The textile industry(cotton originated) in India traditionally, after agriculture, is the only industry that has generated huge employment for both skilled and unskilled labour in textiles, continues to be the second-largest employment generating sector in India. It offers direct employment to over 35 million in the country. India was ranked as the fourth most promising market for apparel retailers in 2019.
The Textile industry was the major component of economic income in India before the English colonies. India is the second largest producer of fibre in the world and the major fibre produced is cotton.In 2000, the Government of India passed the National Textile Policy. The major functions of the Ministry of Textiles are formulating policy and coordination of man-made fiber, cotton, jute, silk, wool industries.
COTTON TEXTILE: The cotton textile industry was concentrated in the cotton growing belt of Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat. There are 1,900 cotton textile mills in India,of which about 18% are in the private sector and the rest in the public and cooperative sector.India exports yarn to Japan, United States, United Kingdom, Russia, France, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka and other countries. India has the second-largest installed capacity of spindles.
Jute: India is the largest producer of raw jute and jute goods and the third largest exporter after Bangladesh. There were about 80 jute mills in India in 2016-17. The jute industry was supporting 0.37 million workers directly and another 400,000 small and marginal farmers who were engaged in the cultivation of jute
Silk in the Indian subcontinent is a luxury good. In India, about 97% of the raw mulberry silk is produced in the five Indian states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Jammu and Kashmir. India is the largest producer of silk in the world and has long tradition of manufacturing silk textile. (ii) It also make four distinct variety of silk namely mulberry, eri, tasar and munga. India also has its control over yellow munga silk produced from Assam
With 44% production of wool, Rajasthan leads all states in India. Rajasthan is followed by Jammu & Kashmir(13 percent), Karnataka (12 percent) Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana (23 percent). This is mainly collected from sheep and more labour involved in this textile