Phenomenon of Dreams: why do we dream???

Since the earliest of recorded histories, people have theorized about the function and meaning of dreams. Answers came largely from the spirit world until Aristotle and Plato developed the drive related hypothesis that was later expanded on by the European psychoanalysts of the 19th and 20th centuries. This hypothesis defines dreaming as a way to act out unconscious desires in a safe or “unreal” setting, presumably because to do so in reality would be unacceptable or even detrimental. But even in the 21st century we still are not sure why we dream. The only way to study dreams is to ask the dreamer. However, one thing we know for sure is that dreaming is something that the vast majority of humans do every night of their lives.

Those desires of ours which are hidden and present in our subconscious mind, and when we sleep they come to forefront as dreams. Sigmund Frued, the father of psychology, gave the psychodynamic theory of psychoanalysis. He used a theory known as dream interpretation in which a person has to write his/her dreams as soon as he/she wakes up. Every dream we watch is having a meaning. There are various websites which shows the correct meaning of the dreams we watch. Sometimes, the meaning is so different that we remain shocked. It is also said that what we think mostly, we watch things related to it in our dreams.

By contrast, Freud regarded dreams as a royal road to the unconscious; dream interpretation has thus been an important psychoanalytic technique. His theory of dreams mainly refers to two key points: (a) what are the materials of a dream? and (b) how do these materials work together? The answers to these questions are closely related to an understanding of dream interpretation.

Sometimes it is seen that people use the phrases ‘fulfilling our dreams’ and ‘fulfilling our aims’ in the same context. But these two terms are very much different from each other. Aim is something in which we intend to do something or achieve something. It’s a kind of goal we intend to achieve. Dream is something which we see or experience in the form of pictures or events, stored in our unconscious mind, while we are asleep.

One of the most common dream we all must have seen is that ‘we suddenly fall in our dreams’ and we wake up. This is the dream we watch when we are anxious about something, or tensed about something. In spite of our attempts to demystify the phenomenon of dreaming, human beings simply have not yet come close to answering the question “Why do we dream?” According to Jim Pagel, MD, Director of the Sleep Disorders Center of Southern Colorado, “If dreaming has an actual function, it really supports why we spend a third of our lives sleeping.” 

Men and women dream differently:-

Researchers have found some differences between men and women when it comes to the content of their dreams. In several studies, men reported dreaming about weapons significantly more often than women did, while women dreamed about references to clothing more often than men. Another study showed that men’s dreams tend to have more aggressive content and physical activity, while women’s dreams contain more rejection and exclusion, as well as more conversation than physical activity. Women tend to have slightly longer dreams that feature more characters. When it comes to the characters that typically appear in dreams, men dream about other men twice as often as they do about women, while women tend to dream about both sexes equally.

Hence, dreams are something which we all see and it is with the help of dreams that we can track various psychological disorders also. Dreams also wide opens the doors of unconscious to us…. .


The Dream Dictionary :-