Despite its growing economy, India is one of the countries having lowest female labour force participation in the wold.The rate of working women in our country is not something to be proud of. The reasons of this can be be many such as personal safety, security including fear of sexual harassment and oppressive social norms that restricts women’s mobility, do prevent women from seeking employment and confine her to primary caregiver roles. There are so many reasons which prevent women to work and even if they work, they don’t get equal opportunities and rights at their work place. It is said that women now or equal to men in every field but is really so? It’s unfortunate to say, but no it is not true at all. The working women needs to fight for their rights, to make their position equal and to gain respect . Women are generally discriminated mostly during work pay.Even if a man and a woman are at equal position, have equal responsibilities, still women gets much less salary than than the man.And these things are not only in service sectors but can also be found in sports and entertainment industries as well. Many celebrities from the entertainment industry have spoken on this topic and have clearly shown their anger over this issue.
According to a report, women only have three-quarters of the employment rights of men worldwide.The world bank’s women,business and the law index reveals only Belgium, Denmark, France, Iceland, Latvia, Luxembourg, Sweden and Canada are the nations which give equal rights to men and women. The report makes clear that giving equal employment rights and increasing female participation in labour markets has clear economic benefits.The World Economic Forum’s gender gap report fund that, although there has been some progress in some areas, it will be a century before the world over enjoy equal rights with men.Below I’ll be sharing 5 Women’s Employment rights which everybody should know about :
THE MATERNITY BENEFIT AMENDMENT ACT, 2017 – This act has now made it necessary for business to educate a female employee of her rights under the Act at the time of appointment. The female government employees are qualified for maternity leave for a time of 180 days for their initial two live conceived kids. The new act has additionally presented the choice of telecommuting/work from home for new moms.
THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE ACT, 2013 -Sexual harassment at work is not uncommon and we come across various cases dealing with harassment at the workplace. Apart from dealing with sexual harassment complaints, an employer has additional obligation in the nature of providing a safe working environment , treat sexual harassment as a misconduct and organizing workshops and awareness programmes at regular intervals for sensitizing employees on the issues and implications of sexual harassment at the workplace.
THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948 – The factories Act is a legislation to secure to the workers employed in a factory, health, safety, welfare, proper working hours and other benefits.State government from time to time issue notifications for amending provisions of the Factories Act, which would be application to workers in factories in that particular state.
THE EQUAL REMUNERATION ACT, 1976 – Under this act, the employers shall pay equal remuneration to its male and female carrying out the same or similar work and employers cannot discriminate between men and women while recruiting unless there is a restriction under the law to employ women in certain industries.
SHOPS AND ESTABLISHMENT ACTS – The state government enact their respective shops and establishment act, regulates the working conditions pf employees in a shop or commercial establishment. This act provide for various provisions pertaining to notice period, leave entitlement, and working conditions like weekly working hours, weekly off, overtime etc.