Article 124 to 147 of the constitution deals with the organisation, independence, jurisdiction.powers, procedures of the Supreme Court.The supreme court of India was inaugurated on 28 January,1950. At present time,The supreme Court consists of thirty four judges i.e.,one Chief Justice,and thirty three other judges.In 2019,an provision was passed in which centre notified an increase in the number of Supreme Court judges from thirtyone to thirtyfour,including The Chief Justice of India.
Appointment of Judges-The Judges of the Supreme court are appointed by The President.The Chief Justice is appointed by the President after consultation with such judges of the Supreme Court and High Court as he deems necessary.The other jugdes are appointed by the President after consultation with the Chief Justice and such other judges of the supreme court and high court as he deems necessary.
Qualification of Judges -A person should only be appoint as a judge of the supreme court if he/she should have following qualifications
1.He should be a citizen of India.
2.He should be a judge of high court for five years.
3. He is said to have been a Supreme Court lawyer for 10 years.
From the above discussion, it is clear that the Constitution does not mention the minimum age for appointment to the Supreme Court.
Oath of The judges -A person appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court must take an oath before taking office before the President or anyone appointed by him for that purpose. In this oath, the Supreme Court judge swears it.
1. Support India’s sovereignty and integrity
2. Have true faith and loyalty to the Constitution of India.
3. Perform office duties appropriately and honestly, without fear, favor or affection, and by maximizing my abilities, knowledge and judgment.
4. Support the Constitution and the law.
Salaries and Allowances- The Supreme Court judges’ salaries, allowances, privileges, holidays and pensions are determined by Parliament from time to time. In 2018, the presiding judge’s salary was raised from 10,000 rupees to 28,000 rupees per month, and the judge’s salary was raised from 900 million rupees to 25 million rupees per month. They also receive living allowances, free accommodation and other facilities such as medical care, cars and telephones. Retired chief justice and judges are entitled to receive 50 percent of their final salary as a monthly salary.
Tenure of the Judges-The Constitution does not specify a Supreme Court judge’s term. However, there are three provisions in this regard.
1. He will be in office until he is 65 years old.
2. He can resign in writing to the President.
3.He can removed from his office by the President on the recommendation of the Parliament.