Agroecology is the study of ecology processes applied to Agricultural production systems. Bringing ecological principles to bear can suggest new management approaches in agro-ecosystems. The field of agroecology is not associated with any one particular method of farming, whether it be organic, integrated, or conventional, intensive or extensive farming.
Agroecology is a holistic approach that foster to reconcile agriculture and local communities with natural processes for the common benefit of nature and livelihoods.Agroecology is inherently multidisciplinary, including sciences such as agronomy, ecology, environmental science, socialogy, economics, history and others. Agroecosystems studied may include: productivity, sustainability, stability and equilability.
Agroecological techniques played an important role in alleviating the food crisis in Cuba following the dissolution of soviet union.Cuban organoponics, part of Cuba’s urban agriculture, have been studied in terms of agroecology.
agroecology as a method for achieving food sovereignty. Agroecology has also been utilized by farmers to resist global agricultural development patterns associated with the green revolution.
The five FAO principles for agroecosystems are: 1) improving efficiency in the use of resources; 2) conserving, protecting and enhancing natural ecosystems; 3) protecting and improving rural livelihoods, equity and social well-being; 4) enhancing the resilience of people, communities and ecosystems; 5)recycle and reuse.