Pollution is one of the evils brought about by the growth of science and technology. The undesirable change in the properties of nature is called pollution. It harms the health and life of humans. The man is responsible for pollution by adding impurities into the air, water, and soil. By polluting air, we polluting our breath. Our health depends on the quality of the air we breathe. Factories and industries let out the smoke. Toxic gases found in the smoke that pollutes the air. The intake of polluted air causes diseases like lung cancer, asthma, and nervous disorders. Due to pollution, the ozone layer gets depleted. It results in an entry of harmful ultraviolet radiation into the earth causing diseases like skin cancer. water gets polluted when toxic and acidic wastes are disposed of into it. This will certainly contaminate water. These will cause diseases such as jaundice, typhoid, cholera, dysentery etc. Unpleasant and loud sounds which make discomfort is called Noise pollution. It will cause psychological tension, nervousness. Land pollution is caused by the accumulation of non-degradable pollutants such as plastics, polythene bags etc. And lead to lost its fertility.
The first and foremost step is to create awareness about the harmful effects of pollution. Factories should adopt strict pollution control measures. The use of non-conventional energy sources such as solar energy and wind energy should be encouraged. Bio-fertilizers must be used in agriculture. Deforestation should totally be stopped. Green plants are to be cultivated around the industries. This will ensure not only the reduction of noise pollution but also render fresh air. Unless some measures are taken to control pollution at its source, the pollutants will certainly pose a hazard to human health or threaten the efficiency of agricultural production. Pollution-free society will be the best legacy that we can hand down to posterity.