Category Archives: Science and Technology

Mining in space! And it’s not science fiction

Its 2020! Environmental damage is one of the biggest concerns the world has today. Melting glaciers, dying rivers, depleting ozone, species getting extinct, disappearing forests and a whole list of other events exploiting nature, it’s all here, with consequences clearly visible on the future of humanity.

World’s consumption is going to keep rising in the years to come and with the given deteriorating condition of natural resources which even if improves in the next coming decade (though hard to say that yet!),it will still be difficult to provide suitably for the increasing population.

So, will reducing the consumption help?

The arena of per person consumption is becoming wider and wider, which besides food and water covers fuel and electricity. Development around the world is going to be more digital based hence being more dependent on metals.

In short there is no sign of consumption getting reduced in any near future. One way is to go towards sustainable development by shifting towards consumption habits with less carbon footprint. Could space mining be the other way of saving the planet?

We have heard of asteroids, the space debris orbiting the sun. Our inner solar system is flooded with these objects also called minor planets. The good part is that they are a gold mine for various resources.

A single platinum rich asteroid contains more platinum than has been mined in the history of humanity and platinum group metals are used in almost every other good we use today.Worth trillions of dollars of diamonds and gold is believed to be floating in these objects there in space.

In fact gold first came from the meteor shower millions of years after the earth was formed.

No wonder why asteroid mining is set to become a billion-dollar industry and why companies are eager to explore this idea.

As fascinating as it seems it is no less practical when comes to implementation. There is a class of Near Earth Asteroids (NEA’S) which are easy to reach and extract and transport resources. Most of the NEA’s are even nearer than the moon.

But it is a whole process in itself to determine which asteroid to mine based on what mineral it might contain. Infrared telescopes and spectrometers are the light bouncing techniques which are used to detect the composition of an asteroid. Once this is done then comes the extraction part.

But metals are not the only reason for their mining. Asteroids hold abundant amount of water which when broken down into oxygen and hydrogen could be used as air to breathe and fuel for rockets on journey back home.

It may seem too unreal for now, not likely to happen anytime soon but this thing is gaining momentum fast. Companies like Planetary Resources and Deep Space Industries have started to make this plan sound like a completely achievable goal.

Asteroids- the low hanging fruits of space, as they are now being called, maybe are just waiting to be cultivated. A step like this could change the whole economics of earth with scarcity not much of an issue anymore!

The space might start to look more like a busy trade route and the diamond on your finger probably would have journeyed all the way from the stars. With this idea becoming reality, we could at least say goodbye to all mining exploitation on earth.


S-400 missile to China

The S-400 Triumf, previously known as the S-300PMU-3, is an anti-aircraft weapon system developed in the 1990s by Russia’s Almaz Central Design Bureau as an upgrade of the S-300 family. It has been in service with the Russian Armed Forces since 2007. Considered to be the most advanced missile defense system in the world, the S-400 ‘Triumf’ system is capable of destroying targets at a distance of up to 400 kilometers and a height of up to 30 kilometers.

In 2017, the S-400 was described by The Economist as “one of the best air-defense systems currently made”, and Siemon Wezeman of Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) said it “is among the most advanced air defense systems available.” China, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, India, and Qatar expressed their appreciation for the S-400 system, and China was the first foreign buyer to make a government-to-government deal with Russia in 2014.

Amid a global uproar against China – coronavirus, a military standoff with India, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and the South China Sea, US – in just the past six months, Moscow has now announced the suspension of S-400 surface-to-air missile systems to Beijing, with the resumption of deliveries yet to be ascertained.

Russia has announced the suspension of S-400 surface-to-air missile systems to China and said the resumption of further deliveries is yet to be ascertained. Citing Chinese newspaper Sohu, UAWire reported, “This time, Russia announced the postponement of the delivery of missiles for the Chinese S-400 system. To a certain extent, we can say that it is for the sake of China. Getting a gun is not as easy as signing an invoice after receiving a weapon.” “They say that the work on delivering these weapons is quite complicated. While China has to send personnel for training, Russia also needs to send a lot of technical personnel to put the weapons into service,” Sohu said.

Post-Russia’s announcement, China has reportedly said that Moscow was forced to make such a decision as it “is worried that the delivery of S-400 missiles at this time will affect the anti-pandemic actions of the People’s Liberation Army and does not want to cause trouble to China.” In 2018, China received the first batch of S-400 missile, a military-diplomatic source told Russia`s TASS news agency. Meanwhile, it should be noted that the suspension comes merely days after Russia had accused China of espionage, despite the two nations sharing considerably good relations over the years. This assertion had come up after Russian authorities had found the president of its St Petersburg Arctic Social Sciences Academy, Valery Mitko handing over classified material to the Chinese intelligence.

Rafael aircraft coming to India from France

The Dassault Rafale is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. Equipped with a wide range of weapons, the Rafale is intended to perform air supremacy, interdiction, aerial reconnaissance, ground support, in-depth strike, anti-ship strike, and nuclear deterrence missions. Many of the aircraft’s avionics and features, such as direct voice input, the RBE2 AA active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, were domestically developed and produced for the Rafale program. Originally scheduled to enter service in 1996, the Rafale suffered significant delays due to post-Cold War budget cuts and changes in priorities. The aircraft is available in three main variants: Rafale C single-seat land-based version, Rafale B twin-seat land-based version, and Rafale M single-seat carrier-based version.

The Rafale is being produced for both the French Air Force and for carrier-based operations in the French Navy. The Rafale has been marketed for export to several countries and was selected for purchase by the Indian Air Force, the Egyptian Air Force, and the Qatar Air Force.  Due to its great capabilities, the first batch of 5 raflaes arrives in India in two days.

On the one hand, when there are neighbors like China and on the other hand, when there are neighboring countries like Pakistan, India needs to work on both its army and the Indian Air Force. In such a situation, 5 Rafale aircraft was given to the Indian Army yesterday. These Rafale aircraft flew from France yesterday and reached the UAE airbase Al Dhafra today. Here their maintenance and refueling work will be done. After this, these fighter aircraft will fly and arrive at Ambala Air Force Base tomorrow. With this aircraft joining the Indian Air Force, the morale of the Indian Army will be greatly elevated. However, the condition of the Airforce is not good right now because there is a shortage of squadron. This thing has been told in many reports. But with Rafael joining the Indian Army, it can play a decisive role in winning a war.

“You can call them (Rafale) both beauty and the beast,” said Indian Ambassador to France Jawed Ashraf after interacting with the IAF pilots at the airbase before they set off for India. “Delivery of 10 aircraft has been completed on schedule. Five will stay back in France for a training mission. The delivery of all 36 aircraft will be completed on schedule by the end of 2021,” the Indian embassy in Paris said in a statement. India and France signed a Euro 7.87-billion ( ₹59,000 crores approximately) deal on September 23, 2016, for 36 Rafale jets. The IAF official said the air-to-air refueling of the aircraft will be undertaken with dedicated tanker support from the French Air Force. “Our air force pilots tell us that these are extremely swift, nimble, versatile, and very deadly aircraft,” said Ashraf while congratulating the IAF pilots on becoming the first ones to fly one of the world’s most advanced fighter aircraft. The envoy thanked Dassault Aviation, the manufacturer of the aircraft, for delivering the fleet on time, the French government and the French Air Force for extending all required support.

The Capabilities Of Custom Rotary Die Cutting

The Capabilities Of Custom Rotary Die Cutting

When you are looking for accuracy and exacting standards in cutting parts, you can use a high speed rotary die cutting machine. These machines are designed to work with a range of materials, and they can be set up inside any business or shop. Continue reading to learn what can be done when you would like to improve your manufacturing process. You will save money, save time, and avoid inconsistencies that will lose money, cause damage, or even cause injuries when your parts are not created properly.

Why Is Precise Cutting Important?

Precise cutting is important for every business because you need to know that the parts you have made will fit properly. Your customers are expecting you to give them the exact measurements they want, and these measurements are important when you are putting together several parts to build a product.

What Is The Process Like?

When you are using a high speed rotary die cutting machine, the machine does all the work for you. You will use special die cutters to cut each part, and these die cutters are installed and/or changed by workers who manage these machines. There is a motor on the machine that powers the cutter, and the machine will cut the material against an anvil roll.

You can laminate raw materials together, and you can quickly move from one item to another as you use the machine. You do not need to check your workspace, adjust your workspace, or clean your workspace. The machine does most of the work, and you can quickly clean up the interior of the machine.

How Do You Choose Rotary Die Materials

Die cutting is one of the most versatile things you can do to ensure that your business makes quality parts. You can design anything you want using one of these machines, and you can choose from a range of raw materials that will be just right for your business. Because you are allowed to laminate pieces, you can create the strongest materials possible.

When you are choosing your parts, you should look at:

  • Plastic
  • Rubber
  • Cork
  • Paper
  • Felt
  • Most fabrics
  • Foam

When you use these materials, you can get the exacting shapes that you are looking for. You do not need to guess about dimensions, and you can change the dimensions on the machine at any time. This allows your staff to move from one design to another quickly. You do not need to change the settings on a large machine, and you do not need to wait hours while the machine is adjusted. One die cutting machine can do all the work you need, and you will double your production capacity with another machine.

Custom Die Cutting Has Several Advantages

Custom die cutting is the most precise thing that you can do when you are creating parts for your company. You have several advantages when you are using these devices, and you should make sure that you consider switching over to die cutting to save money and time. These advantages include:

  • You can cut from a continuous roll to save time
  • You will produce less waste because the machine makes the cut once. You do not need to overuse your materials, and you can minimize waste while ensuring the die cutting machine has just enough material to get the work done.
  • Precision cutting occurs with a very low tolerance. This makes it much easier for the machine to work, the machine is not under tension that will make it break, and the machine is much easier to clean and power.
  • You can easily turn over to a new product, and you can get your work done much faster because the machine takes out several steps that make hand-cutting difficult.
  • You can get a consistent cut on every project no matter how many parts you need to create.
  • You can cut something that is very small with these machines because the speed of the die allows you to cut just once before the material breaks
  • You can do multiple cuts on the same project that will all be consistent.
  • You can use kiss cutting materials when needed.

When you are using die cutting, you should make sure that you have considered how fast you can get your work done. You can win contracts because you can make promises to your customers, and your parts will be extremely consistent. This means that you can build products without any trouble. This means that each product you create will be very consistent.

You Can Make Prototypes Easily

You can make prototypes at any time, and you will find that you can test these pieces without wasting all your time. You can set up the machine to make the new part, and you can test those parts at any time. You can go back to check on the parts again, and you can make a new prototype every few minutes until you know what you need to get the project done.

This also allows you to build prototypes for your customers. Your customers can try these parts, and they will let you know which one you should use. You can repeat this process in moments, and you can make a lot more money because you are not wasting cash on expensive prototypes that take days to complete.

Look Into Die Cutting Today

You can look into die cutting at any time, and you should make sure that you have considered which parts you can use. You can invest in some amazing parts that you can cut quickly, and you can create something that is very accurate. You can use the die cutting process to build your own products, or you can use this process when you need to create prototypes for your customers. Die cutting streamlines all your processes and helps your business increase profits.

Neuralink brain chip

Elon Musk‘s mysterious Neuralink startup is working on a brain-computer interface that will allow wearers to stream music directly to their brain, the technology entrepreneur has claimed. Mr. Musk, who also heads SpaceX and Tesla, is set to reveal new information about the mysterious startup next month but has been slowly releasing details over Twitter in recent days. The device that allows the human brain to connect to a computer could be implanted in a person for the first time later this year, announced the founder of Neuralink neurotechnology company, the tycoon Elon Musk. This crazy project of Elon Musk and his startup seems to be going well. Elon Musk said on Twitter that the Neuralink is working on an “awesome” new version of the company’s signature device. “Clearly better than Utah Array,” he said contentedly.

Neuralink’s ambitions are really great! The main purpose of the device is to compensate for entire sections of the brain lost due to a stroke, accident, or congenital disease. The billionaire businessman said that people would soon be able to use the brain chip technology of Neuralink to stream music into their brains without any special efforts. According to Musk, Neuralink chip would also be able to control hormone levels and help with anxiety relief and some other mental issues.  The Tesla CEO noted that those who are willing to get Neuralink chip into their brains would go through a process similar to laser eye surgery. 

One part of it will involve a neurosurgical robot, which fits flexible “threads” into the brain connected to a tiny implantable computer chip. A research paper detailing the device claims that a single USB-C cable will provide “full-bandwidth data streaming” to the brain. Neuralink has 11 job postings listed on its website, offering roles for a mechanical engineer, a robotics software engineer, and a “histology technician”. Over the weekend, Mr. Musk made a request for people with specific expertise in wearables. Earlier this month, Mr. Musk hinted that Neuralink’s chip will be able to cure depression and addiction by “retraining” the parts of the brain responsible for these afflictions.

Of course, it is not yet clear what the updated concept looks like and whether it will work at all. SpaceX and Tesla chief, however, is full of optimism and enthusiasm. “The potential is truly transformational for restoring brain & motor functions,” he said in his tweet on Monday. If the arrival of the first tests on the human brain is encouraging, the road is long until the actual implantation of Neuralink. In another tweet, he says: “First, we need to make it super safe & easy to use, then determine the greatest utility vs. risk. From initially working to volume production & implantation is a long road.” Though the company is yet to make an announcement over its official plans, Musk recently said that there will be a progress update on August 28.

Neuralink was founded in 2016 and since then the company has only held one public presentation about how the technology will work. In 2019, Musk had said that Neuralink was developing a “sewing machine-like” device that would provide a direct connection between a computer and a chip inserted inside the brain.

AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine

The initial trial data for the COVID-19 vaccine that has been developed in a joint collaboration between Oxford University and AstraZeneca. The data has been widely awaited as the world looks forward to some good news on the front of a vaccine that could shield people from the deadly coronavirus outbreak that has already infected over 14 million people worldwide and killed over 6 lakh. 

The potential vaccine is already in large-scale Phase III human trials to assess whether it can protect against COVID-19, but its developers have yet to report Phase I results which would show whether it is safe and whether or not it induces an immune response. The developers of the vaccine said this month they were encouraged by the immune response they had seen in trials so far and were expecting to publish Phase 1 data by the end of July.

How does the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine candidate work?

When someone is infected with the Covid-19 virus (SARS-CoV-2), the reason it spreads in the body easily is because of the spikes on its surface. These spikes, known as the ‘spike protein’, allow the virus to penetrate cells and, thereafter, multiply. The vaccine developed by Oxford and AstraZeneca, which belongs to a category called non-replicating viral vector vaccines, tries to build the body’s immunity against this spike protein. The idea is to create antibodies to fight this spiked surface so that the virus does not even have the chance to penetrate the cells. The vaccine uses a different virus — in this case, a weakened version of a common cold virus (adenovirus) that infects chimpanzees — to carry just the code to make the spike protein, like a Trojan horse. The adenovirus, genetically modified so that it cannot replicate in humans, will enter the cell and release the code to make only the spike protein. The body’s immune system is expected to recognize the spike protein as a potentially harmful foreign substance and starts building antibodies against it. Once immunity is built, the antibodies will attack the real virus if it tries to infect the body.

Since the Covid-19 vaccine has been developed by a United Kingdom-funded university, UK will have intellectual property rights. Other countries such as India will need to enter into commercial deals or understanding via foundations such as Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) and Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI). AstraZeneca also entered a deal with the Pune-based Serum Institute of India to supply one billion doses for low-and-middle-Income countries, with the first 400 million nicely before the end of 2020. It is not yet clear how many doses India will be able to land at first since the rollout of the vaccine will be subject to considerations that are commercial as well as that of equity. The World Health Organization’s chief scientist has described the Oxford vaccine as the leading candidate in a global race to halt the coronavirus pandemic that has killed more than 600,000 people. More than 100 vaccines are being developed and tested around the world to try to stop the coronavirus pandemic, which has killed more than 600,000 people and ravaged the global economy.

BLUIS (Bhubaneswar Land Use Intelligence System)

The Bhubaneswar Land Use Intelligence System is a geo-tagged repository that would monitor and detect all government lands in Bhubaneswar. This will be done by using high-resolution satellite imagery. For safeguarding government lands from encroachments by land grabbers- the launch of BLUIS makes Odisha the first state in the country to use satellite technology and artificial intelligence. Any attempt to change the use of government land in Bhubaneswar, BLUIS will raise alarm and guide the enforcement staff to the exact location of encroachment. ‘BLUIS’ and ‘Litigation Management System’ are among the 8 Technology-driven Solutions that were launched under the 5T initiatives by the Chief Minister.

Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on 8 July 2020 unveiled BLUIS which would monitor changes in all government lands in Bhubaneswar by leveraging high-resolution satellite imagery. Along with that, he launched 8 technology-driven solutions under 5T initiatives for Home and GA & PG Departments through video conferencing. Along with BLUIS, the chief minister launched applications like e-Pravesh, e-Bhawan, e-Atithi, HRMS 2.0, HRMS mobile app, LMS 2.0, ORTPSA to improve public services. The 5T Initiative (Technology, Transparency, Teamwork, and Time Leading to Transformation) model of governance, launched in August 2019, requires each department of the State Government to draw up an annual work-plan for faster, better public service delivery systems leading to achieve transformational goals. Launching the services, Patnaik said that the 5T model of governance along with Mo Sarkar has brought about a perceptible improvement in the quality of governance and has eased the delivery of public services.

Encroachment of government land in the capital city of Bhubaneswar will no more be easy for land grabbers as the Bhubaneswar Land Use Intelligence System (BLUIS), a web and mobile-based solution, launched by Odisha government would raise alarm over attempts to change the land use. According to the government, BLUIS is a geo-tagged repository of all the government lands in Bhubaneswar, created through high-resolution satellite imagery to detect all changes taking place on government lands.

Odisha becomes the first state in India to use high-resolution satellite imagery utilizing space technology and artificial intelligence to monitor government lands. The lack of transparency and accountability of the enforcement in the current mechanisms and the increasing encroachment of government lands in Bhubaneswar resulted in the development of BLUIS.

“Bhubaneswar is one of the fastest-growing cities in India witnessing land-use changes on a daily basis. In the process, precious public land is prone to encroachment. The present mechanism of detection and enforcement lacks adequate transparency and accountability,” a senior officer said emphasizing real-time monitoring. A mobile application would alert the enforcement authorities of any new construction on government lands. The GPS on the application guides the enforcement staff to the exact location. Evidence of enforcement is uploaded on the application as geo-tagged images and videos,” he said. As per follow-up action, a case will be filed for removing encroachment. The Litigation Management System, an online application to record information on legal cases and enable end-to-end communication between government officials and advocates during different stages of a case, was also launched. It provides a smart technology solution to monitor court cases from initiation, online appointment scheduling, and allotment of the case to government advocate for preparation and submission of counter-affidavit.

Science and God

“Science” and “God”, the two words which are often seen as separate entities. These words seem conflicting to most of us and are often a topic of debate. Science seems to question the existence of God and believers of God often question why we are unable to explain the entire universe completely by science till date, a question on the success of science. We can often come across debates on televisions, radio, magazines, etc where people try to prove one as superior over the other. But, are they really two different things? Are they conflicting terms? Or are they same?

A deeper thought over it can clear our confusion. If we deep dig, we find that indeed both are connected. We really don’t need to choose between them. Science and God, are superior powers. The differences arise when we start associating God with some particular religion and Science with the only education. In reality, science is the process of thinking God’s thought after him. “An equation is really nothing unless it expresses a thought of God”, according to Ramanujan. They both actually merge at the spiritual level.

When we talk of science, it is the theories, the fundamental laws that very well explains the nature around us. It offers an explanation of all the natural phenomena in a very beautiful way and at a very basic level. It helped us understand how to converse in the language of nature, i.e in mathematics. It gives human power. The more we as humans understand science, the more powerful we become. Visit the days when humans started to understand science to get to know about the secrets of nature, the things they imagined then are now a reality. The gadgets they considered as their dreams are now in our hands. The technology we imagine today will also become a reality pretty soon. Science gave a power to humans to achieve the impossible.

God, on the other hand, is another superiority. There has been no proper evidence of someone seeing a God. We have not seen God, but we all believe in a “power” that is superior to all of us and many refer to this superior power as “God”. God gives humans the strength and power by making us understand the language of love and humanity. Spirituality is the heart of a human being and through God, we reach here. God helps us understand our potential and make us believe in our strengths. It changes our perception and makes the world a very beautiful and peaceful place for us. The world is incomplete without God.

We can thus conclude,  that both Science and God are a source of immense power to human beings and both are tied together. Both speak the same language. The more faith we develop in God, the more we get close to science, the more we understand science, our belief in the existence of God becomes stronger. Louis Pasteur rightly said that “a bit of science can distance us from God, but more of it nears one to him”, and that is for sure. Diving deep into them will give us immense power and peace.

“Food – The Next Big crisis For Humanity?”

Humans have been living on this planet for many centuries and the prior need for their survival is food, water and a place to live. For these necessities they have been traveling for places and working hard to find them. All these factors are an important part for human survival and a disbalance caused by either of them, can lead humans to a condition of uncertainty and a question to their survival. Humans do need energy so as to perform all their basic day to day activities. These foods provide any individual basic proteins, vitamin, carbohydrates and fibres to remain fit and healthy.Food and its need is the important need for human survival, but with the increase in population tHe need for it has increased but production relative to it is significantly less and the resources we do have, humans hardly care and most if it gets wastage. This is an area of concern especially when we do acknowledge the need for it. 

Food wastage has been an area of concern for humans and humans are quite aware for the same, but still we hardly take any action in reducing it but the main question do arises is that why and where do this Food wastage occur:

  1. The prior places are marriage and various other functions, where Food is prepared in heavy quantities, while people eat less, most of the food gets wasted. 
  2. Hostel, where the taste is the major issue. Since students don’t like the food they consume, it results in wastage. 
  3. People usually prefer to take more food initially, which if it doesn’t taste good, goes in the bin. 
  4. People do not know their ideal eating food quantity. So they usually prefer to take note of it. 
  5. There are various other places and reasons for the wastage of these food resources which surely needs to be addressed and taken care of. 

We do know and discuss that food is an essential part for our life, and we want to save it. But there are hardly any steps taken in these areas. Various NGOs and other organizations as well as government policies are working in order to save this essential resource. But people need to be aware of their approach and their deeds. These organizations and policies would be effective enough if people do perform and do activities on their own so people do need  to:


  • Next time approach which would include small quantities initially and if they like it, they can prefer taking it again. 
  • Taste would be the prior thing which needs to be cared for.
  • People must test their eating abilities and the amount they can have at a time. Which surely directs them to be a water of the quantity which best suits them and need to take the same quantity so as to prevent any wastage.
  • More and more awareness must be increased in the places of more wastage and people must be made aware for it to stop.
  • Also the places where the most food is wasted, must be given to people or places where people lack food.


So it’s time to understand that this resource is an essential component for our survival and this we need to take the desired steps in order to save these. Any wastage must be prevented and in case food wastage, it must be restored for future use or given to people in need for the same. Future is an era of possibilities and humans would be able to see a better and improved phase of life but it’s only possible if we do have resources to feed them. So we must work together in this area and this will save humanity and save this essential and important resource. 


“Automobile – Field For Human Investment”

Technology and it’s advancement has helped humans to make their life more easier and comfortable. All the commodities and facilities have led humans to a phase of ease to life. Automotive or automobile vehicles are one of them. Vehicles be it TWO- Wheelers or Four Wheelers  or airplanes or ships, rickshaws and many more have helped humans to travel around the world and made this world an easy to reach destination at any time. These have not only helped people to acknowledge places around the world, but even interact with people from different cultures and backgrounds.These vehicles help us send things from one place to another,carry heavy loads both men and material from one place to another and even help us feel relaxed while travelling in them. The industrial revolution and its initiation provided a boon to the automobile and aviation industries. But considering the ground vehicle, these have really proven to be beneficial for people and helped them by providing them with ease to work. 

There have been various advances in vehicles and the mode of ignition and power to them. These have been considered so as to bring much more efficiency, speed and cost effectiveness to these models. But we do see till date that these automotive models are not much safer. These have been comfortable and have made life of humans easier but still fail to provide 100% safety for the traveller travelling in it. These models are usually made through materials which do provide strength to structure but are less impact resistant. These models do resist much shock impact but still transfer most of it, which does harm the person in it. Many people lose their life every year in accidents while their automobile fails to provide them security. 

Various companies are bringing up many products and models which are safer and impact resistant but these do cost a lot for individuals.The material we still use in manufacturing these automotive are same as were used in the earlier times. This is due to the lack of companies investment in new material. Also the materials do cost more to the company which directly reduces the profits. While some new materials have been added into manufacturing of different components for these vehicles, the major structure and frame still comprises the similar material. 

Companies should invest in their research and development techniques and new ideas must be initiated and funded by both companies as well as the government so as to bring out the best and impact resistant materials and structure so as to resist any kind of damage and harm to the individual or individuals traveling in it. While the safety in two Wheeler is much less compared to that in a car, but still cars are not completely safe. The rights of customers lies in the fact of providing them type safety along with comfort and ease to operate. 

Travelling has been a part of our life and safety in it is the first priority to be taken care of. While we do invest a lot of investment in adding features to our automotives and different accessories, we should be investing in making those vehicles. More secure. Maybe we can see better alternatives and resources in future which could prove to be much secure and safer for individuals to travel through it. While there is still investment going to shift to flying cars and vehicles, we should be investing much of our resources in making any vehicle secure enough to provide better and secure travel.