Tag Archives: communication skill

Barriers to communication

Communication is a two-way process, it is a method through which we transmit desire information ideas, knowledge, emotions and feelings from one to another. But sometimes, due to some reason, we fail to send desire data to another person i.e., receiver these reasons are called Barrier to communication.

For examples: When we are communicating in a crowded area; it is difficult to transfer our data due to interference of noise. So the environment is not suitable for communication hence, it is a barrier to communication.

Types of Barrier to communication

It can be of two kinds

  1. Channel Noise
  2. Semantic Noise

The difference between them is that Channel Noise develop externally (that is, external to the message) whereas the semantic Noise is internal to the message.

  1. Channel Noise: When there is any unwanted interference or snag in the medium of the communication process, called Channel Noise. For example: Noise market place or illegible handwriting can be called as Channel noise, both factors that create communication failure. In some case it is medium and in other is the environment. Noisy environment and illegible handwriting, a worse medium, creating a barrier. Below are some causes.
  • Physical Noise in the Channel
  • Use of Inappropriate Media
  • Information Overload]
  • Fear of Superior
  • Negative Presupposition
  • Communication Selectivity
  • Poor Listening

Semantic Noise: It can be defined as noise or barrier that is generated from within a message. As language is connotative, that is, the meaning of a word is not always stated directly and can also be implied hence, it may cause a communication failure. For example: If someone says that ‘ the bark is strong ‘ then the meaning of the sentence will depend on the context in which it is spoken, ’bark’ can be used for two things one is for dog’s barking and another one is for tree’s bark. It depends on the context. Therefore it may create communication barriers. There are numerous examples of Semantic Noise. Following are the causes of Semantic Noise

  • Limited Vocabulary
  • Incompatibility between Verbal & Non-Verbal language
  • Varied Perception due to different background such as cultural.
  • Wrong Assumption & Interference
  • Blocked categories/categorical Thinking
  • Emotional, psycho-social Unsettled State

Strategies to overcome the Barrier to Communication 

If an individual wants to be an effective Communication then he needs to learn methods to avoid Barriers. An Individual can overcome Barrier to communication

  1. Identify the Problem
  2. Find the cause
  3. Work on an alternative solution
  4. Opt for the best sol
  5. Follow up rigorously

We can avoid the Barrier by using effective communication. It can be done through following FCs. These norms apply in both oral and written communication. It is a thought that adopting FCs, shoot up our communication level from low to high.

  1. Completeness: Any communication must be complete, in the sense that message should convey all required facts, info for comprehension of the message.
  2. Conciseness: It refers to the facts that while communication process one should try to make the message as short as possible to make it effective it saves times, reduce cast.
  3. Consideration: Consideration communication implies that the sender of message sites into the shoes of the audience /reader in terms of their viewpoints, background etc., to ensure that complete message received by the receiver.
  4. Clarity: Clarity is communication implies that message should be as culture-free as possible and that it is easily understandable.
  5. Concreteness: Concreteness is communication implies that being particular and clear rather than frizzy &general. By using facts, figure or quote make communication more effective.
  6. Courtesy: Courtesy in communication implies that the sender should respect the receiver in terms of polite, judicious & enthusiastic.
  7. Correctness: Correctness means there should be grammatical errors, no dubiousness in facts & figure.

We can also follow some more measures to overcome the barriers of communication.

  • Clarify ideas before communication.
  • The communication process should according to the need of the receiver.
  • Consulting other before communication.
  • Awareness of language, tone & content of the message.
  • Ensure proper feedback.
  • Follow up communication.
  • Be a good listener.

By avoiding barriers, overcoming to the barrier if any, and following 7Cs help to communicate effectively.

Reading and its Techniques

There are four skills usually used to master a language. Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing. A good reader becomes good listeners, speakers and writers. Nonetheless, the fact remains that no one skill learned alone, mostly the combination of all skills. Reading is preferred for Pleasure, examination, general information, specific knowledge, problem-solving, draw logic etc.

Types of Reading

1. Scanning

2. Skimming

3. Intensive Reading

4. Extensive Reading 

Above are the four types of readings. Usually, we call them as reading techniques.

In the age of internet and information overload what to read and what not to read is extremely crucial. Reading techniques help in dealing with such a situation. 

Detail Explanation of types of reading


Scanning is reading with a specific purpose in mind for specific information. When one reads an entire text/ document quickly while looking for specific information, it is known as scanning. 

For examples:- Going through an entire newspaper and looking for specific news like try to get specific information about Delhi University admission, on Election- Poll etc.


Skimming is speed reading for an overview of general information. Going through an entire newspaper quickly through the headlines is an example of skimming. Going through Data- table quickly to elicit to an overall idea of the topic on which data is presented is an example of skimming techniques of reading. Do not expect or deep comprehension of the written text after skimming. Reading only the headings of the chapter is skimming.

“A.K Pugh in his book “Silent Reading – An Introduction to its Study and Teaching suggested that since scanning is a less complex style of reading it can be introduced first. Skimming requires fluency and more practice required, it should be introduced later.”

Intensive Reading

It is a specific written piece for a specific purpose. It is going into minutest details of a particular word/phrase/line/paragraph.

For example:- 

“The woods are lovely dark & deep

But I have promises to keep

And miles to go before I sleep”

Refer: “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” by “Robert Frost”

To answer a question like,’ what is the meaning of ‘woods’ in the poem, one will adopt intensive reading techniques. This Skill is very crucial for language learners, as they pick up vocabulary focus on structure& syntax while following these techniques.

Scrivener in his book ‘Learning Teaching’ Published in 1994, described that the readers carefully and closely read a short text to gain as an understanding of as much as detail as possible.

Extensive Reading

It is a kind of general reading for general information. Generally, this technique is used for pleasure reading, like reading a novel for pleasures.

For Example:- If one is asked to read to a chapter before discussing it in class, one goes for extensive reading to get the general idea of the piece. While reading unseen passage, both extensive & intensive both is required. For dealing with specific questions intensive reading is required, but for initial reading is for the general idea of the passage.

Skimming and Scanning Together

  • Both are referred to as types of reading & other times as skills. 
  • By practising skimming & scanning, the individual learns to read and select specific information without focusing on information that is not important or meaning. 
  • Skimming involves a thorough overview of a text and implies limited activity, only retrieving information relevant to a purpose.

Intensive and Extensive Reading Together

  • It is common for both approaches to reading to be used in the same class. For example, where extensive reading is encouraged, the teacher may have the student read together or learn a specific skill such as writing an outline.
  • In the class where intensive reading is mostly used, the student may be asked to read texts of their choosing to report back on, in either an oral or written format.
  • In both approaches, it is not the nature of the skills that are of most interest but rather, results.