Master plan 2021 defines Local Area Plan (LAP) as a plan of a ward/sub zone to be prepared and approved by the concerned local body. Municipal Corporation of Delhi has proposed the development of LAP for 33 wards. Every LAP will incorporate the views and local knowledge provided by people living in and around the area. Thus public participation is an essential element of LAP.

“Local area plan is by definition a plan based on the local needs and characteristics. Thus, it requires framing area specific objectives.” (Preparation of local area plans, request for proposals, Municipal Corporation of Delhi, 2005)

“Local area plan means the plan of a ward/sub-zone to be prepared by the concerned body.” (Master plan for delhi-2021, 2007)

“Local area plan means the plan of a ward/sub-zone of existing built up areas where redevelopment / renewal / rejuvenation etc. are to be done with public participation to achieve the ultimate goal of planned development at the macro level.” (Manual for preparation of local area plans based on mpd-2021, area planning unit, Delhi Development Authority, 2008)


“It is prepared in consultation with the local community and members of the public. It sets out a strategy for the proper planning and sustainable development of an area. The plan seeks to provide a framework for how a ward/local area can develop. It provides some ideas as to how this development can be achieved, what new developments are needed, where public and private resource inputs are required, and some of the rules and regulations that will guide development in the ward” (Manual for preparation of local area plans based on mpd-2021, area planning unit, Delhi Development Authority, 2008).

“To address ground realities and formulate practically enforceable building bye-laws, it will be necessary to focus on much smaller areas with more or less uniform character and concerns. In other words, formulating area specific building bye-laws will require institutionalizing a third level of planning in Delhi whereby detailed, area specific, three dimensional local area plans and building bye-laws are prepared.” (Preparation of local area plans, request for proposals, Municipal Corporation of Delhi, 2005)

Thus, it is quite clear that Local Area Plan will be formulated to address the ground realities in consultation with public to develop and channelize development in accordance with the higher order plans


Here, we will be discussing the various stages of the Local Area Plan and how public participation is feasible at the various stages proposed by the planning committee for local area plan.

Figure 4‑12 Stages of Local Area Plan in Delhi which is being followed

Source: Term of Reference of the Local Area Plan Preparation

1.1.4     Base Maps

 Here consultants have to generate upto date base maps on the base of SOI data, imagery, revenue maps, approved layout plans etc. Then generate supplementary upto date base maps of services, in terms of water, sewerage, drainage, electricity, fire etc.And then get base map approved by Monitoring Committee and WardCouncilor.

1.1.5     Mapping Of Secondary Data On Base Maps

  • On base map, superimposition of up to date MPD/ZDP land use proposals.
  • Mapping of heritage buildings, sites and landscapes of national and regional importance to be protected and those to be conserved as per the list of INTACH and/or MCD are to be done in this stage.
  • Mapping of approved BPL sites earmarked for in-situ upgrading/reconstruction.
  • Mapping of LalDora boundaries of urbanized villages if available is to be done.
  • Mapping of any other approved Land Use commitments is to be incorporated.
  • Get base map with above commitments approved by Monitoring Committee and WardCouncilor before its publication.

1.1.6     Draft Lap

  • Prepare draft ward level proposals (redevelopment wards, redensification wards, densification wards as the case may be) w.r.t MPD/ZDP, the 12th schedule of the CA Act’92, and other primary and secondary data as necessary.
  • Draft plan to incorporate land use proposals, permissible uses matrix and Development Control Regulations.
  • Weightage will be given to the consultative/ participatory process.
  • Draft plan will have to get passed by Monitoring Committee and WardCouncilor before processing under the DD Act’/MCD Act for further improvement.

1.1.7     Final Lap

After considering draft objections/suggestions, prepare final LAP for acceptance by Monitoring Committee for processing through DD Act’57/MCD Act 57.

1.2       INFERENCES

Local Area Plan has been undergoing a phase of completion and the time has opportune to make a review of the planning practices undertaken in the name of participatory planning. The success and failure of a planning exercise has a strong influence on the subsequent planning process. After reviewing the whole process till the draft stage, it has been found that there is limited scope defined for participation in the planning document and in actual practice it failed short of the expectation of the people. The process adopted for involving the public seems more like the customary objections and suggestions process which is undertaken for higher order plans. The engagement of the public has be very limited and it stated after the plan got prepared leaving little scope for incorporation of the views of the public in the planning process. There was lack of efforts in informing public in an effective manner and subsequently involving them in plan preparation process. The interest of public is high in local area plans which will have direct impact on the future development and the provision of services and thus, people will be willing and participate more actively. There was provision for ensuring public consultation for the stakeholder’s participation but in very few cases there was any form of public consultation organized. There was no any monitoring provision by the monitoring authoring to monitor such meetings or workshops.

Shashikant Nishant Sharma

Urban Planner

{Courtesy: Sharma, S.N. (2012), Participatory Planning in Plan Preparation: A Case of Delhi, Graduate Thesis, Department of Physical Planning, School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi}