Music gives soul to the universe,wings to the mind fight to the imagination and life to everything.Music plays an important part in life it has no boundaries and follows no guidelines.Its is just like an air with no shape or definition yet we need it in our life.Music is life in itself.When people are happy, sad,angry and any type of emotion it is music which nourishes the soul and mind.It acts like a pleasant sound which is a combination of melodious and harmony and which soothes the soul.The music consist of Sargam,Ragas,Taals etc. Thus, Everything in harmony has music.Someone has rightly said, “The music is not in the notes but in the silence between”.Music has great qualities of healing a person emotionally and mentally.It is a form of meditation.Music is purest form of worship to God.
Patna (Pataliputra), the capital of Bihar state, is a historic city located at the confluence of three rivers, the Ganga, the Gandak, and the Sone. The Ganga flows all along its northern boundary. The area in the south is generally low-lying and as such is prone to floods from the rivers Punpun and Sone. The city has a mean elevation of 173 feet (53 m) above sea level and is situated at 28°37′ north latitude and 85°10′ east longitude. It has been a center of learning, religion, and art since time immemorial. Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism are deeply connected to this city. It is one of the longest and the narrowest among the largest cities of the country, with a population of over a million and a half spread over an area of about 30 square miles (77.7 sq. km).
The ancient city of Pataliputra was a mere village—Pataligram—in the time of the Buddha in the sixth century b.c. However, Ajatasatru realized its great strategic value for the growing kingdom of Magadha, facing the rival Licchavis republic of Vaisali on the northern bank (other side) of the Ganga, and erected a military outpost there. The natural advantage of the site made it commercially important and also helped its growth. The Magadhan king Udai transferred his capital from Rajgriha to Pataliputra. It remained the imperial capital under the Nandas, the Mauryas, and the Guptas. It was a prosperous and populous city when Megasthenes, the Greek ambassador to the court of Chandragupta Maurya, visited it twice.
Pataliputra acquired the status of a capital city during the reign of Emperor Ashoka (ruled c. 268–231 b.c.). However, it later faced Indo-Greek invasion, and the city was sacked in a.d. 185. But its glory again revived under the Guptas. Fahsien, the Chinese pilgrim who studied there for three years during the reign of Chandragupta I in the early fifth century a.d., not only considered it a famous center of learning but also the most beautiful and largest city of the world. The city again suffered destruction, and when Hsieun Tsang visited the city in a.d. 637, it had become desolate and deserted.
Pataliputra emerged from its political obscurity when Sher Shah, the great Pathan ruler, built a fort there in 1541, transferred the provincial capital from Bihar Sharif, and gave it the new name of Patna. It became an important commercial center during the seventeenth century. Mughal emperors further extended the city in 1704. Prince Azimusshan, the grandson of Aurangzeb, the new governor (subedar) of Bihar, renamed Patna as Azimabad. With the coming of the Europeans, the city had expanded beyond its fortified walls and became famous in Southeast Asia as a source of sugar and salt-peter. The importance of Patna was further enhanced when it was made the capital of the newly created province of Bihar in 1912. It also contributed significantly to India’s freedom struggle against British imperial rule. More recently, Jaya Prakash ( J. P) Narayan launched his “Total Revolution” against corruption from Patna in 1974.
A study published in Psychological Science found that green pathways, green stretch, spaces, parks and gardens in high density city areas have the power to enhance the quality of life and the well-being of those who live there. People, who live in greener environment – where trees are grown, are happier than their counterparts who stay in tree-less environments.
The rapid pace of urbanization owing to the rural–urban migration is putting lot of strain on the urban infrastructure in cities. But seeing greener patches in the concrete jungles sooth the eyes and minds both. Privacy goes for a toss in cities; but, well-placed plantings offer privacy and tranquility by keeping the noise and harsh sunlight in the afternoons and glare of vehicle headlights in evenings. Gardening in your small terrace, windows, or flowerbeds in your gallery contribute to healthy, active living both physically and emotionally. Horticulture therapists have discovered that gardening provides a form of emotional expression and release. Seeing your plants growing taller and greener gives immense happiness.
In a study done by the American Institutes for Research, a group of sixth graders attended outdoor school for six weeks, while another group did not. During the outdoor programme, students did hands-on activities like searching for aquatic insects in a stream and identifying tree species and drawing conclusions on the “health” of a forest. At the end of the programme, the students, teachers and parents were surveyed. The group that did the outdoor education rated better in self-esteem, conflict resolution, relationship with peers, problem solving, motivation to learn and behavior in class. The children who attended outdoor school also had an improved Science score, measured by a pre & post test. This study measured how ‘green’ the children’s homes were, stressful life events (such as being bullied in school, relocating to another home or fighting with one’s parents), and how well they coped with these events. Nearby nature was found to buffer the effects of stressful life events on children’s psychological distress
Doctors have shown that people recover faster in a hospital when given a landscape view, rather than seeing only the walls of adjoining buildings. If you can manage to make gardening your hobby it acts as a as the perfect antidote to the modern world; as it is a perfect way of reclaiming some of the intangible things we have lost in our busy lives.
These days, due to scarcity of place, Hydroponic gardening is becoming famous in cities. This style of gardening uses no soil; rather, plant roots are suspended in specially formulated clay pellets and bathed with liquid nutrients. This keeps roots tightly compacted, which allows you to hang dozens of growing plants in a single window. You can build your own hydroponic garden using recycled materials or purchase kits available in the market.
A garden is a grand teacher. It teaches patience and careful watchfulness; it teaches industry and thrift; above all it teaches entire trust. _ Martin Christopher