-By Shivam Pathak
In the heart of China lies a palace, which astounds every person who sees it for once. To Chinese it is known as Zijin Cheng and to others it is known as The Forbidden City. The Forbidden City stands in the capital of China, Beijing,
enchanting its onlookers with its great ad majestic look. It served as the royal residence of twenty-four great emperors
of China from both Ming and Qing Dynasty.
For over five hundred years it was a ceremonial and political centre of the Chinese Government. It entails nine hundred and eighty buildings in total, each with a distinctive and magnificent
appearance. The foundation of a transcendental palace like this, which gives stiff competition to the great palaces of Europe, was set by the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty in the year of 1420.
The construction of the palace took
fourteen years and was finally completed in 1420. The Forbidden City witnessed almost every major historic event of China be it World War first, World War Second, Civil war in China, and Cultural Revolution in China etc. In 1860 during the second Opium War (war of the British Empire and the French Empire against the Qing Dynasty of China) Anglo-French forces took the Command of the
Palace and occupied it till the end of the war (which was ended in the favor of the British and the French Empire.
In 1912 The Forbidden City was ceased being the political seat of China following the abdication of the last Emperor of China, Puyi. Later in the year of 1949 with the establishment of the People’s Republic of China , the Forbidden City faced several damages as the country was in revolutionary zeal. After this in the year of 1925, the Forbidden City came under the supervision of the Palace
Apart from all this, if we peruse the palace’s architecture we will find that the palace outlines philosophical and religious elements through traditional
Chinese architecture and above all symbolizes the grandeur of the bygone monarchy of China. The Forbidden was
listed as the World Heritage Site in 1987. Today it receives visitors from different nations and islands across the world.
-By Shivam Pathak
The Dubdi Monastery is situated on a hill top surrounded by a green forest. It is an ideal place for lamas to seek meditation in seclusion. In the year of 1701 the Chogyar Namgyal established this monastery of Dubdi, at Yuksom, Sikkim. Dubdi is an important part of of Buddhist religious pilgrimage circuit, which also entails Norbugang Chorten, Pemayangtse Monastery, Rabdentse ruins, Sanga Choeling Monastery, Khecheopalri Lake and Tashiding Monastery.
The monastery was also known as the Hermit’s Cell. The founder of the Monestry was Lhatsun Namkha Jigme, who came a long way from Tibet along with two other. Who in the year of 1642 crowned the first King, named Phuntsog
Namgyal,of Sikkim at Norbugang Yuksom.
In short we can say that the Dubdin Monastery played a pivotal role in the
founding of the State of Sikkim. The aesthetic outlook and quietness of the monastery adds a distinct setting. Its
beauty has a certain attraction in it. It has also been observed as the first and oldest monastery of Sikkim. The statues of three lamas who were the founders of Yuksom are also an integral part of the monastery.
Apart from this, the Monastery has a sophisticated painted interior along with visuals of divinities, saints, and other pious symbols. The monastery also involves a collection of rare manuscripts and ritual texts. Today many Buddhist
pilgrims visit this monastery in order to meditate and achieve nirvana in its quiet surroundings.
-By Shivam Pathak
The Drottningholm Palace is one of the Sweden’s famous Royal Palaces, which has a sensation of distinctiveness. In cold winters of Sweden its beauty gets enhance. It was constructed in the late 16th century. The palace had accommodated the Swedish royal court during summer season, for most of the 18th century. In the year of 1580 the palace was constructed by John III of Sweden for his beloved wife, Queen Catherine Jagellon.
In the year of 1661, a year after Queen Dowager Regent Hedwig Eleonora’s role as queen of Sweden was ended, she
purchased the castle. But later on the same year in the month of December the palace was burned to ashes. After this incident Hedwig Eleonora summoned an architect, named Nicodemus Tessin the Elder, to reconstruct the castle. In 1662, the work of reconstruction began in the
year of 1662. During the reconstruction of the palace Eleonora died, in 1681.
After the demise of Eleonora, Her son Nicodemus Tessin the Younger continued her work and completed the elaborate interior designs. The reconstruction of the palace was finally completed in the year of 1686.
Even after this, in the past four-hundred years, the palace and its grounds had undergone several renovations, changes and additions. In the year of 1991 the
UNESCO listed this palace as a world heritage site. Today this palace is one of the prime tourist destinations in Sweden.
-By Shivam Pathak
The Temple of Heaven is one of the renowned tourists’ destinations in China. It is an imperial complex which entails several religious structures. It is popular across the world for its aesthetic and majestic setting. The temple had listed many great personalities including the Emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties. In yore times this temple
complex was a central part of annual ceremonies associated with the prayer to Heaven for good harvest. Today it is
located in the southeastern part of central Beijing, China.
The temple complex was erected under the reign of the Yongle Emperor of Ming Dynasty, who had also constructed the biggest palace of China, named as
Forbidden City, ever known to the world.
The construction of the palace took in total fourteen years, and was completed in the year of 1420. With the passage of time the temple complex was expanded in the 16th century under the reign of the emperor Jiajing (12th emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Apart from this temple there are some other prominent temples, like- the Temple of the Sun in the east, the Temple of Earth in the north, and the Temple of Moon in the west, which by are commissioned by the emperor Jiajing. The Temple of Heaven had also undergone several renovations under the reign of Qianlong Emperor, in the 18th century. The architecture of this temple outlines philosophical elements in its appearance.
In the year of 1998, the Temple of Heaven was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage. Up to this day many people
around the globe come to visit this place in order to behold the beauty of this masterpiece.
-By Shivam Pathak
One of the prime destinations for tourists in Oman is the Nizwa Fort. Its remarkable beauty and majestic setting is the major attraction for tourists in the country. It is situated about hundred and sixty-five kilometers from the capital of
Oman, Muscat. Its distinctive traditional architecture is rather satisfying for the senses of its onlookers. Nizwa fort was constructed in the year of 1650 by Imam Sultan Bin Saif Al Ya’rubi, who ruled Oman from 1649 to 1679.
The fort took in total 12 years to be completed. To ensure a continues supply of water during long duration of besiegement, the fort was constructed above an underground stream. In yore times the structure was a centre of administration for the presiding Imams and Walis. The major part of the fort is its big drum-like tower, which entails turret, secret shafts, false doors, wells, and narrow twisty staircase secured by a heavy wooden door covered with metal spikes, which makes the whole establishment an ultimate stronghold against any attack.
These elements of the fort make it a good example of defense and architectural deception. In addition to this, the fort is also a major landmark of Oman’s long glorious history and its tumulus times. Therefore, it won’t be wrong to remark this fort as one of the great productions of human civilization on this planet.
–By Shivam Pathak
Bahla Fort stands in the heart of Oman as a witness of Oman’s long glorious history. Its age old aesthetic and majestic look is the prime attraction for tourists in the
country. The fort was built somewhere in between 12th Century and 15th Century. The area of the Bahla Fort was formerly dominated by the Banu Nebhan tribe. The fort had been built by unbaked bricks, and stones. The entire structure of the Bahla Fort is divided into three main parts from inside. The remnants of this old beauty exemplified the bygone grandeur and splendor of the Banu Nebhan tribe. The fort has also undergone various renovations, in order to gain its former glory. It was listed as a world heritage site by UNESCO in the year of 1987. In addition to this, the structure of the fort is also one of the remarkable examples of an age old water engineering skills, used by the former inhabitants for agricultural and domestic
purposes. One of the prime structures under this whole establishment is the Friday Mosque, which is adjacent to
the Fort. These two structures ultimately give the whole setting of the fort a sort of sophisticated and magnificent appearance. Up to this day a lot of tourists across the globe come to behold the splendor of this remarkable piece of
–By Shivam Pathak
In the long list of Poland’s prime destinations for tourists the Krakow Barbican has a very important place. Its
architectural beauty is very impressive. Basically it is a fortified military outpost which was in yore times was once linked to the city walls. The Krakow has in total four stories. It is made up of brick and stone. The whole structure includes a large circular tower, an interior open space, and seven watch towers.
The structure has a lot of significance in terms of historical perspective because the gateway leads into the Old Town of Krakow (the bygone capital of Poland), Poland. The structure was constructed in the year of 1498.Today many exhibitions are placed here. It is one of the few surviving remnants of an old sophisticated network of fortifications that formerly surrounded the royal city of Krakow.
Its architecture outlines the elements of Gothic-style barbican. At present the Krakow Barbican is under the protection and supervision of the Historical Museum of the City of Kraków. Apart from this, the Krakow Barbican is one of the only three surviving fortified outposts in Europe. Krakow had also witnessed a lot of wars, such as- the war of 1587, the war of 1655, the war of 1657, and the Polish–Russian War of 1792. The Krakow Barbican is a must seen establishment, so whenever you travel to Poland please visit this site, who knows its beauty would enrapture you too.
–By Shivam Pathak
Among the prime tourist destinations in Uzbekistan Chor Minor has an important place. It is also known as the Madrasah of Khalif Niyaz-kul. Its beauty and majestic look are quiet enchanting. In Persian language the name of the monument means “Four minarets”, which is in reality analogues to the building’s architecture of four towers. The Chor Minar has a lot of significance in terms of historical perspective because in yore times it was a gatehouse for a now-destroyed madrasa in the historic city of Bukhara, Uzbekistan. It is situated north-east of the Lyab-i Hauz complex. At present the Minar is under the protection and supervision of the govt. of Uzbekistan. The Minar has also been listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year of 1990. It was built by Khalif Niyaz-kul, an affluent Bukharan somewhere in 19th Century. It is also believed that the Minar complex was also served as a ritual and a shelter place. Its delicate and sophisticated design is quiet impressive. One of the four towers collapsed due to an underground brook, in year of 1995. Exigency assistance was rendered by UNESCO under the World Heritage Fund. The collapse of the tower was rather
catastrophic for the whole structure of the Minar. Later consequently the entire structure of the Minar was destabilizing. Soon without any exposition the structure was vanished from the list of sights and later on reappeared as one of the most popular sights of the city (through the reconstruction of non-traditional materials) , yet the event
has been kept secret. Therefore whatever the situation was and is like, but this historic Minar has a certain place in everyone’s heart.
–By Shivam Pathak
British Raj in India was a pillar that stood on the pedestal of lies and trachery. The history furnishes plethora of accounts appertaining to this matter. In this article some famous art of treachery and lies of Britishers will be covered. Before moving forward it is very important for us to understand that a country which called itself civilized was in no way it considered itself during the British Raj in India. One of the most intriguing accounts was one when Britishers, during their initial days on the Indian soil, won over a rich Punjabi merchant of Calcutta named Amin Chand by fawning him in order to cement relations with his acquaintances ( it includes several Nawabs of Bengal). This in totality provided Britishers an opportunity of enjoying some sort of liberty under the nose of Nawab courtiers. As the time passed by, when Britishers faced the fury of Siraj-ud-daula’s (then the Nawab of Bengal) threat because of which the former arrested Amin Chand under suspicion, without whom they could never sat foot on Bengal’s soil. Second instance is more pathetic than the first one. After the death of Shuja-ud-daula, his son (the new Navab wazir of Oudh) Asaf-ud-daula was put under a heavy pressure of paying a largesome amount of money to the Britishers. When Asaf-ud-daula was extremely afflicted by the British austerities, he approached Warren Hastings and asked for compensation. Instead of getting compensation, Warren Hastings sowed the seed in his mind of robbing his own mother and another Begum of his father with her. After certain tactics, Begums were coerced to hand over their treasure, which today is worth of 12,00,000 Euro. Such was the greed of Britishers who corrupted a son’s mind to rob his own mother. The last in line was Britishers tactics of using the seal on which was engraved-” Fidvi-i-Khas Badsha-i-Delhi”(the special servant of the king of Delhi) till the year of 1942 though the emperor was a titular monarch, and the real power vested in British authority. In this article we are not providing other instances otherwise a full book is required. These three examples serve best to let people know that how civilized the Britishers were of that time, that they were not able to keep any promises and had no power of openly challenging the valour of Indians of that era.
The information used in this article is outsourced from Pandit Sunderlal’s book of four volumes “Bharat Mein Angrezi Raj”, which was originally written in Hindi but later translated into English.
-By Shivam Pathak
The Pakistan Monument is one of the best example Pakistan’s sophistications in terms of beauty and architecture. The monument is situated in Islamabad,
Pakistan. It is a heritage museum come national monument. The construction of this monument was commenced in the
year of 2004. After three years the construction of this monument was completed in the year of 2007.
the monument stands as one of the prime destinations for tourists in the country. The elevation of the monument makes it conspicuous from the far distance. The monument stands in the heart of Pakistan as an epitome of the unity of Pakistani people. The architecture of the monument outlines rich Mughal architecture elements of the Subcontinent in its appearance.
The shape of the monument is like a petal, which is an integral part of the traditional muqarnas (a form of ornamented vaulting in Islamic architecture) of Mughal architecture. Its seven petals symbolizes a particular proportion of the country of Pakistan, like- its four large petals delineate the nations’ major four cultures -Punjabi, Balochi, Sindhi and Pakhtun, and the other petals which are a bit smaller than the former represents the nations’ minorities- Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan. Thus together form the state of Pakistan.
As stated before, the monument also entails a museum, which narrates the history of the creation of Pakistan. Therefore it won’t be wrong to remark that the beauty of this monument is rather competent in enrapturing anyone,
who sees it.