The man is work oriented from origins from the roots of man evolution it is work which defines mankind makes him disparate from other species work is a sign of efficiency which shows humans endeavour and enthusiasm and a basic tool to survive in todays modern world makes him impeccable. work is a sign of pleasure, wisdom, happiness, and passion, for many it is a fun to have many hours in laborateries with instruements, chemicals, and tools .for many it is inner satisfaction to practice or to workout without being getting stop in nets or in playgrounds. someone enjoyed working hours on desktops online portals etc. but contrary to it, for someone working long hours is getting tedious, jejune, mundane, and dullsville or work might suit him or not hence the man who is trying to do work for which he is unfitted feels repressed gets totally bewilder or perplexed. working half heartedly without enthusiasm or keen interest produce drudgery outcomes which carried the man to stage where he hates his work its nonetheless melancholy ,gloom, despondency and it all brings unhapiness and sorrow creates a vicious circle of Misfit : inefficient : unhappy : more inefficient which might lead to some serious troubles like depression, anxiety, fear, phobia , crime and a kind of disease is generated which degrade person’s mental and physical health make him more worried and sick makes him hateful towards his work brings destructive ideas thoughts and feelings rather than constructive ideas therefore there is something wrong something abnormal happened. hence when question of choosing work arouse or invoked it is rare a man gets work what suits him the most more than 90 percent entered in a choice of work or profession which is totally unsuited for them that does not matches their domain, which is the primary reason for many sufferings choice one of the greatest handicaps of all classes today is that more than 80 percent of people had introduced to a work blindly irrespective of their interest liking or fitness or opportunities. this is mostly happened when a man wants ultimate leisure and it is well said “the almost universal cry for leisure is due to the almost universal unfitness of men and women for their task”. A wise man knows there is no actual pleasure feeling of inner satisfaction or happiness in leisure. happiness arouse when a man completely lost himself in the work without Repercussions of health time and other factors without caring for anything except his work completely lost in deep oceans swinging within it with complete enthusiasm energy and devotion without getting exhausted. so keeping conscious and cognitive abilities at par related to knowledge of self knowledge of others and knowledge of work and suitable combination of these factors brings out numerous possibilities of happiness. choice of work is an issue of utmost importance and great concern faulty choice consumes energy consumes times and leads to a situation of collapse where one feels Paralysed. people with right choice and right work are lucky and rare but they enjoyed various colours of work enjoying it with ease deeply entrenched within work.
It is the story of mankind the story of exploration which made mankind the the ultimate predominant species the conquer the trounce vanquishing the possibilities of unimagined world diving deep into the limitless shores of space. And when the words of JKF famous speech whispers in the ears produces many motives to push the limited boundaries up-to the infinte aspects of life exploration life beyond this planet “we meet in an hour of change and challenge in a decade of hope and fear and in an age of both knowledge and ignorance the greater our knowledge increases the greater our ignorance unfolds no man can fully grasp how fast how far we have come but condense it you well the fifty thousand years of man recorded history in a time span of per half a century stated in these terms we know very little about the first fourty years accept the end of them advanced man had learned to use the skins of animal to cover them then about 10 years ago under this standard man escapes cave to built other kind of shelters only five years ago man learned to ride use cockpit wheels the printing press , steam engine ,provided the source of power newton explore the meaning of gravity last month electric lights and telephones and automobiles Aero planes became available we develop television, nuclear power this is a breath taking pace such a pace create new opportunities. SO, it is not surprising some would have a stat where we are a little longer to rest but what the history of progress teaches us it is that the man and his quest for knowledge is determinant and can not detern we shall send to the moon two hundred and Fourty thousand miles away a giant rocket more than 300 feet tall on an untried mission to an unknown celestial body and then returning safely to earth but why some say the moon ?why choose this is our goal and they may well ask why climb the highest mountain why we are exploring Atlantic “we choose to go the moon in this decade and do the other things ‘not because they are easy but because they are hard’ because that goal will serve to organise and measure the best of our energies and skills because that challenge is one which we are willing to accept one we are unwilling to postpone”. It was Russia laid foundation for space exploration sends ‘yuri Gagarin who flew vostok 1 spacecraft launched on 12 april 1961. But the mission which had changed the course of human beings aspirations the most emblematic mission which adds another glory in the basket of mankind that was the ‘APOLLO MISSION’. Which was remarked as “one small step for man one giant leap for mankind” demonstrate spirits and tendency of mankind to reach at a pedestal which was far from common imagination of mankind. This was the most Adventurous, this was the most significant step for mankind and his quest for exploration. it was the epoch when mankind witness the earth from a different celestial body. The moon which was the part of tales Indian mothers used to tell their Offsprings and creating a world of imaginations in which they got sleep. But after the bold steps by astronauts, the youths, the inspiring minds, lot of hard work, enthusiasm and efforts of whole mankind and hopes makes it come true. Mankind reaches in the unknown world and returned safely to earth and celebrate the most adventurous event that sets a benchmark for the whole mankind civilization, the story of Exploration.
Two Legendary Characters of world cricket masters of their game, best leaders of captivating just easy as you like and its peculiar when they both came and bat it is like just sit back and watch with calm . they both are phenomenal produces magic on the field showing their muscle powers work hard physically practices robust to aspire their skills for winning for their contries . Fervent enthusiastic assiduous with high spirit of leadership shows great Endeavour with skills techniques class and performances. These two personalities goes under immense pressure and competence emerging as the best characters in the world showcasing the great mental edge and mental toughness to deliver adamant response to their opponents wether it is jofra archer or jimmy at lords with clouds or wether it is patty and josh in perth with swinging and fast surface they both showcase tough battle overcome every hurdle like a leader produces occult. They both wins games for their respective countries but also wins emotions of lakhs of fans around the world.
But a question frequently arise in mind of every single cricket lover is it Virat Kohli or is it Steven smith ?
Comparison between two masters of their games is parching produces sensational and felling of apprehension. is it judicious having comparison between two pioneers ? over the years wether it is bilateral series an ICC tournament T20 world cup, Test series or world cup they both had shown great piece of performances and leadership produces magic in some of the nail biting matches and without any doubt and any question both are masters of spin pace turning tracks demonstrate best character against the best attacks around the world but what statics said because they never lies reflects what is it as like. Virat Kohli had played 86 test matches ,248 ODI matches,81 T20 I, and 177 IPL matches scored 7240 run in test cricket, 11867 in ODIs, 2794 in T20s and 5412 In IPL with average of 53.63 in tests, 59.34 in ODIs , 50.8 in T20I and 37.85 in IPL these stats speaks more aloud than anything what the king kohli is he is remarkable maintains average above 50 in every format of the game and this is not less than any amazement what he does when chasing down the big scores he is emblematic wether delivering a knock of 133 against Srilanka chase a total of 321 off 40 overs getting India home with more than 2 overs to spare or 35 runs inning during 2011 world cup having a fine partnership with gambhir when India was in desperate need or consecutive hundreds in SA , AU, NZ or England. Great showcase of his batting class abroad against red ball He single handed wins matchs for his country gives tough call to the best pace attackers in their home wether it is England ,Aussies or Proteas he is outstanding with leadership quality and with stats too. And besides it he had transformed his corporeal deriving a campaign of physically fit. Through analysis and consistent performance with remarkable records make him the ‘KING KOHLI’. when he slapped Cover derive against Spinner or Pacer its look like eating butter on ‘Favourite Paratha’ when He shows aggression through bat its like roaring lion making everyone scared and terrifying. Many bowlers former best players and what we had witness all over the years said He Is Unique someone not came like him before he is phenomenal he is Sensational. Coming to Steven smit is also engrossing and he is giving a tough competition to Virat but look at his stats what they said Steven Smith had played 73 test matches 125 ODIs 39 T20I and around 81 IPLs scoring 7227 In tests 4162 in ODIs 681 in T20I And 2022 in IPLs with average of 62.84 in tests 42.47 in ODIs 29.6 in T20I and 37.4 in IPL.He is best test batsman just terrifying assiduous passionate and unorthodox player with batting style out of the league no doubt he had his own empire in test era produces best innings and spirit of a legend player against best attacks across the world may it is jofra wether it is Jimmy or whether jasprit bumrah or rabada or Trent boult he showcase best mental edge with huge leadership quality to lead his team to great wins. He is outsmart in game of red ball frustrates every single captain every single strategy and bowling attack weather it is lords double hundred or hundred against India on the most turning track.. He is a feather in the cap of test era. And clearly he is a step ahead of Virat in tests but apart from it he had also demonstrated best performances in ODIs also may it was making India out of world cup in semis by hammering a hundred or making hundred in every country in their home. But Analysis and through comparison shows he is far behind Virat may it is T20I or ODI.No doubt both are legends the two pioneers of world cricket.And every single fan no matters which nation he belongs to love to watch them when they bats.
The major hurdle which is stopping INDIA from being superpower in the world is ‘corruption’ which had corrode the strength and aspirations of the nation to be a super power. corruption had became a serious challenge for the progress of an individual up-to national level. and how it is degrading us ? is a serious concern to know about, there are many facts and figures supporting the Arguements above made deeply effecting us in many aspects from day to day life to long run, when there will be corruption the country foundation of development will be served with substandard goods for example lets look at nearby surroundings Even the best and developed cities of our country did not have good Roads People dyed because of falling in Pottols. Roads are considered to be the life lines of country provide channels for the transportation and considered to be the backbone for Buisness and hence emblematic for economic prosperity of the Nation. But we are unable to laid down even the basic requirement of building roads, and it is not that we can not built good roads just go to Malesia Nigeria Even Iraq we had built the best roads means Indian contractors had done beautiful work abroad but here in India roads are laid and with the passage of one monsoon roads are washed away and soon the next tender come and it is the repeating pattern country is witnessing . Corruption had effected us even on personal level Adulteration of food stuffs, The children the youths and every individual consumes adulterated foodstuffs liquors etc. deteriorating the healths and health expectancy of People. Apart From it One of the biggest Impact What Indian Economy Witness Is our Investment Priorities, corruption had completely distorted our investment priorities there is a significant percentage of people are under poverty line but instead of producing chief goods and basics goods for them we have most of our investment priorities for luxury items like we produced steel but it goes for building of Air Conditioners and these investment priorities are totally unsuitable for country like India. And Because of corruption there is a serious impact on what it is capital output ratio because when there will be corruption the transaction cost of country goes up and more insignificant will be the capital output ratio, (it is like if it is 3 it Means today if 3 rupees are spent than you will get 1 rupee as income perpetually it means more higher the number is more insignificant your production). why this number is so important to note down ? Take the total rate of investment divided it by GDP result will be the capital output ratio, the rate of investment in percentage divided by Capital Output ratio you will get your GDP a sign of production Rate, Which shows how much country is progressing a sign of progress. Hence Progress of the country is Inversely proportional to Corruption.
And in our country we had witness so many Corruption cases a big stigma on the identity of nation , From National Herald to Commonwealth coal mining Up-to Fodder Scam case, 2G spectrum etc. and even the culture of short and small bribes is also a part of it, we all are guilty of fostering a culture of taking , giving bribes and therefore definition of corruption varied from person to person it had deep rooted its foots among us like culture. these all series of corruption under a democratic government which accounts for transparent and good governance puts its liability under question mark ?it all had brings luxury Some Households who had committed it and committing it. But it brings many sufferings to the poor of country it makes hands of youths devoid of employment, skills keeps many children away even from basic education and making the pillars of the nation upon which country stands faltering. Now a big Question which arise before us Can’t we cure it ? How long it Will be the part of Our Culture ?
Charles dickens famous lines “it was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of light, it was the season of darkness, it was the spring of hope , it was the winter of despair”…seems to be articulated with todays period what we are witnessing. The innovated globe of world developing at its full pace showing the output of best technologies and practices to transmogrify the this mankind civilization tending to make it the the most Intellectual the most forward the most advanced Planetary species. But at a sudden stroke an unknown intruder ‘covid-19’ without any weapon without any corporeal shook the most advanced civilization the countries which considered to be medically advanced compelled to fold its wings of high flying. The civilization which had purposed CRISPR cluster regulatory interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) is the most advanced gene editing technology, Artificial organs ,wireless brain sensors , even mankind in this era produced clones and perform multitudes of technically advanced and innovative medical solution falters against ‘Covid-19’ we seems to be like helpless before it. And this helplessness caused many sufferings destroying and degrading many lives across the globes tolls of deaths and infected ones surging day by day and instead of doing something to control or to stop it we can do only the thing and that is expressing griefs and grievances for the loss and sufferings this civilization is facing. The civilization which had might and capabilities to convict the nature and its life forms surrendered under lockdowns. This is an irony those who considered themselves to be ‘Autocratic’ are put under Quarantine for months. for many it is the spring of Hapiness who are with their families, but for someone who is struggling even to witness the face of their beloved ones is a season of dryness struggling miles daily with a hope to touch their homes and shelter. Announcing packages brings little hopes for the Poor at least they can have one or two time bites to feed their bellies. Money transfer and ration transfer for every poor worker and farmer through Jan Dhan Bank Account, Kishan Samman Niddhi Yojna etc. gives a little support and hopes for living when Every employment providing manufacturing unit was at standstill. Stimulus package Of 20 lakh crore brings hopes and support for MSME’s etc. Amid of all these hopes and supporting hands the idea of returing of prawasi majdoor and others seems to be foolish under meager number of cases people prohibited to route their destiny to their homes but now when tools are growing with emblematic growth rate doors for Journeys to their homes are opened. People Struggled miles barefooted on cycles through rickshaw to head their journey to their homes and when they were about to reach their homes everything had opened this brings a contradiction that it might be conducted in the beginning when country got a slight indication. Reverse migration had commenced people had lost their jobs there is no hope for more livelihoods manufacturing units are on standstill industries outputs are folding Analysts purposed a significant shrinkage in GDP Forecast for forthcoming financial year. A country which was supposed to be the most energetic because of its demographic dividend falter to produce employments. And apart from these wisdoms and foolishness The ‘social Animal’ broke its adhesive power with its companions by performing social distancing this is the most tragic moment we had witness and therefore “it was the the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of light, it was the season of darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair….”
Announcing this Pandemic corona Kal is little bit sarcastic because this must not stand for a long time. Over the last several months it had produced devastating results that shook this entire civilization of modern mankind deeply and profoundly. What it had perpetrate over the several months is far more than that could be happen in a ‘Kal’. Lakhs of people across the globe had loose their lives without committing any crime a direct verdict which did not even perform any trial or legal practices directly without any hearing clutched many lives brings a world of sufferings to their families nation and to the entire world.
Amid of this ongoing pandemic the Indian economy is facing Repercussion:
With the ongoing grief of many loosing lives and the infected ones and unimagined and numerous sufferings to their families there are also families those who are suffering live and terrible moments emerged because of ‘Hopes of returning home’, Extreme and harsh survival with the long routes to their homes, There is reverse migration swinging across the country on big level, poor living conditions continuous loose of livelihood without any social security and much more we are unable to create jobs hence employment in hands which had created a trauma and a significant question “will Indian Economy be capable enough to harness the demographic dividend in terms of employment opportunities ?”and why this question is crucial because the trends and symptoms our economy is projecting are intimidating. As per the foreign brokerage the India’s GDP forecast for this financial year will shrink by Approximately 2%,even some analyst predicted it to be as much as 5%.RBI had also expected a downfall in GDP in FY21(2020-2021).and as per a report India will can undergo recession in third quarter of this fiscal we already were the victims of Demonitisation India was running void of cash in hands hence demand was law already and with emergence of this Pandemic we run sort of incomes there is loss in incomes there is very meagre Employment there is definite depression in demand. apart from it banks also facing serious challenges because of bad loan levels and growing debts, banks NBFC’s are performing poorly risk Alienation increased as balance sheets of firms households grown weak .India is under lockdown since 25 march all the manufacturing across the country is at standstill there is disruption in supply and demand chain industries output shrank at 16.7% there is reverse migration is happening which country never sees before as all the manufacturing units had been shut down the backbone of employment the MSME’s facing tough time. we had obtained fiscal Deficiet in FY20 4.6% but due to cutting edge declination in GDP contraction the brokerage had revised it up-to 6.3%.All these above facts and figures trying to put the Portrait of our economy which is facing the tough time. Results and repercussions will be more intimidating.
There is huge challenge before the government how they are going to harness the demographic dividend of India which is India’s strength which was injected in 1980 and expected to end up-to 2040. Every fervent young hand need a job need a skill in his hand so that with his aspirations he can discharge its duties for nation building. Indian youth needs jobs creation apart from agriculture or Non-Agriculture Jobs. India’s spirit its youth needs a work in his hand. And it leaves a with a question Will Indian Economy be Capable enough to Foster employment for youths ? can we Harness the demographic dividend the real energy of Nation the INDIA ?
What is Federalism ?
Federalism have a root Latin word that is ‘Foedus’ means treaty or any pact. Therefore as the meaning signifies it is stand for intermixing of federal government or central government with Provincial ,state ,or other sub unit Governments in a unitary political system.
It is therefore a kind of government in which distribution of powers took place between two levels of governments of same level. for example the federal state of India, Brazil, Russia united states etc. federalism in true meaning in federal state is defined as distribution of powers and relation between states and the central federal unit that is the national government or federal government.
Interesting model of global view of unified federation of India:
India had adopted the British north America act model and the government of India act model as its constitution. So, here in India we had a very engrossing model of federation with two different visions .one of these vision govern the state of Jammu and Kashmir and one vision for rest of all states of federal state of India. In contrast to US and Australian model the state of Jammu and Kashmir had given the power after our constitution came into play. there was a constituent assembly framed in state of Jammu and Kashmir in 1952 and they framed their constitution in 1957 for themselves.so this was very interesting before the abrogation of special status and article 370 to note down instead of India is a union of states which contains the state of Jammu and Kashmir so far as the all other states are concerned there is one set of laws that Manoeuvre . Apart from it for Jammu and Kashmir there was another set of law ,it was only the president that eventually permits in terms of our constitution to apply to the state of Jammu and Kashmir .
Constitution of federal state of India is unsymmetrical in nature:
As we discuss and concern about Federalism of India it is asymmetric there are various aspects which shows Un symmetric nature of constitution of India .
The most important was the case of state of Jammu and Kashmir before 5 August 2019:
Before the abrogation of special status and article 370 The constitution of Jammu and Kashmir vest the residuary power with the state and our article 248 did not operate in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The only residuary power that the Center have as Jammu and Kashmir discussed was that of tackling with terrorism.
The state of Jammu and Kashmir had its own subject list upon which it legislated. part 6 our constitution which deals with the states did not apply to the state of Jammu and Kashmir even there is no list 2 for Jammu and Kashmir before. Apart from it had enjoyed special status.
Most significant aspects of asymmetry in Indian constitution:
Under article 371 provides special provisions to the state of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Sikkim.
Our constitution does not allows or gives such definition but India has a multiparty system with political coalition frequently stands upon regional and caste identities especially at union level. and there is also not parallel surface of Distribution of powers resources and funds
Union territories :
Apart from Centre and states the country has union territories with legislature and without legislature.
The case of Panducherry and Delhi :
Panducherry Enjoys legislative Powers on any issue in the state list or the concurrent list insofar as it applies to the union Territory. Delhi which has three exceptions which are outside its purview that is police land and public order.
The sixth schedule:
Here According to this schedule The Tribal Areas of state of Meghalaya Tripura, Mizoram and Assam can frame autonomous districts and autonomous regions. Hence these all aspects signifies that Constitution of India has Unsymmetrical concept .
It is very hard to perceive the emergence of states ,churches ,temples ,legal systems ,hierarchies ,organizations ,political ideologies,religions,and most important unification of Sapiens to survive from million of years without being coloborating without being believing in something which transforms us on every single stage of passing decades that is Revolution. Revolutions have occurred through mankind history and diversified in terms of methods, perpetuation, spreading of ideology, exhortation, to bring about wide changes in course of socio-political , cultural ,economy and institutional etc. reformations across the globe. Approximately 12 thousand years ago the agricultural revolution of plants and animals proper sheltering and settlement, then 5 thousand years ago it was emergence of first kingdom scripting and money, whether it was rise of Buddhism in India about 2500 years ago “A universal truth to liberate all human beings from sufferings” or great Revolution like scientific revolution occurred 500 years ago which changes the intercourse of human species to look in Extensive and capacious aspects of changing life . it Is all happened we evolved from genus homo in Africa 2.5 million years ago to Homo Sapiens in east Africa Up-to the most creative species on this planet because we kept revolting with our body keep revolting with the transformation of tools technologies ideologies myths skepticism religions etc.
But a question arise what it is that makes us all stand for a purpose in a Multitude ? what is it that binds us to perform collectively ?
Our language is prodigiously pliable ,we can construct a paltry number of sounds signs to propagate Infinite number of sentences each with a extensive and different meaning .Human beings can share and communicate,propagate and chant information with the surrounding world .Our language evolved as a medium to propagate information hence we homo sapiens grows as ‘modus Operandi’ of “gossiping” hence homo sapiens grew with social interaction, they are social animals they can distinguish whom they have to believe or whom they have to disregard hence they can expand from small groups to large groups and foster the most suave and consolidated co-operation .Apart from it one of the interesting aspect of our language is not just transmitting information but propensity of matters which does not exist, this is the most remarkable entity we homo sapiens possess that they can discuss thoughts things which we can not touch or can not seen. with the ‘cognitive revolution’ legends myths gods religion came into existence and homo sapiens widely used the fiction the mystic material and this is what Capacitate us not merely to imagine things but congeal our thoughts and actions to do so collectively.
According to a scientific study a maximum of 150 people can be consolidated with pure sharing of logical information, large masses can not stood together for a common goal until you tell them a ‘story’. Myth is something which captivate the common sharing of large mass by believing in common myths a large number of strangers can accumulate for a goal,A fleet of soldiers risks their lives for nationhood for their motherland for a portrait of belief, people worked for a political party’s ideology ,missionaries spreading religious education, All revolutions which shares emotions and active participation of large number of people across the globe may it was American revolution(1775-1783), French revolution(1789-1799), Russian revolution(1917),Great revolution of independence in India (1857-1858) they all emerged because of resentment born by differentiated perceptions invasive nature, dominant nature, harsh taxes rules harsh ruling etc. But shares one thing for common that is these all revolutions converted into sentiments of people through fiction, mystic material, exhortations, Hence transformation come across in beliefs, doctrines and ideas. A revolution considered to be successful only if it became belief and contributor to beliefs are certain myths stories mystic factors which gave man power to act and urge a large number of gatherings to march for a common goal.
In course of modern world exploring political revolutions brought about by mobs for the sake of better Transformed world puts forward interesting aspects wether it was standing unitedly against ‘the dark era of emergency’ or Political swamp by Honorable Prime Minister ‘Shree Narendra Modi’ consecutively through propagation and spreading of ideology all these political changes involves a large number of contribution from people with a common goal to abolish or to adopt based on mythical and mystic factors produced by political leaders who consolidates the emotions of people by telling them stories.