As we all know the most important food staple of India’s agriculture is rice and wheat. Fishing in India is huge. With a total catch of 30,00,000 MT annually, India ranks among the top ten fisheries countries in the world. India is the second largest fruit producing country in the world. India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices and spice products. India is also known as the country of spices. The Indian food and grocery market is the sixth largest market in the world. The Indian food processing industry accounts for 32% of the total food market in the country, is one of the largest industries in India and ranks fifth in terms of production, consumption, exports and expected growth. Despite all these facts, the conditions are not good. Let me tell you about the life of a farmer. A farmer is a person who works on the farm. The life of an Indian farmer is very difficult. He gets up early in the morning, takes his plow and oxen and goes to the field.
The farmer is busy with fields and crops throughout the year. He does not care about cold, heat or rain. He returns home only when the day is full and it is dark. Despite such hard work and sacrifice, the farmer still lives in the midst of poverty. Farmer protests across India are largely driven by bumper crops and low prices, according to studies by the Development Organization (OECD) and research firm (ICRIER). According to the study, farming has become a lucrative business.
About 62% of farmers in India, who cultivate less than 0.80 hectares of land, will live below the poverty line if they do not go on a non-agricultural business. This report blames government policies governing food rather than agriculture. Despite the huge size of the agricultural sector, the yield per hectare of crops in India is low compared to international standards.
Improper water management is another problem. The fact is that the agricultural sector is highly inefficient and unable to solve the problems of hunger and malnutrition. It is estimated that total agricultural production is lost due to inefficiencies in storage of crops. But even after all these situations there are some efforts. The Indian food industry is poised for huge growth, in addition to increasing its contribution to the world food trade every year, as an alternative to immense potential, especially for the food processing industry.
Development in agriculture Some of the major developments in agriculture are- The first mega food park in Rajasthan opened in March 2018. Sugar production in India is expected to reach 27,000,000 tonnes in 2017-18. Cotton production in India is expected to increase by 9% in 2017-18 from 37,000,000.
In March 2018, the Indian government extended the urea subsidy to farmers by 2020 with the aim of ensuring urea supply at controlled prices. The government is working on a plan to provide air cargo assistance to boost agricultural exports from India. The Prime Minister Crop Insurance Scheme (PMFBY) will be implemented at a rapid pace. Soil Health Cards have been distributed throughout the country during 2015-17 and the Soil Health Mobile App has been launched to help Indian farmers.