A Study On Success Factors Towards Rural Marketing On Non Durable Products In Thanjavur District

Dr. N.Sumathi,

Mrs.M.Elampirai,

Introduction

 The success of any company depends on its customers. There is a wide range of opportunity to sell in rural areas by these companies due to the untapped markets in those areas. Factors like pricing; advertisement, product quality etc. are involved in the success of rural marketing. The companies can become successful if they concentrate on these factors and take marketing decisions based on these factors This study explains about the success factors towards rural marketing on non durable products in Thanjavur District.

Key Words: Rural Marketing, Success Factors, Non Durable Products

Research Methodology

Review of Literature

Ms.Deepti Srivastava, Faculty of IILM Institute of Higher Education, Gurgaon, Haryana has explained about the changing paradigm in rural India in her research paper “Marketing to Rural Indi: A changing Paradigm” , APJRBM Volume 1, Issue 3 , December 2010.

Mr.B.Amarnath ,Associate Professor, Department of MBA, Sri Venkateswara University,Tirupathi, Andhra Pradesh and G.Vijayudu, Research Scholar, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupathi, Andhra Pradesh have explained about consumer perceptions and attitudes towards branded packaged products in their research paper “ Rural Consumers’ Attitude towards Branded Packaged Food Products” in the  Asia Pacific Journal of Social Sciences, Vol III(1),Jan-June 2011.

Mr.V.V.Devi Prasad Kotni, Assistant Professor, Department of Management Studies, GVP College for Degree and PG Courses, Rushikonda, Endada, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh has done SWOT Analysis and found out the various opportunities and problems of rural markets in India in his research paper “Prospects and Problems of Indian Rural Markets” in the Zenith International Journal of Business Economics & Management Research Vol.2, Issue 3,March 2012.

Objectives of The Study

  1. To study the purchase behaviour of the rural consumers in Thanjavur District.
  2. To identify the success factors towards rural marketing on non durable products in Thanjavur District.
  3. To provide suggestions to the marketer for achieving success in the rural markets of Thanjavur District.

Sampling Methods

Sample Size: The sample size consists of 40 respondents.

Sampling Method: Simple Random Sampling is followed in this research.

Method of Data Collection:

Primary Data and Secondary data collection methods have been followed. Structured close ended Questionnaire with 22 questions has been used for this study. Secondary data has been collected from the government websites.

            Ten villages of Orathanadu Taluk, Thanjavur District namely Ambalapattu, Kannnanthangudi, Okkanadu, Paruthikottai, Pudur, Thekkur, Thelungankudikadu, Thennamanadu,Thenmandalakkottai and  Thirumangalakkottai have been selected randomly for data collection.

Research Tool: Simple Percentage Analysis has been used for this research study.

Limitations of the Study

  1. The study is conducted in the villages in and around Orathanadu Taluk, Thanjavur District.
  2. The sample size is only 40.
  3. The time taken to conduct the study is one month only.
  4. There may be bias in understanding the questionnaire by the respondents

Findings

Attributes Not preferred by rural consumers of Thanjavur District

Number of Respondents Percentage
Advertisement 2 5
Credit Facility 14 35
Discount Offer 0 0
Friends and Relatives 2 5
Brand Image 2 5
Convenience 6 15
Influence of Dealers and Agents 14 35
Total 40 100

From the above table it is found that 35% of the respondents do not prefer credit facilities provided by the shops and 35% of the respondents do not prefer the influence of dealers and agents while purchasing non durable products.

Mode of Purchase of non durable products

  Purchase at Town Purchase at Nearby Shop Purchase through agents Purchase at abroad Purchase through online shopping Total
Food Items 30 10 40
Fruits& Vegetables 28 10 2 40
Toiletaries 20 18 2 40
Edible Oil 24 16 40
Beverages 14 22 4 40

From the above table it is found that majority of the respondents purchase food items, fruits and vegetables, toiletaries and edible oil at town. Majority 22% of the respondents purchase beverages at nearby shop.

Brand is not a concern

  Number of Respondents Percentage
Food Items 12 30
Toiletaries 04 10
Edible Oil 02 05
Footwear 08 20
Brand is important 14 35
Total 40 100

From the above table it is found that majority 35% of the respondents give importance to brand for all the non durable products they purchase. 30% of the respondents do not give importance to food items they purchase.

Reasons for switching the brand

  Number of Respondents Percentage
Price 06 15
Change in the Market Trend 06 15
Habit 04 10
Promotional Strategies by companies 06 15
Non Availability of the product 14 35
Others 04 10
Total 40 100

35% of the respondents feel that they switch their brand due to non availability of the product.

Affordability per month

  <500 500-1000 1001-2000 >2000 Total
Food Items 30 10 40
Fruits& Vegetables 28 10 2 40
Toiletaries 20 18 2 40
Edible Oil 24 16 40
Beverages 14 22 4 40

From the above table it is found that the respondents spend Rs. 500 per month for product food items, fruits and vegetables, toiletaries and  edible oil . Majority 22% of the respondents spend between Rs.500 and Rs.1000 for beverages per month.

Bargaining by Consumers

  Number of Respondents Percentage
Bargain 34 85
Do not Bargain 06 15
Total 40 100

              From the above table it is found that 85% of the respondents bargain while purchasing non durable goods.

Best Advertising Technique

  Number of Respondents Percentage
Shop Display 10 25
TV Ad 22 55
Ad in Cinema Theatres
Pamplet
Wall Painting
Newspaper 08 20
Total 34 100

              From the above table it is found that majority 55% of the respondents feel that advertising in Television is the best advertising technique and 25% of the respondents feel that shop display is the best advertising technique.

Recommendation of non durable goods to friends

  Number of Respondents Percentage
Definitely not 04 10
Probably not
Not sure 02 05
Probably 18 45
Definitely 16 40
Total 40 100

              From the above table it is found that majority 45% of the respondents probably recommend and 40% of the respondents definitely recommend the non durable products they use to their friends.

 

Suggestions

 

 

  • From the research it is found that the respondents do not prefer credit facilities and influence of dealers and agents while purchasing non durable products. Hence the marketer can do direct selling instead of selling their products through dealers and agents.
  • It is found that majority of the respondents purchase the non durable goods in town. They do not prefer nearby shops for these purchases. The main reason for their preference in town is due availability of quality products and reduction of cost due to their bulk purchase in town. Hence if the marketer introduce new markets in the rural villages and provide the same facilities like town he can become successful.
  • Majority 35% of the respondents say that brand is very important. Hence brand is an important factor to be successful in the rural markets of Thanjavur District.
  • Majority 35% of the respondents say that they switch their brands due to non availability of the products. Hence we can conclude that these rural customers are more loyal to the brand they use. Hence creating loyalty among rural customers and making sure that the non durable products are available regularly to them.
  • Majority of the respondents afford Rs. 500 and less than Rs. 500 per month for food items, fruits and vegetables, toiletaries and edible oil. Hence packaging is an important factor for the success of the company. The company can be successful in selling the products through small packets and sachets.
  • Majority 85% of the respondents bargain while purchasing their products. Majority 35% of them always bargain and 35% of them bargain depending upon the shop they purchase. Therefore the marketer has to take steps to overcome this problem to be successful in the rural market.
  • Majority 55% of the respondents feel that Advertisement in Television is the best way of advertising. Advertisment in cinema theatres, providing pamphlets and wall painting advertisements are not preferred by the respondents. Hence the companies can reduce the expenditure towards advertising in cinema theatres, providing pamphlets and wall painting and give more importance to advertise in television.
  • Majority 45% of the respondents recommend the non durable products to their friends. Hence if the companies concentrate on satisfying the rural consumers and take steps to retain them. These satisfied consumers may recommend the non durable products to their friends.

Conclusion

         The rural consumers are influenced by various factors like quality of the products, selling and distribution techniques, packaging, branding and advertisements etc. If these factors are identified and take necessary steps the companies can become successful in selling and achieving profits.

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