Research Scholor, Department of History, Panjab University, Chandigarh
Norman Borlaug developed ‘green revolution’ to address the problem of food scarcity across world. Under the first five year plan much stress was given to the development of agriculture so as to make India self sufficient in terms of food grains. Green revolution in India came as a new ray of hope under the leadership of M.S Swaminathan by introducing high yield variety of rice and wheat saplings. It included application of modern agricultural practices that is fertilizers, seeds, irrigations and credit. The main focused area of the first green revolution was specially of Punjab, Haryana and Western Utter Pradesh. Why India need the Green Revolution and how it affects the socio-economic life of a farmer. This revolution not only met the food requirements within the country but also place it among the exporter countries of food grains. With time technologies may change; irrigation without failing will remain important part of agriculture. Its role before and after revolution with remain persistent.