Forbidden City: The Emblem of China’s Bygone Monarchy

-By Shivam Pathak

In the heart of China lies a palace, which astounds every person who sees it for once. To Chinese it is known as Zijin Cheng and to others it is known as The Forbidden City. The Forbidden City stands in the capital of China, Beijing,
enchanting its onlookers with its great ad majestic look. It served as the royal residence of twenty-four great emperors
of China from both Ming and Qing Dynasty.

For over five hundred years it was a ceremonial and political centre of the Chinese Government. It entails nine hundred and eighty buildings in total, each with a distinctive and magnificent
appearance. The foundation of a transcendental palace like this, which gives stiff competition to the great palaces of Europe, was set by the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty in the year of 1420.

The construction of the palace took
fourteen years and was finally completed in 1420. The Forbidden City witnessed almost every major historic event of China be it World War first, World War Second, Civil war in China, and Cultural Revolution in China etc. In 1860 during the second Opium War (war of the British Empire and the French Empire against the Qing Dynasty of China) Anglo-French forces took the Command of the
Palace and occupied it till the end of the war (which was ended in the favor of the British and the French Empire.

In 1912 The Forbidden City was ceased being the political seat of China following the abdication of the last Emperor of China, Puyi. Later in the year of 1949 with the establishment of the People’s Republic of China , the Forbidden City faced several damages as the country was in revolutionary zeal. After this in the year of 1925, the Forbidden City came under the supervision of the Palace
Museum.

Apart from all this, if we peruse the palace’s architecture we will find that the palace outlines philosophical and religious elements through traditional
Chinese architecture and above all symbolizes the grandeur of the bygone monarchy of China. The Forbidden was
listed as the World Heritage Site in 1987. Today it receives visitors from different nations and islands across the world.