The Chief minister is the actual executive branch. In other words, the Governor is the Head of State and the Chief Minister is the Head of Government. Therefore, the position of the Chief minister at the state level is similar to the position of the prime minister at the center.
The Constitution does not include specific procedures for the appointment of the Chief Minister, and Article 164 of the Constitution states that the Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor. However, this does not mean that the Governor is free to appoint the Chief Minister. Following the practice of parliamentary government, the governor must appoint the leader of the majority of the state’s legislative assembly as Chief minister. However, if neither party has a clear majority in parliament, the governor can exercise his personal discretion in the appointment and selection of the chief minister. Therefore, in such situations, the governor usually appoints the leader of the coalition or the largest party in parliament as Chief minister and demands a vote of trust in the House of Representatives within a month. If the incumbent Chief Minister died suddenly, no successor was found as the new Chief Minister, and the Governor had to appoint the Chief Minister, the Governor may need to make individual decisions in the appointment and appointment of the Chief Minister.
Chief Minister’s Oath- Before the Chief minister takes office, the Governor will take an oath of office and maintain confidentiality. In his oath of office, the Chief Minister swears as follows.
1. With true faith and loyalty to the Constitution of India
2. Perform the duties of his office faithfully and honestly
3. To support India’s sovereignty and integrity
4. To give justice to all kinds of people in accordance with the Constitution and the law, without fear, favor, affection or evil.
In a secret vow, the Chief Minister vows not to directly or indirectly communicate or disclose the issue under consideration to anyone.
The term of the Chief Minister is not fixed and he holds office during the pleasure of the governor.However this does not mean that the Governor can dismiss him at any time,but if he loses the confidence of the assembly he must resign or the Governor can dismiss him. The salary and Allowances of the Chief minister are determined by the state legislature.