Fundamental Duties

The basic obligations were introduced into the Indian Constitution by the 42nd Amendment. There are 11 basic obligations of Indian citizens written in accordance with the moral, ethical and cultural codes of conduct that people should follow. Duty is educational in nature and directs citizens to act in good faith and honor. Basic obligations essentially mean the moral obligations of all citizens of the country, and today in India 11 basics written in Part IVA of the Constitution to promote patriotism and strengthen India’s unity. I have a duty. Originally, India’s basic obligations were not part of the Indian Constitution, but were added by the Constitutional Amendments of Articles 42 and 86. The list of basic rights and obligations and the guiding principles of national policy are part of the Constitution of India, detailing the obligations and rights of the Indian people as well as the essential obligations of the state to the people. Just as all citizens have equal rights, there is also the same basic obligation to uphold other rights (as set forth in Article 21) and not infringe those rights. One cannot expect to enjoy all the privileges and freedoms under the law without fulfilling the basic obligations.

Detailed definition of basic obligations-

Basic obligations were established in 1976 by the Swaran Singh Commission, established by Indira Gandhi shortly after the declaration of a national emergency to study and amend the Constitution. Added. The committee was chaired by Sardar Swaran Singh, India’s longest-serving trade union minister. Based on his recommendations, the Government has incorporated several amendments to the Constitution, including the preamble up to the 42nd Amendment, which includes the basic obligations of the Indian Constitution. However, by the 86th Amendment in 2002, the original 10 duties were then increased to 11, under Article 51A, Part IVA of the Constitution of India.

The 10 fundamental duties are as follows:

1.To oblige with the Indian Constitution and respect the National Anthem and Flag 2.To cherish and follow the noble ideas that inspired the national struggle for freedom

3.To protect the integrity, sovereignty, and unity of India 4.To defend the country and perform national services if and when the country requires 5.To promote the spirit of harmony and brotherhood amongst all the people of India and renounce any practices that are derogatory to women 6.To cherish and preserve the rich national heritage of our composite culture 7.To protect and improve the natural environment including lakes, wildlife, rivers, forests, etc. 8.To develop scientific temper, humanism, and spirit of inquiry 9.To safeguard all public property 10.To strive towards excellence in all genres of individual and collective activities The 11th fundamental duty which was added to this list is: To provide opportunities for education to children between 614 years of age, and duty as parents to ensure that such opportunities are being awarded to their child. The 11 fundamental duties look at the crisis in Indian society and become a tool for straightening it out. They serve as a source of protection for the liberty of the people.

Need & Importance of Fundamental Duties-

In case there is a violation of fundamental duties, Article 51A of the Constitution categorizes it as contempt of the constitution which is punishable under the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971. It is easy to assume that constitutional duties are similar to the fundamental duties of the Indian citizen. The Indian Constitution provides a list of fundamental rights and duties to the citizens and lays down the State`s duties toward ensuring that these rights are protected and provided equally to everyone. These duties were drafted on the lines of moral, ethical, and cultural code of conduct which is to be followed by the people to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of our country. It also helps the government in maintaining proper governance and enabling the proper functioning of a democratic society.