All posts by Dharshini N

Unlocking my areas of interest through this wordpress. Hope you enjoy my writing!!

World Zoonoses Day – July 6

A zoonosis is any disease or infection that is naturally transmissible from vertebrate animals to humans. Animals thus play an essential role in maintaining zoonotic infections in nature. Zoonoses may be bacterial, viral, or parasitic, or may involve unconventional agents. As well as being a public health problem, many of the major zoonotic diseases prevent the efficient production of food of animal origin and create obstacles to international trade in animal products.

Monday 6th July 2020 marks World Zoonoses Day 2020. This year, the 150 partners in the One Health Poultry Hub will observe a two-minute silence of private reflection on those who are known, and those who remain unknown, who are suffering from endemic and emergent zoonotic diseases. These diseases, such as Covid-19 and Ebola, affect millions of communities around the world every year. The two-minute silence will take place at noon local time.This year’s World Zoonoses Day comes amidst the defining global health crisis of our time. In the context of the global pandemic, the world’s attention has been focused around one infectious zoonotic diseases. While major recent zoonotic modern disease outbreak, such as Covid-19 or Ebola, and cause major world disruption, much of the work the One World Poultry Hub and other One Health research projects explore concerns diseases that go under the news radar but are still devastating, those such as salmonella and other foodborne diseases. The reasons these diseases remain little talked about are complex – not least that how they are transmitted and approaches to managing them are often hard to fit into traditional media narratives- Institute of Development studies

Zoonoses are disease which can be transmitted from aniamls to humans. In fact, 2 out of every 3 infectious disease in people originated within animals.

This is why protecting animal health is so vital. Preventing and managing disease in animals ultimately safeguards the health of people!


I saw you in the school corridor,

My heart crushed for you,

Longing to speak to you,

My dream become my ambition, because of you,

Addicted to you, admiring the way you’re,

Wanna live with you, till my last breath

Souls got attached but still society breach,

I’m still alive that you would became “mine

– Dharshini N

You, The person reading this let us spare some time to recall all the hidden 96 Ram and Jannu in your school days , cheers to those beautiful memories in your life. Learing how fast your heart beats for the first time when you see that person. To those days making friends with that person. Friendly helps to the person and more. To all those small little things gave you heartfelt happiness and believe me that is true kind of real happiness in your life . The best part in quarantine is remembering those persons in your life . Share your thoughts to your partner. Yet that would be the beautiful wonders ,you’re blessed if you have those school corridors memories .

You may be locked up by the doors for various reasons but still there is a ray of hope .Unlock your heart cherish the beauty of your life in childhood days. Replenish yourselves within you. You make a change . Get ready folks to run after a long journey after this pandemic. You need to so strong , harder to survive. Yet this could me the best part when you recall those quarantine times. Happy weekend:)


The essential notion of the capitalistic society is voluntary cooperation, voluntary exchange. The essential notion of a socialist society is force – Milton Friedman . An economic and political system in which a country’s trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state is defined as capitalistic society. Capitalism, undoubtedly, is a major driver of innovation, wealth, and prosperity in the modern era. Competition and capital accumulation incentivize businesses to maximize efficiency, which allows investors to capitalize on that growth and consumers to enjoy lower prices on a wider range of goods.

The benefits of capitalism are enjoyed by, Individual capitalists are typically wealthy people who have a large amount of capital (money or other financial assets) invested in business, and who benefit from the system of capitalism by making increased profits and thereby adding to their wealth.Prominent among critiques of capitalism are accusations that capitalism is inherently exploitative, unsustainable and creates economic inequality, is anti-democratic and leads to an erosion of human rights while it incentivizes imperialist expansion and war.

Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists: Unleashing the Power of Financial Markets to Create Wealth and Spread Opportunity is a non-fiction book by Raghuram Rajan and Luigi Zingales of the University of Chicago Booth School of Business.”Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists” is a groundbreaking book that will radically change our understanding of the capitalist system, particularly the role of financial markets. They are the catalyst for inspiring human ingenuity and spreading prosperity. The perception of many, especially in the wake of never-ending corporate scandals, is that financial markets are parasitic institutions that feed off the blood, sweat, and tears of the rest of us. The reality is far different. This book breaks free of traditional ideological arguments of the Right and Left and points to a new way of understanding and spreading the extraordinary wealth-generating capabilities of capitalism.

The free market is the form of economic organization most beneficial to human society and for improving the human condition.
Free markets can flourish over the long run only when government plays a visible role in determining the rules that govern the market and supporting it with the proper infrastructure. Government, however, is subject to influence by organized private interests
Incumbent private interests, therefore, may be able to leverage the power of governmental regulation to protect their own economic position at the expense of the public interest by repressing the same free market through which they originally achieved success. Thus, society must act to “save capitalism from the capitalists”—i.e. take appropriate steps to protect the free market from powerful private interests who would seek to impede the efficient function of free markets, entrench themselves, and thereby reduce the overall level of economic opportunity in society.


Life Insurance is a modern form came to India from England in the year 1818. Many life insurance companies were started by Europeans during that period to look after the needs of European Communities in India . However , these companies refused to Insure Indian lives. Later, due to the efforts of few eminent Indian people, these foreign life insurance counties started Insuring Indian lives. But they treated Indian lives as sub standard and charged heavy premises. Bombay Mutual Life Assurance Society heralded the birth of first Indian life insurance company in the year 1870, and covered Indian lives at normal rates.

The Swadeshi Movement of 1905- 1907 led to the birth of other Indian life insurance companies. By the late 1940’s there were too many Insurance companies and the level of competition was very high. There was also an allegation of unfair trade practices against the life insurance companies . Hence, the government of india decided to nationalize the sector .

An ordinance was issued in the year 1956 to nationalize the life insurance sector and life insurance Corporation of India (LIC) came into existence on 1st September ,1956.

LIC absorbed 154 Indian ,16 Non -Indian insurers as also 75 provident societies. Since then LIC was the only player in life insurance business till the late 1990s when the Insurance sector was reopened for the private sector .

Life Insurance Corporation was created for the objective of providing all Indians adequate financial cover at a reasonable cost. The company managed to achieve its objective and is still the dominant market leader in the life insurance business.


Healthcare comprises hospitals, medical devices, clinical trials, outsourcing, telemedicine, medical tourism, health insurance and medical equipment. The Indian healthcare sector is growing at a brisk pace due to its strengthening coverage, services and increasing expenditure by public as well private players. As the leading growing population healthcare system is indeed in those developing countries. Access to comprehensive, quality health care services is important for promoting and maintaining health, preventing and managing disease, reducing unnecessary disability and premature death, and achieving health equity in India.

Countries with universal government-funded health system

In this system (also known as single-payer healthcare) government-funded healthcare is available to all citizens regardless of their income or employment status. Some countries may provide healthcare to non-citizen residents, while some may require them to buy private insurance.

Countries with universal healthcare include Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, and the United States.

Other variants of classification

Countries with universal public insurance system, In these countries workers have social insurance. Usually government withholds part of their wage, which is divided between employee and employer.

Countries with universal public-private insurance system, In this system some people receive healthcare via primary private insurance, while people who are ineligible for it, from government.

Countries with universal private health insurance system, In this system people receive healthcare via mandatory private insurance, usually subsidised by the government for low-income citizens

Indian Healthcare system:

In India, the hospitals are run by government, charitable trusts and by private organizations. The government hospitals in rural areas are called Primary Health Centres (PHCs). Major hospitals are located in district headquarters or major cities. Apart from the modern system of medicine, traditional and indigenous medicinal systems like Ayurvedic and Unani systems are in practice throughout the country. The modern system of medicine is regulated by the Medical Council of India, whereas the alternative systems recognised by Government of India are regulated by the Department of AYUSH (an acronym for Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha & Homeopathy) under the Ministry of Health, Government of India. PHCs are non-existent in most places, due to poor pay and scarcity of resources. Patients generally prefer private health clinics. These days some of the major corporate hospitals are attracting patients from neighboring countries such as Pakistan, countries in the Middle East and some European countries by providing quality treatment at low cost. In 2005, India spent 5% of GDP on health care, or US$36 per capita. Of that, approximately 19% was government expenditure.


We would all agree quarantine has taught as many things in our life! How to live with the limited resources, the way it brought back to the health and hygiene of our old years , the understanding, attachment and love bonding of our family members in fast world , learning new courses, training, certificates, cooking ,regaining hobbies, Netflix, prime and so on …Well sometimes we also miss those daily suprising days , Yes we can’t schedule those days suddenly our mind calls for cheeseburger to grab it, those thalapakati briyani with our friends party , packing up things for a long trip in weekends and back on Monday morning with sleepless classes and office.In quarantine Morning to Evening we would switch different news channels but we hear the same news Corona, lockdown, Stay home where I hope you also heard this news vaccine is developed by US,UK, China ,India that’s all and then we don’t hear that news. What will be reason behind this news? Let us read in detail the procedure and the formalities of developing a vaccine.

What is Vaccine?

A substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases, prepared from the causative agent of a disease, its products, or a synthetic substitute, treated to act as an antigen without inducing the disease. Simply Vaccination is a process of developing a immune system against a disease.

How vaccine works?

A vaccine works by training the immune system to recognize and combat pathogens, either viruses or bacteria. To do this, certain molecules from the pathogen must be introduced into the body to trigger an immune response.

These molecules are called antigens and they are present on all viruses and bacteria. By injecting these antigens into the body, the immune system can safely learn to recognize them as hostile invaders, produce antibodies, and remember them for the future. If the bacteria or virus reappears, the immune system will recognize the antigens immediately and attack aggressively well before the pathogen can spread and cause sickness. Source- Publichealth .org

Stages of Vaccine Development

The Resource and Development has major works in development of a new vaccine. They should firstly have look for the importance Vaccination in Publichealth. The vaccine must then be purchased, distributed, and used. Finally, a surveillance system is established to monitor immunization coverage, efficacy, and any adverse health effects related to vaccine administration.

There are 6 stages for the vaccine development

STAGE 1: PRIORITY SETTING : The decision making process of producing a vaccine to generated. To also know about the critique nature of the disease. Hence the vast resources will be collected to set up the common goal fo developing a vaccine in public and private sectors.

STAGE 2: BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH: The possibilities of developing a vaccine through the old traditional and fundamental way of medical practice in Development. The basic research is funded by the government and the authoritative scientists. Applied research indicates the involvement of the private hence that is funded by private concerns.

STAGE 3: CLINICAL EVALUATION:Good Vaccine must meet up the basic criteria of safety, purity, potency,efficacy. Here it involves the different phases 1, 2 and 3 . Animal checking and then to humans and brief description in the stage process of clinical evaluation.

STAGE 4: LICENSURE: Once the process is completed and the successfull news comes over the government would approve for licensing and to those government formalities rules and regulations are be formulated in this stage.

STAGE 5: PRODUCTION: Next stage of Vaccination is production it involves two major steps based on the requirements first one Pilot production where it rushes to produces for the pandemic . Second one scale up and full scale production where this method involves the full process of vaccine.

STAGE 6: RECOMMENDATION FOR USE: As the final stage of vaccine treatment the government will be recommend for the usage of this vaccine and dosage guidelines will be printed over it .

To be concluded that India has crossed the stage 3 of Development of vaccine in which the phase 1 of testing animals have gave the positive results and the Indian Medical research council have approved for human testing . Put you fingers crossed and hope this pandemic situation gets over and back to normal life.


We know that we are all came from human evolution takes places from animals and there is no change or doubt in that . True right? Yes, then definitely we should have some characteristics of animal ! Well imagine my brother would have the character of monkey , my dad who always very firm in things who have the character of cheetah, and yes mom is the sweetest who taught me this characteristic:)

What does Animal spirit mean?

Animal spirits refers to the term that describes about the behaviour which helps guide or protect a person on a journey and whose characteristics that person shares or embodies. It is also a metaphor, often humorous, for someone or something a person relates to or admires.

Animal spirits in Economics

This concept was first introduced by John Maynard Keynes used in his 1936 book in The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money to describe the instincts, proclivities and emotions that ostensibly influence and guide human behavior, and which can be measured in terms of, for example, consumer confidence. It has since been argued that trust is also included in or produced by “animal spirits”.

Conventional economic analysis confines itself to rational, quantifiable facts. However, economic decision makers are often intuitive, emotional and irrational. John Maynard Keynes coined the term “animal spirits” to refer to emotional mindsets. Confidence or lack of it can drive or hamper economic growth. – ET

Book review of animal spirits

This book was written by Akerlof, a Nobel laureate, and Shiller, a good bet to become one, are prominent mainstream economists. ‘ How psychology drives the economy, and why it matters for global capitalism’ a shot description in the cover of the book tells about it.The global financial crisis has made it painfully clear that powerful psychological forces are imperiling the wealth of nations today. From blind faith in ever-rising housing prices to plummeting confidence in capital markets, “animal spirits” are driving financial events worldwide. In this book, acclaimed economists George Akerlof and Robert Shiller challenge the economic wisdom that got us into this mess, and put forward a bold new vision that will transform economics and restore prosperity.

Today in finance, the term animal spirits arise in market psychology and behavioral economicsAnimal spirits represent the emotions of confidence, hope, fear, and pessimism that can affect financial decision making, which in turn can fuel or hamper economic growth.

Sustainable Development

Sustainable development has been defined in many ways, but the most frequently quoted definition is from Our Common Future, also known as the Brundtland Report: “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

Using recycled materials or renewable resources when building is an example of sustainable development. Building a new community in a previously undeveloped area without destroying the ecosystem or harming the environment is an example of sustainable development.

United nations

The 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) to transform our world:

GOAL 1: No Poverty

GOAL 2: Zero Hunger

GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-being

GOAL 4: Quality Education

GOAL 5: Gender Equality

GOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation

GOAL 7: Affordable and Clean Energy

GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth

GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

GOAL 10: Reduced Inequality

GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

GOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

GOAL 13: Climate Action

GOAL 14: Life Below Water

GOAL 15: Life on Land

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

GOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal

Sustainable development concept that appeared for the first time in 1987 with the publication of the Brundtland Report, warning of the negative environmental consequences of economic growth and globalization, which tried to find possible solutions to the problems caused by industrialization and population growth.


There is no one in the world could love their children more than their parents. Yes they protect their children a different layers upon them ,the layers of their knowledge, kindness, infinite love, and moreover many parents have their dreams on their children and so on. Years passed by ,and the relationship between the parents vary some people love for their partners increase and some increase cases of divorce but maximum parents after ages they live for their childrens . In this developing era as parents you should be more updated to seek what’s going around your society. The cruelty and the inhumanity of those selfless bullies are all around your society aware parents! That might be your neighborhood, your family friends, your relations, nearby shopkeepers and many. Your childrens are the young clusters it builds up by your stories, teaching , strength. And this is the high time ,Teach your child what is good touch and bad touch. Make them self protective.

What is good touch and bad touch ?

Good touch” as a way for people to show they care for each other and help each other (i.e., hugging, holding hands, changing a baby’s diaper). “Bad touch”, on the other hand, is the kind you don’t like and want it to stop right away (e.g. hitting, kicking, or touching private parts)

How to teach your childrens?

First thing is be friendly with your childrens both father and mother should sit together with the children for their learning . There are lots and lots of videos and slideshare are available show them the videos of good touch and bad touch. Educate them both the girl child and the boy child .

  • Use appropriate language
  • Explain the concept of privacy and body space
  • Expect questions
  • Don’t laugh or giggle even if the question is silly or is completely based on a myth
  • Be brief
  • Don’t force affection

Teach them some ground rules for safety: Teach them it is not okay for anyone to look at or touch their private parts — the area covered by their underwear. It is easier for a child to follow a rule, and they will more immediately recognise a “bad touch” if they have this guideline in mind. Reassure your children that you will listen to him or her, believe him or her, and want to keep him or her protected. – ET


I took this topic because, I recently went through a tamil movie which affected me a lot the brutality among children and the unjustified court laws and order! The must watch film of 2020 ‘Ponmagal vanthal’ which is released in tamil industry. While surfing through this topic I also got this poem which will be helpful for you in short to understand the importance of good touch and bad touch!


The small circle is her life problems spins off tight,

society dispirited of what she is,

she observed the way , a life of positive ray,

A firefly came through the spin circle ,

Gave her lights and touched her soul,

glory of her life started with desire

Chasing up the firefly

in different ways in which the zazzy feathers cry

and so here dream started as an ambition to catch the firefly!