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Ayurveda – A sustainable alternate medical practice

Coronavirus: Experts suggest Ayurveda helps boost immunity against ...

Ayurveda is a holistic system of medicine that is indigenous to and widely practiced in India. The word Ayurveda is a Sanskrit term meaning ‘science of life.’ Ayu means ‘life’ or ‘daily living’ and Veda is ‘knowing.’ Ayurveda is a medical system that deals with health in all its aspects; physical health, mental balance, spiritual well-being, social welfare, environmental considerations, dietary and lifestyle habits, daily living trends, and seasonal variations in lifestyle, as well as treating and managing specific diseases The origin of Ayurveda is lost in prehistoric antiquity, but its characteristic concepts appear to have matured between 2,500 and 500 B.C. in ancient India. The earliest references to drugs and diseases can be found in the Rigveda and Atharvaveda.

Ayurveda is all about Dharana and Dharma, both Sanskrit words denoting a sustainable complex of life and living: the first within the organism itself and the second within society and the world. Ayurveda is almost – in a positive sense – preoccupied with ‘sustaining life’: as a science it focuses on preserving life down to the cellular level of each living organism, and first and foremost of human beings. One of the reasons that sustaining and preserving human life is so important in Ayurveda, is a result from the fact that it is a spiritual science which sees this life – and our bodies as temples for our souls – as a way to evolve spiritually. This evolution is not for a personal gain, but for the greater common good: Ayurveda sees life as one, and not as a fragmented event.

Ayurveda gives clear guidelines for lifestyle and nutrition, which all fit within a framework of Dharma. Dharma naturally supports something that carries responsibility for the whole of society and humanity, and thus also regarding ethical and environmental matters. Lifestyle – according to Ayurveda – should be helping to preserve a healthy environment and support of nature, in all possible aspects. This cannot but lead to supporting responsible behavior in keeping our water, our nature, our forests, our cities, our air, and in short our whole life, as clean and pure as possible. It also implies a natural care for good and sustainable food sources, and agriculture which preserves not only life in the sense of clean and pure production, but also responsible and safe nutritional methods. Good examples include active support of organic and biodynamic farming, support for natural agricultural systems such as permaculture, as well as active resistance of technical and not safe-proof production methods such as with GMO foods. It also promote the wise and respectful use of animal products.

According to the sustainability goals of Ayurveda, organic and other forms of responsible farming should be used to grow the herbs Ayurveda uses for its remedies. Use of local herbs has been advised over procuring exotic and rare herbs. Commonly availabe spices such as cumin and turmeric have profound healing properties, and are powerful additions in the arsenal of medicinal substances.  Ayurveda is the makes use of small shrubs to big trees for various purposes and to that Ayurvedics follow certain guide lines for collection and cultivation. So in order to obtain herbal medicine Ayurvedics also engage forestation and cultivation. The use of medicinal plants is oriented to take advantage of their ability to harmonize the balance between the patient and the basic influences of life, such as diet, work, and family life. With more than 2700 plants at its disposal, it is clear that Ayurveda in quite close with nature and its powers. In this way both doctors and patients easily see their connections to nature.

The Hospital wastes of Ayurveda are almost biodegradable. The medicines are of Herbal or Mineral or a mixture of both which are easy to dispose in to the earth after their expiry or their use. The pharmaceutical waste of Ayurveda is also biodegradable and some of them make good manure for cultivation. The plastic and other artificial materials not used for treatment makes Ayurveda an Eco friendly system. In Ayurvedic system each and every part of the environment is given importance which makes the optimum utilization of natural resources from Daily usage to the Drug. For example, neem- plant is used for Twigs, tooth brushing and tongue cleaning; Leaves-for medicating the bathing water; Seed oil, for external application over scalp for healthy hair etc.

This approach to nature as the source of healing and to personal care, as a source of loving health care, with emphasis on the preventive side, is a very welcome feature of Ayurveda, which could permeate and facilitate our approaches to sustainability and to the rich relationships between people (society), things (economy) and nature (ecology). Environmental sustainability is highly related to conscious mental and bodily good practice, of which Ayurveda could be considered as a very useful model, not only in the countries where it is traditionally applied, but everywhere. Ayurveda not only teaches to live healthy, but also teaches to love nature and live with nature.


  1. Full form of MBBS:

MBBS in English means Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. In Latin, it means Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae.By combining both versions, we get Medicinae Baccalaureus and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS).

MBBS is an undergraduate degree awarded to students on completion of their graduation from a medical school. It is a professional degree to become a certified medical practitioner.Different countries award the students with different degrees for the same. In countries, like China awards the students with Bachelor of Medicine (BMED).

2. How to pursue:

Pursuing MBBS degree in India holds a necessary condition through NEET .The duration of MBBS course is five years and six months including one year of rotational internship at hospitals, health centres, and health camps organised by non-profit organizations (NGO’s).Medical Council of India(MCI) has clearly defined and strict guidelines about the curriculum to be followed in the MBBS course and violation of rules leads to de-recognition.

Another way for pursuing an MBBS course is studying abroad. Every year lakh of students appear for the NEET exam. Although they are able to qualify the NEET exam but miss the target of taking admission in a good college in India. So, the next best option for them is to take admission in one of the foreign countries such as Nepal and Bangladesh as per their reference in a good MBBS college which offer similar course as in India.

3. Subjects in MBBS:

MBBS course syllabus includes studies on anatomy, pharmacology, pathology as well as community health & medicine, paediatrics, and surgery. In the first year of MBBS, there are 3 subjects- Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry. In the second year-Pathology, Microbiology, Pharmacology and Forensic medicine. After that, for two more years of MBBS, there are clinical subjects that consist of Preventive and Social Medicine, Ophthalmology and ENT in third year. In final year, the students study Medicine, Surgery (including orthopedics), Pediatrics and Gynecology & Obstetrics. Then, the student has to do a compulsory internship of one year at the end of MBBS course.The syllabus, prescribed in such a way that MBBS degree holders can choose a specialisation for further majoring and practising medicine.

4. Career options after MBBS:

The career specialisations for MBBS students are -Nephrology,Cardiology, Gynecology, Anesthesiology, Organ Transplant, Endocrine, and General Surgery, etc.During one year of the MBBS internship, students can work with hospitals and healthcare centres as consultants, physicians, medical assistants in critical care units, among others. They can also work in health campaigns by the government and help the public with awareness about diseases, medicines, health and fitness through conferences.
On completion of the MBBS internship, the students can get themselves registered as doctors with the Medical Council of India (MCI). They can either apply for a post-graduate degree in medical science i.e. MD/MS or continue working in the health sector as qualified doctors.Also, they can associate with pharmaceuticals as research associates.Apart from this, students can also apply for Combined Medical Services Examination which leads to employment in central government organizations, including hospitals, defence sector, railways, and with the local/state government.

5. Eligibility criteria:

  • Educational criteria- Candidates must have passed Class XII/higher secondary/pre-university qualifying examination with Science subjects i.e. Physics, Chemistry and Zoology/Botany. They are expected to have studied English as the main subject for their qualifying examination.
  • Age criteria- Candidates must have completed 17 years of age at the time of admissions.
 For further assistance, visit official website-https://www.mciindia.org/CMS/

6. Subjects in MBBS course:

AnatomyDermatology & Venereology
PhysiologyObstetrics & Gynecology
Forensic Medicine & ToxicologyOphthalmology
Community MedicineSurgery

In MBBS course curriculum, aspiring doctors also learn the ethical practices, get to intern with hospitals and volunteering projects.I hope this article must be helpful for NEET aspirants.

Judicial Approach towards Combating Medical Negligence

Annu Bahl* & Dr. Rama Sharma**

*(Research Scholar) Assistant Professor Noida International University, Greater Noida annubahl@gmail.com

**(HOD) Associate Professor Delhi Metropolitan Education, Noida,sharmarama14@yahoo.com


The Medical profession has reached new horizons, facing many ethical and legal challenges in the practice of the profession. Doctor-Patient relationship is changing swiftly and adversely. The patient, who in earlier days had full faith in his treating doctor, now suspects negligence as a cause of his sufferings. Commercialization of modern medical practice, ignorance towards medical ethics, zero tolerance and high expectation of patients, inclusion of health care services within the ambit of Consumer Protection Act has ultimately created such a vicious circle which is manifesting as an ever increasing incidence of litigation against the doctors and hospitals. No doctor can afford to remain ignorant to the Ghost named “Medical Negligence or Malpractice”.

Key Words: Medical Negligence, Medical Profession, Service, Consumer Protection