Water is one of the important resources for living beings on earth. 97% of Our earth is surrounded by water. The human body is also made up of 70% water. Due to Industrialization, growing population, and agriculture, the need for water has become high.
Today, billions of people are living without safe water. ‘Safe water’ is shorthand for a ‘safely managed drinking water service’: water that is accessible on the premises, available when needed, and free from contamination.
Due to the non-availability of safe water to around 2.1 billion Indian population they are at risk of Cholera, Diarrhea, Typhoid, Hepatitis B, and many other diseases cause due to consuming contaminated water.
India is currently ranked 120 among 122 countries in the water quality index.
Globally, close to four billion people live in water-scarce areas, where, for at least part of the year, demand exceeds supply, said the report by non-profit organization ‘WaterAid.’
This number is expected to go up to five billion by 2050, said the report titled ‘Beneath the Surface: The State of the World’s Water 2019,’ which will be released today, to mark World Water Day.
By 2040, it is predicted that 33 countries are likely to face extremely high water stress – including 15 in the Middle East, most of Northern Africa, Pakistan, Turkey, Afghanistan, and Spain. Many – including India, China, Southern Africa, USA, and Australia – will face high water stress.
Due to the increased needs of water in every sector of the economy, its sustainable management is essential.
Since Ancient, Indian have adopted many traditional methods of water conservation. They believed that forest conservation is equal to water conservation.
Today, The government is also running many water conservation camps to make people aware of the necessity and scarcity of this essential natural resource.
Foresting is one of the oldest ideas of conserving water. We should plant the trees as much as possible.
Rainwater harvesting system helps in conserving the rainwater and make it useful for other purposes. Industries should also keep an eye on the overusing of water and unnecessary wastage of it.
Without fixing the agriculture water scarcity can’t be fixed. Wheat and rice are two major water-guzzling crops.
“Rice is the least water-efficient grain and wheat has been the main driver in increasing irrigation stress. Replacing rice and wheat with other crops like maize, millets, sorghum mapped to suitable geographies could reduce irrigation water demand by one-third,” said the report.
Replacing wheat and rice depends on the ecology condition and amount of water available in that particular area.
Reasons why we need to conserve water-
- 2.1 billion people live without safe water at home
- One in four primary schools have no drinking water service, with pupils using unprotected sources or going thirsty
- More than 700 children under five years of age die every day from diarrhea linked to unsafe water and poor sanitation
- Globally, 80 percent of the people who have to use unsafe and unprotected water sources live in rural areas
- Women and girls are responsible for water collection in eight out of ten households with water off-premises
- For the 68.5 million people who have been forced to flee their homes, accessing safe water services is highly problematic
- Around 159 million people collect their drinking water from surface water, such as ponds and streams
- Around four billion people – nearly two-thirds of the world’s population – experience severe water scarcity during at least one month of the year
- Over 800 women die every day from complications in pregnancy and childbirth
- 700 million people worldwide could be displaced by intense water scarcity by 2030
By changing our daily habits –
In our daily lives, we unknowingly waste a tremendous amount of water. We waste it in taking a long shower, cleaning our toilets beyond its necessity level, While brushing our teeth without realizing the tab is open when we don’t even need it, Washing hands while applying soup for a long time, washing our courtyards with so much water, washing clothes with much water and many more daily habits.
We should realize these habits, try to conserve water, and don’t waste it as much as possible.
This is the necessity of today to conserve water otherwise our future generation won’t be able to get a little amount of water which we are now getting easier.