallstones, heavy drinking is, unfortunately, a major cause of preventable death in most countries. Alcohol affects the body in many different ways. It affects not just the drinkers themselves, but may touch their families, friends, and communities, often involving violence and accidents.

However with increasing globalization, there has also been increased acceptance and use of alcohol, which has now achieved serious ramifications. There is, therefore, an urgent need for reduction in the demand of alcohol, both legal and illegal, which may otherwise lead to numerous health, family, and societal consequences. Similar to the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, 1985, in India, which provides the current framework for drug abuse control and sale in this country, there need to be similar provisions for the distribution and use of alcohol.

However, legal control is yet lacking with a lack of consensus among clinicians on the harms and rates of dependence. There is a perception that the rates of conversion and the clinical course of alcohol dependence are different when compared to other legally controlled drugs like opium. The last reason is what can be corrected through systematic clinical studies, which till date have not been carried out.

When an individual’s drinking causes distress or harm, that’s called an alcohol use disorder. An estimated 10% of adult men and 5% of adult women have an alcohol use disorder. Their use of alcohol leads to health problems or troubles at home, at work, at school, or with the law. Many of them have lost control of their drinking; they are unable to stop or cut down despite serious negative health consequences and the loss of valued activities or relationships.

Heavy drinking can seriously damage the liver, stomach, heart, brain, and nervous system. It also increases the risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, larynx (voice box), and esophagus. Women who drink heavily are at higher risk of developing breast cancer and osteoporosis. In addition, people who drink heavily may not eat adequately, so they may develop vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

Although there are many risks to drinking alcohol, there also may be some benefits of moderate drinking. That means no more than two drinks a day for men and no more than one drink a day for women. Moderate drinking appears to lower the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other circulatory diseases. There is evidence that a small amount of alcohol can boost levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), the beneficial cholesterol in your blood, as well as reduce the formation of plaque in blood vessels.

How to control Alcohol consumption:-

The different approaches work for different people and various addiction types. Some people may be able to quit and never have a drop of alcohol for the rest of their lives. They may be the type where even a glass of wine every now and again could trigger them to return to drinking heavily. If you recognize yourself as that kind of drinker, it’s important to know yourself and your weaknesses.

But for others, drinking in moderation can be effective at curbing addictive behaviors to alcohol. Many people cut down on their alcohol intake without medical or therapeutic help, although it is advisable to discuss your alcohol intake with your family doctor before trying to change it. It can be dangerous to quit without adequate medical support, due to any withdrawal or mental health symptoms that may occur as you transition into recovery. If you feel that avoiding alcohol completely is not for you, you do have other options. Some people can get control over their drinking and drink safer levels of alcohol without having to quit entirely.

Refrences:-

http://www.health.harvard.edu

http://www.healthline.com

Do doctors turn their patients into drug addicts!!!

In a culture of quick and easy fixes, prescription medication has become synonymous with “wellness.”The problem of overprescribing medication is rampant in America and pharmaceutical drug overdoses are now one of the leading causes of death in the nation.However, mega-prescribing is much more than just a reflection of this cultural mantra.

While we value convenience and easy fixes, systemic processes can also lead to overprescribing. Although prescription drugs are necessary and lifesaving in many circumstances, the correlation between prescription drugs and prescription drug addiction is undeniable. And the adverse effects are becoming increasingly apparent.

Stats:-

The numbers are staggering and The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has now officially labeled prescription drug abuse as an epidemic. According to CDC data, the percent of people taking at least one prescription drug increased by 50 percent between the years of 2007 and 2010.According to CDC data, the percent of people taking at least one prescription drug increased by 50 percent between the years of 2007 and 2010. And researchers from the Mayo Clinic, a non-profit medical research center, report that over 20 percent of Americans now take five or more prescription drugs.

So, who’s to blame for overprescribing? Are doctors too heavy on the prescription pad? Are big pharmaceutical companies holding the pen? Or, are we too ingrained into a culture of quick fixes? Truthfully, everyone plays a role in this complex issue.

Many would argue that prescription pads have almost replaced the roles of therapeutic doctors. It’s as if healing and sobriety are no longer factors. Although commonsense lifestyle changes and non-drug treatment may alleviate conditions such as insomnia or simple abdominal pain, there are doctors who rely solely on prescribing drugs to treat patients.

In an almost ironic twist, this may lead to drug cascading, which is the process of prescribing one drug to treat the symptoms caused by another drug. In essence, doctors are prescribing drugs to treat symptoms of prescribed drugs, which may or may not have been necessary in the first place. Along with drug cascading, doctors are also being criticized for succumbing to the “business” of healthcare rather than the practice. In other words, they increasingly represent a professional front for the billion-dollar drug industry instead of focusing on wellness .

Specifications:-

  • Opioid prescriptions increased from 76 million in 1991 to an astounding 207 million in 2013.
  • The National Survey on Drug Use and Health reports 4 out of 5 current heroin addicts began using after abusing prescribed opioids.
  • Overdosing on opioids like OxyContin and hydrocodone has spiked dramatically in recent years. Not surprisingly, many experts directly attribute this rise to overprescribing.

This problem of overprescribing opioids—and, according to other research, failing to warn patients about the risks of dependence and overdose—isn’t unique to emergency doctors. Physicians in other specialties, like internal medicine and primary care, prescribe even more opioids. More research is needed to develop guidelines for safe and effective treatment of pain with opioids. The results also highlight the potential dangers of opioids for anyone prescribed them.

No matter how you feel about prescription drug culture or our current healthcare system, it’s important to understand that you are ultimately in control of the decisions made regarding your health.

Perform research, seek second-opinions and always be discerning when taking a drug that’s designed to affect your mind and body. The more you know, the better off you’ll be to make informed and beneficial .

And one more thing; never give doctors, pharmaceutical companies or cultural trends the power to make healthcare decisions for you. You’re in charge of your sobriety; your questions, concerns and reactions are valid. Let your voice be heard.

Refrences:-

http://www.drugabuse.gov

How to manage bullies and take actions against bullying at educational institutions…..

Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Both kids who are bullied and who bully others may have serious, lasting problems. Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose. In some way or the other almost everyone of us has undergone bullying. A major question to be asked is that, Due to what reasons do people bully?

Bullying is of various kinds such as verbal, social, and physical bullying. And now another dimension is added to the list called cyber bullying. Bullying can occur during or after school hours. While most reported bullying happens in the school building, a significant percentage also happens in places like on the playground or the bus. It can also happen travelling to or from school, in the youth’s neighborhood, or on the Internet.

Verbal Bullying:- It means writing and saying mean things about someone. It may include, teasing, name calling, inappropriate sexual comments, taunting, and threatening to cause harm.

Social Bullying:- It is also known as relational bullying, it means hurting someone’s reputation or relationships. It may include, leaving someone out on purpose, telling other children not to be friends with someone, spreading rumors about someone, and embarrassing someone in public.

Physical Bullying:- It means hurting a person’s body or possessions. It may include, hitting, kicking, pinching, spitting, tripping, pushing, taking or breaking someone’s things, and making mean or rude hand gestures.

Cyber Bullying:- It is bullying using electronic means. It is also know as online bullying. It has become increasingly common, especially among teenagers, as the digital sphere has expanded and technology has advanced.

Effects of Bullying:-

Bullying can affect everyone—those who are bullied, those who bully, and those who witness bullying. Bullying is linked to many negative outcomes including impacts on mental health, substance use, and suicide. It is important to talk to kids to determine whether bullying—or something else—is a concern. Kids who are bullied can experience negative physical, school, and mental health issues. Kids who are bullied are more likely to experience:

  • Depression and anxiety, increased feelings of sadness and loneliness, changes in sleep and eating patterns, and loss of interest in activities they used to enjoy. These issues may persist into adulthood.
  • Health complaints
  • Decreased academic achievement—GPA and standardized test scores—and school participation. They are more likely to miss, skip, or drop out of school.

A very small number of bullied children might retaliate through extremely violent measures. In 12 of 15 school shooting cases in the 1990s, the shooters had a history of being bullied.

How to manage Bullies:-

  1. Tell your parents or someone you trust about the bullying. Tell your parents the entire thing, they will surely help.
  2. Report bullying and victimization incidents to the school authorities or complain committee.
  3. Talk openly about bullying and don’t be afraid to speak up.
  4. Avoid bullies wherever you are and feel good about yourself.
  5. If someone is bullying you, don’t bully them back. Always stand tall and have composure.

How to take actions against Bullying:-

  1. Establishing an Internal Complains Committee (ICC) in every institution.
  2. Speaking up against bullying.
  3. Stay with people you trust. Avoid those places with higher risks.
  4. Getting help. Remaining quit will not help. Report as soon as possible.

Hence, bullying is wrong and will not stop. It is us who needs to stand strong against bullying, because those who judge will never understand, and those who understand will never judge.

Refrences:- http://www.stopbullying.gov

Phenomenon of Dreams: why do we dream???

Since the earliest of recorded histories, people have theorized about the function and meaning of dreams. Answers came largely from the spirit world until Aristotle and Plato developed the drive related hypothesis that was later expanded on by the European psychoanalysts of the 19th and 20th centuries. This hypothesis defines dreaming as a way to act out unconscious desires in a safe or “unreal” setting, presumably because to do so in reality would be unacceptable or even detrimental. But even in the 21st century we still are not sure why we dream. The only way to study dreams is to ask the dreamer. However, one thing we know for sure is that dreaming is something that the vast majority of humans do every night of their lives.

Those desires of ours which are hidden and present in our subconscious mind, and when we sleep they come to forefront as dreams. Sigmund Frued, the father of psychology, gave the psychodynamic theory of psychoanalysis. He used a theory known as dream interpretation in which a person has to write his/her dreams as soon as he/she wakes up. Every dream we watch is having a meaning. There are various websites which shows the correct meaning of the dreams we watch. Sometimes, the meaning is so different that we remain shocked. It is also said that what we think mostly, we watch things related to it in our dreams.

By contrast, Freud regarded dreams as a royal road to the unconscious; dream interpretation has thus been an important psychoanalytic technique. His theory of dreams mainly refers to two key points: (a) what are the materials of a dream? and (b) how do these materials work together? The answers to these questions are closely related to an understanding of dream interpretation.

Sometimes it is seen that people use the phrases ‘fulfilling our dreams’ and ‘fulfilling our aims’ in the same context. But these two terms are very much different from each other. Aim is something in which we intend to do something or achieve something. It’s a kind of goal we intend to achieve. Dream is something which we see or experience in the form of pictures or events, stored in our unconscious mind, while we are asleep.

One of the most common dream we all must have seen is that ‘we suddenly fall in our dreams’ and we wake up. This is the dream we watch when we are anxious about something, or tensed about something. In spite of our attempts to demystify the phenomenon of dreaming, human beings simply have not yet come close to answering the question “Why do we dream?” According to Jim Pagel, MD, Director of the Sleep Disorders Center of Southern Colorado, “If dreaming has an actual function, it really supports why we spend a third of our lives sleeping.” 

Men and women dream differently:-

Researchers have found some differences between men and women when it comes to the content of their dreams. In several studies, men reported dreaming about weapons significantly more often than women did, while women dreamed about references to clothing more often than men. Another study showed that men’s dreams tend to have more aggressive content and physical activity, while women’s dreams contain more rejection and exclusion, as well as more conversation than physical activity. Women tend to have slightly longer dreams that feature more characters. When it comes to the characters that typically appear in dreams, men dream about other men twice as often as they do about women, while women tend to dream about both sexes equally.

Hence, dreams are something which we all see and it is with the help of dreams that we can track various psychological disorders also. Dreams also wide opens the doors of unconscious to us…. .

Refrences:-

The Dream Dictionary :- dreamdictionary.com

How obesity affects our health……

In simpler terms obesity is weight above what’s considered healthy, it is often measured using Body Mass Index (BMI). It is a disorder involving excessive body fat that increases the risk of health problems. The symptoms may include overweight, abdominal obesity and back pain. A term ‘Childhood Obesity ‘ is becoming more popular nowadays, it is nothing but a condition in which a child is significantly overweight for his/her age and height. The symptoms are same in most cases, overweight, abdominal obesity or shortness of breath.

Obesity also throws light on two psychological disorders called ‘Binge Eating’ and ‘ Bulimia Nervosa’. Binge eating is something in which a person has to eat in really small intervals of time, let’s say, a person eats large amount of food in every hour or so and take it out immediately by the method of purging. Where as bulimia nervosa is a disorder in which a person intakes large quantities of food at small intervals but not purging. Hence, these to disorders also results in obesity. If a person is suffering from these disorders, he/she is giving signs of anxiety, depression and other depressive disorders.

Some solutions to remove obesity:-

1. Eating more fruits, vegetables, nuts and whole grains.

2. Exercising moderately for at least 30 minutes a day.

3. Cutting down consumption on fatty and sugary foods.

4. Using vegetable- based oils rather than animal- based fats.

Obesity should be prevented because the longer a person is obese, the more significant obesity-related risk factors become. Given the chronic diseases and conditions associated with obesity and the fact that obesity is hard to treat, prevention is extremely important. This puts the person at high risks of diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and various heart diseases. Preventing obesity in adults involves regular physical activity, a decrease in saturated fat intake, a decrease in sugar consumption, and an increase in fruit and vegetable consumption. In addition, family and healthcare professional involvement may help to maintain a healthy weight.

Some basic things we can do for the self treatment of obesity are consuming fewer calories, making healthy food choices, doing more exercises and getting monitoring weight may help reduce body mass. Other things we can do is seeking medical care. Getting advice on nutrition and exercise, finding out weight loss medications that might help, and disussing weight loss surgery.

Many factors play an important role in the development of obesity. Genetic traits can increase the risk in some people. A healthful diet that contains plenty of fresh food, together with regular exercise, will definitely reduce the risk of obesity in most people. However, those that have a genetic predisposition may find it harder to maintain a healthy weight.

It is rightly said by doctors and other professionals that obesity comes with various other diseases also,that have been already mentioned. It is really very important for everyone to be healthy and keep their intake healthy. After all we are doing this all for ourselves and no one else will take care of this issue.

Refrences:- http://www.healthcare.com