All posts by UMESH RAJ

Impact of Oil And Non-Oil Export on Nigeria Economy By

Ajayi Olaniyi Adewale

Department of Educational Foudation and Management.

Ekiti State University, Ado –Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria


This paper examined the impact of oil and non-oil export on Nigerian economy. It reviewed literature on the macroeconomic policy and the relative impact of oil and non-oil export on the economy. It also reviewed the contribution of both oil and non-oil export on Nigeria Gross Domestic Product over the years and compared the contribution of both oil and non-oil export on Nigerian economy. This was necessitated by the need to understand the contribution of both oil and non-oil export on Nigerian economy. The study concluded that oil has greater contribution to the economic growth of Nigeria due to the neglect of agriculture since the beginning of oil boom.

Keywords: Agriculture, Economy, Macro-economic Policy, Non- Oil, Oil

Public Expenditure, Management And Administration In Nigeria Tertiary Institutions: The Need For A Revisit BY

Nyikyaa Miriam Nguavese 1, Iliya Bawa2 and Ahmed Isa Yanga3

  Federal Polytechnic Nasarawa – Nigeria


The Nigeria fiscal system evolved and operated on principles that negated the main features of public expenditure management which include among others allocation, efficiency and equity, guided by the principles of needs, equity, stability and national interest, the Nigeria tertiary institution seem to be in perpetual traumas. Tertiary education in Nigeria is faced with a lot of challenges ranging from the historical factors of the misappropriation of funds caused by the high level of corruption and embezzlement in conjunction with the lackadaisical attitude of government officials towards the growth of the sector. This study call for a revisit on the management and administration of public funds allocated to the tertiary institutions. The study is a qualitative research and based on secondary data. The pieces of information gleaned from the foregoing sources are weighed in relation to the topic using both deductive and inductive reasoning. It was recommended that there should be a legal procedures for administrative and other restrictions on the expenditure of public resources that enhance transparency, accountability, fairness and objectivity.


Keywords: Education, Administration, Funds, Management, Institution, Tertiary, Public.

Fish Production, Poverty Mitigation and Co-Operative Goals of Fagam Co-Operative Fish Farm In Kano State, Nigeria

       M.A.Dambatta,1 O. A. Sogbesan,2 A.U.Fagge,1Suleiman I. Dutse,1A.U. Shuaibu3

               Corresponding author:

*Kano University of Science and Technology Wudil, Department of Forestry, Fisheries and Wildlife

** Moddibo Adama University of Science And Technology Yola, Department of fisheries management.Adamawa State, Nigeria

***Kano University of Science and Technology Wudil, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension management


The effort was made to make this research project to become reality this was achieved by visiting (Fagam-farm) a case study area. With a view to explore how fish production mitigate poverty among the populace of Kano state and to identify the challenges facing the farmers and marketing operation of fish produced, the socio-economic characteristic of the fish farmers of Fagam co-operative farm, the fish production form, marketing strategy and the co-operative goals. Based on the above observation made, recommended that, female are not involves in the sector due to the religion purposes and the majority of the respondent are single within the age category of (8-25). Most of the respondents possess an educational certificate of secondary level were minority of them possess Qur’anic, primary and tertiary certificate. Also majority of the respondents are within the extended family and their family size are in the category of (5-10) where others are in the category of (11-15) it indicated that, all the respondents that interviewed in Fagam farm are purely Muslim in religion whereas no any Christian that work or employed in the farm. The highest numbers of pond that they use in Fagam farm are concrete ponds while others are earthen and plastic pond. Also the type of ponds size dimension are all largest size and the higher percentage of practical culture method they practice is mono-culture while the less percentage is poly culture and all the pounds were constructed manually. The type of feed they used is only imported and the majority type of farming management consider is intensive system while the minority is semi-intensive and the cost of feeding poor circle obtained is 100% high, because the farm has a big size and they practice intensive management system which consumes more capital than the other management system included in the farm.


Documenting initiatives on urban transformation in South-East Europe

Florina Jerliu1 and Bujar Bajçinovci 1, *

1 Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Prishtina, Kosovo

* Corresponding author


Rapid transformation of cities and urban spaces in South-East Europe (SEE) since 1990s is closely related to the common experience of post-socialist and/or post-war challenges in the region. Among pressing issues identified as a common challenge in the region is the trend of self-regulation or unchecked urban development, which contrasts the pre-1990s conventional central planning and development format. This has drawn the attention of a wider Europe, which resulted in a number of initiatives, both governmental and nongovernmental, been created to jointly initiate regional projects that aim at developing urban solutions. The emerging criticism developed by such initiatives has played and important role in raising the awareness about the complexity and the need to address the SEE context within the context of Europe as a whole. This paper introduces the nature of urban transformation in SEE through the example of capital cities; it further documents commonly identified urban development challenges by two regional initiatives, NALAS and Archis SEE Network, from the perspective of authors, the first being a member in both networks. Results suggest that the way forward is to foster national legal frameworks in SEE by taking into account the contextual inputs for urban interventions, in terms of both urban policy and case study projects, developed through regional and international cooperation.

Keywords: South East Europe, regional initiatives, urban transformation, self-regulation, unchecked development, urban intervention