Articles 52-78 of the Constitution of India deal with an executive branch consisting of the President, Vice President, Prime Minister, Ministerial Council, and the Justice Secretary of India. The President of India is the Head of State and he is the first citizen of India.
The president is indirectly elected by members of the electoral college –
1. Elected members of the Legislature
2. Elected members of both meeting rooms of Parliament i. H. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha 3. Elected members of the Union Territory Legislative Assembly of Delhi and Pondicherry.
Eligibility for presidential election
You need to qualify for election as president only if you meet the following requirements:
1. He / she must be 35 years old of his / her age. 2. He / she must be an Indian citizen
3.He/she She must qualify for elections as a member of Lok Sabha
4. You should not have a commercial office under a state, union, or local government.
The President must swear before taking office. 1. Faithfully carry out the ministry 2. Support, protect and uphold the Constitution and the law 3. Dedicated to service.
The oath of office is governed by the Chief Justice of India.
Presidential term The president has a five-year term from the date of his appointment, but he can resign at any time by sending a resignation to the vice president. In addition, impeachment may result in dismissal before the term of office.
President’s Authority and Functions The authority that President enjoys and the functions that performs include:
1. Legislative power -The president has several legislative powers. He has the power to send a message to the Houses of the Parliament, whether it is a pending bill or not. When the chair and vice-chair posts are available, he can appoint members of Lok Sabha. He can also appoint 12 members of Rajya Sabha from anyone with special knowledge or work experience in literature, science, arts and social issues.
2. Executive branch The president has several executive branches. He appoints the Prime Minister and other ministers. All administrative measures of the Government of India will be officially carried out on behalf of the Prime Minister. He appoints the Attorney General of India, the Comptroller and Auditor.
3. Financial Power The President has some financial power, and Money bills cannot be brought into Congress without prior recommendations. He appoints the Finance Commission every five years and recommends the distribution of revenue between the center and the state.
4. Judicial Power The president’s jurisdiction and obligations may appoint the Supreme Court Secretary and Judge of the Supreme Court and the High Court and seek advice from the Supreme Court.
5. Military Power He is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Defense Forces.