Education system in India

India is a rapidly changing country in which inclusive, high-quality education is of utmost importance for its future prosperity. We all understand that education is crucial in shaping our lives , but at the same time it is a major problem for India . Education is the most powerful instrument for reducing poverty and inequality. Education is a force multiplier that enables self-reliance, boosts economic growth by enhancing skills, and improves people’s lives by opening up opportunities for better livelihoods. It is the key to enhance India’s competitiveness in the global economy. Ensuring access to quality education for all, in particular for the poor and rural population, is central to our economic and social development. Education is, understandably, one of the most important investments a country can make in its people and its future.The existing government institutions are reframing policies to reform the existing education model . Indian Education System has been synonymous with ‘Examinations’, ‘Board Exams’, ‘Entrance Exams’, ‘Marks’, etc.There are different kinds of education system found in India but the most common among the mass is CBSE . But there are still major issues that need to be taken care of such as : 

*Rote learning 

Many activists today who oppose the Indian Education system are of the opinion that the schools teach the students in learning things by-rote and not to understand things through application.We have been advanced in technology with time but have not yet been able to move away from rote learning . IB schools are changing the education system at their level but not all Indian families can afford IB study . Therefore , the schools must be encouraged to introduce conceptual learning which will avoid students to mug up what they are taught and vomit the exact thing in their exam papers . This will enable them to develop better understanding and retain the concepts for future . 

*Evaluation system 

Examinations and assignments are encouraged by them as tools to assess the capability of the students. Whether a child was knowledgeable or not depended on the marks he/she scored.In our education system , marks still play the major role in deciding a child’s future and thus it comes up as a burden for students to get good marks in exam and not focus on their interests and skills side by side . The focus of evaluation should be the class participation of students which will foster many skills in them like communication skills , listening skills , and extra-curricular activities . 

*Equal respect to all the subjects 

It is often said that Science stream tops the stream hierarchy . Subjects like language , communication , etc. Are not given importance and hence neglected . And thus , are pushed towards a subject which parents and school thinks is good for the student . Instead the student must be pushed towards his own interest area and pursue the subject that they like . 

*Better training of educators 

It is known that children are the budding stars of future and teachers play a very important role in shaping the future of the children as teachers are often considered as second parents . Thus , teachers need to be imparted training as to how skillfully they can motivate a child and make changes in their behaviour . 

*Introduction of Technology

Technology can play an important role in addressing the need of an enabling ecosystem with features and facilities like digital content and E-learning, broadcasting classes conducted by experienced teachers, interactive classes through video conferencing, etc. Smart technologies can make learning more inviting and motivate teachers to improve their teaching methods. E-learning has several advantages in a country like India as it allows for the delivery of education or training at an accelerated rate despite geographical distances.Many schools have nowadays introduced the concept of smart learning with the help of smart classes in every classroom but usage of the right technology in the right manner is the need of the hour . Knowledge is not confined only to books , but knowledge is everywhere . Students must be taught about the technology at the right age such that it does not hamper them in their later times . Technology and education should go hand in hand in today’s times . 

*Teaching them why education is important ? 

It is always taught that education is important to become a big and wealthier person but education also teaches us about moral and ethical values , about humanity . 

To conclude , The Government has brought out Draft National Educational Policy 2019 which proposes revision and revamping of all aspects of the education structure, its regulation and governance, to create a new system that is aligned with the aspirational goals of 21st-century education, while remaining consistent with India’s traditions and value systems. The policy seeks to transform India’s higher education system to one of the global best education systems. It is expected to meet the people’s requirement regarding quality education, innovation and research to make this country a knowledge superpower and to attain the level best education system in the world .