INDIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM
‘ Education is the most powerful weapon with which you can change the world ’
– Nelson Mandela
Education is the process of facilitating learning and metamorphosing a child into a human resource capital which builds the professional assets of a nation.
India’s population in 2020 is estimated at 1.38 billion,with around 35% of population in the age bracket of (6-25) years.With such a large young population,if guided and trained properly,it can become the strong pillar in India’s development to tryst with golden destiny.
The school education and higher education in India are divided as :
School education :
It includes six years of primary education (6-12 years) followed by secondary education (13-16 years) and at age of 17 or 18, the senior secondary education is finished.
In India higher education starts with bachelor degree programs like B.Tech,B.Sc,MBBS etc with duration of 3-5 years followed up by master degree of two years.It is then followed by doctoral level studies.
The education provided in our schools and colleges is detached from life.It is ironical that a country like India which is dreaming of its development through secondary and tertiary sector of economy,does not provide any type of skill developing courses.The over-burdening bags of child,over-crowded schools,peer pressure of marks,even the examination pattern have negatively attributed to our education system.
As per a report by National Crime Records Bureau(NCRB),28 students commit suicide in India per day.With about 10,159 students’s suicide in 2018.Having such alarming numbers,it succintly shows the callousness of the government towards the reforms in eduaction system in India.As per Kakodkar committee,IITs have been changing into reseach institutes slowly over past decade.But they still have a long way to go which can be fathomable with QS Rankings-2020 which features only IIT Bombay,IIT Delhi and IISc Bangaluru in top 200.
As the education system facing so many problems,improvement is need of hour.It can be started by skill development in schools.Schools and college must not only focus on grades but on analytical and creative skills.The incentives of teachers must be enhanced as they deserve more than they are offered.The funding for research funding must be increased at higher level.Government also should address the issue of higher dropout rate after class 12 among students.
In conclusion,the Indian education system must change and give students equal opportunities to excel in future so that our youth can create a better India-New India.