Tag Archives: #internet


It is the promotion of a product, brand or service in order to attract more customers and increase the sales. It is a paid form of non-personal communication. It is a promotional tool. Advertising is done through newspapers, magazines, television, radio, outdoor advertising or direct mail, search results, blogs, social media, websites or text messages.


  1. Market analysis
  2. Selecting the advertising media
  3. Cost-benefit analysis
  4. Deciding the mode of advertisement
  5. Creating the actual advertisement



  1.  Awareness of the product available in the market
  2. Helps to find the best product

Seller and companies:

  1. Helps in increasing sales
  2. Helps  to know their competitors
  3. Makes ground for new product
  4. Creates goodwill of the company
  5. Customer loyalty
  6. Demand of the product increases


  1. Educates people
  2. Deals with social issues like child labor, liquor consumption, girl child killing, smoking, family planning education, etc


  1. Print advertisement
  2. Radio advertisement
  3. Television advertisement
  4. Internet advertisement


  1. Banner ads
  2. Interstitial ads
  3. Native ads
  4. Video ads
  5. Playable ads
  6. Ads and adjust


NIKE: Just Do It

  1. Print, television, internet
  2. Connects the customers on an emotional level

COKE: Share a Coke

  1. Print
  2. Encourages sharing


  1. Print
  2. Consumers recognize and appreciate honesty.

GOOGLE: Year in Search

  1. Internet
  2. Unites everyone and tells customers how much you care that they care

METRO TRAINS: Dumb Ways to Die

  1. Internet, radio
  2. Communicates a simple idea in a creative and memorable way

APPLE: Get a Mac

  1. Television
  2. Explain your product’s benefits in a relatable way so consumers are able to see themselves using it.


  1. Print
  2. Demonstrates how to combine humility, class, humor, and ultimately company pride in a message


  • From Viewpoint of Manufacturers:
    1. Increase in sales
    2. Supplementing Salesmanship
    3. Lower costs
    4. Greater dealer interest
    5. Quick turnover and smaller inventories
    6. Steady demand
  • From Viewpoint of Consumers:
    1. Improvement in quality
    2. Facility of purchasing
    3. Consumer’s surplus
    4. Education of consumers
  • From the Viewpoint of Middleman:
    1. Retail Price Maintenance becomes Possible
    2. Acts as a salesman
    3. Ensures quick sales
  • From the Viewpoint of Society:
    1. Change in motivation
    2. Sustaining the press
    3. Encouragement to artists
    4. Encouragement to research
    5. Glimpse of National life


  1. Deferred Revenue Expenditure
  2. Misrepresentation of facts
  3. Barriers to Entry
  4. Wastage of National Resources
  5. Consumer’s deficit
  6. Increased costs
  7. Product Proliferation
  8. Multiplication of needs


  • Internet Advertising is Huge
  • Internet Advertising is Targeted
  • Internet Adverting Enables Good Conversion Tracking
  • Internet Advertising has a Lower Entry-Level Fees
  • Internet Advertising can be Much Cheaper
  • Internet Advertising has Greater Range


  • Clutters
  • Privacy
  • Measurement problem
  • Surfing speed


False advertising is the use of false, misleading, or unproven information to advertise products to consumers. The advertising frequently does not disclose its source. Examples:

  • Photo bleaching
  • Omitting information
  • Hidden fees and surcharges
  • Manipulation of measurement units and standards
  • Fillers and oversized packaging
  • Misleading health claims
  • Comparative advertising
  • Manipulation of terms
  • Puffing
  • Incomplete comparison
  • Inconsistent comparison
  • Misleading illustrations
  • False coloring
  • Angel dusting
  • Guarantee without a remedy specified
  • Bait-and-switch


  • VW falsely advertised environmentally friendly diesel cars
  • Activia yogurt said it had special bacterial ingredients.
  • Red Bull said it could give you wings
  • A lawsuit alleged that Taco Bell was falsely advertising its beef.
  • Eclipse said its gum could kill germs
  • L’Oreal claimed its skincare products were clinically proven to boost genes.
  • Splenda said it was made from sugar
  • Hyundai and KIA over-advertised its cars’ horsepower
  • Definity eye cream re-touched a model in an anti-aging ad
  • Wal-Mart falsely advertised the price of Coke in New York


It is a crime which involves computer and a network and is also known as computer oriented crime. It involves the use of computer to illegal ends for activities like: committing fraud, trafficking in child pornography and intellectual property, stealing identities, or violating privacy. It especially involves internet. It is an attack on information of individuals, companies or government. In this digital age our virtual identities are very important elements to all of us. Cyber crime aims at hampering our virtual identities. The main problem with cyber crime is that it is of non local nature which means it can happen even from faraway places. Thus there is a problem in enforcement of law.  Internet offers criminals multiple hiding places in the real world as well as in the network itself. Cyber criminals leave clues as their location which makes them easy to track. It is required by the Internet Service Providers to store information on their customers’ transactions and to turn this information over on demand.


It involves various crimes. It involves breach of personal or corporate privacy, like: assaults on the integrity of information held in digital depositories and the use of illegally obtained digital information to blackmail a firm or individual. There is a growing crime of identity theft. There are transaction-based crimes such as fraud, trafficking in child pornography, digital piracy, money laundering, and counterfeiting. Criminals hide themselves in the anonymity provided by the internet. There are crimes which involve attempts to disrupt the actual workings of the Internet. These range from spam, hacking, and denial of service attacks against specific sites to acts of cyber terrorism—that is, the use of the Internet to cause public disturbances and even death.


In order to withdraw cash from ATM a person supplies a card and personal identification number. Criminals have developed means to intercept both the data on the card’s magnetic strip as well as the user’s PIN. In turn, the information is used to create fake cards that are then used to withdraw funds from the unsuspecting individual’s account. A particularly effective form of fraud has involved the use of ATM’s in shopping centers and convenience stores. These machines are free-standing and not physically part of a bank. Criminals can easily set up a machine that looks like a legitimate machine; instead of dispensing money, however, the machine gathers information on users and only tells them that the machine is out of order after they have typed in their PINs.


The possession of child pornography, defined here as images of children under age 18 engaged in sexual behavior, is illegal , but it remains a problem that has no easy solution. The Internet also provides pedophiles with an unprecedented opportunity to commit criminal acts through the use of “chat rooms” to identify and lure victims. In many countries, state authorities now pose as children in chat rooms; despite the widespread knowledge of this practice, pedophiles continue to make contact with these “children” in order to meet them “off-line.” That such a meeting invites a high risk of immediate arrest does not seem to deter pedophiles. It is because the Internet allows individual privacy to be breached that the authorities are able to capture pedophiles.


Cybersex trafficking is the transportation of victims and then the live streaming of coerced sexual acts and or rape on webcam. Victims are abducted, threatened, or deceived and transferred to ‘cybersex dens. The dens can be in any location where the cybersex traffickers have a computer, tablet, or phone with internet connection.  Perpetrators use social media networks, video conferences, dating pages, online chat rooms, apps, dark web sites, and other platforms.

There are many more computer oriented crimes all over the internet.


  1. Investigation
  2. Prevention
  3. Legislation
  4. Penalties
  5. Awareness
  6. Intelligence
  7. Diffusion of cyber crimes