The High Court is under the Supreme Court but operates above the Inferior Court. The High Court holds the highest position in the state’s judicial administration. The establishment of the High Court began in India in 1862, when the High Court was established in Calcutta, Bombay and Madras.
Articles 214-231 of the Constitution of India deal with the organization, independence, jurisdiction, authority, procedures, etc. of the High Court. Currently, there are 25 High Courts in the country. Of these, only three High Courts have jurisdiction over multiple states. In all Union Territories, there is an independent High Court in Delhi alone. The Union Territories of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh have a common High Court.
Composition of the High Court- Each High Court consists of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and other judges appointed by the President. It seems necessary from time to time.
High Court judges are appointed by the President. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is appointed by the President after consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the relevant Governor. The appointment of other judges shall also apply to the Chief Justice of the relevant Supreme Court in two or more states, and the governors of all relevant states shall be consulted by the President. The 2014 Amendment Article 99 and the 2014 National Judicial Appointment Commission Act replaced the university system for appointing judges in the Supreme Court and the High Court with a new organization called the National Judicial Appointment Commission.
Judge Qualification – A person appointed as a judge in the High Court must have the following qualifications:
1. He must be an Indian citizen.
2. He should have served the judiciary for 10 years on the sovereign territory of India.
3. He is said to have been a Supreme Court lawyer for 10 years.
From the above, it is clear that the Constitution does not set a minimum age for a judge in a higher court.
Judge’s Oath -Anyone appointed as a judge in the High Court must take an oath before taking office.
1. Have true faith and loyalty to the Constitution of India.
2. Support India’s sovereignty and integrity.
3. Perform office duties properly and honestly, without fear or favor, and to the best of my knowledge and beliefs.
4. Support the Constitution and the law.
Judge’s term -The Constitution does not set a term for judges in the High Court. However, there are four provisions in this regard:
1. He will be in office until he is 62 years old.
2. He can resign in writing to the President.
3. At the suggestion of Congress, the President may dismiss him.
4. When appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court, he resigns from his post.