Farming Systems in India are strategically utilized, according to the locations where they are most suitable. The farming systems that significantly contribute to the agriculture of India are subsistence farming, organic farming,industrial farming.Regions throughout India differ in types of farming they use; some are based on horticulture, ley farming, agroforestry and many more.
India is the second-largest producer of wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane, silk, groundnuts, and dozens more. It is also the second biggest harvester of vegetables and fruit, representing 8.6% and 10.9% of overall production. The major fruits produced by India are mangoes,melons,papayas,sapota and bananas. India also has the biggest number of livestock in the world, holding 281 million.
Kharif crops are grown at the start of the monsoon until the beginning of the winter, relatively from June to November. Examples of such crops are rice, corn, millet, groundnut, moong, and urad. Rabi crops are winter crops that are sown in October -November months and harveted in February – March. Its typical examples are wheat, boro paddy, jowar, nuts, etc. The third type is Zaid crops which are summer crops. It is sown in February – March and harvested in May – June. Its examples are aush paddy, vegetables, jute.
There are four types of farmings india. Intensive commercial farming: This is a system of agriculture in which relatively large amounts of capital or labor are applied to relatively smaller areas of land.Extensive commercial farming: This is a system of agriculture in which relatively small amounts of capital or labor investment are applied to relatively large areas of land.Plantation agriculture: Plantation is a large farm or estate usually in a tropical . Commercial grain farming: This type of farming is a response to farm mechanization and it is the major type of activity in the areas
Co-operative farming refers to the pooling of farming resources such as fertilizers, pesticides, farming equipment such as tractors.This system has become an essential feature of India’s Five Year Plans. There is immense scope for co-operative farming in India although the movement is as yet in it infancy.
India always a Farming Nation.