Tag Archives: pollution

“Can Volcanoes be beneficial for us?”

Population has seen a  great hike from last century and is still growing with a rapid speed. We the need for natural resources to feed, clean water to drink, clean air to breath and land to live are significantly decreasing. The waste production is also increasing as we are using most of plastic products and things made from them and just throwing them away. But also there is some other junk and waste which gets accumulated and takes time to decompose. We humans usually throw our day today waste in our bins or public bins as on the road side to keep our home and surrounding clean. Garbage truck then takes the garbage and throws it outside of the city area, away from humans. This has been a chain process of years of chain process and we have significantly accumulated a lot of trash . This has just piled up and is gathering most of our land for decomposing or just keeping it. Which is an issue as we do require much land for building homes, offices for work, and many more. Also it is not good for our environment too. 

So what could be the best option to do with these trash mountains? Well some scientist did come up with the option to dump most of this junk into volcanoes . But the question which arises is “that would it be beneficial and successful leaving no junk behind and thus saving us?”  Volcano consists of hot lava which is expected to come from the earth core. These are sources which help this lava and gases to escape the surface. The lava is considered to be hot and has 1700 degree celsius, hot enough to melt anything and absorb in it. So it could be considered a better option to throw all the junk and waste in it which would get dissolved in the heat and thus we can get rid of all the waste. 

The problem with this solution of getting rid of the waste using this way is to:

  1.  Find the presence of active volcanoes and their strength. Most of these are not present near mankind and we do need to spend a lot of research and resources to find these. 
  2. The other problem which could be an issue, is the presence of harmful gases which can cause health issues if any individual inhales them. 
  3. Also the problem or air pollution still remains, as we know lava is hot, it would be burning components when thrown inside it. This material consists of plastic bags, containers,cans, and various other waste materials which is enough to release carbon content in air and thus would be the reason for most harmful gases. 

“So it is a straight “No” to the idea of throwing into a volcano and getting rid of these. So what could be the better options for us to do. Most often it is advised to reuse most of the things which can be. But about others thinks which cannot be reused and sting while present near us. Research work and various technologies are being made to get rid of this kind of waste soon so as to save us from the lack of resources and thus build up a better future, seeking no waste in our surrounding rather beautiful views far Hill site and fresh and pure air all around”. 

We are finding it difficult to manage our waste.

Who is responsible for clearing Capital's garbage mountains ...
A garbage mound in New Delhi

Mountains of waste being generated as a by-product of economic development is taking a serious toll on the environment. Because of rapid urbanization, the country is looking at massive waste management challenge. Nearly 400 million urban residents in living in 8000 towns and cities produce 62 million tons (MT) of solid waste annualy. Out of 62MT, only 42 MT is collected and even out of 43 MT, only 11.9MT is recycled or treated and rest goes to landfill sites or garbage mounds.

Uncontrolled dumping, is the major waste disposal method in India, and is also a major source of disease. In Mumbai, 12% of total solid waste is burned either openly on the streets or in landfills, a practice that releases black carbon, dioxins and carcinogenic furans.

A CSE survey data shows that 70-80 percent of India’s wastewater ends up in water bodies. No proper sanitation facilities, frequent, uncontrolled discharge of wastewater and industrial discharges are the major causes of water-borne diseases, especially in India’s densely populated slum areas and ghettoes. Findings show that out of 816 municipal sewage treatment plants (STPs) listed across India only 522 work. So out of 62000 million liters of Sewage generated, only 18,883 gets treated and the rest is discharged into the water bodies.

Sewage water pollution - refused directly into water basins
Sewage being discharged into water bodies

According to State of India’s Environment 2019 data, the country also recorded a 56 % increase in hazardous-waste generating industries between 2009 and 2017. These industries are also not complying with rules and regulation set by the authorities. A recent joint study by The Associated Chambers of Commerce of India (ASSOCHAM) says that that nearly 74.6 lakh tons of hazardous waste is generated in India.

The lack of infrastructure for scientific disposal and recycling of hazardous waste has caused severe environmental damage. There are only 17 disposal facilities in India with both secured landfills and modern scientific incinerators. States like Karnataka, Kerala, Punjab and Orissa do not have safety regulations and infrastructure to safely recycle and dispose hazardous waste. Workers who collect hazardous waste are exposed to its dangerous chemical nature, resulting in them contracting severe diseases. They do not have modern equipment, are poorly trained and not paid well.

‘True Cost of Sanitation’, a report of economic cost of sanitation released in 2015, stated that India lost near 106.7 Billion from its GDP. Poor sanitation has impacts on the society and the economy. It causes fatal diseases and also gives rise to related losses in productivity due to sickness and increased healthcare costs from caring for the sick.

The Green Way

With the world going green, the automotive industry is remoulding itself to making the world a better planet by switching over from fuel to electric. Electric cars are a much better option with no emissions and thereby reducing air pollution drastically. In heavily populated countries like India and China, there is a grave need to reduce air pollution. Beijing and New Delhi are two of the most polluted cities in the World with regard to air quality index. Greener options like electric cars would pave the way to the global community having a better AQI.

With the introduction of electric cars and vehicles, the global community may have found a solution to the nagging problem. The West Bengal government and the Delhi government has already started introducing electric public buses into their fleet to meet the growing demand for buses and curb air pollution at the same time. During winter the AQI in some parts of West Bengal and New Delhi cross 500 and beyond which is hazardous and may lead to breathing problems and lung diseases. Governments around the world have recognised the need to keep the AQI in check. The Delhi government had introduced the odd and even scheme to reduce traffic and the AQI but it was not successful.

Tata Nexon EV, MG ZS EV, Hyundai Kona Electric, Tata Tigor EV, Mahindra e2o Plus, Audi e-tron are some of the electric cars which are available in India. Tata Tiago EV which is expected to launch in September 2020 is estimated to have a price of 5-7 lakhs which is quite affordable going by private car standards. Affordable pricing, an efficient car with proper service centres are some of the key aspects if E-Cars are to replace fuel-based cars.

Electric Totos are already plying in various cities around India. These Totos are energy efficient and helping curb the pollution contrary to those induced by other transport vehicles like Auto-Rickshaws and public buses. Affordable and comfortable, the public in India has gladly embraced the battery-operated Totos as a means of short-distance transport.

The Tesla electric cars are taking the automotive industry by storm. Economical, green and safe Tesla will be the leading carmaker in the years to come. Elon Musk has promised a $35,000 Tesla car which is approximately 25 lakh in Indian currency which is quite economical by global standards and the advanced features that a Tesla car offers.

The automotive industry is scampering to turn electric and grab the market share. Electric buses not only ensure the stoppage in unwanted emissions but also keeps private cars off the road by providing an economical alternative for travel. With the rising number of lung diseases in India, the government must slowly replace fuel-based cars with electric. Renewable energy to recharge the Ev’s would further ensure a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Electric vehicles are easier to maintain and charging the EV is cost-efficient too. Electric vehicles are quieter compared to fuel cars and is thus a pleasant driving experience contrary to other cars. Electric cars will be another way to fight and combat climate change. The many advantages of electric vehicles make the future for EV’s bright and more appealing.