All posts by muraliganesh3709

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Print media : Its credibility and future in India

The print media is known for its accuracy, credibility, and balance, and fairness. Unfortunately, in accordance with an audit bureau of circulation (ABC), India has bucked the global trend of declining readership of print media.

Print media has always performed well in India. There are two main reasons for it – the primacy of the written word and the home delivery of the newspaper. The reason newspapers in their physical form started declining in the west is that volition was involved you have to go to a newsstand and buy a copy. In India, we get it at our doorstep.

Television has ceased to be the source of the news. Newspapers are direct beneficiaries of the crisis in news content on television. It, however, has to be said that even in the more developed markets, newspapers have always been the source of the news. This can be due to the rise of literacy and urbanization in the country in recent decades.

But even the newspapers in India are failing paltry in maintaining some equilibrium in maintaining perceptions between the news and readers. Politics and entertainment have the initial -page news always covered due to meet the reader’s interests and tastes. While the assembly chaos and the anniversaries of celebrities take over the earliest page by storm, the water crisis, drought or the death of farmers occupy the subsequent pages.

While most of the revenue of the newspapers comes from its classifieds and advertisements, it has been a mouthpiece or a puppet in the hands of corporate or some political agencies. So, the credibility and the accuracy of the newspapers are being questioned by the civilians and citizens of the country.

Print media had played a crucial role in revolting against the Britishers and there had been many newspapers that publicly fought against the English regime. Mahatma Gandhi started newspapers like Harijan and Indian opinion in English and used it as a political tool, and he meant journalism means to serve people.

During the period of emergency, the press was subjected to censorship and it was not allowed to write against the regime. It was because of this main reason Indira Gandhi lost her elections badly following the emergency. And that was the impact and power of print media in shaping democracy.

Print media effectively reached people and evoked the sense of nationalism and made masses to plunge in the freedom struggle. It has been a revolutionary evolution and buried the gap of communication with aid of tangible assets for instance newspapers, magazines, and letters.

It can have a deep imprint on people’s minds and can influence shaping their minds and hold fair opinions over an issue.

People choose newspapers over television and other forms of media because they will have a hard copy of records of news and facts. They can express their opinions through the news to editors, or through writing articles, etc. but the limitation of the print media is literacy and it has been the major backslash for the newspapers to reach in rural areas. But the rising literacy and awareness, the print is regaining its lost glory in India.

The Hindi newspapers like Dainik Jagran hold the first place in circulation and prominent in the Hindi belt of our country and feasibly largely due to the popularity amid the people and literacy. Following the Hindi newspapers, Tamil and Telugu newspapers occupy their places concerning circulations.

The 2019 general state elections and Lok Sabha elections have suppressed the growth of newspapers while compared to 2018. It had clearly provided the ground reports and the constituency developments through various surveys without any inclinations to the readers and helped them to choose their readers.

India is home to The Times of India, one of the oldest newspapers in the world, and the world’s largest circulated newspapers, but it is not English language newspapers that are pushing print press growth but non- English vernacular papers.

This leaves India in a unique situation, in which tv, digital, and newspaper are all developing at the same time, unlike in the rest of the countries where digital has blown out and other things of the water.

On the flip slide, traditional and regional newspapers have massive and engaged audiences and a steady income from sales and advertising but are held back from modernizing by legacy technology and outdated mindsets.

The print readers have also witnessed some big debates around issues concerning fake news and paid news. The I&B ministry even proposed stringent punishment for journalists disseminating “fake news”. However, the order was rolled back eventually.

Print media can save journalism in India and it has a greater responsibility and it can thrive in the future due to the rising literacy and urbanization and favorable factors provided in India. It can save readers from a lot of disruptions and can maintain equilibrium with regard to perceptions.             

Online education and its challenges in India during pandemic times :

E-learning or online education is now inevitable across the world due to the havoc created by Corona virus.  Not only education that is online, but work from home and online jobs are favored by most of firms and the associations to ensure the security of workers and employees.  E-learning or online education allows individual to learn and enjoy at their own relaxation through technologies and various applications.

In India, universities and many institutions have begun to teach students online, due to Covid-19.

But we must consider the education in the time of crisis as well as the challenges faced by students while studying online.

Online Education during COVID 19:

While there’s an upsurge of corona in India, it is safe to say that online courses would serve as alternatives that are better.  Children can learn from their homes and be familiar with online learning from their relaxation spaces.  There will be no risk of exposure to the virus within the home and children might miss the essence of standard education.

Any student who aspires to achieve any courses may apply around the world like Harvard, Stanford, IITs are beginning courses that are online as well as to help students.  Students may opt for their courses from their places and within a circumstance of time and are awarded certificates.  This will help them to create a resume for their own careers.

Challenges faced by parents and guardians:

Mainly parents disagree with the choice of providing online courses to their children, while there are a few parents who agree with online education.  Since they must devote their time while the little one begins to get familiar with electronic gadgets and the internet.  They are anxious about children using the internet and the access to all sorts of information.

Connectivity issues :

We know that villages are the backbone of our nation, the big part of villages lack the internet connection.  According to Abhiroop  Mukhopadhyay of all Indian statistical institute, argues 85% of college students who belong to urban households, likely to gain access will probably have access at home.  28 percent are likely to have internet access at home.

And in states like West Bengal, and Bihar, only 7-8 % of rural households have any internet access.

Absence of traditional education:

Online education can never replace conventional type of education, where children attempt to socialize with their peer groups which will help them in developing their abilities .They lack the ability to socialize with one another and also the delight of friendship.

Physical and mental health:

It might develop health complexities like anxiety-related troubles and mental strain.  Eye ailments might be developed by the exposure to the computer or electronic gadgets and children might find it difficult to get adjusted from conventional kind of education to online education. Spending all the time studying and not having access to physical education, their physical and mental health may get upset.

Extra fees being charged by private institutions :

Colleges and many private educational institutions have begun putting burden on the parents from the name of online education and they have been charging extra fees for conducting the courses in parts of the nation.  This has been a burden on guardians and parents.