Human Resource Management


Human resource management involves procuring, developing, maintaining and appraising a competent workforce to achieve the goals efficiently and effectively. Staffing is an integral part of human resource management. It is also concerned with procurement, development, compensation, integration and maintenance of managerial employees.

The National Institute Personnel Management (NIPM) of India has defined human resource management as ” the part of management which is concerned with people at work and with their relationship within an enterprise. It’s aim is to bring together and develop into an effective organisation of the men and women who make up an enterprise and having regard for the well – being of the individuals and of working groups, to enable them to make their best contribution to its success. “

Objectives of Human Resource Management

  • To procure right person at the right job.
  • To establish desirable relationship between employer and employees.
  • To mould human resources in the structure of organisation effectively.
  • To develop personality of employee through training and development campaigns.
  • To establish harmony in goals within the organisation
  • To establish employee discipline and moral.

Characteristics of HRM

  • Human focus :It is concerned with the effective management of people possessing energy and capabilities. It is individual oriented. It is specially focused on the human oriented approach. The detailed investigation of human resource in organisation is made.
  • Management Function : It involves managerial functions such as planning, implementing and controlling of acquisition, development, utilization and maintenance of human resources.
  • Pervasive Function : HRM is pervasive in nature as it is present in all enterprises. It is performed in all levels of management. The responsibility of human resource cannot be delegated to other. It is practically implemented in the organisation at various levels.
  • Continuous Commitment : It is continuous function of management. In other words, it is not a one- time process. It will continue till the organisation exists. It is continuously monitored at every step of organisation existence.

Duties performed by Human Resource Personnel

  • Recruitment
  • Collecting information about jobs
  • Developing compensation and incentive plans.
  • Training and development of employees.
  • Handling grievances.