World is witnessing urbanization at never seen before rates. Even after centuries of urbanization and formation of new human settlements most of the pattern of urbanization has been a spatially and structurally unbalanced one. It has been felt from the beginning of the planning era to achieve a coordinated and regulated urbanization pattern and since then number of studies and research is being conducted for commensuration of balanced regional development. The process of urbanization has been closely linked with the process and pattern of economic development in an economy. Although the process of urbanization could not be explained fully by the process of economic development, it is positively linked with it. Many models studied under settlement geography like central place theory, Multiple Nuclei Model, Burgess Model, Hoyt Model etc but the study for policies governing urban areas is not much known.
Why policies are important ( Source: PPS Facebook page)
The problems of urban development in the so-called backward areas are very menacing and the elaboration of their analysis is very engrossing. The problem which engages our attention is one repairing both action and study. The cities all over the world are growing explosively at a time when most of these nations are profoundly committed to rapid economic development.
In many such cities, the physical problems of housing, transportation and sanitation will increase to the point of breakdown unless action is taken. But the cost of new construction and engineering works on the scale suggested by the magnitude of the problem is prohibitive for nations whose investment funds are small in relation to their need. Stop-gap and emergency programs are, therefore, constantly sought. In the very long run, it is to be hoped that these nations will be able to solve their problems of urbanization out of greatly increased per capita income, but this prospect is very distant. For some considerable time to come, therefore, the analysis of urban problems in the context of economic development, and with a view to action, will have to be directed toward finding more economic solutions to urban problems, toward preventing collapse, and toward greatly improving conditions with strictly limited resources. In order to achieve this objective and a planned urban growth , planners and policy makers need a much sharper set of tools for analyzing the national and regional redistribution of population and the internal anatomy of cities. Thus, there is a requirement for a policy with respect to urbanization. The core argument is that all the countries are better off with a national urbanization strategy that is the outcome of a careful national debate about economic, political, social, and cultural goals. The widening gap between demand and supply of infrastructural services badly hitting the poor, whose access to the basic services like drinking water, sanitation, education and basic health services was shrinking. Unabated growth of urban population infuriating the accumulated backlog of housing shortages, resulting in proliferation of slums and squatter settlement and decay of city environment.
Shubham Aggarwal, founder of PlanningTank is an Urban Planner from India working to improve the human settlements. PlanningTank is the Urban, Regional, and Rural Planning Knowledge base which provides insight into to urban and rural areas. It focuses on educating, engaging and developing the community.