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A Tale of Rebellion: Purple Hibiscus by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

Dr. Sonika Sethi

Assistant Professor of English

S D College, Ambala Cantt

Haryana-134001

sonrok@yahoo.com

#94169-54546

 

Book Review

 

BOOK DETAILS:

Title: Purple Hibiscus

Author: Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

Publisher: Harper Perennial

Year: 2003

Place: UK

Pages: 307

Price: 8.99£

ISBN: 978-0-00-727235-8

Genre: Fiction

 

The unprecedented maturity in handling the theme of Tradition versus Modernity in her debut novel makes Adichie a novelist par excellence. Purple Hibiscus not only depicts the strife between modernity and tradition but also dares to take up the conflict that clogged the minds of thousands of Nigerians in the times of newly acquired Independence. Transition is never an easy process and Adichie has aptly demonstrated the fact through her characters belonging to three generations. The story in a way reminds the reader of Achebe’s Things Fall Apart which is an excruciating tale of the members of a society who once stood together like a rock to preserve their culture but fall apart under the influence of powerful external force that targets the younger generation. The struggle between old beliefs and new religion is apparent in Purple Hibiscus. The characters of Papa Nnukwu, Papa Eugene, Jaja, Father Amadi and their views collectively highlight the mental anguish of the people of Nigeria standing at the crossroads of cultural, political, economic, social and religious anarchy. The newly independent country might have attained freedom from its colonial masters however, the newly appointed self-styled rulers are either inexperienced or incapable to handle the transition of the country. They are corrupt, power-hungry with dictatorial tendencies. Nepotism and corruption in public affairs rule the roost. Papa Nnukwu stays rooted in his religion and traditions and refuses to surrender to the new religion, Christianity whereas his son Papa Eugene with his half-baked ideas and total devotedness to his English education and the new Faith has not only adopted Christianity but also implements violent measures with his wife and children to ensure that they stay true to the path of the new religion and forget the old ways and culture of the ancestors. On the other hand there are characters like Aunty Ifeoma, Jaja, Father Amadi who believe in the middle path and a slow transition from the old to the new. They are not ashamed to follow the ancestral ways while simultaneously embracing the new religion, education and culture.

The beauty of the entire delineation lies in the element that this unending strife has been presented to the reader through the innocent, unassuming, unprejudiced and young eyes of a fifteen year old girl Kambili whose feelings are torn between pleasing her dominating father and pursuing her own dreams and desires. She longs for an appreciative glance or a word of acknowledgement from her domineering father who wants his children to be firm adherents of the new Faith and the epitome of excellence in all their pursuits. A small, unintentional and involuntary action like staying for a while longer than the sanctioned time with their grandfather does not go without punishment or physical torture in one way or another. Yet Kambili loves her father and longs for his appreciation. Her affection towards Father Amadi, a native Christian priest awakens the sleeping serpent of her carnal desires but she is helpless at the hands of destiny which tears the two apart. Overall, Purple Hibiscus is an extraordinary novel with lively descriptions of the lifestyle, food, ceremonies and festivals of the Igbo and exposes the reader to an endearing and simplistic world of the Nigerian tribes. The beauty of Adichie’s fiction and narrative resound in the homogenous amalgamation of the Nigerian state trying to cope up with the cultural chiasm that divides the Modern and the Traditional. The use of purple hibiscus, a rare and hybrid variety of the flower, as a metaphor, clearly sends across the message as they represent the people of Nigeria who have been converted into hybrids in their own land. They are worried about losing their traditional values and hence the need to preserve the flower yet the writer is hopeful that it will endure the test of time and will be able to establish its roots once the environment becomes congenial. The novel is about troubled times but it ends on an optimistic note with the purple hibiscus blooming in the garden, having adapted itself to the new and changed circumstances.

 

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7 Great Ways To Improve Your English Pronunciation

Learning a new language can prove to be quite a task, especially when it comes to the pronunciation side of things. It may lead to frustration and helplessness and might make you feel like you’re learning to speak again. However, we strongly feel that to learn new things it is equally crucial to unlearn some essentials. Although, some of the best IELTS English Colleges might be able to help you with learning the basics of the knowledge, you can also master it all by your own.150-common-mistakes-english-300x300

7 Best Ways To Improve Your English Pronunciation Are:

  1. Learn to Listen

The very first thing that you need to do in order to speak fluently is to learn to listen. Allocating all your brain recourses to observe how the language is really spoken might work wonders for you in your process. Observe a native English Speaker and see hear how they pronounce some words that would rather be tricky for you. Since it is their native language, you can learn a great deal by just being around them. This will help you notice the difference between words like slip and sleep or dip and deep which have entirely different meanings.

  1. Record and Time

This is one exercise that even the best IELTS English College recommends. However, this may bear better results if you are somewhere midway in your learning process. Record a native English Speaker and time the time they take to read an entire passage. Now you should have a reference to compare to. Try to achieve this timing by recording yourself again and again until you observe a change in fluency. You could alternatively take help of various tools available online.

  1. Study the Movement

One of the easiest ways that has been reported to work is imitation. When you closely observe a native English speaker we are naturally inclined towards the movements of their lips when pronouncing a word. It is advised that you try imitating that until you get the pronunciation right. If you are still facing trouble with that you can alternatively try keeping a finger in front of your lips. The movement of your mouth will be more apparent for you to notice now thus helping you to pronounce words better.

  1. Practice With A Friend

One of advantages that best IELTS English Colleges have is the availability of partners who can help each other through the course. Making pronunciation learning even simpler is having an expert native speaker around who can guide you along your way. However, if you have a friend who natively speaks English, you could have the same benefits at home. This is hands down even better than learning with a mirror. The abovementioned skills only do a little to improve your pronunciation; the biggest change can come only when you try to have a conversation in the language more often.

  1. Divide it into chunks

Few words can always be tricky. Take ‘Maintenance’ for instance. For someone who is lagging far behind in the learning process, it can be a nightmare to pronounce the word. It is wiser to break bigger words into chunks and try pronouncing them altogether once you get the sub parts right. Breaking the word ‘Maintenance’ into three parts – ‘Main’, ‘Ten’ and ‘Ance’ might be easier for a few people and with the same approach even larger words can be learnt in a breeze.

 

  1. Speak Slowly

According to the best IELTS English College, most students are impatient to take things slow. Naturally, they make even more mistakes which leads to frustration. However tempting it may be, try not to speed things up to increase your fluency unless you have mastered pronunciation. Take things slow and focus on getting the words right. This will prove beneficial in the long run and leave you with clearer pronunciation.

 

  1. Watch a Series

When all things fail and having a native English Speaker friend is also not an option then here is something that we have seen working tremendously well. Take up a TV Series and start watching it with subtitles. Soon you will be deeply involved in the characters and the curiosity factor will keep you hooked. Try turning off the subtitles frequently in between to make sense of the plot without subtitles. It may be time consuming but definitely the best way to grasp pronunciation.

These abovementioned methods have been known to work tremendously well when learning a new language. These methods can be tried at home by yourself which means you no longer need to look for the best IELTS English College around you. However, learning a language can be quite a task on its own and one really needs to be patient to learn the different aspects of it. Taking things slow will help you master the language like a native speaker.

Author Bio

Stephen Charles is a renowned blogger, passionate to share amazing and helpful information with people on multiple niches. He loves to share his experiences with healthcare, news, technology, and sports enthusiasts from around the world.

Call for Papers February 2018

International Journal of Research (IJR)


Since 2012, The International Journal of Research (IJR) is one of the leading Online Only international journal for presenting novel and fundamental advances in the fields of Computing, Engineering, Information Technology and Sciences. International Journal of Research (IJR) is approved by National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). International Journal of Research (IJR) is a Monthly, Open Access, Peer Reviewed and Fully Refereed international journal with minimal processing charge. We broadly cover research work on next generation cutting edge technologies and effective marketing strategies. Writing a research paper is a skill and call for papersInternational Journal of Research (IJR) have the team of Scientists and Academicians who are dedicated to help, learn and improve that skill by providing a guidance for writing high quality research papers. In depth evaluation of each research paper is a prime focus of every member of International Journal of Research (IJR) Reviewer Panel ensuring the novelty in each research manuscript being published.

Call for Papers


International Journal of Research (IJR) calls Scholars, Engineers, Academicians, Scientists, Industrial professionals and Researchers from all over the world to submit their unpublished original work for inclusion in our upcoming issue. All submissions will be reviewed and evaluated based on originality, technical research, and relevance to journal contributions. International Journal of Research (IJR) highly welcomes theoretical, technical, research, as well as empirical papers from all areas of research in the area of technology innovation and emerging trends. All the accepted articles will be published in the upcoming issue of the journal with Online ISSN number and latest Impact Factor received by SJIF, Morocco and ResearchGate

Submission Deadlines


Volume / Issue / Month Volume 5 Issue 4, February 2018
Initial Submission Window Starts now and ends by 25th of Month.
Submit Online editor@edupediapublications.com
Submit Offline edupediapublications@gmail.com
Contact No. +91-9557022047

Frequency: 12 Issues Per Year

Areas Covered: Multidisciplinary

Type of Articles: Research Paper, Survey Paper, Informative Article, Case Studies, Review Papers, Comparative Studies, Dissertation Chapters, Research Proposals or Synopsis, M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis

Accepted Language: English

Environmental Awareness Among School Students: A Case Study of Prevention and basic awareness of deforestation

 As you know deforestation is the removal or clearing of forest land in order for converting the land to non-forest use and is very urgent thing which wants to be fixed. Each of the days, we are cutting down the trees and clearing the forest at very disturbing rate. 46 to 58 thousand square miles of forest are mislaid at every year. This quantity is to down 36 football fields of forest each minute. It is one of the main problems in the 21st century.

Awareness of Deforestation

environmental awareness

It is an act of cutting down the tress for the resolves like as clearing the field or getting lumber. Logging operations, that give the paper and wood products for the world, chopped down uncountable trees every year. Loggers, some of them act unlawfully; also create roads for accessing number of remote places in the forests, which leads to further deforestation. Forest is also damaged as an outcome of growing the urban areas like as cities and towns.

Deforestation has number of negative effects on the environment. The main influence is the loss of habitation for number of animal species. About 70 percentage of earth contains plants and land animals and which are living in the forest, and number of them lost to deforestation in each of the year.

Deforestation is one of the casual factors based on the climate change. Forest soils are moist, but without any security from the tree cover against the sun, they will dry out very easily. Trees will also aid to uphold the water cycle through returning water vapour to the atmosphere. Without any trees for filing these kinds of roles, number of former forest fields can easily become infertile deserts.

Tress is also playing a crucial role in absorbing the green-house gases which may be the reason for global warming. Less forest means high number of green-house gases in the atmosphere that may donate in the enhanced rate of global warming.

How to Prevent Deforestation

You don’t have to live in the mid of a rainforest for to do the part for preventing the deforestation. The following are some of the suggestions that you have to consider if you are interesting in preventing deforestation in the rest of the world.

  • Use Recycled things:- Today, a consumer can buy a number of recycled things, comprising notebook paper, toilet paper, books and also shopping bags. While the people are using the recycled products and create a sensible effort not as the waste, the demand for the new raw material for replacing the things can reduce.
  • Tree care: – While cutting down the trees as sole out spare younger varieties and complete grown specimens. In the event which you should remove a tree for a genuine reason, ensure that for each tree lost as another is planted in the same place.
  • Farming Practices: – Those who plant the crops at a farm can contribute in putting a dent in the deforestation by rotating the crops. It is suggested for replacing the habit of utilizing the variety of portions of field every year with using the similar portions of land to plant the variety of crops. This practice has established efficient in upholding the soil fertility. Farmers may also hold number of other options, like as hydroponics and high yield hybrid crops, that will relies on the process of growing plants by using the mineral nutrients solutions in its place of the soil.
  • Cut Back on Palm Oil: – In Indonesia and Malaysia, an improving quantity of trees are cutting down in order to create the palm oil used for the production of some of the chocolates, breads, and shampoos. Consequently, the native orang-utans are losing down the habitat. You can spread limit and awareness the consumption of products containing the sort of oil.
  • Coals: – As the chill of winter occurs over the autumn season, try using the coals instead of firewood in the fireplace. Though it only takes a couple of hours for consuming the few logs there and here, bear in mind that it will takes number of years one tree to completely grow.
  • Reforestation: –It is the process of replanting or regenerating forest places which have been damaged or destroyed for the advantages of the mankind. Afforestation and deforestation share the similar meaning, i.e. afforestation is other name for the reforestation. Infrequently forests have the capacity to renew due to the trees in the environmental surroundings or due to the dispersal of seeds. Though, forest places which are seriously degraded can’t be renewed unless the plants that have been implanted by using the native processing methods.
  • Support Conservation Organizations: –Loan the support via contributions of the money, time, or actions for arranging that run programs which will concentrating on the preservation of forest lands and habitat like World Wide for Nature, Greenpeace, Conservation International and Community Forestry International.

 

Author Bio

Wilson David is a professional writer, working in education field from past 15 years. He wish to help students with their academic writing by providing writing tips and samples to score high grade in academic life. And also writers for different educational blogs as a guest. Currently also linked with best online essay writing services , an online writing firm.