International Day of The Unborn Child

International Day Of the Unborn Child is a feast day celebrated on 25th March of every year. This day is celebrated in remembrance of unborn foetuses. This day is observed as a day of opposition to abortion. In 1993, El Salvador, the first country to celebrate this day, observed Day of the Right to Be Born. After this, many countries began to observe their own remembrances of the unborn child.

What’s the significance?

This day celebrates thousands of unborn children whose lives have been sacrificed due to the savagery of abortion. This day is a reminder that all human lives are special. Each and every human life is precious and has dignity since the day of its conception. The countries observe this day as their protest against abortion.  International Day of The Unborn Child reminds us that human life at any stage should be respected.


Pope John Paul II established this day to coincide with the Feast of Annunciation. Following the footsteps of El Salvador, several other countries started observing this day.

Argentina – Day of The Unborn – 1998

Chile – Day of the Conceived and Unborn – 1998

Guatemala – National Day of the Unborn – 1999

Costa Rica – National Day of Life Before Birth – 1999

Nicaragua – Day of the Unborn Child – 2000

Other countries such as Peru, the Philippines, the Dominican Republic and Paraguay are also observing this day.

Abortion and its effects

The decision to end a pregnancy is quite a difficult one and often requires a lot of reflection. There are variety of reasons to undergo an abortion – unplanned pregnancy, financial crisis, health issues, socioeconomic reasons and many other such factors.

Abortion is a loss and different individuals deal with it differently. The range of emotions varies from grief, regret, depression to happiness or sense of relief. This is a very crucial stage and requires support from family and friends.

Abortion can cause irregular menstrual cycles and sudden hormonal changes that require a longer recovery time. A constant state of negative emotions can lead to anxiety and depression.

Legality of abortion

There have been many debates regarding the abortion laws. Different laws prevail in different countries. There has been a constant wrangling between “pro-life” and “pro-choice”. In light of religious beliefs, human rights issues, women’s rights, as well as ethical issues, the entire matter is very debatable as both sides strongly believe they have logical reasoning and moral rights to support their claims.

There are 67 countries in the world that allow women to undergo abortion upon their request (with limiting gestational period). On the other hand, there are 26 countries in the world that forbid abortion altogether.

Some countries with liberal abortion laws offer legislations to safeguard the abortion clinics against vandalism, demonstrations, threats and harassment to both patients and staff. While some other countries create “buffer zones” around the clinics so that the protestors cannot have an access to the facility.

The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act of 1971 provided for the legalization of abortion in India under various circumstances for the past 50 years.

Now let us go through some facts and figures:

  • According to a report, in 2019, there were approximately 630,000 legal abortions reported in the United States.
  • According to WHO, 22% of all pregnancies in the USA (excluding miscarriages) end in abortion.
  • WHO noted that every year there are an estimated 40-50 million abortions in the world. This corresponds to approximately 125,000 abortions per day.